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a top like tool for inspecting memcache key values in realtime
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README.md

mctop

Inspired by "top", mctop passively sniffs the network traffic passing in and out of a server's network interface and tracks the keys responding to memcache get commands. The output is presented on the terminal and allows sorting by total calls, requests/sec and bandwidth.

You can read more detail about why this tool evovled over on our code as craft blog.

mctop depends on the ruby-pcap gem, if you don't have this installed you'll need to ensure you have the development pcap libraries (libpcap-devel package on most linux distros) to build the native gem.

How it works

mctop sniffs network traffic collecting memcache VALUE responses and calculates from traffic statistics for each key seen. It currently reports on the following metrics per key:

  • calls - the number of times the key has been called since mctop started
  • objsize - the size of the object stored for that key
  • req/sec - the number of requests per second for the key
  • bw (kbps) - the estimated network bandwidth consumed by this key in kilobits-per-second

Getting it running

the quickest way to get it running is to:

  • ensure you have libpcap-devel installed
  • git clone this repo
  • in the top level directory of this repo bundle install (this will install the deps)
  • then either:
    • install it locally rake install; or
    • run it from the repo (good for hacking) sudo ./bin/mctop --help

Command line options

Usage: mctop [options]
    -i, --interface=NIC              Network interface to sniff (required)
    -p, --port=PORT                  Network port to sniff on (default 11211)
    -d, --discard=THRESH             Discard keys with request/sec rate below THRESH
    -r, --refresh=MS                 Refresh the stats display every MS milliseconds
    -h, --help                       Show usage info

User interface commands

The following key commands are available in the console UI:

  • C - sort by number of calls
  • S - sort by object size
  • R - sort by requests/sec
  • B - sort by bandwidth
  • T - toggle sorting by ascending / descending order
  • Q - quits

Status bar

The following details are displayed in the status bar

  • sort mode - the current sort mode and ordering
  • keys - total number of keys in the metrics table
  • packets - packets received and dropped by libpcap (% is percentage of packets dropped)
  • rt - the time taken to sort and render the stats

Changelog

  • 2012-12-14 - Now compatible with Ruby 1.8.x (tested on 1.8.7-p371)

Known issues / Gotchas

ruby-pcap drops packets at high volume

from my testing the ruby-pcap native interface to libpcap struggles to keep up with high packet rates (in what we see on a production memcache instance) you can keep an eye on the packets recv/drop and loss percentage on the status bar at the bottom of the UI to get an idea of the packet

No binary protocol support

There is currently no support for the binary protocol. However, if someone is using it and would like to submit a patch, it would be welcome.

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