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/*
* Generic helpers for smp ipi calls
*
* (C) Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> 2008
*/
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS
static struct {
struct list_head queue;
raw_spinlock_t lock;
} call_function __cacheline_aligned_in_smp =
{
.queue = LIST_HEAD_INIT(call_function.queue),
.lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(call_function.lock),
};
enum {
CSD_FLAG_LOCK = 0x01,
};
struct call_function_data {
struct call_single_data csd;
atomic_t refs;
cpumask_var_t cpumask;
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct call_function_data, cfd_data);
struct call_single_queue {
struct list_head list;
raw_spinlock_t lock;
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct call_single_queue, call_single_queue);
static int
hotplug_cfd(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
long cpu = (long)hcpu;
struct call_function_data *cfd = &per_cpu(cfd_data, cpu);
switch (action) {
case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
if (!zalloc_cpumask_var_node(&cfd->cpumask, GFP_KERNEL,
cpu_to_node(cpu)))
return notifier_from_errno(-ENOMEM);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
case CPU_UP_CANCELED_FROZEN:
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
free_cpumask_var(cfd->cpumask);
break;
#endif
};
return NOTIFY_OK;
}
static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata hotplug_cfd_notifier = {
.notifier_call = hotplug_cfd,
};
void __init call_function_init(void)
{
void *cpu = (void *)(long)smp_processor_id();
int i;
for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
struct call_single_queue *q = &per_cpu(call_single_queue, i);
raw_spin_lock_init(&q->lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list);
}
hotplug_cfd(&hotplug_cfd_notifier, CPU_UP_PREPARE, cpu);
register_cpu_notifier(&hotplug_cfd_notifier);
}
/*
* csd_lock/csd_unlock used to serialize access to per-cpu csd resources
*
* For non-synchronous ipi calls the csd can still be in use by the
* previous function call. For multi-cpu calls its even more interesting
* as we'll have to ensure no other cpu is observing our csd.
*/
static void csd_lock_wait(struct call_single_data *data)
{
while (data->flags & CSD_FLAG_LOCK)
cpu_relax();
}
static void csd_lock(struct call_single_data *data)
{
csd_lock_wait(data);
data->flags = CSD_FLAG_LOCK;
/*
* prevent CPU from reordering the above assignment
* to ->flags with any subsequent assignments to other
* fields of the specified call_single_data structure:
*/
smp_mb();
}
static void csd_unlock(struct call_single_data *data)
{
WARN_ON(!(data->flags & CSD_FLAG_LOCK));
/*
* ensure we're all done before releasing data:
*/
smp_mb();
data->flags &= ~CSD_FLAG_LOCK;
}
/*
* Insert a previously allocated call_single_data element
* for execution on the given CPU. data must already have
* ->func, ->info, and ->flags set.
*/
static
void generic_exec_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *data, int wait)
{
struct call_single_queue *dst = &per_cpu(call_single_queue, cpu);
unsigned long flags;
int ipi;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&dst->lock, flags);
ipi = list_empty(&dst->list);
list_add_tail(&data->list, &dst->list);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dst->lock, flags);
/*
* The list addition should be visible before sending the IPI
* handler locks the list to pull the entry off it because of
* normal cache coherency rules implied by spinlocks.
*
* If IPIs can go out of order to the cache coherency protocol
* in an architecture, sufficient synchronisation should be added
* to arch code to make it appear to obey cache coherency WRT
* locking and barrier primitives. Generic code isn't really
* equipped to do the right thing...
*/
if (ipi)
arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(cpu);
if (wait)
csd_lock_wait(data);
}
/*
* Invoked by arch to handle an IPI for call function. Must be called with
* interrupts disabled.
*/
void generic_smp_call_function_interrupt(void)
{
struct call_function_data *data;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
/*
* Shouldn't receive this interrupt on a cpu that is not yet online.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpu_online(cpu));
/*
* Ensure entry is visible on call_function_queue after we have
* entered the IPI. See comment in smp_call_function_many.
* If we don't have this, then we may miss an entry on the list
* and never get another IPI to process it.
*/
smp_mb();
/*
* It's ok to use list_for_each_rcu() here even though we may
* delete 'pos', since list_del_rcu() doesn't clear ->next
*/
list_for_each_entry_rcu(data, &call_function.queue, csd.list) {
int refs;
smp_call_func_t func;
/*
* Since we walk the list without any locks, we might
* see an entry that was completed, removed from the
* list and is in the process of being reused.
*
* We must check that the cpu is in the cpumask before
* checking the refs, and both must be set before
* executing the callback on this cpu.
*/
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, data->cpumask))
continue;
smp_rmb();
if (atomic_read(&data->refs) == 0)
continue;
func = data->csd.func; /* save for later warn */
func(data->csd.info);
/*
* If the cpu mask is not still set then func enabled
* interrupts (BUG), and this cpu took another smp call
* function interrupt and executed func(info) twice
* on this cpu. That nested execution decremented refs.
*/
if (!cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, data->cpumask)) {
WARN(1, "%pf enabled interrupts and double executed\n", func);
continue;
}
refs = atomic_dec_return(&data->refs);
WARN_ON(refs < 0);
if (refs)
continue;
WARN_ON(!cpumask_empty(data->cpumask));
raw_spin_lock(&call_function.lock);
list_del_rcu(&data->csd.list);
raw_spin_unlock(&call_function.lock);
csd_unlock(&data->csd);
}
}
/*
* Invoked by arch to handle an IPI for call function single. Must be
* called from the arch with interrupts disabled.
*/
void generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(void)
{
struct call_single_queue *q = &__get_cpu_var(call_single_queue);
unsigned int data_flags;
LIST_HEAD(list);
/*
* Shouldn't receive this interrupt on a cpu that is not yet online.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpu_online(smp_processor_id()));
raw_spin_lock(&q->lock);
list_replace_init(&q->list, &list);
raw_spin_unlock(&q->lock);
while (!list_empty(&list)) {
struct call_single_data *data;
data = list_entry(list.next, struct call_single_data, list);
list_del(&data->list);
/*
* 'data' can be invalid after this call if flags == 0
* (when called through generic_exec_single()),
* so save them away before making the call:
*/
data_flags = data->flags;
data->func(data->info);
/*
* Unlocked CSDs are valid through generic_exec_single():
*/
if (data_flags & CSD_FLAG_LOCK)
csd_unlock(data);
}
}
static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct call_single_data, csd_data);
/*
* smp_call_function_single - Run a function on a specific CPU
* @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
* @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
* @wait: If true, wait until function has completed on other CPUs.
*
* Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code.
*/
int smp_call_function_single(int cpu, smp_call_func_t func, void *info,
int wait)
{
struct call_single_data d = {
.flags = 0,
};
unsigned long flags;
int this_cpu;
int err = 0;
/*
* prevent preemption and reschedule on another processor,
* as well as CPU removal
*/
this_cpu = get_cpu();
/*
* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled.
* We allow cpu's that are not yet online though, as no one else can
* send smp call function interrupt to this cpu and as such deadlocks
* can't happen.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_online(this_cpu) && irqs_disabled()
&& !oops_in_progress);
if (cpu == this_cpu) {
local_irq_save(flags);
func(info);
local_irq_restore(flags);
} else {
if ((unsigned)cpu < nr_cpu_ids && cpu_online(cpu)) {
struct call_single_data *data = &d;
if (!wait)
data = &__get_cpu_var(csd_data);
csd_lock(data);
data->func = func;
data->info = info;
generic_exec_single(cpu, data, wait);
} else {
err = -ENXIO; /* CPU not online */
}
}
put_cpu();
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_single);
/*
* smp_call_function_any - Run a function on any of the given cpus
* @mask: The mask of cpus it can run on.
* @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
* @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
* @wait: If true, wait until function has completed.
*
* Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code (if no cpus were online).
* Note that @wait will be implicitly turned on in case of allocation failures,
* since we fall back to on-stack allocation.
*
* Selection preference:
* 1) current cpu if in @mask
* 2) any cpu of current node if in @mask
* 3) any other online cpu in @mask
*/
int smp_call_function_any(const struct cpumask *mask,
smp_call_func_t func, void *info, int wait)
{
unsigned int cpu;
const struct cpumask *nodemask;
int ret;
/* Try for same CPU (cheapest) */
cpu = get_cpu();
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mask))
goto call;
/* Try for same node. */
nodemask = cpumask_of_node(cpu_to_node(cpu));
for (cpu = cpumask_first_and(nodemask, mask); cpu < nr_cpu_ids;
cpu = cpumask_next_and(cpu, nodemask, mask)) {
if (cpu_online(cpu))
goto call;
}
/* Any online will do: smp_call_function_single handles nr_cpu_ids. */
cpu = cpumask_any_and(mask, cpu_online_mask);
call:
ret = smp_call_function_single(cpu, func, info, wait);
put_cpu();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(smp_call_function_any);
/**
* __smp_call_function_single(): Run a function on a specific CPU
* @cpu: The CPU to run on.
* @data: Pre-allocated and setup data structure
* @wait: If true, wait until function has completed on specified CPU.
*
* Like smp_call_function_single(), but allow caller to pass in a
* pre-allocated data structure. Useful for embedding @data inside
* other structures, for instance.
*/
void __smp_call_function_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *data,
int wait)
{
unsigned int this_cpu;
unsigned long flags;
this_cpu = get_cpu();
/*
* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled.
* We allow cpu's that are not yet online though, as no one else can
* send smp call function interrupt to this cpu and as such deadlocks
* can't happen.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_online(smp_processor_id()) && wait && irqs_disabled()
&& !oops_in_progress);
if (cpu == this_cpu) {
local_irq_save(flags);
data->func(data->info);
local_irq_restore(flags);
} else {
csd_lock(data);
generic_exec_single(cpu, data, wait);
}
put_cpu();
}
/**
* smp_call_function_many(): Run a function on a set of other CPUs.
* @mask: The set of cpus to run on (only runs on online subset).
* @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
* @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
* @wait: If true, wait (atomically) until function has completed
* on other CPUs.
*
* If @wait is true, then returns once @func has returned.
*
* You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
* hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler. Preemption
* must be disabled when calling this function.
*/
void smp_call_function_many(const struct cpumask *mask,
smp_call_func_t func, void *info, bool wait)
{
struct call_function_data *data;
unsigned long flags;
int refs, cpu, next_cpu, this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
/*
* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled.
* We allow cpu's that are not yet online though, as no one else can
* send smp call function interrupt to this cpu and as such deadlocks
* can't happen.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_online(this_cpu) && irqs_disabled()
&& !oops_in_progress && !early_boot_irqs_disabled);
/* Try to fastpath. So, what's a CPU they want? Ignoring this one. */
cpu = cpumask_first_and(mask, cpu_online_mask);
if (cpu == this_cpu)
cpu = cpumask_next_and(cpu, mask, cpu_online_mask);
/* No online cpus? We're done. */
if (cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)
return;
/* Do we have another CPU which isn't us? */
next_cpu = cpumask_next_and(cpu, mask, cpu_online_mask);
if (next_cpu == this_cpu)
next_cpu = cpumask_next_and(next_cpu, mask, cpu_online_mask);
/* Fastpath: do that cpu by itself. */
if (next_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids) {
smp_call_function_single(cpu, func, info, wait);
return;
}
data = &__get_cpu_var(cfd_data);
csd_lock(&data->csd);
/* This BUG_ON verifies our reuse assertions and can be removed */
BUG_ON(atomic_read(&data->refs) || !cpumask_empty(data->cpumask));
/*
* The global call function queue list add and delete are protected
* by a lock, but the list is traversed without any lock, relying
* on the rcu list add and delete to allow safe concurrent traversal.
* We reuse the call function data without waiting for any grace
* period after some other cpu removes it from the global queue.
* This means a cpu might find our data block as it is being
* filled out.
*
* We hold off the interrupt handler on the other cpu by
* ordering our writes to the cpu mask vs our setting of the
* refs counter. We assert only the cpu owning the data block
* will set a bit in cpumask, and each bit will only be cleared
* by the subject cpu. Each cpu must first find its bit is
* set and then check that refs is set indicating the element is
* ready to be processed, otherwise it must skip the entry.
*
* On the previous iteration refs was set to 0 by another cpu.
* To avoid the use of transitivity, set the counter to 0 here
* so the wmb will pair with the rmb in the interrupt handler.
*/
atomic_set(&data->refs, 0); /* convert 3rd to 1st party write */
data->csd.func = func;
data->csd.info = info;
/* Ensure 0 refs is visible before mask. Also orders func and info */
smp_wmb();
/* We rely on the "and" being processed before the store */
cpumask_and(data->cpumask, mask, cpu_online_mask);
cpumask_clear_cpu(this_cpu, data->cpumask);
refs = cpumask_weight(data->cpumask);
/* Some callers race with other cpus changing the passed mask */
if (unlikely(!refs)) {
csd_unlock(&data->csd);
return;
}
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&call_function.lock, flags);
/*
* Place entry at the _HEAD_ of the list, so that any cpu still
* observing the entry in generic_smp_call_function_interrupt()
* will not miss any other list entries:
*/
list_add_rcu(&data->csd.list, &call_function.queue);
/*
* We rely on the wmb() in list_add_rcu to complete our writes
* to the cpumask before this write to refs, which indicates
* data is on the list and is ready to be processed.
*/
atomic_set(&data->refs, refs);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&call_function.lock, flags);
/*
* Make the list addition visible before sending the ipi.
* (IPIs must obey or appear to obey normal Linux cache
* coherency rules -- see comment in generic_exec_single).
*/
smp_mb();
/* Send a message to all CPUs in the map */
arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(data->cpumask);
/* Optionally wait for the CPUs to complete */
if (wait)
csd_lock_wait(&data->csd);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_many);
/**
* smp_call_function(): Run a function on all other CPUs.
* @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
* @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
* @wait: If true, wait (atomically) until function has completed
* on other CPUs.
*
* Returns 0.
*
* If @wait is true, then returns once @func has returned; otherwise
* it returns just before the target cpu calls @func.
*
* You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
* hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler.
*/
int smp_call_function(smp_call_func_t func, void *info, int wait)
{
preempt_disable();
smp_call_function_many(cpu_online_mask, func, info, wait);
preempt_enable();
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function);
void ipi_call_lock(void)
{
raw_spin_lock(&call_function.lock);
}
void ipi_call_unlock(void)
{
raw_spin_unlock(&call_function.lock);
}
void ipi_call_lock_irq(void)
{
raw_spin_lock_irq(&call_function.lock);
}
void ipi_call_unlock_irq(void)
{
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&call_function.lock);
}
#endif /* USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS */
/* Setup configured maximum number of CPUs to activate */
unsigned int setup_max_cpus = NR_CPUS;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(setup_max_cpus);
/*
* Setup routine for controlling SMP activation
*
* Command-line option of "nosmp" or "maxcpus=0" will disable SMP
* activation entirely (the MPS table probe still happens, though).
*
* Command-line option of "maxcpus=<NUM>", where <NUM> is an integer
* greater than 0, limits the maximum number of CPUs activated in
* SMP mode to <NUM>.
*/
void __weak arch_disable_smp_support(void) { }
static int __init nosmp(char *str)
{
setup_max_cpus = 0;
arch_disable_smp_support();
return 0;
}
early_param("nosmp", nosmp);
/* this is hard limit */
static int __init nrcpus(char *str)
{
int nr_cpus;
get_option(&str, &nr_cpus);
if (nr_cpus > 0 && nr_cpus < nr_cpu_ids)
nr_cpu_ids = nr_cpus;
return 0;
}
early_param("nr_cpus", nrcpus);
static int __init maxcpus(char *str)
{
get_option(&str, &setup_max_cpus);
if (setup_max_cpus == 0)
arch_disable_smp_support();
return 0;
}
early_param("maxcpus", maxcpus);
/* Setup number of possible processor ids */
int nr_cpu_ids __read_mostly = NR_CPUS;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nr_cpu_ids);
/* An arch may set nr_cpu_ids earlier if needed, so this would be redundant */
void __init setup_nr_cpu_ids(void)
{
nr_cpu_ids = find_last_bit(cpumask_bits(cpu_possible_mask),NR_CPUS) + 1;
}
/* Called by boot processor to activate the rest. */
void __init smp_init(void)
{
unsigned int cpu;
/* FIXME: This should be done in userspace --RR */
for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
if (num_online_cpus() >= setup_max_cpus)
break;
if (!cpu_online(cpu))
cpu_up(cpu);
}
/* Any cleanup work */
printk(KERN_INFO "Brought up %ld CPUs\n", (long)num_online_cpus());
smp_cpus_done(setup_max_cpus);
}
/*
* Call a function on all processors. May be used during early boot while
* early_boot_irqs_disabled is set. Use local_irq_save/restore() instead
* of local_irq_disable/enable().
*/
int on_each_cpu(void (*func) (void *info), void *info, int wait)
{
unsigned long flags;
int ret = 0;
preempt_disable();
ret = smp_call_function(func, info, wait);
local_irq_save(flags);
func(info);
local_irq_restore(flags);
preempt_enable();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(on_each_cpu);
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