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Install and configure an openssh server.

Available states


Installs the openssh server package and service.


Manages SSH certificates for users.


Same functionality as openssh.auth but with a simplified Pillar syntax. Plays nicely with Pillarstack.


Installs a banner that users see when SSH-ing in.


Installs the openssh client package.


Installs the ssh daemon configuration file included in this formula (under "openssh/files"). This configuration file is populated by values from pillar. pillar.example results in the generation of the default sshd_config file on Debian Wheezy.

It is highly recommended PermitRootLogin is added to pillar so root login will be disabled.


Version of managing sshd_config that uses the ini_managed.option_present state module, so it enables to override only one or multiple values and keeping the defaults shipped by your distribution.


Manages the side-wide ssh_known_hosts file and fills it with the public SSH host keys of your minions (collected via the Salt mine) and of hosts listed in you pillar data. It's possible to include minions managed via salt-ssh by using the known_hosts_salt_ssh renderer.

You can restrict the set of minions whose keys are listed by using the pillar data openssh:known_hosts:target and openssh:known_hosts:tgt_type (those fields map directly to the corresponding attributes of the mine.get function).

The Salt mine is used to share the public SSH host keys, you must thus configure it accordingly on all hosts that must export their keys. Two mine functions are required, one that exports the keys (one key per line, as they are stored in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_* and one that defines the public hostname that the keys are associated to. Here's the way to setup those functions through pillar:

# Required for openssh.known_hosts
    cmd: cat /etc/ssh/ssh_host_*
    python_shell: True
    mine_function: grains.get
    key: id

The above example assumes that the minion identifier is a valid DNS name that can be used to connect to the host. If that's not the case, you might want to use the fqdn grain instead of the id one. The above example also uses the default mine function names used by this formula. If you have to use other names, then you should indicate the names to use in pillar keys openssh:known_hosts:mine_keys_function and openssh:known_hosts:mine_hostname_function.

You can also integrate alternate DNS names of the various hosts in the ssh_known_hosts files. You just have to list all the alternate DNS names as a list in the openssh:known_hosts:aliases pillar key. Whenever the IPv4 or IPv6 behind one of those DNS entries matches an IPv4 or IPv6 behind the official hostname of a minion, the alternate DNS name will be associated to the minion's public SSH host key.

To include minions managed via salt-ssh install the known_hosts_salt_ssh renderer:

# in
  - openssh.known_hosts_salt_ssh

# In your salt/ directory:
# Link the pillar file:
mkdir pillar/openssh
ln -s ../../formulas/openssh-formula/_pillar/known_hosts_salt_ssh.sls pillar/openssh/known_hosts_salt_ssh.sls

Pillar openssh:known_hosts:salt_ssh overrides the Salt Mine.

The pillar is fed by a host key cache. Populate it by applying openssh.gather_host_keys to the salt master:

salt 'salt-master.example.test' state.apply openssh.gather_host_keys

The state tries to fetch the SSH host keys via salt-ssh. It calls the command as user salt-master by default. The username can be changed via Pillar:

      user: salt-master

It's possible to define aliases for certain hosts:


You can use a cronjob to populate a host key cache:

# crontab -e -u salt-master
0 1 * * * salt 'salt-master.example.test' state.apply openssh.gather_host_keys

Or just add it to your salt master:

# states/top.sls:
    - openssh.known_hosts_salt_ssh

You can also use a "golden" known hosts file. It overrides the keys fetched by the cronjob. This lets you re-use the trust estabished in the salt-ssh user's known_hosts file:

# In your salt/ directory: (Pillar expects the file here.)
ln -s /home/salt-master/.ssh/known_hosts ./known_hosts

# Test it:
salt-ssh 'minion' pillar.get 'openssh:known_hosts:salt_ssh'

To add public keys of hosts not among your minions list them under the pillar key openssh:known_hosts:static:

    static: 'ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAq[...]' 'ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABA[...]'

Pillar openssh:known_hosts:static overrides openssh:known_hosts:salt_ssh.

To include localhost and local IP addresses ( and ::1) use this Pillar:

    include_localhost: True


Manages the system wide /etc/ssh/moduli file.