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Secure Shell Working Group J. Galbraith
Internet-Draft VanDyke Software
Expires: July 22, 2006 O. Saarenmaa
F-Secure
January 18, 2006
SSH File Transfer Protocol
draft-ietf-secsh-filexfer-extensions-00.txt
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Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).
Abstract
The SSH File Transfer Protocol provides a rich infrastructure for
sharing information about files. This document describes several
optional extensions that build on this infrastructure.
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Vendor Id . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. File Hashing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4. Querying Available Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
5. Querying User Home Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6. Copying Remote Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7. Copying remote data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
8. Temporary files & directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 12
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1. Introduction
This is a collection of optional extensions to the SSH File Transfer
Protocol [I-D.ietf-secsh-filexfer]. This extensions make it possible
for clients to query the server for additional information which may
not be widely supported, but can increase the quality of the users
experience when the server can support them.
2. Vendor Id
It is often necessary to detect the version of the server so that
bugs can be worked around. This extension allows the client to do
so.
string "vendor-id"
string vendor-structure
string vendor-name [UTF-8]
string product-name [UTF-8]
string product-version [UTF-8]
uint64 product-build-number
vendor-name
Arbitrary name identifying the maker of the product.
product-name
Arbitrary name identifying the product.
product-name
Arbitrary string identifying the version of the product.
product-build-number
A build-number for the product, such that if a bug is fixed in
build-number 'x', it can be assumed that (barring regression in
the product) it is fixed in all build-numbers > 'x'.
This extension may also be sent by the client as a SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
packet; in this case the contents of the vendor-structure become the
extension-specific data:
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "vendor-id"
string vendor-name [UTF-8]
string product-name [UTF-8]
string product-version [UTF-8]
uint64 product-build-number
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The server responds to this request with a SSH_FXP_STATUS message.
The status SHOULD be SSH_FX_OK.
3. File Hashing
This extension allows a client to easily check if a file (or portion
thereof) that it already has matches what is on the server.
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "check-file-handle" / "check-file-name"
string handle / name
string hash-algorithm-list
uint64 start-offset
uint64 length
uint32 block-size
handle
For "check-file-handle", 'handle' is an open file handle returned
by SSH_FXP_OPEN. If 'handle' is not a handle returned by
SSH_FXP_OPEN, the server MUST return SSH_FX_INVALID_HANDLE. If
ACE4_READ_DATA was not included when the file was opened, the
server MUST return STATUS_PERMISSION_DENIED.
If this file handle was opened in SSH_FXF_ACCESS_TEXT_MODE mode,
the check must be performed on the data as it would be sent on the
wire.
name
For "check-file-name", 'name' is the path to the file to check.
If 'check-file-name' is a directory, SSH_FX_FILE_IS_A_DIRECTORY
SHOULD be returned. If 'check-file-name' refers to a
SSH_FILEXFER_TYPE_SYMLINK, the target should be opened. The
results are undefined file types other than
SSH_FILEXFER_TYPE_REGULAR.
The file MUST be opened without the SSH_FXF_ACCESS_TEXT_MODE
access flag (in binary mode.)
hash-algorithm-list
A comma separated list of hash algorithms the client is willing to
accept for this operation. The server MUST pick the first hash on
the list that it supports.
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Currently defined algorithms are "md5", "sha1", "sha224",
"sha256", "sha384", "sha512", and "crc32". Additional algorithms
may be added by following the DNS extensibility naming convention
outlined in [RFC4251].
MD5 is described in [RFC1321]. SHA-1, SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384,
and SHA-512 are described in [FIPS-180-2]. [ISO.3309.1991]
describes crc32, and is the same algorithm used in [RFC1510]
start-offset
The starting offset of the data to include in the hash.
length
The length of data to include in the hash. If length is zero, all
the data from start-offset to the end-of-file should be included.
block-size
An independent hash MUST be computed over every block in the file.
The size of blocks is specified by block-size. The block-size
MUST NOT be smaller than 256 bytes. If the block-size is 0, then
only one hash, over the entire range, MUST be made.
The response is either a SSH_FXP_STATUS packet, indicating an error,
or the following extended reply packet:
This extension MUST be represented in the "supported2" extension as
"check-file" and both version MUST either be support or neither.
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED_REPLY
uint32 request-id
string hash-algo-used
byte hash[n][block-count]
hash-algo-used
The hash algorithm that was actually used.
hash
The computed hashes. The hash algorithm used determines the size
of n. The number of block-size chunks of data in the file
determines block-count. The hashes are placed in the packet one
after another, with no decoration.
Note that if the length of the range is not an even multiple of
block-size, the last hash will have been computed over only the
remainder of the range instead of a full block.
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4. Querying Available Space
The following extension provides a way to discover the available
space for an arbitrary path.
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "space-available"
string path [UTF-8]
path
'path' for which the available space should be reported. This
'path' is not required to be the mount point path, but MAY be a
directory or file contained within the mount.
The reply to the request is as follows:
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED_REPLY
uint32 request-id
uint64 bytes-on-device
uint64 unused-bytes-on-device
uint64 bytes-available-to-user
uint64 unused-bytes-available-to-user
uint32 bytes-per-allocation-unit
bytes-on-device
The total number of bytes on the device which stores 'path', both
used and unused, or 0 if unknown.
unused-bytes-on-device
The total number of unused bytes available on the device which
stores 'path', or 0 if unknown.
bytes-available-to-user
The total number of bytes, both used and unused, available to the
authenticated user on the device which stores 'path', or 0 if
unknown.
unused-bytes-available-to-user
The total number of unused bytes available to the authenticated
user on the device which stores 'path', or 0 if unknown.
bytes-per-allocation-unit
The number of bytes in each allocation unit on the device, or in
other words, the minimum number of bytes that a file allocation
size can grow or shrink by. If the server does not know this
information, or the file-system in use does not use allocation
blocks, this value MUST be 0.
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5. Querying User Home Directory
Many users are used to being able to type '~' as an alias for their
home directory, or ~username as an alias for another user's home
directory. To support this feature, a server MAY support following
extension.
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "home-directory"
string username [UTF-8]
username
Username whose home directory path is being requested. An empty
string implies the current user.
The reply to the request is either a SSH_FXP_STATUS packet or a
SSH_FXP_NAME packet containing the absolute real-path of the home
directory.
6. Copying Remote Files
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "copy-file"
string source-file
string destination-file
bool overwrite-destination
This request copies a file from one location to another on the
server. The server responds with SSH_FXP_STATUS.
7. Copying remote data
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "copy-data"
string read-from-handle
uint64 read-from-offset
uint64 read-data-length
string write-to-handle
uint64 write-to-offset
Copy data from one handle to another on the server. The server
responds with SSH_FXP_STATUS.
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The server MUST copy the data exactly as if the client had issued a
series of SSH_FXP_READ requests on the read-from-handle starting at
read-from-offset and totaling read-data-length bytes, and issued a
series of SSH_FXP_WRITE packets on the write-to-handle, starting at
the write-from-offset, and totaling the total number of bytes read by
the SSH_FXP_READ packets.
If one of the files is open using SSH_FXF_TEXT_MODE, then operation
on that handle honors all of the SSH_FXF_TEXT_MODE behaviors.
The server SHOULD allow 'read-from-handle' and 'write-to-handle' to
be the same handle as long as the range of data is not overlapping.
This allows data to efficiently be moved within a file. The server
MUST fail the request with a SSH_FX_INVALID_PARAMETER if the range is
overlapping and it doesn't correctly handle this case. The server is
not required to detect overlapping ranges if read-from-handle and
write-to-handle are different handles referring to the same file.
If 'data-length' is 0, this imples data should be read until EOF is
encountered.
There are no protocol restictions on this operation; however, the
server MUST ensure that the user does not exceed quota, etc. The
server is, as always, free to complete this operation out of order if
it is too large to complete immediately, or to refuse a request that
is too large.
8. Temporary files & directories
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "get-temp-folder"
Retrieves the users preferred location for temporary files and
folders. The server responds with SSH_FXP_STATUS or SSH_FXP_NAME
containing the realpath of the preferred location.
byte SSH_FXP_EXTENDED
uint32 request-id
string "make-temp-folder"
Requests that the server create a folder in the users preferred
location for temporary files and folders for use by the client. The
server responds with SSH_FXP_STATUS or SSH_FXP_NAME containing the
realpath of the new folder.
It is the clients responsibility to cleanup and remove the folder
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when it is done with it. However, the server MAY remove the folder
and it's contents when the client closes the connection.
9. Security Considerations
The home directory extension could be used to discover whether a
given user is valid; however, since users are assumed to be
authenticated by the underlying protocol, this is probably not
significant in most situations. If a server would not normally allow
an authenticated user to query the existance of another user, the
server MUST NOT allow the "home-directory" extension.
10. References
10.1. Normative References
[RFC1321] Rivest, R., "The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm", RFC 1321,
April 1992.
[RFC1510] Kohl, J. and B. Neuman, "The Kerberos Network
Authentication Service (V5)", RFC 1510, September 1993.
[RFC4251] Ylonen, T. and C. Lonvick, "The Secure Shell (SSH)
Protocol Architecture", RFC 4251, January 2006.
[I-D.ietf-secsh-filexfer]
Galbraith, J. and O. Saarenmaa, "SSH File Transfer
Protocol", draft-ietf-secsh-filexfer-10 (work in
progress), October 2005.
[FIPS-180-2]
National Institute of Standards and Technology, "Secure
Hash Standard (SHS)", Federal Information Processing
Standards Publication 180-2, August 2002.
[ISO.3309.1991]
International Organization for Standardization,
"Information Technology - Telecommunications and
information exchange between systems - High-level data
link control (HDLC) procedures - Frame structure",
ISO Standard 3309, June 1991.
10.2. Informative References
Trademark notice
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"ssh" is a registered trademark in the United States and/or other
countries.
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Authors' Addresses
Joseph Galbraith
VanDyke Software
4848 Tramway Ridge Blvd
Suite 101
Albuquerque, NM 87111
US
Phone: +1 505 332 5700
Email: galb-list@vandyke.com
Oskari Saarenmaa
F-Secure
Tammasaarenkatu 7
Helsinki 00180
FI
Email: oskari.saarenmaa@f-secure.com
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