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I. Metabolite Preprocessing (Optional)

To start using MetaBridge, you need to upload a list of compounds of interest as metabolite IDs. If you are starting with raw metabolomics data, you will need to preprocess your metabolites with your method of choice to obtain compounds of interest and their corresponding metabolite IDs. We recommend MetaboAnalyst for metabolite preprocessing.

MetaboAnalyst


II. MetaBridge Mapping

1. Upload Metabolites

Upload your metabolites to MetaBridge and select your metabolites for mapping.

Upload Metabolites

2. Map Metabolites

Choose a database to map against and view your mapping results.

Map Via MetaCyc

3. Download Results

Download your full mapping results (example table below).

KEGG Compound Enzyme Enzyme Name Gene Name Entrez
C00086 Urea 3.5.3.1 arginase ARG1 383
C00086 Urea 3.5.3.1 arginase ARG2 384
C00086 Urea 3.5.3.4 allantoicase ALLC 55821
C00086 Urea 3.5.3.11 agmatinase AGMAT 79814
C00022 Pyruvate 1.1.1.27 L-lactate dehydrogenase LDHAL6A 160287

III. NetworkAnalyst

1. Upload Mapped Genes

Visit NetworkAnalyst and start with A list of genes or proteins input.

Select A list of genes or proteins

  • Upload the genes that you mapped via MetaBridge, providing an appropriate data label.
  • Repeat this for each gene or protein list you wish to integrate.
  • Then, paste into the box BOTH lists you wish to combine to create one COMBINED list. NetworkAnalyst will filter out duplicates for you.

Upload Genes to NetworkAnalyst


Once you have uploaded all of your gene/protein lists, check the dropdown menu to check that everything was properly uploaded, and select a dataset to start with.

  • Example of uploaded lists below:
    • MetaBridge-mapped Metabolites (54 unique genes)
    • Gene Expression Data (99 unique genes)
    • Combined Gene Lists (153 unique genes)

Select Gene List

Next, choose [Network Analysis -> Protein-protein interactions] and choose the literature-curated IMEX Interactome as your protein-protein interaction database.

Choose Protein-Protein Interactions and IMEX Interactome

2. Create Networks

Now, a protein-protein interaction network will be generated based on the data you have uploaded. Depending on the size of the dataset you have uploaded, you may wish to choose from the network sizes on the lefthand size. Generally, we recommend using a minimum-connected protein-protein interaction network. However, if your data are particularly sparse, you may need to use first-order interaction networks, whereas if your dataset is particularly large, you may wish to use a zero-order interaction network. Typically, we aim for a network containing a few hundred nodes.

Also if importance here is the [Batch Exclusion] tool. This tool is quite helpful in filtering out proteins that you know to be highly connected in the cell, but not if interest to the condition you are studying. One of the most common proteins we filter out is UBC (uniprot ID P0CG48).

Create Minimum-Connected Network

Below, you will find an example of each minimum-connected network generated

Metabolomic Minimum-Connected Network

  1. Minimum-connected protein-protein interaction network from MetaBridge-mapped metabolites.

Transcriptomic Minimum-Connected Network

  1. Minimum-connected protein-protein interaction network from gene expression data.

Integrated Minimum-Connected Network

  1. Minimum-connected protein-protein interaction network from combined gene list.

3. NetworkAnalyst Analyses

For each network you create, you can extract various information from the network. For example, you can use the [Function Explorer] panel on the righthand side to view pathway enrichment analyses of the networks. On the lefthand side, you can use the [Node Explorer] to view information about individual nodes of the network and [Save] the entire node list as a CSV file for further analysis.

You can also tweak the network appearance as you would like. For example, you can paste in your original lists to the [Batch Selection] panel and color-code each node of the network corresponding to its original data source. Then, you can download image files of the networks you have created.

Batch Selection of Nodes

4. Further NetworkAnalyst Tools

In addition to network creation, you can use NetworkAnalyst's extensive suite of tools, such as the [Venn Diagram] or [Chord Diagram] tools to examine overlap of your datasets. For example, you can examine the overlap of your MetaBridge-mapped genes with your other datasets.

To examine overlap of your protein-protein interaction networks, you can upload the genes contained in your networks (from the downloaded node tables) and use the Venn Diagram function to explore network overlap.

Venn Diagram Tool

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