A Selenium2 example using the Gradle build system
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This is a Java project that can be used as a template (or archetype) to start a WebDriver web browser testing project. I chose to simplify and and implement using simply WebDriver and Gradle.

Presentation is for "Portland Selenium Bootcamp 2013".
PDX-SE Meetup Group

Special thanks to the creator of Gradle, for having some good examples. Ken Sipe

NOTE: Keep in mind that these examples use multiple WebDriver instances, which may not be a normal design pattern, especially in frameworks that are limited to one WebDriver instance, such as SauceLabs.


Version 1.0 - March 16th, 2013

Version 2.0 - September 6th, 2013

Project Layout

Gradle Project Root
+--- Project ':sub-project'
+--- Project ':commonlib'
+--- Project ':etsy'
+--- Project ':parallelwindows'
+--- ...


1. Project "sub-project" is a project you add yourself, if you 
2. Project "etsy" is a RemoteWebDriver JUnit test-suite using
   a local Grid server that is capable of running multiple 
   threads of single-window web browser tests.
3. Project "parallelwindows" is a test of a  multi-window and
   multi-threaded run using a static local website.
4. Project "commonlib" is a sub-project containing methods 
   shared between projects.


Links to example sub-projects that belong to this project:



Quick Start

Normally, this project would be ran through the Gradle plugin for Eclipse IDE, but I have tried to make it easier by including a method to run dynamically and directly from the .zip distribution on the command line.

To try this project without requiring a Java IDE, just make sure you download Gradle 1.7+, configure your GRADLE_HOME environment variable, add %GRADLE_HOME%\bin to your PATH, and then download the .zip distribution of this project, unzip it, and run the included runProjectMenu.bat script.

Implemented Features

Feature Description
JUnit based For use ONLY with JUnit 4.11 or higher because of the usage of the parameterized capability of JUnit. This dependency is configured by the Gradle build script.
Parallel runner
using JUnit
A parallel runner using the Gradle maxParallelForks method.
Native automation support For use with Sikuli 1.0.1 or higher to test native elements that WebDriver "Action" is unable to control. This dependency is configured in the Gradle build script. If you implement this however, you may not be able to use the remote webdriver option in your project.
Uses RemoteWebDriver
JSON Hub Server
I have included an implementation of a WebDriverServer class that starts a RemoteWebDriver JSON Hub server instance in the BeforeClass method of tests. This server is a static member of the utility class that the tests extend.
Parameterized data
driven capability
Unit tests are parameterized from a csv file. Can also load tests from XML, XLS, a database, etc.
Logging and Reporting Logs test output to console and to a file using SLF4j/LogBack API, and configured by a logback.xml file. Will generate reports of JUnit test results at build/reports/test/index.html . Will place a junit.log file at build/logs/junit.log .
Page Object design
Uses the WebDriver "page object" design pattern, enhanced by the Selenium "LoadableComponent" extendable class.
Fluent API design
Implemented examples of the Fluent API design pattern while retaining capability of the traditional page object pattern.
Multi-project build
Implemented multiple project build. The root project has a subproject called "core" and all subprojects of "core" inherit classes from it.
Run Options You have three different options for running the tests: via the Gradle GUI, via your IDE Gradle plugin, or via Gradle command line. To run with the JUnit runner in your IDE, you would need to manually export your project as a normal Java project, because this template does not support that.
Core utility package All projects inherit from a "core" project that contains classes where you can store methods that all of your projects can share between them.

Un-implemented Features

Feature Description
Gradle Wrapper Did not choose to implement the Gradle wrapper because I believe that downloading Gradle and configuring GRADLE_HOME and PATH are easy enough. Also, a manual setup of Gradle gives us more control using a batch script. Also, the development IDE is usually configured to use the statically defined Gradle home.
Jar executable option Creates an uberJar of all projects and subprojects that can be ran by double clicking the .jar file. If you don't have the file association supporting it, we include a jarAssociation.bat file to setup the file association on your Windows system. I was planning to implement this but currently having trouble getting it to work.

Configuration And Setup


To get it working on a regular Eclipse Kepler (2.9.0) or later, follow these steps:

1. Using the "Eclipse Marketplace" settings panel under the 
   Eclipse "Help" menu, install the Gradle tooling 
   functionality.  You can do it through the "Install New
   Software" menu, but it isn't recommended.  If Market is
   missing from your Eclipse, then add the repo:
   and then install the "market" and restart Eclipse.
2. Download the .zip archive of this GitHub project 
   distribution and unzip it to your workspace.  An example:
   "C:\Eclipse32\workspace\selenium-gradle-example\" .
3. Use the Eclipse "Import" function from the Eclipse "File
   menu" to import a "Project" of type "Gradle".
4. Browse using the import wizard to your projects "root" 
   directory.  Then click the "Build model" button.
5. Check all checkboxes .  You could also choose to add all 
   to your "working set" if you like but it isn't required.
6. Rebuild the dependencies by right clicking on the project
   and then choose Gradle-->Refresh All Dependencies
7. Right click on your project and choose "Run As-->External
   Tools Configuration".  Configure a new "clean" and "build"
   configuration for running a sub-project (or whatever tasks
   you want to execute).
8. Optionally, you can run this project on the command line
   with something like "gradle etsy:clean etsy:runTask --info" 
   and it will execute the project unit tests.  Also, this 
   project provides a .bat batch script that does this and
   provides a menu of other actions you can execute, including 
   running the "Gradle GUI".


The required Gradle functionality is already built into IntelliJ-IDEA 12.1+ . I think using IDEA is more difficult but go ahead if you are familiar with it.


Website of this project:


1. If the intellisense in Eclipse doesn't work, make sure you 
   have added all the .class directories to your Eclipse project
   classpath.  (See the included .classpath file.)
2. I use "GitHub GUI" to sync my local project repo to GitHub. 
   If you fork my project, I would recommend doing it this way
   unless you are a Git expert and prefer another way.