Rakudo Perl 6
This is Rakudo Perl, a Perl 6 compiler for the Parrot virtual machine.
Rakudo Perl is Copyright (C) 2008-2009, The Perl Foundation. Rakudo Perl is distributed under the terms of the Artistic License 2.0. For more details, see the full text of the license in the file LICENSE.
For building Rakudo you need a C compiler, a
make utility, a Perl 5 compiler, version 5.8 or newere, the
icu library (http://site.icu-project.org/) and the
svn command from Subversion.
For example on Debian GNU/Linux you can install those with the command
aptitude install build-essential libicu36-dev subversion
(Perl is installed by default already). To enable parallel testing you also need the CPAN module Test::Harness in version 3.16 or newer.
Building and invoking Rakudo
Because Rakudo is under rapid development, we generally recommend downloading Rakudo directly from github and building from there:
$ git clone git://github.com/rakudo/rakudo.git
If you don't have git installed, you can get a tarball or zip of Rakudo from github by visiting http://github.com/rakudo/rakudo/tree/master and clicking "Download". Then unpack the tarball or zip.
Once you have a copy of Rakudo, build it as follows:
$ cd rakudo $ perl Configure.pl --gen-parrot $ make
This will create a "perl6" or "perl6.exe" executable in the current directory. Rakudo doesn't currently have a "make install" target.
The "--gen-parrot" option tells Configure.pl to automatically download (via 'svn') and build the version of Parrot most appropriate for the copy of Rakudo you currently have. It's okay to use the --gen-parrot option on later invocations of Configure.pl; the configure system will re-build Parrot only if a newer version is needed for whatever version of Rakudo you're working with.
To run a Perl 6 program with Rakudo, issue a command like:
$ ./perl6 hello.pl
This binary executable feature is still somewhat experimental, and may not work on all platforms. Also, the binary has hardcoded paths to the Parrot build tree (especially the dynamic libraries and modules), so removing or moving the build tree will cause the binary to stop working.
If the Rakudo compiler is invoked without an explicit script to run, it enters a small interactive mode that allows Perl 6 statements to be executed from the command line. Each line entered is treated as a separate compilation unit, however (which means that subroutines are preserved after they are defined, but variables are not).
Running the test suite
Entering "make test" will run a small test suite that comes bundled with Rakudo. This is a simple suite of tests, designed to make sure that the Rakudo compiler is basically working and that it's capable of running a simple test harness.
Running "make spectest" will import relevant portions of the official Perl 6 test suite from the Pugs repository http://svn.pugscode.org/pugs/t/spec/ and run all of these tests that are currently known to pass.
At present we do not have any plans to directly store the official test suite as part of the Rakudo/Parrot repository, but will continue to fetch it from the Pugs repository.
You can also use "make" to run an individual test from the command line:
$ make t/spec/S29-str/ucfirst.t t/spec/S29-str/ucfirst.rakudo .. 1..4 ok 1 - simple ok 2 - empty string ok 3 - # SKIP unicode ok 4 - # SKIP unicode # FUDGED! ok All tests successful. Files=1, Tests=4, 1 wallclock secs ( 0.02 usr 0.00 sys + 0.57 cusr 0.06 csys = 0.65 CPU) Result: PASS
If you want to run the tests in parallel, you need to install a fairly recent version of the Perl 5 module Test::Harness (3.16 works for sure).
Where to get help or answers to questions
There are several mailing lists, IRC channels, and wikis available with help for Perl 6 and Rakudo on Parrot. Figuring out the right one to use is often the biggest battle. Here are some rough guidelines:
If you have a question about Perl 6 syntax or the right way to approach a problem using Perl 6, you probably want the
firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list. This list is primarily for the people who want to use Perl 6 to write programs, as opposed to those who are implementing or developing the Perl 6 language itself.
Questions about the Rakudo compiler for Parrot and the Parrot compiler tools can go to
email@example.com. Discussion about Parrot itself generally takes place on
The Rakudo and Parrot development teams tend to hang out on IRC a fair bit, either on
Rakudo's official web site is http://rakudo.org/, where you can find useful information for developers and users alike. There's also a Parrot blog at http://parrotblog.org/, most Perl 6 related news is assembled at http://planetsix.perl.org/.
Bug reports should be sent to
firstname.lastname@example.org with the moniker [BUG] (including the brackets) at the start of the subject so that it gets appropriately tagged in the RT system (https://rt.perl.org/rt3/). Please include or attach any sample source code that exhibits the bug, and include either the release name/date or the git commit identifier. You find that identifier in the first output line of the
git log command. There's no need to cc: the perl6-compiler mailing list, as the RT system will handle this on its own.
If you have a patch that fixes a bug or adds a new feature, please submit it to
email@example.com with the moniker [PATCH] (including the brackets) at the start of the subject line. We'll generally accept patches in any form if we can get them to work, but unified diff from the
git command is greatly preferred. In general this means that in the
languages/rakudo/ directory you make your changes, and then type
git commit -m 'Your commit message' git-format-patch HEAD^
This will generate a file called
001-your-commit-message.patch, or more of them if you made multiple commits; please attach these to your email.
(Note to the maintainers: you can apply these patches with the
git-am command; it preserves meta information like author).
Other ways to create and submit patches are discussed here: http://wiki.github.com/rakudo/rakudo/steps-to-create-a-patch.
How the compiler works
firstname.lastname@example.org is the primary author and maintainer for Rakudo Perl 6 on Parrot.
Hey! The above document had some coding errors, which are explained below:
- Around line 1:
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