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Build Status Coverage Status License Maven Central

bloomfilter is a pure Java Bloom Filter implementation that provides simple persistable bloom filters. The entire bloom filter is abstracted into various layers so that the same can be changed by pure plug-and-play implementations such as decomposing an object to a byte-stream, or the hash function to be used, or the serialization strategy to be used.

The library is unit-tested on the following platforms:

  • Oracle JDK 7
  • Oracle JDK 8
  • Oracle JDK 9

Why another Bloom Filter implementation?

bloomfilter was developed as I was looking for a fast persistable bloom filter implementation that could be customized to suit needs. The Google Guava bloom filter for few reasons cannot be persisted well, does not provide for a disk-backed bit array implementation, missing a counting bloom filter and last not the least the size of the payload. Many of my modules/projects did not need Guava and adding it just for using the bloom filter was coming out to be expensive. Thus, bloomfilter was born.

The bloomfilter is inspired by the Guava bloom filter implementation and uses a similar approach, with more extension points baked in.


  • Uses pure Java murmur hash implementation as default hash function
  • Multiple persisting methodologies
    • In-memory filter
    • Java serialization disk filter
    • Memory-mapped disk filter
  • Lightweight with no dependencies, 23KB size


// the maximum number of elements that the filter will contain
int numberOfElements = 1000 * 1000;

// the max false positive probability that is desired
// the lower the value - the more will be the memory usage
double fpp = 0.01d;

// this creates an in-memory bloom filter - useful when you need to dispose off the
// filter at the end of application, and the memory consumption will not be too huge
BloomFilter<String> filter = new InMemoryBloomFilter<String>(numberOfElements, fpp);

// you can roll your own implementations based on file-backed, or memory-mapped 
// file-backed implementations that can provide persistence too
filter = new AbstractBloomFilter<String>(numberOfElements, fpp) {

	 * Used a {@link FileBackedBitArray} to allow for file persistence.
	 * @returns a {@link BitArray} that will take care of storage of bloom filter
	protected BitArray createBitArray(int numBits) {
		return new FileBackedBitArray(new File("/tmp/test.bloom.filter"), numBits);

BitArray is an interface defined in com.sangupta.bloomfilter.core package. This provides methods that any implementation can be provide and thus be used as a bloom-filter implementation. This allows for rolling out bloom filter implementations backed by file based persistence, Redis server or similar. The following implementations are available for the interface:

  • FastBitArray - faster than the default Java one
  • JavaBitSetArray - uses Java BitSet as backing array
  • FileBackedBitArray - uses normal file backing object in random mode
  • MMapFileBackedBitArray - uses memory-mapped file, much faster than FileBackedBitArray


0.9.0 (17 Jun 2017)

  • First release with Murmur 1/2/3 hashes


The library can be downloaded from Maven Central using:


Other Similar Projects

Other similar bloom filter implementations include:

Google Guava


  • As explained before, is heavy.


  • Does not have a persisted version of a BloomFilter
  • Does not have a Murmur3 implementation


  • The persisted bloom filter does not use memory-mapped files, rather the slower file-seek-change-repeat workflow.
  • No Murmur3 implementation


For transparency and insight into our release cycle, and for striving to maintain backward compatibility, bloomfilter will be maintained under the Semantic Versioning guidelines as much as possible.

Releases will be numbered with the follow format:


And constructed with the following guidelines:

  • Breaking backward compatibility bumps the major
  • New additions without breaking backward compatibility bumps the minor
  • Bug fixes and misc changes bump the patch

For more information on SemVer, please visit


bloomfilter: Bloom filters for Java
Copyright (c) 2014-2018, Sandeep Gupta

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 You may obtain a copy of the License at
 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 limitations under the License.