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Project goal is to give users possibility to access build-in or connected via USB webcams or remote IP / network cameras directly from Java code. Using provided libraries user is able to read camera images and detect motion. Main project consist of several sub projects - the root one, which contains required classes, build-in webcam driver compa…
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Merge pull request #350 from tm1990/master

Added support for multiple points for source of motion
latest commit 1a8501f4a2
@sarxos authored

README.md

Webcam Capture API

This library allows you to use your build-in or external webcam directly from Java. It's designed to abstract commonly used camera features and support various capturing farmeworks.

Maven Central Build Status Coverage Status

Rationale

Assume situation when your code depends on some capturing framework, but suddenly you have to drop it and use different, maybe newer one (e.g. replace archaic JMF with newest GStreamer). By doing this you will have to rewrite significant piece of your code because these frameworks are completely differend and not compatible at all. This is where Webcam Capture API comes to save the world - it was created to remove the burden of such situations so you do not have to rewrite your code never again, but instead you can simply switch the driver class to different one.

Features

  • Simple, thread-safe and non-blocking API,
  • No additional software required,
  • Supports multiple platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS, etc) and various architectures (32-bit, 64-bit, ARM),
  • Get images from build-in or USB-connected PC webcams,
  • Get images from IP / network cameras (as MJPEG or JPEG),
  • Offers ready to use motion detector,
  • All required JARs Available in Maven Central,
  • Offers possibility to expose images as MJPEG stream,
  • It is available as Maven dependency or standalone ZIP binary (with all dependencies included),
  • Swing component to display video feed from camera,
  • Swing component to choose camera (drop down),
  • Multiple capturing frameworks are supported:

The latest stable version is: 0.3.10

The latest development version is: 0.3.11-SNAPSHOT

Raspberry PI

(and other ARM devices)

The lates version (0.3.10) does not work on ARM just out of the box. To make it working you need to replace version 0.6.2 of BridJ JAR by the 0.6.3-SNAPHOST or newer bridj-0.7-20140918. Moreover, lately Jonathon Hare from OpenIMAJ team, found a problem described in bridj #525 which causes problems on armhf architecture.

Maven

The latest stable version is available in Maven Central:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
  <artifactId>webcam-capture</artifactId>
  <version>0.3.10</version>
</dependency>

Snapshot version:

<repository>
    <id>Sonatype OSS Snapshot Repository</id>
    <url>http://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots</url>
</repository>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture</artifactId>
    <version>0.3.11-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>

Download

The newest stable version can be downloaded as separated ZIP binary. This ZIP file contains Webcam Capture API itself and all required dependencies (in libs directory). Click on the below link to download it:

webcam-capture-0.3.10-dist.zip

The latest development version JAR (aka SNAPSHOT) can be downloaded here.

Contribution

If you have strong will, spare time, knownledge or even some small amount of money you would like to spent for good purpose you can help developing this awesome Webcam Capture API and make it even better! Several kinds of contributions are very welcome:

Star Project

If you think this project is great, you would like to help, but you don't know how - you can become project's stargazer. By starring you're making project more popular. Visit this link if you would like to learn more about how notifications and stars works on Github.

Report Bug or Feature

If you've found a bug or you've came-up with some fantastic feature which can make Webcam Capture a better API to use, don't hesitate to create new issue where you can describe in details what the problem is, or what would you like to improve.

Perform Tests

Since Webcam Capture use some part of native code, it's very hard to cover all supported operating systems. I'm always testing it on 64-bit Ubuntu Linux, Windows XP and Vista (both 32-bit), but I have no possibility to test on Raspberry Pi, Mac OS and 32-bit Linux. Please help and test on those systems if you have such possibility.

Write Code

If you know Java or C++ you can help developing Webcam Capture by forking repository and sending pull requests. Please visit this link if you don't know how to contribute to other's code at Github.

Donate

People have expressed a wish to donate a little money. Donating won't get you anything special, other than a warm feeling inside, and possibly urge me to produce more freely available material for Webcam Capture project. You can donate via PayPal, just click donate button available below - it will redirect you to the secured PayPal page where you can provide donation amount (there is no minimal value).

Donate via PayPal

Hello World

Code below will capture image from your default webcam and save it in hello-world.png file:

Webcam webcam = Webcam.getDefault();
webcam.open();
ImageIO.write(webcam.getImage(), "PNG", new File("hello-world.png"));

More Examples!

Below are the very pretty basic examples demonstrating of how Webcam Capture API can be used in the Java code. All can be found in the project source code. Please note that some of those examples may use the newest API which has not yet been released to maven Central. In such a case please make sure you are using the newest Webcam Capture API SNAPSHOT.

And here are some more advanced examples, few with quite fancy GUI.

Capture Drivers

Webcam Capture API defines WebcamDriver interface which has been already implemented in several capturing drivers build on top of well-known frameworks used to work with multimedia and cameras. Complete list can be found below.

By default (if other driver is not specified) library uses default driver which consists of small, refined part of awesome OpenIMAJ framework wrapped in thread-safe container. However, there are more ready-to-use drivers which can be used as a replacement or addition to the default one. By utilizing those drivers Webcam Capture can be extended with various new features (e.g. IP camera support).

List of additional capture drivers includes:

Driver Name Stable Central Description
ipcam yes yes Driver for IP / network camera
fswebcam yes yes Driver for FSWebcam CLI tool
gstreamer yes yes Driver for GStreamer framework
openimaj yes yes Driver for OpenIMAJ framework
v4l4j yes no Driver for V4L4j library
jmf yes yes Driver for JMF / FMJ frameworks
lti-civil yes yes Driver for LTI-CIVIL library
vlcj yes yes Driver for vlcj library
javacv yes yes Driver for JavaCV library
ffmpeg-cli poc no Driver for FFmpeg CLI tool
  • Central = available in Maven Central Repository
  • poc = Proof of Concept

Default Driver

If no other driver is specified, the default driver will be used. It consists of small, refined part of awesome OpenIMAJ framework wrapped in thread-safe container.

IP Camera Driver

This capture driver gives possibility to access IP camera devices and handle images in form of JPEG pictures or MJPEG streams.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-ipcam</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new IpCamDriver());

More details and binaries download can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-ipcam page.

Fswebcam Driver

This capture driver gives possibility to use CLI tool called fswebcam (written by Philip Heron) to access UVC devices connected to the computer. It works only on *nix and requires tool to be installed on the environment where driver is used.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-fswebcam</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new FsWebcamDriver());

More details on how to use, how to install fswebcam and where binaries can be downloaed, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-fswebcam page.

GStreamer Driver

This capture driver gives possibility to use GStreamer to access UVC camera devices connected to computer. It works on Windows and Linux only.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-gstreamer</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new GStreamerDriver());

More details on how to use, how to install GStreamer and where binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-gstreamer page.

OpenIMAJ Driver

This capture driver gives possibility to use OpenIMAJ to access UVC camera devices connected to the computer.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-openimaj</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new OpenImajDriver());

More details on how to use it and where binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-openimaj page.

V4L4j Driver

This is capture driver which uses V4L4j project to access UVC camera devices. It works on Linux only and it seems like it is most suitable for use on Raspberry Pi.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-v4l4j</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new V4l4jDriver());

More details on how to use it and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-v4l4j page.

JMF Driver

This is capture driver which uses JMF (Java Media Framework) to access UVC webcam devices. The JMF needs to be installed and configured on the PC before this driver can be used. It can also be used alternatively with the FMJ project.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-jmf</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use:

Webcam.setDriver(new JmfDriver());

More details on how to use it, install, and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-jmf page.

LTI-CIVIL Driver

This is capture driver designed to leverage capabilities of LTI-CIVIL project (by Larson Technologies Inc.) and use it to access wide range of UVC devices. It works on 32-bit architectures only.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-lti-civil</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use it:

Webcam.setDriver(new LtiCivilDriver());

More details on how to use it, and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-lti-civil page.

VLCj Driver

This is capture driver which uses VLCj library from Caprica Software Limited to gain access to the UVC camera device.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-vlcj</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use it:

Webcam.setDriver(new VlcjDriver());

More details on how to use it, how to install, and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-vlcj page.

JavaCV Driver

This is capture driver which uses JavaCV binding for [OpenCV][] to gain access to the UVC camera device.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-javacv</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use it:

Webcam.setDriver(new JavaCvDriver());

More details on how to use it, how to install, and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-javacv page.

FFmpeg CLI Driver

This is capture driver which uses ffmpeg CLI tool from FFmpeg to access UVC camera device. It works on Linux only.

Maven dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.sarxos</groupId>
    <artifactId>webcam-capture-driver-ffmpeg-cli</artifactId>
    <version>{webcam-capture-version-here}</version>
</dependency>

How to use it:

Webcam.setDriver(new FFmpegCliDriver());

More details on how to use it, how to install, and where necessary binaries can be downloaded, can be found on dedicated webcam-capture-driver-ffmpeg-cli page.

History

I initially started working on Webcam Capture as a simple proof-of-concept after I read Andrew Davison's fantastic book entitled Killer Game Programming (which is also available online). Thank you Andrew! Later I found that there is a complete mess in Java APIs allowing you to capture images from webcams. Once you choose specific API you cannot change it without modifying large parts of the code. I decided to change this situation and write general purpose wrapper for various different APIs (like JMF, OpenCV, OpenIMAJ, LTI-CIVIL, VLC). In such a way, Webcam Capture as we know it today, was brought to life. Today you can change underlying frameworks just by replacing webcam driver (one line code change). If there is no driver for particular framework, it's very easy to write it yourself.

License

Copyright (C) 2012 - 2015 Bartosz Firyn (https://github.com/sarxos)

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

sarxos

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