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package scala.tools.nsc
package typechecker

import java.lang.Math.min
import symtab.Flags._
import scala.tools.nsc.util._
import scala.reflect.runtime.ReflectionUtils
import scala.collection.mutable.ListBuffer
import scala.reflect.ClassTag
import scala.reflect.internal.util.Statistics
import scala.reflect.macros.util._
import scala.util.control.ControlThrowable
import scala.reflect.macros.runtime.{AbortMacroException, MacroRuntimes}
import scala.reflect.runtime.{universe => ru}
import scala.reflect.macros.compiler.DefaultMacroCompiler
import scala.tools.reflect.FastTrack
import scala.runtime.ScalaRunTime
import Fingerprint._

/**
* Code to deal with macros, namely with:
* * Compilation of macro definitions
* * Expansion of macro applications
*
* Say we have in a class C:
*
* def foo[T](xs: List[T]): T = macro fooBar
*
* Then fooBar needs to point to a static method of the following form:
*
* def fooBar[T: c.WeakTypeTag] // type tag annotation is optional
* (c: scala.reflect.macros.blackbox.Context)
* (xs: c.Expr[List[T]])
* : c.Expr[T] = {
* ...
* }
*
* Then, if foo is called in qual.foo[Int](elems), where qual: D,
* the macro application is expanded to a reflective invocation of fooBar with parameters:
*
* (simpleMacroContext{ type PrefixType = D; val prefix = qual })
* (Expr(elems))
* (TypeTag(Int))
*/
trait Macros extends FastTrack with MacroRuntimes with Traces with Helpers {
  self: Analyzer =>

  import global._
  import definitions._
  import treeInfo.{isRepeatedParamType => _, _}
  import MacrosStats._

  def globalSettings = global.settings

  protected def findMacroClassLoader(): ClassLoader = {
    val classpath = global.classPath.asURLs
    macroLogVerbose("macro classloader: initializing from -cp: %s".format(classpath))
    ScalaClassLoader.fromURLs(classpath, self.getClass.getClassLoader)
  }

  /** `MacroImplBinding` and its companion module are responsible for
* serialization/deserialization of macro def -> impl bindings.
*
* The first officially released version of macros persisted these bindings across compilation runs
* using a neat trick. The right-hand side of a macro definition (which contains a reference to a macro impl)
* was typechecked and then put verbatim into an annotation on the macro definition.
*
* This solution is very simple, but unfortunately it's also lacking. If we use it, then
* signatures of macro defs become transitively dependent on scala-reflect.jar
* (because they refer to macro impls, and macro impls refer to *box.Context defined in scala-reflect.jar).
* More details can be found in comments to https://issues.scala-lang.org/browse/SI-5940.
*
* Therefore we have to avoid putting macro impls into binding pickles and come up with our own serialization format.
* Situation is further complicated by the fact that it's not enough to just pickle macro impl's class name and method name,
* because macro expansion needs some knowledge about the shape of macro impl's signature (which we can't pickle).
* Hence we precompute necessary stuff (e.g. the layout of type parameters) when compiling macro defs.
*/

  /** Represents all the information that a macro definition needs to know about its implementation.
* Includes a path to load the implementation via Java reflection,
* and various accounting information necessary when composing an argument list for the reflective invocation.
*/
  case class MacroImplBinding(
      // Is this macro impl a bundle (a trait extending *box.Macro) or a vanilla def?
      val isBundle: Boolean,
      // Is this macro impl blackbox (i.e. having blackbox.Context in its signature)?
      val isBlackbox: Boolean,
      // Java class name of the class that contains the macro implementation
      // is used to load the corresponding object with Java reflection
      className: String,
      // method name of the macro implementation
      // `className` and `methName` are all we need to reflectively invoke a macro implementation
      // because macro implementations cannot be overloaded
      methName: String,
      // flattens the macro impl's parameter lists having symbols replaced with their fingerprints
      // currently fingerprints are calculated solely from types of the symbols:
      // * c.Expr[T] => LiftedTyped
      // * c.Tree => LiftedUntyped
      // * c.WeakTypeTag[T] => Tagged(index of the type parameter corresponding to that type tag)
      // * everything else (e.g. *box.Context) => Other
      // f.ex. for: def impl[T: WeakTypeTag, U, V: WeakTypeTag](c: blackbox.Context)(x: c.Expr[T], y: c.Tree): (U, V) = ???
      // `signature` will be equal to List(List(Other), List(LiftedTyped, LiftedUntyped), List(Tagged(0), Tagged(2)))
      signature: List[List[Fingerprint]],
      // type arguments part of a macro impl ref (the right-hand side of a macro definition)
      // these trees don't refer to a macro impl, so we can pickle them as is
      targs: List[Tree]) {
    // Was this binding derived from a `def ... = macro ???` definition?
    def is_??? = {
      val Predef_??? = currentRun.runDefinitions.Predef_???
      className == Predef_???.owner.javaClassName && methName == Predef_???.name.encoded
    }
    def isWhitebox = !isBlackbox
  }

  /** Macro def -> macro impl bindings are serialized into a `macroImpl` annotation
* with synthetic content that carries the payload described in `MacroImplBinding`.
*
* For example, for a pair of macro definition and macro implementation:
* def impl(c: scala.reflect.macros.blackbox.Context): c.Expr[Unit] = ???
* def foo: Unit = macro impl
*
* We will have the following annotation added on the macro definition `foo`:
*
* @scala.reflect.macros.internal.macroImpl(
* `macro`(
* "macroEngine" = <current macro engine>,
* "isBundle" = false,
* "isBlackbox" = true,
* "signature" = List(Other),
* "methodName" = "impl",
* "className" = "Macros$"))
*/
  def macroEngine = "v7.0 (implemented in Scala 2.11.0-M8)"
  object MacroImplBinding {
    def pickleAtom(obj: Any): Tree =
      obj match {
        case list: List[_] => Apply(Ident(ListModule), list map pickleAtom)
        case s: String => Literal(Constant(s))
        case d: Double => Literal(Constant(d))
        case b: Boolean => Literal(Constant(b))
        case f: Fingerprint => Literal(Constant(f.value))
      }

    def unpickleAtom(tree: Tree): Any =
      tree match {
        case Apply(list @ Ident(_), args) if list.symbol == ListModule => args map unpickleAtom
        case Literal(Constant(s: String)) => s
        case Literal(Constant(d: Double)) => d
        case Literal(Constant(b: Boolean)) => b
        case Literal(Constant(i: Int)) => Fingerprint(i)
      }

    def pickle(macroImplRef: Tree): Tree = {
      val runDefinitions = currentRun.runDefinitions
      import runDefinitions._
      val MacroImplReference(isBundle, isBlackbox, owner, macroImpl, targs) = macroImplRef

      // todo. refactor when fixing SI-5498
      def className: String = {
        def loop(sym: Symbol): String = sym match {
          case sym if sym.isTopLevel =>
            val suffix = if (sym.isModuleClass) "$" else ""
            sym.fullName + suffix
          case sym =>
            val separator = if (sym.owner.isModuleClass) "" else "$"
            loop(sym.owner) + separator + sym.javaSimpleName.toString
        }

        loop(owner)
      }

      def signature: List[List[Fingerprint]] = {
        def fingerprint(tpe: Type): Fingerprint = tpe.dealiasWiden match {
          case TypeRef(_, RepeatedParamClass, underlying :: Nil) => fingerprint(underlying)
          case ExprClassOf(_) => LiftedTyped
          case TreeType() => LiftedUntyped
          case _ => Other
        }

        val transformed = transformTypeTagEvidenceParams(macroImplRef, (param, tparam) => tparam)
        mmap(transformed)(p => if (p.isTerm) fingerprint(p.info) else Tagged(p.paramPos))
      }

      val payload = List[(String, Any)](
        "macroEngine" -> macroEngine,
        "isBundle" -> isBundle,
        "isBlackbox" -> isBlackbox,
        "className" -> className,
        "methodName" -> macroImpl.name.toString,
        "signature" -> signature
      )

      // the shape of the nucleus is chosen arbitrarily. it doesn't carry any payload.
      // it's only necessary as a stub `fun` for an Apply node that carries metadata in its `args`
      // so don't try to find a program element named "macro" that corresponds to the nucleus
      // I just named it "macro", because it's macro-related, but I could as well name it "foobar"
      val nucleus = Ident(newTermName("macro"))
      val wrapped = Apply(nucleus, payload map { case (k, v) => Assign(pickleAtom(k), pickleAtom(v)) })
      val pickle = gen.mkTypeApply(wrapped, targs map (_.duplicate))

      // assign NoType to all freshly created AST nodes
      // otherwise pickler will choke on tree.tpe being null
      // there's another gotcha
      // if you don't assign a ConstantType to a constant
      // then pickling will crash
      new Transformer {
        override def transform(tree: Tree) = {
          tree match {
            case Literal(const @ Constant(x)) if tree.tpe == null => tree setType ConstantType(const)
            case _ if tree.tpe == null => tree setType NoType
            case _ => ;
          }
          super.transform(tree)
        }
      }.transform(pickle)
    }

    def unpickle(pickle: Tree): MacroImplBinding = {
      val (wrapped, targs) =
        pickle match {
          case TypeApply(wrapped, targs) => (wrapped, targs)
          case wrapped => (wrapped, Nil)
        }
      val Apply(_, pickledPayload) = wrapped
      val payload = pickledPayload.map{ case Assign(k, v) => (unpickleAtom(k), unpickleAtom(v)) }.toMap

      import typer.TyperErrorGen._
      def fail(msg: String) = MacroCantExpandIncompatibleMacrosError(msg)
      def unpickle[T](field: String, clazz: Class[T]): T = {
        def failField(msg: String) = fail(s"$field $msg")
        if (!payload.contains(field)) failField("is supposed to be there")
        val raw: Any = payload(field)
        if (raw == null) failField(s"is not supposed to be null")
        val expected = ScalaRunTime.box(clazz)
        val actual = raw.getClass
        if (!expected.isAssignableFrom(actual)) failField(s"has wrong type: expected $expected, actual $actual")
        raw.asInstanceOf[T]
      }

      if (!payload.contains("macroEngine")) MacroCantExpand210xMacrosError("macroEngine field not found")
      val macroEngine = unpickle("macroEngine", classOf[String])
      if (self.macroEngine != macroEngine) MacroCantExpandIncompatibleMacrosError(s"expected = ${self.macroEngine}, actual = $macroEngine")

      val isBundle = unpickle("isBundle", classOf[Boolean])
      val isBlackbox = unpickle("isBlackbox", classOf[Boolean])
      val className = unpickle("className", classOf[String])
      val methodName = unpickle("methodName", classOf[String])
      val signature = unpickle("signature", classOf[List[List[Fingerprint]]])
      MacroImplBinding(isBundle, isBlackbox, className, methodName, signature, targs)
    }
  }

  def bindMacroImpl(macroDef: Symbol, macroImplRef: Tree): Unit = {
    val pickle = MacroImplBinding.pickle(macroImplRef)
    macroDef withAnnotation AnnotationInfo(MacroImplAnnotation.tpe, List(pickle), Nil)
  }

  def loadMacroImplBinding(macroDef: Symbol): Option[MacroImplBinding] =
    macroDef.getAnnotation(MacroImplAnnotation) collect {
      case AnnotationInfo(_, List(pickle), _) => MacroImplBinding.unpickle(pickle)
    }

  def isBlackbox(expandee: Tree): Boolean = isBlackbox(dissectApplied(expandee).core.symbol)
  def isBlackbox(macroDef: Symbol): Boolean = {
    val fastTrackBoxity = fastTrack.get(macroDef).map(_.isBlackbox)
    val bindingBoxity = loadMacroImplBinding(macroDef).map(_.isBlackbox)
    fastTrackBoxity orElse bindingBoxity getOrElse false
  }

  def computeMacroDefTypeFromMacroImplRef(macroDdef: DefDef, macroImplRef: Tree): Type = {
    macroImplRef match {
      case MacroImplReference(_, _, _, macroImpl, targs) =>
        // Step I. Transform c.Expr[T] to T and everything else to Any
        var runtimeType = decreaseMetalevel(macroImpl.info.finalResultType)

        // Step II. Transform type parameters of a macro implementation into type arguments in a macro definition's body
        runtimeType = runtimeType.substituteTypes(macroImpl.typeParams, targs map (_.tpe))

        // Step III. Transform c.prefix.value.XXX to this.XXX and implParam.value.YYY to defParam.YYY
        def unsigma(tpe: Type): Type =
          transformTypeTagEvidenceParams(macroImplRef, (param, tparam) => NoSymbol) match {
            case (implCtxParam :: Nil) :: implParamss =>
              val implToDef = flatMap2(implParamss, macroDdef.vparamss)(map2(_, _)((_, _))).toMap
              object UnsigmaTypeMap extends TypeMap {
                def apply(tp: Type): Type = tp match {
                  case TypeRef(pre, sym, args) =>
                    val pre1 = pre match {
                      case SingleType(SingleType(SingleType(NoPrefix, c), prefix), value) if c == implCtxParam && prefix == MacroContextPrefix && value == ExprValue =>
                        ThisType(macroDdef.symbol.owner)
                      case SingleType(SingleType(NoPrefix, implParam), value) if value == ExprValue =>
                        implToDef get implParam map (defParam => SingleType(NoPrefix, defParam.symbol)) getOrElse pre
                      case _ =>
                        pre
                    }
                    val args1 = args map mapOver
                    TypeRef(pre1, sym, args1)
                  case _ =>
                    mapOver(tp)
                }
              }

              UnsigmaTypeMap(tpe)
            case _ =>
              tpe
          }

        unsigma(runtimeType)
      case _ =>
        ErrorType
    }
  }

  /** Verifies that the body of a macro def typechecks to a reference to a static public non-overloaded method or a top-level macro bundle,
* and that that method is signature-wise compatible with the given macro definition.
*
* @return Macro impl reference for the given macro definition if everything is okay.
* EmptyTree if an error occurs.
*/
  def typedMacroBody(typer: Typer, macroDdef: DefDef): Tree = pluginsTypedMacroBody(typer, macroDdef)

  /** Default implementation of `typedMacroBody`.
* Can be overridden by analyzer plugins (see AnalyzerPlugins.pluginsTypedMacroBody for more details)
*/
  def standardTypedMacroBody(typer: Typer, macroDdef: DefDef): Tree = {
    val macroDef = macroDdef.symbol
    assert(macroDef.isMacro, macroDdef)

    macroLogVerbose("typechecking macro def %s at %s".format(macroDef, macroDdef.pos))
    if (fastTrack contains macroDef) {
      macroLogVerbose("typecheck terminated unexpectedly: macro is fast track")
      assert(!macroDdef.tpt.isEmpty, "fast track macros must provide result type")
      EmptyTree
    } else {
      def fail() = { if (macroDef != null) macroDef setFlag IS_ERROR; macroDdef setType ErrorType; EmptyTree }
      def success(macroImplRef: Tree) = { bindMacroImpl(macroDef, macroImplRef); macroImplRef }

      if (!typer.checkFeature(macroDdef.pos, currentRun.runDefinitions.MacrosFeature, immediate = true)) {
        macroLogVerbose("typecheck terminated unexpectedly: language.experimental.macros feature is not enabled")
        fail()
      } else {
        val macroDdef1: macroDdef.type = macroDdef
        val typer1: typer.type = typer
        val macroCompiler = new {
          val global: self.global.type = self.global
          val typer: self.global.analyzer.Typer = typer1.asInstanceOf[self.global.analyzer.Typer]
          val macroDdef: self.global.DefDef = macroDdef1
        } with DefaultMacroCompiler
        val macroImplRef = macroCompiler.resolveMacroImpl
        if (macroImplRef.isEmpty) fail() else success(macroImplRef)
      }
    }
  }

  def macroContext(typer: Typer, prefixTree: Tree, expandeeTree: Tree): MacroContext = {
    new {
      val universe: self.global.type = self.global
      val callsiteTyper: universe.analyzer.Typer = typer.asInstanceOf[global.analyzer.Typer]
      val expandee = universe.analyzer.macroExpanderAttachment(expandeeTree).original orElse duplicateAndKeepPositions(expandeeTree)
    } with UnaffiliatedMacroContext {
      val prefix = Expr[Nothing](prefixTree)(TypeTag.Nothing)
      override def toString = "MacroContext(%s@%s +%d)".format(expandee.symbol.name, expandee.pos, enclosingMacros.length - 1 /* exclude myself */)
    }
  }

  /** Calculate the arguments to pass to a macro implementation when expanding the provided tree.
*/
  case class MacroArgs(c: MacroContext, others: List[Any])
  def macroArgs(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree): MacroArgs = pluginsMacroArgs(typer, expandee)

  /** Default implementation of `macroArgs`.
* Can be overridden by analyzer plugins (see AnalyzerPlugins.pluginsMacroArgs for more details)
*/
  def standardMacroArgs(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree): MacroArgs = {
    val macroDef = expandee.symbol
    val paramss = macroDef.paramss
    val treeInfo.Applied(core, targs, argss) = expandee
    val prefix = core match { case Select(qual, _) => qual; case _ => EmptyTree }
    val context = expandee.attachments.get[MacroRuntimeAttachment].flatMap(_.macroContext).getOrElse(macroContext(typer, prefix, expandee))

    macroLogVerbose(sm"""
|context: $context
|prefix: $prefix
|targs: $targs
|argss: $argss
|paramss: $paramss
""".trim)

    import typer.TyperErrorGen._
    val isNullaryArgsEmptyParams = argss.isEmpty && paramss == ListOfNil
    if (paramss.length < argss.length) MacroTooManyArgumentListsError(expandee)
    if (paramss.length > argss.length && !isNullaryArgsEmptyParams) MacroTooFewArgumentListsError(expandee)

    val macroImplArgs: List[Any] =
      if (fastTrack contains macroDef) {
        // Take a dry run of the fast track implementation
        if (fastTrack(macroDef) validate expandee) argss.flatten
        else MacroTooFewArgumentListsError(expandee)
      }
      else {
        def calculateMacroArgs(binding: MacroImplBinding) = {
          val signature = if (binding.isBundle) binding.signature else binding.signature.tail
          macroLogVerbose(s"binding: $binding")

          // STEP I: prepare value arguments of the macro expansion
          // wrap argss in c.Expr if necessary (i.e. if corresponding macro impl param is of type c.Expr[T])
          // expand varargs (nb! varargs can apply to any parameter section, not necessarily to the last one)
          val trees = map3(argss, paramss, signature)((args, defParams, implParams) => {
            val isVarargs = isVarArgsList(defParams)
            if (isVarargs) {
              if (defParams.length > args.length + 1) MacroTooFewArgumentsError(expandee)
            } else {
              if (defParams.length < args.length) MacroTooManyArgumentsError(expandee)
              if (defParams.length > args.length) MacroTooFewArgumentsError(expandee)
            }

            val wrappedArgs = mapWithIndex(args)((arg, j) => {
              val fingerprint = implParams(min(j, implParams.length - 1))
              fingerprint match {
                case LiftedTyped => context.Expr[Nothing](arg.duplicate)(TypeTag.Nothing) // TODO: SI-5752
                case LiftedUntyped => arg.duplicate
                case _ => abort(s"unexpected fingerprint $fingerprint in $binding with paramss being $paramss " +
                                s"corresponding to arg $arg in $argss")
              }
            })

            if (isVarargs) {
              val (normal, varargs) = wrappedArgs splitAt (defParams.length - 1)
              normal :+ varargs // pack all varargs into a single Seq argument (varargs Scala style)
            } else wrappedArgs
          })
          macroLogVerbose(s"trees: $trees")

          // STEP II: prepare type arguments of the macro expansion
          // if paramss have typetag context bounds, add an arglist to argss if necessary and instantiate the corresponding evidences
          // consider the following example:
          //
          // class D[T] {
          // class C[U] {
          // def foo[V] = macro Impls.foo[T, U, V]
          // }
          // }
          //
          // val outer1 = new D[Int]
          // val outer2 = new outer1.C[String]
          // outer2.foo[Boolean]
          //
          // then T and U need to be inferred from the lexical scope of the call using `asSeenFrom`
          // whereas V won't be resolved by asSeenFrom and need to be loaded directly from `expandee` which needs to contain a TypeApply node
          // also, macro implementation reference may contain a regular type as a type argument, then we pass it verbatim
          val tags = signature.flatten collect { case f if f.isTag => f.paramPos } map (paramPos => {
            val targ = binding.targs(paramPos).tpe.typeSymbol
            val tpe = if (targ.isTypeParameterOrSkolem) {
              if (targ.owner == macroDef) {
                // doesn't work when macro def is compiled separately from its usages
                // then targ is not a skolem and isn't equal to any of macroDef.typeParams
                // val argPos = targ.deSkolemize.paramPos
                val argPos = macroDef.typeParams.indexWhere(_.name == targ.name)
                targs(argPos).tpe
              } else
                targ.tpe.asSeenFrom(
                  if (prefix == EmptyTree) macroDef.owner.tpe else prefix.tpe,
                  macroDef.owner)
            } else
              targ.tpe
            context.WeakTypeTag(tpe)
          })
          macroLogVerbose(s"tags: $tags")

          // if present, tags always come in a separate parameter/argument list
          // that's because macro impls can't have implicit parameters other than c.WeakTypeTag[T]
          (trees :+ tags).flatten
        }

        val binding = loadMacroImplBinding(macroDef).get
        if (binding.is_???) Nil
        else calculateMacroArgs(binding)
      }
    macroLogVerbose(s"macroImplArgs: $macroImplArgs")
    MacroArgs(context, macroImplArgs)
  }

  /** Keeps track of macros in-flight.
* See more informations in comments to `openMacros` in `scala.reflect.macros.whitebox.Context`.
*/
  var _openMacros = List[MacroContext]()
  def openMacros = _openMacros
  def pushMacroContext(c: MacroContext) = _openMacros ::= c
  def popMacroContext() = _openMacros = _openMacros.tail
  def enclosingMacroPosition = openMacros map (_.macroApplication.pos) find (_ ne NoPosition) getOrElse NoPosition

  /** Performs macro expansion:
*
* ========= Expandable trees =========
*
* A term of one of the following shapes:
*
* Ident(<term macro>)
* Select(<any qualifier>, <term macro>)
* TypeApply(<any of the above>, <targs>)
* Apply(...Apply(<any of the above>, <args1>)...<argsN>)
*
* ========= Macro expansion =========
*
* First of all `macroExpandXXX`:
* 1) If necessary desugars the `expandee` to fit into the default expansion scheme
* that is understood by `macroExpandWithRuntime` / `macroExpandWithoutRuntime`
*
* Then `macroExpandWithRuntime`:
* 2) Checks whether the expansion needs to be delayed
* 3) Loads macro implementation using `macroMirror`
* 4) Synthesizes invocation arguments for the macro implementation
* 5) Checks that the result is a tree or an expr bound to this universe
*
* Finally `macroExpandXXX`:
* 6) Validates the expansion against the white list of supported tree shapes
* 7) Typechecks the result as required by the circumstances of the macro application
*
* If -Ymacro-debug-lite is enabled, you will get basic notifications about macro expansion
* along with macro expansions logged in the form that can be copy/pasted verbatim into REPL.
*
* If -Ymacro-debug-verbose is enabled, you will get detailed log of how exactly this function
* performs class loading and method resolution in order to load the macro implementation.
* The log will also include other non-trivial steps of macro expansion.
*
* @return
* the expansion result if the expansion has been successful,
* the fallback tree if the expansion has been unsuccessful, but there is a fallback,
* the expandee unchanged if the expansion has been delayed,
* the expandee fully expanded if the expansion has been delayed before and has been expanded now,
* the expandee with an error marker set if the expansion has been cancelled due malformed arguments or implementation
* the expandee with an error marker set if there has been an error
*/
  abstract class MacroExpander(val typer: Typer, val expandee: Tree) {
    def onSuccess(expanded: Tree): Tree
    def onFallback(expanded: Tree): Tree
    def onSuppressed(expandee: Tree): Tree = expandee
    def onDelayed(expanded: Tree): Tree = expanded
    def onSkipped(expanded: Tree): Tree = expanded
    def onFailure(expanded: Tree): Tree = { typer.infer.setError(expandee); expandee }

    def apply(desugared: Tree): Tree = {
      if (isMacroExpansionSuppressed(desugared)) onSuppressed(expandee)
      else expand(desugared)
    }

    protected def expand(desugared: Tree): Tree = {
      def showDetailed(tree: Tree) = showRaw(tree, printIds = true, printTypes = true)
      def summary() = s"expander = $this, expandee = ${showDetailed(expandee)}, desugared = ${if (expandee == desugared) () else showDetailed(desugared)}"
      if (macroDebugVerbose) println(s"macroExpand: ${summary()}")
      linkExpandeeAndDesugared(expandee, desugared)

      val start = if (Statistics.canEnable) Statistics.startTimer(macroExpandNanos) else null
      if (Statistics.canEnable) Statistics.incCounter(macroExpandCount)
      try {
        withInfoLevel(nodePrinters.InfoLevel.Quiet) { // verbose printing might cause recursive macro expansions
          if (expandee.symbol.isErroneous || (expandee exists (_.isErroneous))) {
            val reason = if (expandee.symbol.isErroneous) "not found or incompatible macro implementation" else "erroneous arguments"
            macroLogVerbose(s"cancelled macro expansion because of $reason: $expandee")
            onFailure(typer.infer.setError(expandee))
          } else try {
            val expanded = {
              val runtime = macroRuntime(expandee)
              if (runtime != null) macroExpandWithRuntime(typer, expandee, runtime)
              else macroExpandWithoutRuntime(typer, expandee)
            }
            expanded match {
              case Success(expanded) =>
                // also see http://groups.google.com/group/scala-internals/browse_thread/thread/492560d941b315cc
                val expanded1 = try onSuccess(duplicateAndKeepPositions(expanded)) finally popMacroContext()
                if (!hasMacroExpansionAttachment(expanded1)) linkExpandeeAndExpanded(expandee, expanded1)
                if (settings.Ymacroexpand.value == settings.MacroExpand.Discard) expandee.setType(expanded1.tpe)
                else expanded1
              case Fallback(fallback) => onFallback(fallback)
              case Delayed(delayed) => onDelayed(delayed)
              case Skipped(skipped) => onSkipped(skipped)
              case Failure(failure) => onFailure(failure)
            }
          } catch {
            case typer.TyperErrorGen.MacroExpansionException => onFailure(expandee)
          }
        }
      } finally {
        if (Statistics.canEnable) Statistics.stopTimer(macroExpandNanos, start)
      }
    }
  }

  /** Expands a term macro used in apply role as `M(2)(3)` in `val x = M(2)(3)`.
* @param outerPt Expected type that comes from enclosing context (something that's traditionally called `pt`).
* @param innerPt Expected type that comes from the signature of a macro def, possibly wildcarded to help type inference.
*/
  class DefMacroExpander(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree, mode: Mode, outerPt: Type)
  extends MacroExpander(typer, expandee) {
    lazy val innerPt = {
      val tp = if (isNullaryInvocation(expandee)) expandee.tpe.finalResultType else expandee.tpe
      if (isBlackbox(expandee)) tp
      else {
        // approximation is necessary for whitebox macros to guide type inference
        // read more in the comments for onDelayed below
        val undetparams = tp collect { case tp if tp.typeSymbol.isTypeParameter => tp.typeSymbol }
        deriveTypeWithWildcards(undetparams)(tp)
      }
    }
    override def onSuccess(expanded0: Tree) = {
      // prematurely annotate the tree with a macro expansion attachment
      // so that adapt called indirectly by typer.typed knows that it needs to apply the existential fixup
      linkExpandeeAndExpanded(expandee, expanded0)

      def typecheck(label: String, tree: Tree, pt: Type): Tree = {
        if (tree.isErrorTyped) tree
        else {
          if (macroDebugVerbose) println(s"$label (against pt = $pt): $tree")
          // `macroExpandApply` is called from `adapt`, where implicit conversions are disabled
          // therefore we need to re-enable the conversions back temporarily
          val result = typer.context.withImplicitsEnabled(typer.typed(tree, mode, pt))
          if (result.isErrorTyped && macroDebugVerbose) println(s"$label has failed: ${typer.context.reportBuffer.errors}")
          result
        }
      }

      if (isBlackbox(expandee)) {
        val expanded1 = atPos(enclosingMacroPosition.makeTransparent)(Typed(expanded0, TypeTree(innerPt)))
        typecheck("blackbox typecheck", expanded1, outerPt)
      } else {
        // whitebox expansions need to be typechecked against WildcardType first in order to avoid SI-6992 and SI-8048
        // then we typecheck against innerPt, not against outerPt in order to prevent SI-8209
        val expanded1 = typecheck("whitebox typecheck #0", expanded0, WildcardType)
        val expanded2 = typecheck("whitebox typecheck #1", expanded1, innerPt)
        typecheck("whitebox typecheck #2", expanded2, outerPt)
      }
    }
    override def onDelayed(delayed: Tree) = {
      // =========== THE SITUATION ===========
      //
      // If we've been delayed (i.e. bailed out of the expansion because of undetermined type params present in the expandee),
      // then there are two possible situations we're in:
      // 1) We're in POLYmode, when the typer tests the waters wrt type inference
      // (e.g. as in typedArgToPoly in doTypedApply).
      // 2) We're out of POLYmode, which means that the typer is out of tricks to infer our type
      // (e.g. if we're an argument to a function call, then this means that no previous argument lists
      // can determine our type variables for us).
      //
      // Situation #1 is okay for us, since there's no pressure. In POLYmode we're just verifying that
      // there's nothing outrageously wrong with our undetermined type params (from what I understand!).
      //
      // Situation #2 requires measures to be taken. If we're in it, then noone's going to help us infer
      // the undetermined type params. Therefore we need to do something ourselves or otherwise this
      // expandee will forever remaing not expanded (see SI-5692). A traditional way out of this conundrum
      // is to call `instantiate` and let the inferencer try to find the way out. It works for simple cases,
      // but sometimes, if the inferencer lacks information, it will be forced to approximate.
      //
      // =========== THE PROBLEM ===========
      //
      // Consider the following example (thanks, Miles!):
      //
      // Iso represents an isomorphism between two datatypes:
      // 1) An arbitrary one (e.g. a random case class)
      // 2) A uniform representation for all datatypes (e.g. an HList)
      //
      // trait Iso[T, U] {
      // def to(t : T) : U
      // def from(u : U) : T
      // }
      // implicit def materializeIso[T, U]: Iso[T, U] = macro ???
      //
      // case class Foo(i: Int, s: String, b: Boolean)
      // def foo[C, L](c: C)(implicit iso: Iso[C, L]): L = iso.to(c)
      // foo(Foo(23, "foo", true))
      //
      // In the snippet above, even though we know that there's a fundep going from T to U
      // (in a sense that a datatype's uniform representation is unambiguously determined by the datatype,
      // e.g. for Foo it will be Int :: String :: Boolean :: HNil), there's no way to convey this information
      // to the typechecker. Therefore the typechecker will infer Nothing for L, which is hardly what we want.
      //
      // =========== THE SOLUTION (ENABLED ONLY FOR WHITEBOX MACROS) ===========
      //
      // To give materializers a chance to say their word before vanilla inference kicks in,
      // we infer as much as possible (e.g. in the example above even though L is hopeless, C still can be inferred to Foo)
      // and then trigger macro expansion with the undetermined type parameters still there.
      // Thanks to that the materializer can take a look at what's going on and react accordingly.
      val shouldInstantiate = typer.context.undetparams.nonEmpty && !mode.inPolyMode
      if (shouldInstantiate) {
        if (isBlackbox(expandee)) typer.instantiatePossiblyExpectingUnit(delayed, mode, outerPt)
        else {
          forced += delayed
          typer.infer.inferExprInstance(delayed, typer.context.extractUndetparams(), outerPt, keepNothings = false)
          macroExpand(typer, delayed, mode, outerPt)
        }
      } else delayed
    }
    override def onFallback(fallback: Tree) = typer.typed(fallback, mode, outerPt)
  }

  /** Expands a term macro used in apply role as `M(2)(3)` in `val x = M(2)(3)`.
* @see DefMacroExpander
*/
  def macroExpand(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree, mode: Mode, pt: Type): Tree = pluginsMacroExpand(typer, expandee, mode, pt)

  /** Default implementation of `macroExpand`.
* Can be overridden by analyzer plugins (see AnalyzerPlugins.pluginsMacroExpand for more details)
*/
  def standardMacroExpand(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree, mode: Mode, pt: Type): Tree = {
    val expander = new DefMacroExpander(typer, expandee, mode, pt)
    expander(expandee)
  }

  sealed abstract class MacroStatus(val result: Tree)
  case class Success(expanded: Tree) extends MacroStatus(expanded)
  case class Fallback(fallback: Tree) extends MacroStatus(fallback) { currentRun.seenMacroExpansionsFallingBack = true }
  case class Delayed(delayed: Tree) extends MacroStatus(delayed)
  case class Skipped(skipped: Tree) extends MacroStatus(skipped)
  case class Failure(failure: Tree) extends MacroStatus(failure)
  def Delay(expanded: Tree) = Delayed(expanded)
  def Skip(expanded: Tree) = Skipped(expanded)

  /** Expands a macro when a runtime (i.e. the macro implementation) can be successfully loaded
* Meant for internal use within the macro infrastructure, don't use it elsewhere.
*/
  def macroExpandWithRuntime(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree, runtime: MacroRuntime): MacroStatus = {
    val wasDelayed = isDelayed(expandee)
    val undetparams = calculateUndetparams(expandee)
    val nowDelayed = !typer.context.macrosEnabled || undetparams.nonEmpty

    (wasDelayed, nowDelayed) match {
      case (true, true) =>
        Delay(expandee)
      case (true, false) =>
        val expanded = macroExpandAll(typer, expandee)
        if (expanded exists (_.isErroneous)) Failure(expandee)
        else Skip(expanded)
      case (false, true) =>
        macroLogLite("macro expansion is delayed: %s".format(expandee))
        delayed += expandee -> undetparams
        expandee updateAttachment MacroRuntimeAttachment(delayed = true, typerContext = typer.context, macroContext = Some(macroArgs(typer, expandee).c))
        Delay(expandee)
      case (false, false) =>
        import typer.TyperErrorGen._
        macroLogLite("performing macro expansion %s at %s".format(expandee, expandee.pos))
        val args = macroArgs(typer, expandee)
        try {
          val numErrors = reporter.ERROR.count
          def hasNewErrors = reporter.ERROR.count > numErrors
          val expanded = { pushMacroContext(args.c); runtime(args) }
          if (hasNewErrors) MacroGeneratedTypeError(expandee)
          def validateResultingTree(expanded: Tree) = {
            macroLogVerbose("original:")
            macroLogLite("" + expanded + "\n" + showRaw(expanded))
            val freeSyms = expanded.freeTerms ++ expanded.freeTypes
            freeSyms foreach (sym => MacroFreeSymbolError(expandee, sym))
            // Macros might have spliced arguments with range positions into non-compliant
            // locations, notably, under a tree without a range position. Or, they might
            // splice a tree that `resetAttrs` has assigned NoPosition.
            //
            // Here, we just convert all positions in the tree to offset positions, and
            // convert NoPositions to something sensible.
            //
            // Given that the IDE now sees the expandee (by using -Ymacro-expand:discard),
            // this loss of position fidelity shouldn't cause any real problems.
            //
            // Alternatively, we could pursue a way to exclude macro expansions from position
            // invariant checking, or find a way not to touch expansions that happen to validate.
            //
            // This would be useful for cases like:
            //
            // macro1 { macro2 { "foo" } }
            //
            // to allow `macro1` to see the range position of the "foo".
            val expandedPos = enclosingMacroPosition.focus
            def fixPosition(pos: Position) =
              if (pos == NoPosition) expandedPos else pos.focus
            expanded.foreach(t => t.pos = fixPosition(t.pos))

            val result = atPos(enclosingMacroPosition.focus)(expanded)
            Success(result)
          }
          expanded match {
            case expanded: Expr[_] if expandee.symbol.isTermMacro => validateResultingTree(expanded.tree)
            case expanded: Tree if expandee.symbol.isTermMacro => validateResultingTree(expanded)
            case _ => MacroExpansionHasInvalidTypeError(expandee, expanded)
          }
        } catch {
          case ex: Throwable =>
            popMacroContext()
            val realex = ReflectionUtils.unwrapThrowable(ex)
            realex match {
              case ex: AbortMacroException => MacroGeneratedAbort(expandee, ex)
              case ex: ControlThrowable => throw ex
              case ex: TypeError => MacroGeneratedTypeError(expandee, ex)
              case _ => MacroGeneratedException(expandee, realex)
            }
        } finally {
          expandee.removeAttachment[MacroRuntimeAttachment]
        }
    }
  }

  /** Expands a macro when a runtime (i.e. the macro implementation) cannot be loaded
* Meant for internal use within the macro infrastructure, don't use it elsewhere.
*/
  def macroExpandWithoutRuntime(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree): MacroStatus = {
    import typer.TyperErrorGen._
    val fallbackSym = expandee.symbol.nextOverriddenSymbol orElse MacroImplementationNotFoundError(expandee)
    macroLogLite(s"falling back to: $fallbackSym")

    def mkFallbackTree(tree: Tree): Tree = {
      tree match {
        case Select(qual, name) => Select(qual, name) setPos tree.pos setSymbol fallbackSym
        case Apply(fn, args) => Apply(mkFallbackTree(fn), args) setPos tree.pos
        case TypeApply(fn, args) => TypeApply(mkFallbackTree(fn), args) setPos tree.pos
      }
    }
    Fallback(mkFallbackTree(expandee))
  }

  /** Without any restrictions on macro expansion, macro applications will expand at will,
* and when type inference is involved, expansions will end up using yet uninferred type params.
*
* For some macros this might be ok (thanks to TreeTypeSubstituter that replaces
* the occurrences of undetparams with their inferred values), but in general case this won't work.
* E.g. for reification simple substitution is not enough - we actually need to re-reify inferred types.
*
* Luckily, there exists a very simple way to fix the problem: delay macro expansion until everything is inferred.
* Here are the exact rules. Macro application gets delayed if any of its subtrees contain:
* 1) type vars (tpe.isInstanceOf[TypeVar]) // [Eugene] this check is disabled right now, because TypeVars seem to be created from undetparams anyways
* 2) undetparams (sym.isTypeParameter && !sym.isSkolem)
*/
  var hasPendingMacroExpansions = false
  private val forced = perRunCaches.newWeakSet[Tree]
  private val delayed = perRunCaches.newWeakMap[Tree, scala.collection.mutable.Set[Int]]()
  private def isDelayed(expandee: Tree) = delayed contains expandee
  private def calculateUndetparams(expandee: Tree): scala.collection.mutable.Set[Int] =
    if (forced(expandee)) scala.collection.mutable.Set[Int]()
    else delayed.getOrElse(expandee, {
      val calculated = scala.collection.mutable.Set[Symbol]()
      expandee foreach (sub => {
        def traverse(sym: Symbol) = if (sym != null && (undetparams contains sym.id)) calculated += sym
        if (sub.symbol != null) traverse(sub.symbol)
        if (sub.tpe != null) sub.tpe foreach (sub => traverse(sub.typeSymbol))
      })
      macroLogVerbose("calculateUndetparams: %s".format(calculated))
      calculated map (_.id)
    })
  private val undetparams = perRunCaches.newSet[Int]()
  def notifyUndetparamsAdded(newUndets: List[Symbol]): Unit = {
    undetparams ++= newUndets map (_.id)
    if (macroDebugVerbose) newUndets foreach (sym => println("undetParam added: %s".format(sym)))
  }
  def notifyUndetparamsInferred(undetNoMore: List[Symbol], inferreds: List[Type]): Unit = {
    undetparams --= undetNoMore map (_.id)
    if (macroDebugVerbose) (undetNoMore zip inferreds) foreach { case (sym, tpe) => println("undetParam inferred: %s as %s".format(sym, tpe))}
    if (!delayed.isEmpty)
      delayed.toList foreach {
        case (expandee, undetparams) if !undetparams.isEmpty =>
          undetparams --= undetNoMore map (_.id)
          if (undetparams.isEmpty) {
            hasPendingMacroExpansions = true
            macroLogVerbose(s"macro expansion is pending: $expandee")
          }
        case _ =>
          // do nothing
      }
  }

  /** Performs macro expansion on all subtrees of a given tree.
* Innermost macros are expanded first, outermost macros are expanded last.
* See the documentation for `macroExpand` for more information.
*/
  def macroExpandAll(typer: Typer, expandee: Tree): Tree =
    new Transformer {
      override def transform(tree: Tree) = super.transform(tree match {
        // todo. expansion should work from the inside out
        case tree if (delayed contains tree) && calculateUndetparams(tree).isEmpty && !tree.isErroneous =>
          val context = tree.attachments.get[MacroRuntimeAttachment].get.typerContext
          delayed -= tree
          context.implicitsEnabled = typer.context.implicitsEnabled
          context.enrichmentEnabled = typer.context.enrichmentEnabled
          context.macrosEnabled = typer.context.macrosEnabled
          macroExpand(newTyper(context), tree, EXPRmode, WildcardType)
        case _ =>
          tree
      })
    }.transform(expandee)
}

object MacrosStats {
  import scala.reflect.internal.TypesStats.typerNanos
  val macroExpandCount = Statistics.newCounter ("#macro expansions", "typer")
  val macroExpandNanos = Statistics.newSubTimer("time spent in macroExpand", typerNanos)
}

class Fingerprint private[Fingerprint](val value: Int) extends AnyVal {
  def paramPos = { assert(isTag, this); value }
  def isTag = value >= 0
  override def toString = this match {
    case Other => "Other"
    case LiftedTyped => "Expr"
    case LiftedUntyped => "Tree"
    case _ => s"Tag($value)"
  }
}

object Fingerprint {
  def apply(value: Int) = new Fingerprint(value)
  def Tagged(tparamPos: Int) = new Fingerprint(tparamPos)
  val Other = new Fingerprint(-1)
  val LiftedTyped = new Fingerprint(-2)
  val LiftedUntyped = new Fingerprint(-3)
}
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