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/* __ *\
** ________ ___ / / ___ Scala API **
** / __/ __// _ | / / / _ | (c) 2003-2011, LAMP/EPFL **
** __\ \/ /__/ __ |/ /__/ __ | http://scala-lang.org/ **
** /____/\___/_/ |_/____/_/ | | **
** |/ **
\* */
package scala.collection
package immutable
import generic._
import mutable.{Builder, ListBuffer}
import annotation.tailrec
/** A class for immutable linked lists representing ordered collections
* of elements of type.
*
* This class comes with two implementing case classes `scala.Nil`
* and `scala.::` that implement the abstract members `isEmpty`,
* `head` and `tail`.
*
* @author Martin Odersky and others
* @version 2.8
* @since 1.0
*
* @tparam A the type of the list's elements
*
* @define Coll List
* @define coll list
* @define thatinfo the class of the returned collection. In the standard library configuration,
* `That` is always `List[B]` because an implicit of type `CanBuildFrom[List, B, That]`
* is defined in object `List`.
* @define bfinfo an implicit value of class `CanBuildFrom` which determines the
* result class `That` from the current representation type `Repr`
* and the new element type `B`. This is usually the `canBuildFrom` value
* defined in object `List`.
* @define orderDependent
* @define orderDependentFold
* @define mayNotTerminateInf
* @define willNotTerminateInf
*/
sealed abstract class List[+A] extends LinearSeq[A]
with Product
with GenericTraversableTemplate[A, List]
with LinearSeqOptimized[A, List[A]] {
override def companion: GenericCompanion[List] = List
import scala.collection.{Iterable, Traversable, Seq, IndexedSeq}
def isEmpty: Boolean
def head: A
def tail: List[A]
// New methods in List
/** Adds an element at the beginning of this list.
* @param x the element to prepend.
* @return a list which contains `x` as first element and
* which continues with this list.
* @example `1 :: List(2, 3) = List(2, 3).::(1) = List(1, 2, 3)`
* @usecase def ::(x: A): List[A]
*/
def ::[B >: A] (x: B): List[B] =
new scala.collection.immutable.::(x, this)
/** Adds the elements of a given list in front of this list.
* @param prefix The list elements to prepend.
* @return a list resulting from the concatenation of the given
* list `prefix` and this list.
* @example `List(1, 2) ::: List(3, 4) = List(3, 4).:::(List(1, 2)) = List(1, 2, 3, 4)`
* @usecase def :::(prefix: List[A]): List[A]
*/
def :::[B >: A](prefix: List[B]): List[B] =
if (isEmpty) prefix
else (new ListBuffer[B] ++= prefix).prependToList(this)
/** Adds the elements of a given list in reverse order in front of this list.
* `xs reverse_::: ys` is equivalent to
* `xs.reverse ::: ys` but is more efficient.
*
* @param prefix the prefix to reverse and then prepend
* @return the concatenation of the reversed prefix and the current list.
* @usecase def reverse_:::(prefix: List[A]): List[A]
*/
def reverse_:::[B >: A](prefix: List[B]): List[B] = {
var these: List[B] = this
var pres = prefix
while (!pres.isEmpty) {
these = pres.head :: these
pres = pres.tail
}
these
}
/** Builds a new list by applying a function to all elements of this list.
* Like `xs map f`, but returns `xs` unchanged if function
* `f` maps all elements to themselves (wrt eq).
*
* @param f the function to apply to each element.
* @tparam B the element type of the returned collection.
* @return a list resulting from applying the given function
* `f` to each element of this list and collecting the results.
* @usecase def mapConserve(f: A => A): List[A]
*/
def mapConserve[B >: A <: AnyRef](f: A => B): List[B] = {
@tailrec
def loop(mapped: ListBuffer[B], unchanged: List[A], pending: List[A]): List[B] =
if (pending.isEmpty) {
if (mapped eq null) unchanged
else mapped.prependToList(unchanged)
}
else {
val head0 = pending.head
val head1 = f(head0)
if (head1 eq head0.asInstanceOf[AnyRef])
loop(mapped, unchanged, pending.tail)
else {
val b = if (mapped eq null) new ListBuffer[B] else mapped
var xc = unchanged
while (xc ne pending) {
b += xc.head
xc = xc.tail
}
b += head1
val tail0 = pending.tail
loop(b, tail0, tail0)
}
}
loop(null, this, this)
}
// Overridden methods from IterableLike and SeqLike or overloaded variants of such methods
override def ++[B >: A, That](that: GenTraversableOnce[B])(implicit bf: CanBuildFrom[List[A], B, That]): That = {
val b = bf(this)
if (b.isInstanceOf[ListBuffer[_]]) (this ::: that.seq.toList).asInstanceOf[That]
else super.++(that)
}
override def +:[B >: A, That](elem: B)(implicit bf: CanBuildFrom[List[A], B, That]): That = bf match {
case _: List.GenericCanBuildFrom[_] => (elem :: this).asInstanceOf[That]
case _ => super.+:(elem)(bf)
}
override def toList: List[A] = this
override def take(n: Int): List[A] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var i = 0
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty && i < n) {
i += 1
b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
if (these.isEmpty) this
else b.toList
}
override def drop(n: Int): List[A] = {
var these = this
var count = n
while (!these.isEmpty && count > 0) {
these = these.tail
count -= 1
}
these
}
override def slice(from: Int, until: Int): List[A] = {
val lo = math.max(from, 0)
if (until <= lo || isEmpty) Nil
else this drop lo take (until - lo)
}
override def takeRight(n: Int): List[A] = {
@tailrec
def loop(lead: List[A], lag: List[A]): List[A] = lead match {
case Nil => lag
case _ :: tail => loop(tail, lag.tail)
}
loop(drop(n), this)
}
// dropRight is inherited from LinearSeq
override def splitAt(n: Int): (List[A], List[A]) = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var i = 0
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty && i < n) {
i += 1
b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
(b.toList, these)
}
override def takeWhile(p: A => Boolean): List[A] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty && p(these.head)) {
b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
b.toList
}
override def dropWhile(p: A => Boolean): List[A] = {
@tailrec
def loop(xs: List[A]): List[A] =
if (xs.isEmpty || !p(xs.head)) xs
else loop(xs.tail)
loop(this)
}
override def span(p: A => Boolean): (List[A], List[A]) = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty && p(these.head)) {
b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
(b.toList, these)
}
override def reverse: List[A] = {
var result: List[A] = Nil
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty) {
result = these.head :: result
these = these.tail
}
result
}
override def stringPrefix = "List"
override def toStream : Stream[A] =
if (isEmpty) Stream.Empty
else new Stream.Cons(head, tail.toStream)
/** Like <code>span</code> but with the predicate inverted.
*/
@deprecated("use `span { x => !p(x) }` instead", "2.8.0")
def break(p: A => Boolean): (List[A], List[A]) = span { x => !p(x) }
@deprecated("use `filterNot' instead", "2.8.0")
def remove(p: A => Boolean): List[A] = filterNot(p)
/** Computes the difference between this list and the given list
* `that`.
*
* @param that the list of elements to remove from this list.
* @return this list without the elements of the given list
* `that`.
*/
@deprecated("use `list1 filterNot (list2 contains)` instead", "2.8.0")
def -- [B >: A](that: List[B]): List[B] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[B]
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty) {
if (!that.contains(these.head)) b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
b.toList
}
/** Computes the difference between this list and the given object
* `x`.
*
* @param x the object to remove from this list.
* @return this list without occurrences of the given object
* `x`.
*/
@deprecated("use `filterNot (_ == x)` instead", "2.8.0")
def - [B >: A](x: B): List[B] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[B]
var these = this
while (!these.isEmpty) {
if (these.head != x) b += these.head
these = these.tail
}
b.toList
}
@deprecated("use `distinct' instead", "2.8.0")
def removeDuplicates: List[A] = distinct
@deprecated("use `sortWith' instead", "2.8.0")
def sort(lt : (A,A) => Boolean): List[A] = {
/** Merge two already-sorted lists */
def merge(l1: List[A], l2: List[A]): List[A] = {
val res = new ListBuffer[A]
var left1 = l1
var left2 = l2
while (!left1.isEmpty && !left2.isEmpty) {
if(lt(left1.head, left2.head)) {
res += left1.head
left1 = left1.tail
} else {
res += left2.head
left2 = left2.tail
}
}
res ++= left1
res ++= left2
res.toList
}
/** Split a list into two lists of about the same size */
def split(lst: List[A]) = {
val res1 = new ListBuffer[A]
val res2 = new ListBuffer[A]
var left = lst
while (!left.isEmpty) {
res1 += left.head
left = left.tail
if (!left.isEmpty) {
res2 += left.head
left = left.tail
}
}
(res1.toList, res2.toList)
}
/** Merge-sort the specified list */
def ms(lst: List[A]): List[A] =
lst match {
case Nil => lst
case x :: Nil => lst
case x :: y :: Nil =>
if (lt(x,y))
lst
else
y :: x :: Nil
case lst =>
val (l1, l2) = split(lst)
val l1s = ms(l1)
val l2s = ms(l2)
merge(l1s, l2s)
}
ms(this)
}
}
/** The empty list.
*
* @author Martin Odersky
* @version 1.0, 15/07/2003
* @since 2.8
*/
@SerialVersionUID(0 - 8256821097970055419L)
case object Nil extends List[Nothing] {
override def isEmpty = true
override def head: Nothing =
throw new NoSuchElementException("head of empty list")
override def tail: List[Nothing] =
throw new UnsupportedOperationException("tail of empty list")
// Removal of equals method here might lead to an infinite recursion similar to IntMap.equals.
override def equals(that: Any) = that match {
case that1: collection.Seq[_] => that1.isEmpty
case _ => false
}
}
/** A non empty list characterized by a head and a tail.
* @param hd the first element of the list
* @param tl the list containing the remaining elements of this list after the first one.
* @tparam B the type of the list elements.
* @author Martin Odersky
* @version 1.0, 15/07/2003
* @since 2.8
*/
@SerialVersionUID(0L - 8476791151983527571L)
final case class ::[B](private var hd: B, private[scala] var tl: List[B]) extends List[B] {
override def head : B = hd
override def tail : List[B] = tl
override def isEmpty: Boolean = false
import java.io._
private def writeObject(out: ObjectOutputStream) {
var xs: List[B] = this
while (!xs.isEmpty) { out.writeObject(xs.head); xs = xs.tail }
out.writeObject(ListSerializeEnd)
}
private def readObject(in: ObjectInputStream) {
hd = in.readObject.asInstanceOf[B]
assert(hd != ListSerializeEnd)
var current: ::[B] = this
while (true) in.readObject match {
case ListSerializeEnd =>
current.tl = Nil
return
case a : Any =>
val list : ::[B] = new ::(a.asInstanceOf[B], Nil)
current.tl = list
current = list
}
}
}
/** $factoryInfo
* @define coll list
* @define Coll List
*/
object List extends SeqFactory[List] {
import scala.collection.{Iterable, Seq, IndexedSeq}
/** $genericCanBuildFromInfo */
implicit def canBuildFrom[A]: CanBuildFrom[Coll, A, List[A]] = new GenericCanBuildFrom[A]
def newBuilder[A]: Builder[A, List[A]] = new ListBuffer[A]
override def empty[A]: List[A] = Nil
override def apply[A](xs: A*): List[A] = xs.toList
/** Create a sorted list with element values
* `v<sub>n+1</sub> = step(v<sub>n</sub>)`
* where `v<sub>0</sub> = start`
* and elements are in the range between `start` (inclusive)
* and `end` (exclusive)
*
* @param start the start value of the list
* @param end the end value of the list
* @param step the increment function of the list, which given `v<sub>n</sub>`,
* computes `v<sub>n+1</sub>`. Must be monotonically increasing
* or decreasing.
* @return the sorted list of all integers in range [start;end).
*/
@deprecated("use `iterate' instead", "2.8.0")
def range(start: Int, end: Int, step: Int => Int): List[Int] = {
val up = step(start) > start
val down = step(start) < start
val b = new ListBuffer[Int]
var i = start
while ((!up || i < end) && (!down || i > end)) {
b += i
val next = step(i)
if (i == next)
throw new IllegalArgumentException("the step function did not make any progress on "+ i)
i = next
}
b.toList
}
/** Create a list containing several copies of an element.
*
* @param n the length of the resulting list
* @param elem the element composing the resulting list
* @return a list composed of n elements all equal to elem
*/
@deprecated("use `fill' instead", "2.8.0")
def make[A](n: Int, elem: A): List[A] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var i = 0
while (i < n) {
b += elem
i += 1
}
b.toList
}
/** Concatenate all the elements of a given list of lists.
*
* @param xss the list of lists that are to be concatenated
* @return the concatenation of all the lists
*/
@deprecated("use `xss.flatten' instead of `List.flatten(xss)'", "2.8.0")
def flatten[A](xss: List[List[A]]): List[A] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
for (xs <- xss) {
var xc = xs
while (!xc.isEmpty) {
b += xc.head
xc = xc.tail
}
}
b.toList
}
/** Transforms a list of pairs into a pair of lists.
*
* @param xs the list of pairs to unzip
* @return a pair of lists.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs.unzip' instead of `List.unzip(xs)'", "2.8.0")
def unzip[A,B](xs: List[(A,B)]): (List[A], List[B]) = {
val b1 = new ListBuffer[A]
val b2 = new ListBuffer[B]
var xc = xs
while (!xc.isEmpty) {
b1 += xc.head._1
b2 += xc.head._2
xc = xc.tail
}
(b1.toList, b2.toList)
}
/** Transforms an iterable of pairs into a pair of lists.
*
* @param xs the iterable of pairs to unzip
* @return a pair of lists.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs.unzip' instead of `List.unzip(xs)'", "2.8.0")
def unzip[A,B](xs: Iterable[(A,B)]): (List[A], List[B]) =
xs.foldRight[(List[A], List[B])]((Nil, Nil)) {
case ((x, y), (xs, ys)) => (x :: xs, y :: ys)
}
/**
* Returns the `Left` values in the given `Iterable`
* of `Either`s.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs collect { case Left(x: A) => x }' instead of `List.lefts(xs)'", "2.8.0")
def lefts[A, B](es: Iterable[Either[A, B]]) =
es.foldRight[List[A]](Nil)((e, as) => e match {
case Left(a) => a :: as
case Right(_) => as
})
/**
* Returns the `Right` values in the given`Iterable` of `Either`s.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs collect { case Right(x: B) => x }' instead of `List.rights(xs)'", "2.8.0")
def rights[A, B](es: Iterable[Either[A, B]]) =
es.foldRight[List[B]](Nil)((e, bs) => e match {
case Left(_) => bs
case Right(b) => b :: bs
})
/** Transforms an Iterable of Eithers into a pair of lists.
*
* @param xs the iterable of Eithers to separate
* @return a pair of lists.
*/
@deprecated("use `(for (Left(x) <- es) yield x, for (Right(x) <- es) yield x)` instead", "2.8.0")
def separate[A,B](es: Iterable[Either[A, B]]): (List[A], List[B]) =
es.foldRight[(List[A], List[B])]((Nil, Nil)) {
case (Left(a), (lefts, rights)) => (a :: lefts, rights)
case (Right(b), (lefts, rights)) => (lefts, b :: rights)
}
/** Converts an iterator to a list.
*
* @param it the iterator to convert
* @return a list that contains the elements returned by successive
* calls to `it.next`
*/
@deprecated("use `it.toList' instead of `List.toList(it)'", "2.8.0")
def fromIterator[A](it: Iterator[A]): List[A] = it.toList
/** Converts an array into a list.
*
* @param arr the array to convert
* @return a list that contains the same elements than `arr`
* in the same order
*/
@deprecated("use `array.toList' instead of `List.fromArray(array)'", "2.8.0")
def fromArray[A](arr: Array[A]): List[A] = fromArray(arr, 0, arr.length)
/** Converts a range of an array into a list.
*
* @param arr the array to convert
* @param start the first index to consider
* @param len the length of the range to convert
* @return a list that contains the same elements than `arr`
* in the same order
*/
@deprecated("use `array.view(start, end).toList' instead of `List.fromArray(array, start, end)'", "2.8.0")
def fromArray[A](arr: Array[A], start: Int, len: Int): List[A] = {
var res: List[A] = Nil
var i = start + len
while (i > start) {
i -= 1
res = arr(i) :: res
}
res
}
/** Parses a string which contains substrings separated by a
* separator character and returns a list of all substrings.
*
* @param str the string to parse
* @param separator the separator character
* @return the list of substrings
*/
@deprecated("use `str.split(separator).toList' instead of `List.fromString(str, separator)'", "2.8.0")
def fromString(str: String, separator: Char): List[String] = {
var words: List[String] = Nil
var pos = str.length()
while (pos > 0) {
val pos1 = str.lastIndexOf(separator, pos - 1)
if (pos1 + 1 < pos)
words = str.substring(pos1 + 1, pos) :: words
pos = pos1
}
words
}
/** Returns the given list of characters as a string.
*
* @param xs the list to convert.
* @return the list in form of a string.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs.mkString' instead of `List.toString(xs)'", "2.8.0")
def toString(xs: List[Char]): String = {
val sb = new StringBuilder()
var xc = xs
while (!xc.isEmpty) {
sb.append(xc.head)
xc = xc.tail
}
sb.toString()
}
/** Like xs map f, but returns `xs` unchanged if function
* `f` maps all elements to themselves.
*/
@deprecated("use `xs.mapConserve(f)' instead of `List.mapConserve(xs, f)'", "2.8.0")
def mapConserve[A <: AnyRef](xs: List[A])(f: A => A): List[A] = {
def loop(ys: List[A]): List[A] =
if (ys.isEmpty) xs
else {
val head0 = ys.head
val head1 = f(head0)
if (head1 eq head0) {
loop(ys.tail)
} else {
val ys1 = head1 :: mapConserve(ys.tail)(f)
if (xs eq ys) ys1
else {
val b = new ListBuffer[A]
var xc = xs
while (xc ne ys) {
b += xc.head
xc = xc.tail
}
b.prependToList(ys1)
}
}
}
loop(xs)
}
/** Returns the list resulting from applying the given function `f`
* to corresponding elements of the argument lists.
*
* @param f function to apply to each pair of elements.
* @return `[f(a0,b0), ..., f(an,bn)]` if the lists are
* `[a0, ..., ak]`, `[b0, ..., bl]` and
* `n = min(k,l)`
*/
@deprecated("use `(xs, ys).zipped.map(f)' instead of `List.map2(xs, ys)(f)'", "2.8.0")
def map2[A,B,C](xs: List[A], ys: List[B])(f: (A, B) => C): List[C] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[C]
var xc = xs
var yc = ys
while (!xc.isEmpty && !yc.isEmpty) {
b += f(xc.head, yc.head)
xc = xc.tail
yc = yc.tail
}
b.toList
}
/** Returns the list resulting from applying the given function
* `f` to corresponding elements of the argument lists.
*
* @param f function to apply to each pair of elements.
* @return `[f(a<sub>0</sub>,b<sub>0</sub>,c<sub>0</sub>),
* ..., f(a<sub>n</sub>,b<sub>n</sub>,c<sub>n</sub>)]`
* if the lists are `[a<sub>0</sub>, ..., a<sub>k</sub>]`,
* `[b<sub>0</sub>, ..., b<sub>l</sub>]`,
* `[c<sub>0</sub>, ..., c<sub>m</sub>]` and
* `n = min(k,l,m)`
*/
@deprecated("use `(xs, ys, zs).zipped.map(f)' instead of `List.map3(xs, ys, zs)(f)'", "2.8.0")
def map3[A,B,C,D](xs: List[A], ys: List[B], zs: List[C])(f: (A, B, C) => D): List[D] = {
val b = new ListBuffer[D]
var xc = xs
var yc = ys
var zc = zs
while (!xc.isEmpty && !yc.isEmpty && !zc.isEmpty) {
b += f(xc.head, yc.head, zc.head)
xc = xc.tail
yc = yc.tail
zc = zc.tail
}
b.toList
}
/** Tests whether the given predicate `p` holds
* for all corresponding elements of the argument lists.
*
* @param p function to apply to each pair of elements.
* @return `(p(a<sub>0</sub>,b<sub>0</sub>) &amp;&amp;
* ... &amp;&amp; p(a<sub>n</sub>,b<sub>n</sub>))]`
* if the lists are `[a<sub>0</sub>, ..., a<sub>k</sub>]`;
* `[b<sub>0</sub>, ..., b<sub>l</sub>]`
* and `n = min(k,l)`
*/
@deprecated("use `(xs, ys).zipped.forall(f)' instead of `List.forall2(xs, ys)(f)'", "2.8.0")
def forall2[A,B](xs: List[A], ys: List[B])(f: (A, B) => Boolean): Boolean = {
var xc = xs
var yc = ys
while (!xc.isEmpty && !yc.isEmpty) {
if (!f(xc.head, yc.head)) return false
xc = xc.tail
yc = yc.tail
}
true
}
/** Tests whether the given predicate `p` holds
* for some corresponding elements of the argument lists.
*
* @param p function to apply to each pair of elements.
* @return `n != 0 &amp;&amp; (p(a<sub>0</sub>,b<sub>0</sub>) ||
* ... || p(a<sub>n</sub>,b<sub>n</sub>))]` if the lists are
* `[a<sub>0</sub>, ..., a<sub>k</sub>]`,
* `[b<sub>0</sub>, ..., b<sub>l</sub>]` and
* `n = min(k,l)`
*/
@deprecated("use `(xs, ys).zipped.exists(f)' instead of `List.exists2(xs, ys)(f)'", "2.8.0")
def exists2[A,B](xs: List[A], ys: List[B])(f: (A, B) => Boolean): Boolean = {
var xc = xs
var yc = ys
while (!xc.isEmpty && !yc.isEmpty) {
if (f(xc.head, yc.head)) return true
xc = xc.tail
yc = yc.tail
}
false
}
/** Transposes a list of lists.
* pre: All element lists have the same length.
*
* @param xss the list of lists
* @return the transposed list of lists
*/
@deprecated("use `xss.transpose' instead of `List.transpose(xss)'", "2.8.0")
def transpose[A](xss: List[List[A]]): List[List[A]] = {
val buf = new ListBuffer[List[A]]
var yss = xss
while (!yss.head.isEmpty) {
buf += (yss map (_.head))
yss = (yss map (_.tail))
}
buf.toList
}
}
/** Only used for list serialization */
@SerialVersionUID(0L - 8476791151975527571L)
private[scala] case object ListSerializeEnd
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