📐 build server images on Scaleway
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README.md

Build your server images on Scaleway

Build Status Scaleway ImageHub Run on Scaleway

Scripts to build the official Image Builder on Scaleway

This image is meant to be used on a Scaleway server.

We use the Docker's building system and convert it at the end to a disk image that will boot on real servers without Docker.

Note that the image is still runnable as a Docker container for debug or for inheritance.

More info

How to build a custom image using scw

My custom image's description

  • based on the official Ubuntu Wily
  • with cowsay pre-installed

1. Making the environment
root@yourmachine> scw run --name="buildcowsay" image-builder
               _
 ___  ___ __ _| | _____      ____ _ _   _
/ __|/ __/ _` | |/ _ \ \ /\ / / _` | | | |
\__ \ (_| (_| | |  __/\ V  V / (_| | |_| |
|___/\___\__,_|_|\___| \_/\_/ \__,_|\__, |
                                    |___/
...

*****************************************************************************

   Welcome on the image-builder.
   Here, you'll be able to craft your own images.

   To configure your environment run:

   $> image-builder-configure

*****************************************************************************

...

root@buildcowsay:~# image-builder-configure
Login (cloud.scaleway.com):                     # yourmail
Password:                                       # yourpassword
root@buildcowsay:~# mkdir cowsay
root@buildcowsay:~# cp Makefile.sample cowsay/Makefile
root@buildcowsay:~# cp Dockerfile.sample cowsay/Dockerfile
root@buildcowsay:~# cd cowsay
root@buildcowsay:~/cowsay# ls -l
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  562 Mar 18 10:37 Dockerfile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  556 Mar 18 10:38 Makefile
2. Configuring your Makefile
NAME =                  cowsay
VERSION =               latest
VERSION_ALIASES =       1.2.3 1.2 1
TITLE =                 wily-cowsay
DESCRIPTION =           wily with cowsay pre-installed
DOC_URL =
SOURCE_URL =            https://github.com/scaleway-community/...
VENDOR_URL =
DEFAULT_IMAGE_ARCH =	x86_64


IMAGE_VOLUME_SIZE =     50G
IMAGE_BOOTSCRIPT =      stable
IMAGE_NAME =            cowsay

## Image tools  (https://github.com/scaleway/image-tools)
all:	docker-rules.mk
docker-rules.mk:
	wget -qO - https://j.mp/scw-builder | bash
-include docker-rules.mk
3. Configuring your Dockerfile

Note: Don't remove the comments #FROM scaleway/distribution:arch-version # arch=arch

These lines are used by Makefile to handle the multiarch

FROM scaleway/ubuntu:amd64-wily
# following 'FROM' lines are used dynamically thanks do the image-builder
# which dynamically update the Dockerfile if needed.
#FROM scaleway/ubuntu:armhf-wily       # arch=armv7l
#FROM scaleway/ubuntu:arm64-wily       # arch=arm64
#FROM scaleway/ubuntu:i386-wily        # arch=i386
#FROM scaleway/ubuntu:mips-wily        # arch=mips

# Prepare rootfs
RUN /usr/local/sbin/scw-builder-enter

# install cowsay
RUN apt-get install -y cowsay

# Clean rootfs
RUN /usr/local/sbin/scw-builder-leave

You can see other Dockerfiles here

4. Building the custom image
root@buildcowsay> make image_on_local
...
[+] URL of the tarball: http://YOUR_IP:8000/x86_64-cowsay-latest/x86_64-cowsay-latest.tar
[+] Target name: x86_64-cowsay-latest.tar
[+] Creating new server in rescue mode with a secondary volume...
[+] Server created: 3e801785-4e62-425f-bb5a-04eac555ff79
[+] Booting...
Linux vm-10-2-12-155 4.4.4-std-3 #1 SMP Tue Mar 8 17:31:34 UTC 2016 x86_64 GNU/Linux
[+] Server is booted
[+] Formating and mounting disk...
mke2fs 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014)
ext2fs_check_if_mount: Can't check if filesystem is mounted due to missing mtab file while determining whether /dev/vda is mounted.
Creating filesystem with 12207031 4k blocks and 3055616 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 0201e6cd-4848-4118-b762-297968e776af
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208,
	4096000, 7962624, 11239424

Allocating group tables: done
Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

[+] /dev/nbd1 formatted in ext4 and mounted on /mnt
[+] Download tarball and write it to /mnt
[+] Tarball extracted on disk
[+] Stopping the server
[+] Server stopped
[+] Creating a snapshot of disk 1
[+] Snapshot ae6f1ed9-6b77-46f9-861a-2b4d66cb38b5 created
[+] Creating an image based of the snapshot
[+] Image created: 53962798-2933-4cc9-b6c9-1e05f6ff7051   # IMAGE_ID
[+] Deleting temporary server
[+] Server deleted

Your custom image is now available here

4. Running your custom image
root@buildcowsay:~/cowsay# scw run --tmp-ssh-key --name="cowsay-app"  IMAGE_ID
               _
 ___  ___ __ _| | _____      ____ _ _   _
/ __|/ __/ _` | |/ _ \ \ /\ / / _` | | | |
\__ \ (_| (_| | |  __/\ V  V / (_| | |_| |
|___/\___\__,_|_|\___| \_/\_/ \__,_|\__, |
                                    |___/
...

root@cowsay-app:~# cowsay "Hello from my app"
 ____________________________
< Hello from my app >
 ----------------------------
        \   ^__^
         \  (oo)\_______
            (__)\       )\/\
                ||----w |
                ||     ||

Multiarch

By default make image_on_local use your architecture (x86_64 on C2/VPS and armv7l on C1), if you want to craft your image in arm you must specify the architecture with armv7l

# works only on C2/VPS
ARCH=armv7l make image_on_local

Or run image-builder with C1

root@yourmachine> scw run --name="arm-builder" --commercial-type=C1 image-builder

Distribution

You can contact the admins of #scaleway on irc.online.net.


Know issues

  • if you have an error when you try to connect on your Scaleway account, remove ~/.scwrc and retry

Changelog

1.4.3 (2016-10-24)

  • Bump scw @1.10.1

1.4.2 (2016-04-04)

  • Bump scw @1.9.0

1.4.1 (2016-03-30)

  • Use 50GB instead of 150GB
  • Bump scw @1.8.1

1.4.0 (2016-03-21)

  • Multiarch documentation
  • Bump scw to 1.8.0
  • Improved image-builder-configure (now he don't ask for login/password is ~/.scwrc already exist)

1.3.0 (2015-09-11)

  • Bumped scw to 1.5.0
  • Added a local webserver
  • Put the generation of the key in rc.local

1.2.0 (2015-08-28)

  • Bumped scw to 1.4.0
  • Improved image-builder-configure

1.1.0 (2015-08-06)

  • Improved image-builder-configure (bash now)
  • Added the S3_URL in the image-builder-configure script
  • Added new script to check if your environment is configured as well

1.0.0 (2015-08-05)

This initial version contains:

  • Added scw s3cwd
  • Added ssh key
  • Added script to preconfigure your environment

Links


A note about the Makefile system

All our images are using a simple Makefile containing only variables and including the docker-rules.mk file that is downloaded on the first run.

The docker-rules.mk script is regularly updated, so it is more convenient to keep downloading a fresh copy regularly.

We are using a curl ... | bash install method which can be considered as unsafe. But this command is only used in the build step of the image, as soon as you start a Scaleway server, this command won't be run.


A project by Scaleway