Physique - Beautiful builds for .NET
Physique is an opinionated build framework that allows you to create a professional build process for your solution with minimal configuration. You tell Physique a little about your solution, and it creates a complete set of rake tasks to build, test and package your apps for deployment.
- Integrates with any unit testing framework. Provides built in support for NUnit and NSpec.
- Support for packaging and publishing your assemblies as NuGet packages.
- Provides powerful developer workflow tools when paired with FluentMigrator.
- Built-in support for packaging and publishing applications to Octopus Deploy
- Built on top of Albacore which provides a rich suite of build tools to support any project.
- Actively maintained with several companies using it in production.
Getting Started with Physique
You will need to install Ruby on your workstation and build servers.
Physique was designed to minimize the amount of ceremony in defining a build process. It uses a set of practical conventions that when followed, eliminate most of the configuration required to set up your builds.
Out of the box, Physique expects your repo to look something like this:
├─ build # Compiled files │ └─ packages # Compiled packages will be built here. ├─ docs # Documentation files ├─ lib # Included libraries ├─ src # Source folder │ ├─ packages # Nuget restore location │ ├─ .nuget # Nuget files │ │ └─ nuget.exe # Nuget executable │ ├─ YourProject # Project folder │ │ └─ YourProject.csproj # Project file │ ├─ YourProject.Tests # Test Project folder │ │ └─ YourProject.Tests.csproj # Test Project file │ └─ YourProject.sln # Solution file ├─ tools # Tools and utilities └─ README.md
If your project doesn't look anything like this, don't worry, you can customize any of the conventions to match the structure of your solution.
Preparing Your Project
Open a command prompt and
cdto the root of your repo.
Gemfilein the root and add the following:
source 'https://rubygems.org/' gem 'physique', '~> 0.3'
Install the Bundler gem and install the required Ruby gems
$ gem install bundler $ bundle install
Physique uses the semver2 gem to manage the version of your solution. Use the included command line tool to create a
.semverfile for the solution.
$ bundle exec semver init
Rakefilein the root and add the following:
require 'physique' Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' end
If everything is set up correctly you should be able to run the following and see a list of tasks that Physique has created for you.
$ bundle exec rake --tasks rake compile # Builds the solution rake compile:build # Builds the solution using the Build target rake compile:clean # Builds the solution using the Clean target rake compile:rebuild # Builds the solution using the Rebuild target rake restore # Restores all nugets as per the packages.config files rake test # Run unit tests
Now you can run your rake tasks. For example, to compile your solution, run the following:
$ bundle exec rake compile
The Default Build Process
Physique's default build process consists of the following phases:
version- Determines the version of the build.
restore- Scans your repo for
packages.configfiles and downloads the discovered packages to the Nuget restore location.
compile- Runs MSBuild on your solution file.
test- Scans your repo for test assemblies and runs all tests.
package- Packages your apps and/or assemblies for deployment.
publish- Publishes your packages to a Nuget repository.
Each phase depends on the ones before it. This means when you run the tests, Physique will run the
compile tasks to ensure you your assemblies are up to date. In addition, you can register custom tasks to run at the different phases of the build process.
Customizing Your Build
Physique provides several customizations to tailor your build to your needs. You configure these options in your
Rakefile which is just a Ruby code file. Having the full power of the Ruby programming language at your disposal to define your builds is one of the best features of rake, and by extension Physique, over XML-based tools like NAnt or MSBuild. If you don't know Ruby, never fear, Physique's configuration syntax is straightforward enough for any .NET developer to pick up quickly.
The following describes the available configuration options. Unless otherwise specified, these examples show the default values.
You can customize how NuGet packages are handled in your solution.
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.use_nuget do |n| n.exe = 'src/.nuget/NuGet.exe' # Path to the NuGet executable n.restore_location = 'src/packages' # NuGet package restore location n.build_location = 'build/packages' # Output folder for built NuGet packages end end
You can customize MSBuild configuration and targets.
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.compilation do |c| c.default_targets = ['Clean', 'Rebuild'] # The default targets executed by the 'compile' task c.configuration = 'Release' # The build configuration c.logging = 'normal' # MSBuild logging level end end
If you have custom MSBuild targets you can tell Physique about them.
s.compilation do |c| c.add_target 'Custom' end
Physique will then add a rake task for each target which you can call from the command line.
$ bundle exec rake compile:custom
By default, Physique will create additional tasks for the Clean, Build and Rebuild targets.
Unit Testing Configuration
To execute your tests, Physique will look for the test runner executable in the NuGet restore location at runtime. If multiple versions are available, the latest version will be used. Make sure that you include the NuGet package for the test runner in a
packages.config file somewhere in your solution.
Physique supports NUnit by default, but also has built in support for NSpec. Each of these test runners have their own defaults. If you are using something different, it's easy to provide a custom configuration.
Since NUnit is the default, no additional configuration is required to use it. Physique will automatically find and run any assembly ending in ".Tests".
To tweak this behavior, you have the following configuration options:
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.run_tests do |t| # Find all assemblies ending in '.Tests' t.files = FileList["**/*.Tests/bin/Release/*.Tests.dll"] # Default command line args t.parameters = ['/labels', '/trace=Verbose'] end end
With the NSpec runner configured, Physique will automatically find and run any assembly ending in ".Specs".
Like wth NUnit, you have the following configuration options. Note the runner must be set to
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.run_tests do |t| t.runner = :nspec # The default method for finding NSpec assemblies t.files = FileList["**/*.Specs/bin/Release/*.Specs.dll"] # You can add additional command line args t.parameters = ['--failfast'] end end
You can use any unit testing framework. You just need to provide a bit more configuration. This effectively just wraps the Albacore method for declaring a test runner.
s.run_tests do |t| t.runner = :custom # Specify the test runner t.exe = 'root-relative-path/to/the/test-runner.exe' # Specify the test assemblies t.files = FileList["**/*.Tests/bin/Release/*.Tests.dll"] # Specify additional command line args t.parameters = ['/option1', '/option2'] end
NuGet Publishing Configuration
Physique provides an easy way to publish your NuGet packages to public or private Nuget repos. Each assembly in your solution will be published as a separate NuGet package with the correct dependencies.
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.publish_nugets do |p| # The NuGet repo you want to publish to p.feed_url = 'https://www.nuget.org' # The NuGet repo for your symbol package (Optional) p.symbols_feed_url = 'http://nuget.gw.symbolsource.org/Public/NuGet' # The API key to authenticate to the repo. # If your source code is public, make sure to pass this in as an environment variable. p.api_key = ENV['NUGET_API_KEY'] # Metadata to be included in your Nuspec p.with_metadata do |m| m.description = 'My Awesome Library' m.authors = 'My Company, Inc.' end end end
When you configure NuGet publishing, the
publish tasks become available.
$ bundle exec rake --tasks ... rake nuget:package # Package all NuGets rake nuget:publish # Publish nuget packages to feed rake nuget:publish:local # Copy nuget packages to local path ...
Third Party Tools
If you are using FluentMigrator to manage your databases, Physique can create several useful tasks to improve your development workflow. Simply tell Physique where your migrations project is located and it will take care of the rest.
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.fluently_migrate do |db| db.instance = '(local)' db.name = 'MyDatabase' db.project = 'src\MyProject.Database\MyProject.Database.csproj' end end
Currently Physique only works with SQL Server, but support for additional databases is planned.
For more information, see Using Physique with Fluent Migrator
Octopus Deploy Configuration
If you are deploying your applications with Octopus Deploy, Physique allows you to package and publish your applications without needing to modify your project file.
Physique::Solution.new do |s| s.file = 'src/YourSolution.sln' s.octopus_deploy do |octo| # Octopus Deploy server's NuGet feed URL octo.server = 'http://octopus-deploy-server/nuget/packages' # Octopus Deploy API key # For security it's a good idea to pass this in as an environment variable. octo.api_key = ENV['OCTOPUS_API_KEY'] # You can specify multiple apps to deploy # A hypothetical web application octo.deploy_app do |app| # App name for rake tasks app.name = 'web' # App type # Valid options include :service, :website, :console app.type = :website # App project file app.project = 'src/MyProject.Website/MyProject.Website.csproj' # Nuspec metadata for your application app.with_metadata do |m| m.description = 'My Web Application' m.authors = 'My Company, Inc.' end end end end
When you configure Octopus deployments, the
octo:publish tasks become available.
The following tasks would be available with the configuration above:
$ bundle exec rake --tasks ... rake octo:package # Package all applications rake octo:package:web # Package MyProject.Website for Oct... rake octo:publish # Publish all apps to Octopus ... rake octo:publish:web # Publish MyProject.Website app to ... ...
- Add conventions for more unit test frameworks.
- Add support for additional databases.
- Optionally use Packet instead of NuGet during
- Mono support is possible but completely untested.
Feel free to contact me @scardetto if you have any questions.
- Fork it ( https://github.com/scardetto/physique/fork )
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create a new Pull Request