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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# This code is a part of Slash, and is released under the GPL.
# Copyright 1997-2005 by Open Source Technology Group. See README
# and COPYING for more information, or see
# $Id$
# This is the uber install script.
# -Brian (
use strict;
use Config '%Config';
use File::Basename;
use FindBin '$Bin';
use Getopt::Std;
use File::Copy;
use File::Find;
use File::Path;
use File::Spec::Functions;
use Slash;
use Slash::DB;
use Slash::Install;
(my $VERSION) = ' $Revision$ ' =~ /\$Revision:\s+([^\s]+)/;
my $PROGNAME = basename($0);
(my $SLASH_PREFIX = $Bin) =~ s|/[^/]+/?$||;
my %opts;
# Remember to doublecheck these match usage()!
usage('Options used incorrectly') unless getopts('hvu:H:n:xRL:i:T:P:a:e:p:o:g:', \%opts);
usage() if !$opts{'u'} and ($opts{'h'} or !keys %opts);
# if invoked with both -u and -h, call usage() later, after we load Slash::Install
version() if $opts{'v'};
$| = 1;
my $prefix_site = "$SLASH_PREFIX/site";
my( $owner, $owner_id, $group, $group_id, $password,
$sitename, $username, $realname, $email, $dbh, @create, $sql,
@sql, $hostname, $hostname_f, $host_noport, $httpd, %slash_sites,
$driver, $theme, $symlink, $include
my %drivers = (
Pg => 'postgresql',
mysql => 'mysql',
Oracle => 'oracle'
unless (DBIx::Password::checkVirtualUser($opts{'u'})) {
print "You did not supply a valid DBIx::Password virtual name.\n";
usage() if $opts{'h'};
$driver = $drivers{DBIx::Password::getDriver($opts{'u'})};
my $install = Slash::Install->new($opts{'u'});
usage() if $opts{'u'} and $opts{'h'};
eval { require DBIx::Password };
if ($@) {
print "Doesn't look like you have DBIx::Password installed.\n";
print "Run the CPAN tool and install DBIx::Password.\n";
eval { require Template };
if ($@) {
print <<'EOT';
Doesn't look like you have Bundle::Slash installed.
Run the CPAN tool and install Bundle::Slash. See
INSTALL for more information.
$dbh = DBIx::Password->connect($opts{'u'});
unless ($dbh) {
print "Are you sure the database is up and running?\n";
END { $dbh->disconnect if $dbh }
# THIS IS DANGEROUS ... when run as root on a non-GNU
# system, it can blank out the hostname entirely.
# Better to just not populate it unless we're reasonably
# sure.
chomp($hostname_f = `hostname -f`) if $^O eq 'linux';
unless ($opts{'H'}) {
print "
Feel free to ^C this script at any time up to when you see the
'last chance to abort' prompt. If you do, no changes will be made.
What is the hostname of your Slash site
(e.g., [$hostname_f] ";
chomp($hostname = <STDIN>);
$hostname ||= $hostname_f;
} else {
$hostname = $opts{'H'};
($host_noport = $hostname) =~ s/:.+$//;
unless ($opts{'o'}) {
print "\nWhat unix user would you like to run your Slash site as? [nobody] ";
chomp($owner = <STDIN>);
$owner ||= 'nobody';
} else {
$owner = $opts{'o'};
if ($Config{d_getpwent}) {
$owner_id = getpwnam($owner);
die "$owner is not a valid user name.\n" unless defined $owner_id;
die "You really, really don't want to run your Slash site as root!"
if $owner eq 'root' || $owner_id == 0;
unless ($opts{'g'}) {
my $tmpgroup;
$tmpgroup = getgrgid($owner_id) if $Config{d_getgrent};
$tmpgroup = defined($tmpgroup) ? $tmpgroup : 'nobody';
print "\nWhat unix group would you like to run your Slash site under? [$tmpgroup] ";
chomp($group = <STDIN>);
$group ||= $tmpgroup;
} else {
$group = $opts{'g'};
if ($Config{d_getgrent}) {
$group_id = getgrnam($group);
die "$group is not a valid group name.\n" unless defined $group_id;
if ($opts{'R'}) {
$sitename = $host_noport;
} else {
unless ($opts{'n'}) {
print "
OK, I am planning on user $host_noport as the unique name
for the Slash site. If this is not ok, you need to fill in
something else here. [$host_noport] ";
chomp($sitename = <STDIN>);
$sitename ||= $host_noport;
} else {
$sitename = $opts{'n'};
# themes
my $x;
$theme = 0;
my $theme_num = 0;
my $themes = $install->getThemeList($SLASH_PREFIX);
if ($opts{'T'}) {
$theme = $opts{'T'};
if (!exists $themes->{$theme}) {
print "Error: the theme you specified on the command line, '$theme', does not exist. (Note: case matters.)\n";
$theme = '';
} else {
$theme_num = $themes->{$theme}{order};
if (!$theme) {
print "\nWhich theme do you want to use?\n";
for (sort {
$themes->{$a}{order} <=> $themes->{$b}{order}
$a cmp $b
} keys %$themes) {
if ((keys %$themes) > 1) {
print "( )$themes->{$_}{order}.\t$_ $themes->{$_}{description}\n";
} else {
print "(*)$themes->{$_}{order}.\t$_ $themes->{$_}{description}\n";
if ((keys %$themes) > 1) {
chomp($theme_num = <STDIN>);
$theme_num ||= '1';
} else {
print "\nSkipping theme select since you only have one theme!\n";
$theme_num = '1';
for (keys %$themes) {
if ($themes->{$_}{order} == $theme_num) {
$theme = $_;
print "Theme selected: $theme\n";
my $plugins = $install->getPluginList($SLASH_PREFIX);
my @plugins = ( );
my @default_plugins = ( );
my @all_plugins = sort {
$plugins->{$a}{order} <=> $plugins->{$b}{order}
$a cmp $b
} keys %$plugins;
for my $key (@all_plugins) {
if ($themes->{$theme}{plugin}{$plugins->{$key}{name}}) {
push @default_plugins, $key;
if ($opts{'P'}) {
@plugins = grep { exists $plugins->{$_} or /^(ALL|DEFAULT)$/ }
split /\s*,\s*/, $opts{'P'};
push @plugins, @default_plugins if @default_plugins;
} else {
my %order_to_name = ( );
print "\nPlugins:\n";
for my $key (@all_plugins) {
my $c = " ";
if ($themes->{$theme}{plugin}{$plugins->{$key}{name}}) {
$c = "*";
print "($c) $plugins->{$key}{order}. $key - $plugins->{$key}{description}\n";
$order_to_name{$plugins->{$key}{order}} = $key;
my $select = 'a';
print "Please select which plugins you would like ('*' marks the default and minimum).\n";
print "Note that some optional plugins may have additional system requirements:\n";
print "if you select any beyond the default, you must look over their\n";
print "$SLASH_PREFIX/plugins/*/README* files.\n";
print "Enter 'a' to select all (which is probably a bad idea). Better, enter\n";
print "comma-separated numbers, or 'q' for none.\n";
while ($select ne 'q'){
chomp($select = <STDIN>);
if ($select =~ /^[\d ,]+$/) {
$select =~ s/ +//g;
push @plugins,
grep { $_ }
map { $order_to_name{$_} }
split /,/, $select;
} elsif ($select eq 'a') {
@plugins = map { $plugins->{$_}{name} } @all_plugins;
push @plugins, @default_plugins if @default_plugins;
# Add in any plugins that are required by the selection set.
# This may/will add a lot of duplicates, which get uniquified
# in the next step.
for (1..scalar(@all_plugins)) {
for my $plugin (@plugins) {
my $req_hr = $plugins->{$plugin}{requiresplugin};
if ($req_hr and %$req_hr) {
push @plugins, keys %$req_hr;
# Eliminate duplicates.
my %temp_plugins = map { $_ => 1 } @plugins;
if ($temp_plugins{DEFAULT}) {
# Special feature, if the user asks for the plugin
# named "DEFAULT" (presumably with the -P option),
# they get whatever the theme's default is.
for my $key (@default_plugins) {
$temp_plugins{$key} = 1;
delete $temp_plugins{DEFAULT};
if ($temp_plugins{ALL}) {
# Special feature, if the user asks for the plugin
# named "ALL" (presumably with the -P option),
# they get all of them.
for my $key (@all_plugins) {
$temp_plugins{$key} = 1;
delete $temp_plugins{ALL};
@plugins = sort keys %temp_plugins;
# Zero out the list of plugins
%{$themes->{$theme}{plugin}} = ( );
# Add back in the ones just selected
for my $plugin (@plugins) {
$themes->{$theme}{plugin}{$plugin} = $plugins->{$plugin};
# Show the user what was picked
print "Plugins selected: " . join(" ", sort keys %{$themes->{$theme}{plugin}}) . "\n\n";
if (!$Config{d_symlink}) {
$symlink = 0;
} elsif ($opts{'L'}) {
$symlink = $opts{'L'};
} else {
print "
Would you like to install all the files as symlinks to the original?
(This is recommended. If not, each file will be copied to your
Slash directories). [Y] ";
chomp(my $ans = <STDIN>);
$ans ||= 'Y';
$symlink = $ans =~ /^\s*[Yy]/;
unless ($opts{'a'}) {
print "Create a name for the site's admin account. [$owner] ";
chomp($username = <STDIN>);
$username ||= $owner;
} else {
$username = $opts{'a'};
unless ($opts{'p'}) {
do {
print "\nCreate a password for the site's admin account. ('QUIT' exits):";
chomp($password = <STDIN>);
die "Cancelled at user request.\n" if $password eq 'QUIT';
print "\nYou need to give us a password.\n" unless $password;
} until $password;
} else {
$password = $opts{'p'};
die "You need to give us a password.\n" unless $password;
unless ($opts{'e'}) {
print "\nWhat is the email address of the account? [$username\@$host_noport] ";
chomp($email = <STDIN>);
$email ||= "$username\@$host_noport";
} else {
$email = $opts{'e'};
unless ($opts{'f'}) {
print "\nThis is your last chance to abort installation.\n";
print "Hit return to install or press ^C now to abort: ";
my $line = <STDIN>;
$line = ''; # avoid a warning about var only used once
print "\nInstalling...\n";
my $trgst = '';
# Dump in the schema then pepper with a trace of your own theme
my $create = gensym();
open($create, "< $SLASH_PREFIX/sql/$driver/schema.sql\0")
or die "Can't open $SLASH_PREFIX/sql/$driver/schema.sql: $!";
while (<$create>) {
# ugly-as-hell hack to keep Oracle trigger code from getting munged
# the syntax is sensitive plus there *has* to be a semicolon at the end
# (yes, one that gets passed in the statement, not the EOS delimiter!)
if ($driver eq 'oracle' and (/^CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER/ or $trgst)) {
$trgst .= $_;
next unless /^END;$/;
$trgst =~ s/;/#/g;
$_ = "$trgst;";
$trgst = '';
next if /^#/;
next if /^$/;
next if /^ $/;
push @create, $_;
close $create;
$sql = join '', @create;
@sql = split /;/, $sql;
# again with the oracle trigger thing hacking
if ($driver eq 'oracle') {
for (@sql) {
my $dump = gensym();
open($dump, "< $SLASH_PREFIX/sql/$driver/defaults.sql\0")
or die "Can't open $SLASH_PREFIX/sql/$driver/defaults.sql: $!";
while (<$dump>) {
next unless /^INSERT/;
if ($driver eq 'oracle') {
# With this we can almost use the MySQL dump verbatim
# Of course, MySQL could have just compiled with SQL-92, too
push @sql, $_;
close $dump;
# We start this whole process by turning off foreign key
# constraints -- since we will be adding data in an order
# not guaranteed to match those constraints. When all
# the data is inserted, we can turn them back on.
$dbh->do("SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0");
# Now process all the SQL.
for my $cmd (@sql) {
next unless $cmd;
my $rows_affected = $dbh->do($cmd);
if (!$rows_affected) {
# It's very bad if a CREATE TABLE does nothing.
if ($cmd =~ /^CREATE TABLE/) {
die <<EOT;
The CREATE TABLE command below failed. This almost certainly means
the rest of the slashsite installation will fail, so we're aborting.
This is probably because your SQL user associated with your
DBIx::Password user '$opts{u}' lacks CREATE and/or DROP permissions.
Fix this, or whatever the problem is, and rerun $PROGNAME.
Failed command: $cmd
exit 1;
# It's OK if a DROP TABLE does nothing, that just means
# the table wasn't there to begin with.
print "Failed on '$cmd'\n" unless $cmd =~ /^DROP TABLE/;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/logs", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs/images", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs/images/topics", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/backups", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/sbin", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/tasks", 0, 0775;
mkpath "$prefix_site/$sitename/misc", 0, 0775;
my $slashdb = Slash::DB->new($opts{'u'});
my $time = localtime();
$install->create({ name => 'installed', value => $time});
$install->create({ name => 'admin', value => $username});
$install->create({ name => 'adminmail', value => $email});
$install->create({ name => 'owner', value => $owner});
$install->create({ name => 'owner_id', value => $owner_id});
$install->create({ name => 'group', value => $group});
$install->create({ name => 'group_id', value => $group_id});
$install->create({ name => 'siteid', value => $sitename});
$install->create({ name => 'basedomain', value => $hostname});
$install->create({ name => 'driver', value => $driver});
$install->create({ name => 'base_install_directory', value => $SLASH_PREFIX});
$install->create({ name => 'site_install_directory', value => "$prefix_site/$sitename"});
$install->create({ name => 'db_driver', value => "$driver"});
#$install->installPlugins(\@plugins, 0, $symlink);
$install->installTheme($theme, 0, $symlink);
(my $matchname = lc $username) =~ s/[^a-zA-Z0-9]//g;
my $uid = $slashdb->createUser($matchname, $email, $username);
$slashdb->setUser($uid, {
passwd => $password,
author => 1,
seclev => 10000
if ($opts{'i'}) {
$include = $opts{'i'};
my @stats = stat($include);
if ($stats[7] eq '') {
print "Warning: Requested include '$include' does not appear to exist";
$include = "\n Include $include\n";
} else {
$include = '';
$dbh->do("SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 1");
# Now, lets update slash.sites
my $sites = gensym();
if (open($sites, "< $SLASH_PREFIX/slash.sites\0")) {
while (<$sites>) {
my($dbuser) = split /:/;
$slash_sites{$dbuser} = 1;
close $sites;
unless (exists $slash_sites{$opts{'u'}}) {
open($sites, ">> $SLASH_PREFIX/slash.sites\0")
or die "Can't append to $SLASH_PREFIX/slash.sites: $!";
print $sites "$opts{'u'}:$owner:$sitename\n";
close $sites;
find(sub { chown $owner_id, $group_id, $_ unless -l $_ }, "$prefix_site/$sitename");
# Install spamarmors for a given site. This can be recoded/moved/whatever
# if this code is inappropriate, for whatever reason.
system("$^X -w $SLASH_PREFIX/bin/reload_armor -u $opts{'u'} -q");
$dbh->do("UPDATE vars SET value = " . $dbh->quote("$prefix_site/$sitename/logs") . " WHERE name = 'logdir'");
$dbh->do("UPDATE vars SET value = " . $dbh->quote("$prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs") . " WHERE name = 'basedir'");
$dbh->do("UPDATE vars SET value = " . $dbh->quote("$prefix_site/$sitename") . " WHERE name = 'datadir'");
$dbh->do("UPDATE vars SET value = " . $dbh->quote($sitename) . " WHERE name = 'siteid'");
sub apache_site_conf {
my $host_port = '';
$host_port = $opts{'x'} ? '*' : $hostname;
$host_port .= ':80' unless $host_port =~ /:/;
my $text = qq|
# note that if your site's path is a symlink, the
# path listed here is most likely the actual path;
# fix it and DocumentRoot if you want to
<Directory $prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs>
Options FollowSymLinks ExecCGI Includes Indexes
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
<VirtualHost $host_port>
ServerAdmin $email
DocumentRoot $prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs
ServerName $host_noport
ErrorLog logs/${sitename}_error_log
CustomLog logs/${sitename}_access_log common
PerlSetupEnv On
PerlSetEnv TZ GMT
SlashVirtualUser $opts{'u'}
# this directive will compile all the templates
# in the database, if cache_enabled is true
# and template_cache_size is 0. Set to On/Off.
# Default is off since most sites don't need it
# much and startup performance, as well as
# memory usage, degrades when it is On...
# setting template_cache_size to 100 or so is
# probably a lot better
SlashCompileTemplates Off
# First Apache phase: post-read-request
# if you have a frontend/backend setup and have X-Forwarded-For
# headers (such as from mod_proxy_add_forward), use this
# to properly populate remote_ip for formkeys etc.
#PerlPostReadRequestHandler Slash::Apache::ProxyRemoteAddr
# Second Apache phase: URI translation
# this directive will redirect non-logged-in users to
# index.shtml if they request the home page; turn it
# on to help increase performance or if you are using something
# other than for the index
PerlTransHandler Slash::Apache::IndexHandler
# this directive will display a user's pages at /~username
PerlTransHandler Slash::Apache::User::userdir_handler
# Third Apache phase: header parsing
# Fourth Apache phase: access control
PerlAccessHandler Slash::Apache::Banlist
PerlAccessHandler Slash::Apache::User
# Fifth Apache phase: authentication
# Sixth Apache phase: authorization
# Seventh Apache phase: MIME type checking
# Eighth Apache phase: fixups
# Ninth Apache phase: response, aka content handler:
# Apache::Registry and whatever else is in the slash.conf file
# Tenth Apache phase: logging
# Eleventh Apache phase: cleanup
PerlCleanupHandler Slash::Apache::Log
PerlCleanupHandler Slash::Apache::Log::UserLog
# this can be used to preload your .pl scripts in the parent,
# saving both startup time and memory in the child
# add/remove scripts from \@pls (normally best to include only
# and all commonly used scripts)
PerlModule Apache::RegistryLoader;
# if you need to debug, temporarily turn this on
# \$Apache::Registry::Debug = 4;
my \@pls = qw(index comments article users journal search);
my \$vhost = '$host_noport';
my \$docroot = '$prefix_site/$sitename/htdocs';
my \$r = Apache::RegistryLoader->new;
for my \$u (\@pls) {
my \$f = "\$docroot/\$";
\$r->handler("/\$", \$f, \$vhost) if -e \$f;
DirectoryIndex index.shtml
ErrorDocument 404 /
AddType text/xml .xml
AddType application/rss+xml .rdf
AddType application/rss+xml .rss
AddType application/atom+xml .atom
AddType text/vnd.wap.wml .wml
# change default of "iso-8859-1" here (to, for example, utf-8)
# if you change "content_type_webpage" in vars, and vice versa
AddType text/html;charset=iso-8859-1 .shtml
AddHandler server-parsed .shtml
AddType text/html .inc
AddHandler server-parsed .inc
my $file = "$prefix_site/$sitename/$sitename.conf";
my $fh = gensym();
open($fh, ">$file\0") or die "Can't write to $file: $!";
print $fh $text;
close $fh;
open($fh, "< $SLASH_PREFIX/httpd/slash.conf\0")
or die "Can't write to $SLASH_PREFIX/httpd/slash.conf: $!";
unless (grep /^(?:#\s*)?Include $file$/, <$fh>) {
close $fh;
open($fh, ">> $SLASH_PREFIX/httpd/slash.conf\0")
or die "Can't open $SLASH_PREFIX/httpd/slash.conf: $!";
print $fh "Include $file\n";
close $fh;
sub install_message {
my $text = qq|
You should now have a slashsite! (Unless serious errors were reported
during the install. Some plugins do INSERT IGNOREs which may fail and
that is harmless, notably the Search plugin if SOAP is not installed,
which will report that the soap_methods table does not exist.)
If you installed optional plugins, remember to read their README files,
if any.
You will need to edit your httpd.conf file to have it Include the
Slash file that (in turn) Includes this site's .conf data. Assuming
this is the first Slash site you've installed for this Apache, you
will almost certainly want to add this to your httpd.conf:
Include $SLASH_PREFIX/httpd/slash.conf
which in turn will Include this file (which you should look at and,
if you know what you're doing, edit):
Now you can continue with step 6 of the INSTALL file directions.
print $text
sub usage {
print "*** $_[0]\n" if $_[0];
# Generate a sample list of plugins which just happens to be
# the default list for the first theme.
my $sample_plugins = '';
if (!$install) {
my $usercheck = $opts{u} || 'slash';
if (DBIx::Password::checkVirtualUser($usercheck)) {
eval { $install = Slash::Install->new($usercheck) };
$install = undef if !$install or ref $install ne 'Slash::Install';
if ($install) {
my $plugins = $install->getPluginList($SLASH_PREFIX);
my $themes = $install->getThemeList($SLASH_PREFIX);
my $theme = (sort keys %$themes)[0];
$sample_plugins = join(",", sort keys %{$themes->{$theme}{plugin}});
$sample_plugins = ", e.g.:\n\t\t\t-P$sample_plugins" if $sample_plugins;
# Remember to doublecheck these match getopts()!
print <<EOT;
This will create a new Slash site. You must provide a virtual
user, which has already been set up in DBIx::Password, and the
target database must already exist and be accessible by the
given virtual user.
Main options:
-h Help (this message)
-v Version
-u Virtual user
-f Skip 'last chance' prompt (force installation -- combine
this with the other opts below to eliminate interaction)
Site options:
-H Hostname
-n Site name
-x Use '*' as VirtualHost name (boolean)
-R Reuse hostname as site name (boolean)
-L Install files in htdocs/ and tasks/ using symlinks (boolean)
-i Include the specified file into the site configuration
-T Theme to use
-P Comma-separated list of plugin names$sample_plugins
("ALL"/"DEFAULT" avoid prompt, do what you'd expect)
User options:
-a Admin name
-e Admin email
-p Admin password
-o Installation owner
-g Installation group
sub version {
print <<EOT;
This code is a part of Slash, and is released under the GPL.
Copyright 1997-2005 by Open Source Technology Group. See README
and COPYING for more information, or see
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