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Make your keys awesome again with this simple library
Ruby
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README.md

Keytar

1. A keyboard that is designed to be played standing up, like a guitar.

2. A crazy simple, flexible ruby library for generating NOSQL keys. Use it with redis, memcache, mongo, or any other key-value store.

It Builds Keys

  class User
    include Keytar
    define_keys :friends, :favorite_spots, :sweet
  end

  user = User.find(22)
  user.friends_key                          #=> "users:friends:22"
  User.friends_key                          #=> "user:friends"

  user = User.find(12)
  user.favorite_spots_key                   #=> "users:favorite_spots:12"
  user.favorite_spots_key("some_argument")  #=> "users:favorite_spots:12:some_argument"
  User.favorite_spots_key                   #=> "user:favorite_spots"


  user = User.find(9)
  user.sweet_key                            #=> "users:sweet:9"
  user.sweet_key("foo")                     #=> "users:sweet:9:foo"
  User.sweet_Key                            #=> "user:sweet"

quit littering your code with junk like this:

  class User
    def some_key_for_a_distributed_no_sql_datastore_key
      "foos:some_key_for_a_distributed_no_sql_datastore_key:#{self.id}"
    end
  end

Use Keytar instead ^_^

Installation

In your Gemfile add

gem 'keytar'

then run

bundle install

drop include Keytar in any model you want and you're good to go

It's that simple

Define Keys

Keys should be pre-defined and configured by calling define_keys:

  class User
    include Keytar
    define_keys :friend_ids, :email_subscriptions, :news_feed, :delimiter => "|"
  end

  User.friend_ids_key         #=> "user|friend_ids"
  User.find(9).friend_ids_key #=> "users|friend_ids|9"

Where the first argument is the key (or keys) to be defined, and the second argument is a hash of configuration options.

Global options can also be configured per class by passing in a hash to key_config:

  class User
    include Keytar
    key_config :delimiter => "/", :suffix => "after"
    define_keys :ignored_ids
  end

  User.ignored_ids_key         #=> "user/ignored_ids/after"
  User.find(9).ignored_ids_key #=> "user/ignored_ids/9/after"

But Wait there's more

Keytar is used to generate keys in my Rails method cache library JohnnyCache. Check it out as an easy way to speed up your rails app and make use of Rails.cache.

Configuration Options Breakdown

Here is a run down of what each does

delimiter sets the separating argument in keys

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :delimiter => "|"
    User.favorite_spots_key #=> "user|favorite_spots"

order sets the location of key parts, if a symbol is omitted, it will not show up in the final key (note the location of "favorite_spots" and "user" is flipped)

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :order => [:name, :base]
    User.favorite_spots_key #=> "favorite_spots:user"

unique sets the unique value of the instance that is used to build the key

By default all instance keys have an identifying unique element included in the key, specifying key_unique allows you to change the field that is used to specify a unique key. (defaults to database backed id, Object#id)

    User.create(:username => "Schneems", :id => 9)
    User.find(9).favorite_spots_key #=> "users:favorite_spots:9"

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :unique => "username"
    User.find(9).favorite_spots_key #=> "users:favorite_spots:schneems"

prefix adds some text to the beginning of your key for that class

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :prefix =>  "woot"
    User.favorite_spots_key #=> "woot:user:favorite_spots"

suffix adds some text to the end of your key for that class

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :suffix => "pow"
    User.favorite_spots_key #=> "user:favorite_spots:pow"

pluralize_instances allows you to toggle pluralizing instance keys (note the 's' in 'users' is not there)

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :pluralize_instances => false
    User.find(1).favorite_spots_key #=> "user:favorite_spots:1"

plural allows you to over-ride the default pluralize method with custom spelling

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :plural => "uzerz"
    User.find(1).favorite_spots_key #=> "uzerz:favorite_spots:1"

case allows you to specify the case of your key

    define_keys :favorite_spots, :key_case => :upcase
    User.favorite_spots_key #=> "USER:REDIS"

Since this library is sooooo simple, here is a ASCII keytar for you. Thanks for checking it out.

                                                                     ,,,,
                                                                    ,,:::,
                                                                  ,,,,7::=
                                                                 ,:~?MOZN~
                                                               ,,=~ONZDM
                                                             ,,,~,NMOM+
                                                            :,,:~MNOM,
                                                          ,,,:,,MO8M
                                                         :,,,,:: NO
                                                       ,:,~=~+,,:~
                                                     ,:::+:I:=::,
                                                    =?::::I::::
                                                  ,~:,+7:::::~
                                                 ~,,,,,,+~:::           ,,,
                                               ,:,,,,,=,,,7~:         ,::::,
                                             ,:,,:,,?~::=:,+=:,,,,,,,::::::
                                            ::::,,:,,NMZ,=,,+=::,::::+::::
                                           ~:,,,::,88=DNM:,:,:+~:::,MN~,~
                                         ,:,,:,,,+=+MM==8MZ,=::::::?=:~~
                                        ~,,: ,,=,7MN~OMM=?NM::~:$+:~:=
                                      ~:,:,:,~7~:==MM?+ZM8~7::I~:+:::
                                    ,:,,,,,~,:NM8:=~$MD?+M~::~~~~~~
                                   ~,:,, +,+DO=?MM~,=~NM8:::I+:::~
                                 ,~:,:,=:,:~+MM8=ZMD:~::::+:~::~
                                ~:,:,:,,?DZ:?~ONM=+MM:+~:I?~:~
                              ~~,,,~:,ZN=?MN~::~OMO~:NMM:,::~
                            ,~:,:~,,==+ZM8+8MZ:::~=+8D+,===,
                           ~:,~=,,=,$MD++MM~?MMO::ND8,===~
                         ,:,:,,:=:~:==MMD=OMO~Z=~=+?:===:
                        ~,:,,,=,:ZM8~=:=NN?+M+::I7+~==:
                      ~:::,,=,+DN=?MM~,=~ZM8:~7~::~~=
                    ,~::,:=,:~~~8MZ+OM8~,~::==::=~:,
                   ~:,: =,,?D$~~~+MN=+NMO::$~~~~~=
                  ~,,~,:,=+=DMZ~~~+NN==$,::?~~::=
                ,,:~,::=,~NN+IMM$:+=8D,:::~~+~=
               ~,::,::,=D8?OMZ??NN:~:::?I:~:~
             :,:,:,:,,+~=MN+?MDZ+DM::+7::~~=
           ,::,,,~,:NN~~?~OM8+8MN:::N:~~:=,
          :~,,:~,,$$+8MM~~~=MN==::=Z~~:~~
        ,:,::,,,~,+MN+I8M$~+~Z,:==~~~~~
       :,,,,,,=I\~+~DM$=?MN::::::~+~+
     ~,::,,,=~=?M\~=~?MN7=O:::$~=:~,
    :,~,,,=,~NN$+N\ :~:+MI::N:::~=
  ,:=:,,+,=DZ?DMN+7M\:==,:~::=~=
 ::::~::,::+MN+?DN7+N\,:~::=:=
::::::,~::,?:DMN+?MN~~ :::~::
 :::::::,I:,~:+8NZ=,:=+I::~
   ,,:::::+:,,+:=$::$7::~
      :,:::,I:,,,:?7=:~~
      I:,:::::::$7I,:~
         ,::::~:,7:::

Contribution

Fork away. If you want to chat about a feature idea, or a question you can find me on the twitters @schneems. Put any major changes into feature branches. Make sure all tests stay green, and make sure your changes are covered.

licensed under MIT License Copyright (c) 2011 Schneems. See LICENSE.txt for further details.

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