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# Authors: Travis Oliphant, Matthew Brett
"""
Module for reading and writing matlab (TM) .mat files
"""
import os
import sys
import warnings
from miobase import get_matfile_version, docfiller
from mio4 import MatFile4Reader, MatFile4Writer
from mio5 import MatFile5Reader, MatFile5Writer
__all__ = ['find_mat_file', 'mat_reader_factory', 'loadmat', 'savemat']
@docfiller
def find_mat_file(file_name, appendmat=True):
''' Try to find .mat file on system path
Parameters
----------
file_name : string
file name for mat file
%(append_arg)s
Returns
-------
full_name : string
possibly modified name after path search
'''
warnings.warn('Searching for mat files on python system path will be ' +
'removed in next version of scipy',
DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2)
if appendmat and file_name.endswith(".mat"):
file_name = file_name[:-4]
if os.sep in file_name:
full_name = file_name
if appendmat:
full_name = file_name + ".mat"
else:
full_name = None
junk, file_name = os.path.split(file_name)
for path in [os.curdir] + list(sys.path):
test_name = os.path.join(path, file_name)
if appendmat:
test_name += ".mat"
try:
fid = open(test_name,'rb')
fid.close()
full_name = test_name
break
except IOError:
pass
return full_name
def _open_file(file_like, appendmat):
''' Open `file_like` and return as file-like object '''
if isinstance(file_like, basestring):
try:
return open(file_like, 'rb')
except IOError:
pass
if appendmat and not file_like.endswith('.mat'):
try:
return open(file_like + '.mat', 'rb')
except IOError:
pass
# search the python path - we'll remove this soon
full_name = find_mat_file(file_like, appendmat)
if full_name is None:
raise IOError("%s not found on the path."
% file_like)
return open(full_name, 'rb')
# not a string - maybe file-like object
try:
file_like.read(0)
except AttributeError:
raise IOError('Reader needs file name or open file-like object')
return file_like
@docfiller
def mat_reader_factory(file_name, appendmat=True, **kwargs):
"""Create reader for matlab .mat format files
Parameters
----------
%(file_arg)s
%(append_arg)s
%(load_args)s
%(struct_arg)s
Returns
-------
matreader : MatFileReader object
Initialized instance of MatFileReader class matching the mat file
type detected in `filename`.
"""
byte_stream = _open_file(file_name, appendmat)
mjv, mnv = get_matfile_version(byte_stream)
if mjv == 0:
return MatFile4Reader(byte_stream, **kwargs)
elif mjv == 1:
return MatFile5Reader(byte_stream, **kwargs)
elif mjv == 2:
raise NotImplementedError('Please use HDF reader for matlab v7.3 files')
else:
raise TypeError('Did not recognize version %s' % mjv)
@docfiller
def loadmat(file_name, mdict=None, appendmat=True, **kwargs):
''' Load Matlab(tm) file
Parameters
----------
%(file_arg)s
m_dict : dict, optional
dictionary in which to insert matfile variables
%(append_arg)s
%(load_args)s
%(struct_arg)s
Returns
-------
mat_dict : dict
dictionary with variable names as keys, and loaded matrices as
values
Notes
-----
v4 (Level 1.0), v6 and v7 to 7.2 matfiles are supported.
You will need an HDF5 python library to read matlab 7.3 format mat
files. Because scipy does not supply one, we do not implement the
HDF5 / 7.3 interface here.
'''
MR = mat_reader_factory(file_name, appendmat, **kwargs)
matfile_dict = MR.get_variables()
if mdict is not None:
mdict.update(matfile_dict)
else:
mdict = matfile_dict
return mdict
@docfiller
def savemat(file_name, mdict,
appendmat=True,
format='5',
long_field_names=False,
do_compression=False,
oned_as=None):
"""Save a dictionary of names and arrays into the MATLAB-style .mat file.
This saves the arrayobjects in the given dictionary to a matlab
style .mat file.
Parameters
----------
file_name : {string, file-like object}
Name of the mat file (do not need .mat extension if
appendmat==True) Can also pass open file-like object
m_dict : dict
dictionary from which to save matfile variables
%(append_arg)s
format : {'5', '4'} string, optional
'5' for matlab 5 (up to matlab 7.2)
'4' for matlab 4 mat files
%(long_fields)s
%(do_compression)s
%(oned_as)s
"""
file_is_string = isinstance(file_name, basestring)
if file_is_string:
if appendmat and file_name[-4:] != ".mat":
file_name = file_name + ".mat"
file_stream = open(file_name, 'wb')
else:
try:
file_name.write('')
except AttributeError:
raise IOError, 'Writer needs file name or writeable '\
'file-like object'
file_stream = file_name
if format == '4':
if long_field_names:
raise ValueError("Long field names are not available for version 4 files")
MW = MatFile4Writer(file_stream, oned_as)
elif format == '5':
MW = MatFile5Writer(file_stream,
do_compression=do_compression,
unicode_strings=True,
long_field_names=long_field_names,
oned_as=oned_as)
else:
raise ValueError("Format should be '4' or '5'")
MW.put_variables(mdict)
if file_is_string:
file_stream.close()
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