6809 CPU + UART + Timer + I/O Ports coded in VHDL and implemented for the Lattice iCE40-hx8k dev board
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bitmaps/monitor
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README.md

README.md

Summary

This project is an SOC (System on a Chip) coded in VHDL and implemented for the Lattice iCE40-hx8k dev board. The SOC contains the following components: 6809 CPU + UART + Timer + I/O Ports

Required Hardware

  • Lattice iCE40-hx8k dev board (can be ordered online at www.latticesemi.com)
  • USB-to-Serial 3.3V adapter (can be ordered from eBay)
  • misc USB cables and wires for connecting the USB-to-Serial adapter

NOTE: Make sure the USB-to-serial adapter is a 3.3V version. Some adapters have 5V interface signals which could damage your iCE40-hx8k dev board.

Tools

  • IceCube2 (from Lattice Semiconductor) was used for synthesis and FPGA Routing.
  • Icestorm (https:/github.com/cliffordwolf/icestorm) was used for programming.

Build Flow

I used the Lattice IceCube2 software to generate the SOC_bitmap.bin programming file and then I used this command line "iceprog SOC_bitmap.bin" the program the iCE40-hx8k dev board over the USB cable (iceprog is part of the icestorm tool suite).

Console Interface

I used the minicom program (on Ubuntu Linux) as a console to communicate with the 6809 SOC over the USB-to-Serial connection. Configure minicom using the command line "minicom -s" to configure the serial port for ttyUSB0 and turn of the hardware handshaking. There are probably other alternatives to minicom. Any ANSI terminal-emulator program should work for this application.

Pinout

The iCE40 pins are defined as follows:

UART_RXD   G1 -pullup yes
UART_TXD   G2
PORTA[0]   B5
PORTA[1]   B4
PORTA[2]   A2
PORTA[3]   A1
PORTA[4]   C5
PORTA[5]   C4
PORTA[6]   B3
PORTA[7]   C3
RESET      N3 -pullup yes
CLK        J3 -pullup yes

6809 CPU Background Info

The 6809 is an eight-bit microprocessor introduced by Motorola in 1978. It can trace its lineage back to the earlier 6800 microprocessor. The 6800 has 78 instructions and the 6809 has only 59, but the 6809 instructions are more general and can be combined with more addressing modes. The 6809 has two 8-bit accumulators (A&B) that can be combined into a single 16-bit register (D). It also features two 16-bit index registers and two 16-bit stack pointers (for separate user and system stacks), which allow for some very advanced addressing modes. Other features include one of the first multiplication instructions in a microprocessor, 16-bit arithmetic and a special fast interrupt.

Contributors

  • Scott L Baker - SOC design

License

See the LICENSE file in this repository