Permalink
Find file
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
97 lines (86 sloc) 2.98 KB
DOUBLE PRECISION FUNCTION sla_DT (EPOCH)
*+
* - - -
* D T
* - - -
*
* Estimate the offset between dynamical time and Universal Time
* for a given historical epoch.
*
* Given:
* EPOCH d (Julian) epoch (e.g. 1850D0)
*
* The result is a rough estimate of ET-UT (after 1984, TT-UT) at
* the given epoch, in seconds.
*
* Notes:
*
* 1 Depending on the epoch, one of three parabolic approximations
* is used:
*
* before 979 Stephenson & Morrison's 390 BC to AD 948 model
* 979 to 1708 Stephenson & Morrison's 948 to 1600 model
* after 1708 McCarthy & Babcock's post-1650 model
*
* The breakpoints are chosen to ensure continuity: they occur
* at places where the adjacent models give the same answer as
* each other.
*
* 2 The accuracy is modest, with errors of up to 20 sec during
* the interval since 1650, rising to perhaps 30 min by 1000 BC.
* Comparatively accurate values from AD 1600 are tabulated in
* the Astronomical Almanac (see section K8 of the 1995 AA).
*
* 3 The use of double-precision for both argument and result is
* purely for compatibility with other SLALIB time routines.
*
* 4 The models used are based on a lunar tidal acceleration value
* of -26.00 arcsec per century.
*
* Reference: Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac,
* ed P.K.Seidelmann, University Science Books (1992),
* section 2.553, p83. This contains references to
* the Stephenson & Morrison and McCarthy & Babcock
* papers.
*
* P.T.Wallace Starlink 1 March 1995
*
* Copyright (C) 1995 Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
*
* License:
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program (see SLA_CONDITIONS); if not, write to the
* Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330,
* Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*
*-
IMPLICIT NONE
DOUBLE PRECISION EPOCH
DOUBLE PRECISION T,W,S
* Centuries since 1800
T=(EPOCH-1800D0)/100D0
* Select model
IF (EPOCH.GE.1708.185161980887D0) THEN
* Post-1708: use McCarthy & Babcock
W=T-0.19D0
S=5.156D0+13.3066D0*W*W
ELSE IF (EPOCH.GE.979.0258204760233D0) THEN
* 979-1708: use Stephenson & Morrison's 948-1600 model
S=25.5D0*T*T
ELSE
* Pre-979: use Stephenson & Morrison's 390 BC to AD 948 model
S=1360.0D0+(320D0+44.3D0*T)*T
END IF
* Result
sla_DT=S
END