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Write C# apps with a text editor, nuget and the power of Roslyn!

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README.md

scriptcs Chocolatey Version Chocolatey Downloads *nix Build Status Windows Build Status

What is it?

scriptcs makes it easy to write and execute C# with a simple text editor.

While Visual Studio, and other IDEs, are powerful tools, they can sometimes hinder productivity more than they promote it. You don’t always need, or want, the overhead of a creating a new solution or project. Sometimes you want to just type away in your favorite text editor.

scriptcs frees you from Visual Studio, without sacrificing the advantages of a strongly-typed language.

  • Write C# in your favorite text editor.
  • Use NuGet to manage your dependencies.
  • The relaxed C# scripting syntax means you can write and execute an application with only one line of code.
  • Script Packs allow you to bootstrap the environment for new scripts, further reduces the amount of code necessary to take advantage of your favorite C# frameworks.

Getting scriptcs

Releases and nightly builds should be installed using Chocolatey. To install Chocolatey, execute the following command in your command prompt:

@powershell -NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Command "iex ((New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))" && SET PATH=%PATH%;%systemdrive%\chocolatey\bin

Installing scriptcs

Once Chocolatey has been installed, you can install the latest stable version of scriptcs from your command prompt:

cinst scriptcs

Chocolatey will install scriptcs to %LOCALAPPDATA%\scriptcs\ and update your PATH accordingly.

Note: You may need to restart your command prompt after the installation completes.

Staying up-to-date

With Chocolatey, keeping scriptcs updated is just as easy:

cup scriptcs

Nightly builds

Nightly builds are hosted on MyGet, and can also be installed through with Chocolatey:

cinst scriptcs -pre -source https://www.myget.org/F/scriptcsnightly/ 

Building from source

Windows

  1. Ensure you have .NET Framework 4.5 installed.

  2. Execute the build script.

    build.cmd

Linux

  1. Ensure you have Mono development tools 3.0 or later installed.

    sudo apt-get install mono-devel

  2. Ensure your mono instance has root SSL certificates

    mozroots --import --sync

  3. Execute the build script

    ./build.sh

Getting Started

Using the REPL

The scriptcs REPL can be started by running scriptcs without any parameters. The REPL allows you to execute C# statements directly from your command prompt.

C:\> scriptcs
scriptcs (ctrl-c or blank to exit)

> var message = "Hello, world!";
> Console.WriteLine(message);
Hello, world!
> 

C:\>

REPL supports all C# language constructs (i.e. class defnition, method definition), as well as multi-line input. For example:

C:\> scriptcs
scriptcs (ctrl-c or blank to exit)

> public class Test {
    public string Name { get; set; }
  }
> var x = new Test { Name = "Hello" };
> x
{Name: "Hello"}

C:\>

Writing a script

  • In an empty directory, create a new file named app.csx:
using Raven.Client;
using Raven.Client.Embedded;
using Raven.Client.Indexes;

Console.WriteLine("Starting RavenDB server...");

EmbeddableDocumentStore documentStore = null;
try
{
    documentStore = new EmbeddableDocumentStore { UseEmbeddedHttpServer = true };
    documentStore.Initialize();

    var url = string.Format("http://localhost:{0}", documentStore.Configuration.Port);
    Console.WriteLine("RavenDB started, listening on {0}.", url);

    Console.ReadKey();
}
finally
{
    if (documentStore != null)
        documentStore.Dispose();
}
scriptcs -install RavenDB.Embedded
  • Execute your script. Note that listening on a port requires that the command prompt be launched using the Run as Administrator option.
> scriptcs app.csx
INFO : Starting to create execution components
INFO : Starting execution
Starting RavenDB server...
.. snip ..
RavenDB started, listening on http://localhost:8080.
  • Navigating to the URL that Raven is listening on will now bring up the RavenDB management studio.

Bootstrap scripts with Script Packs

Script Packs can be used to further reduce the amount of code you need to write when working with common frameworks.

  • In an empty directory, install the ScriptCs.WebApi script pack from NuGet. The script pack will automatically imports the Web API namespaces and provides a convenient factory method for initializing the Web API host. It also replaces the default ControllerResolver with a custom implementation that allows Web API to discover controllers declared in scripts.
scriptcs -install ScriptCs.WebApi
  • Script packs can be imported into a script by calling Require<TScriptPack>(). Create a file named server.csx that contains the following code:
public class TestController : ApiController {
    public string Get() {
        return "Hello world!";
    }
}

var webApi = Require<WebApi>();
var server = webApi.CreateServer("http://localhost:8888");
server.OpenAsync().Wait();

Console.WriteLine("Listening...");
Console.ReadKey();
server.CloseAsync().Wait();
  • In a command prompt running as administrator, execute the server.csx file.
scriptcs server.csx 
  • Browse to http://localhost:8888/test/ to see the result of the TestController.Get method.
<string xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/2003/10/Serialization/">Hello world!</string>

Referencing scripts

  • Move the TestController class from the previous example into a new file named controller.csx with the following content.

  • On the first line of server.csx, reference controller.csx using the #load directive. Note: #load directives must be placed at the top of a script, otherwise they will be ignored.

#load "controller.csx"
  • In a command prompt running as administrator, execute the server.csx file.
scriptcs server.csx 
  • Browse to http://localhost:8888/test/ to see the result of the TestController.Get method.
<string xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/2003/10/Serialization/">Hello world!</string>

Referencing assemblies

You can reference additional assemblies from the GAC or from the bin folder in your script's directory using the #r directive:

#r "nunit.core.dll"
#r "nunit.core.interfaces.dll"

var path = "UnitTests.dll";
var runner = TestSetup.GetRunner(new[] {path});
var result = runner.Run(new ConsoleListener(msg => Console.WriteLine(msg)), TestFilter.Empty, true,     LoggingThreshold.All);

Console.ReadKey();

Debugging

Instructions for debugging scripts using Visual Studio can be found on the wiki.

Package installation

You can install any NuGet packages directly from the scriptcs CLI. This will pull the relevant packages from NuGet, and install them in the packages folder.

Once the packages are installed, you can simply start using them in your script code directly (just import the namespaces - no additional bootstraping or DLL referencing is needed).

The install command will also create a packages.config file if you don't have one - so that you can easily redistribute your script (without having to copy the package binaries).

  • scriptcs -install {package name} will install the desired package from NuGet.

    For example:

    scriptcs -install ServiceStack
    
  • scriptcs -install (without package name) will look for the packages.config file located in the current execution directory, and install all the packages specified there. You only need to specify top level packages.

For example, you might create the following packages.config:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
    <package id="Nancy.Hosting.Self" version="0.16.1" targetFramework="net40" />
    <package id="Nancy.Bootstrappers.Autofac" version="0.16.1" targetFramework="net40" />
    <package id="Autofac" version="2.6.3.862" targetFramework="net40" />
</packages>

And then just call:

scriptcs -install

As a result, all packages specified in the packages.config, including all dependencies, will be downloaded and installed in the packages folder.

Contributing

Samples and Documentation

Additional samples can be contributed to our samples repository. Documentation can be found on our wiki.

Community

Want to chat? In addition to Twitter, you can find us on Google Groups and JabbR!

Coordinators

Core Committers

Credits

  • Check out the list of developers responsible for getting scriptcs to where it is today!
  • Special thanks to Filip Wojcieszyn for being the inspiration behind this with his Roslyn Web API posts.
  • Thanks to the Roslyn team who helped point me in the right direction.

License

Apache 2 License

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