Generate new projects based on Boot Templates and/or Leiningen Templates!
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README.md

clj-new

Generate new projects from Leiningen or Boot templates, or clj-template projects, using just the clj command-line installation of Clojure!

Getting Started

You can use this from the command line...

clj -Sdeps '{:deps
              {seancorfield/clj-new
                {:git/url "https://github.com/seancorfield/clj-new"
                 :sha "21ca1b27f46dc324be084ba839beca555aeda387"}}}' \
  -m clj-new.create \
  app \
  myname/myapp

...but you'll probably want to add clj-new as an alias in your ~/.clojure/deps.edn like this:

{:aliases
 {:new {:extra-deps {seancorfield/clj-new
                     {:git/url "https://github.com/seancorfield/clj-new"
                      :sha "21ca1b27f46dc324be084ba839beca555aeda387"}}
        :main-opts ["-m" "clj-new.create"]}}
 ...}

Create a basic application:

clj -A:new app myname/myapp
cd myapp
clj -m myname.myapp

Run the tests:

clj -A:test:runner

Built-in templates are:

  • app -- A minimal Hello World! application with deps.edn. Can run it via clj -m and can test it with clj -A:test:runner.
  • lib -- A minimal library with deps.edn. Can test it with clj -A:test:runner.
  • template -- A minimal clj-new template. Can test it with clj -A:test:runner. Can produce a new template with clj -m clj-new.create mytemplate myname/mynewapp (where mytemplate is the appropriate part of whatever project name you used when you asked clj-new to create the template project).

The project name should be a qualified Clojure symbol, where the first part is typically your GitHub account name or your organization's domain reversed, e.g., com.acme, and the second part is the "local" name for your project (and is used as the name of the folder in which the project is created), e.g., com.acme/my-cool-project. An alternative is to use a multi-segment project name, such as foo.bar (the folder created will be called foo.bar and will contain src/foo/bar.clj).

General Usage

The general form of the command is:

clj -A:new template-name project-name arg1 arg2 arg3 ...

If template-name is not one of the built-in ones (or is not already on the classpath), this will look for template-name/clj-template (on Clojars and Maven Central). If it doesn't find a clj template, it will look for template-name/boot-template instead. If it doesn't find a Boot template, it will look for template-name/lein-template instead. clj-new should be able to run any existing Leiningen or Boot templates (if you find one that doesn't work, please tell me about it!). clj-new will then generate a new project folder based on the project-name containing files generated from the specified template-name.

Alternatively, template-name can be a :git/url and :sha like this:

clj -A:new https://github.com/somename/someapp@c1fc0cdf5a21565676003dbc597e380467394a89 project-name arg1 arg2 arg3 ...

In this case, clj.new.someapp must exist in the template and clj.new.someapp/someapp will be invoked to generate the template.

Or, template-name can be a :local/root and template name like this:

clj -A:new /path/to/clj-template::new-app project-name arg1 arg2 arg3 ...

In this case, clj.new.new-app must exist in the template and clj.new.new-app/new-app will be invoked to generate the template.

If the folder for project-name already exists, clj-new will not overwrite it (an option to force overwriting may be added).

Any arguments after the project-name are parsed using tools.cli for flags, and any non-flag arguments are passed directly to the template (arg1, arg2, arg3, ... above).

Flag arguments for clj-new.create are:

  • -f or --force -- will force overwrite the target directory if it exists
  • -h or --help -- will provide a summary of these options as help
  • -o or --output, followed by a directory path -- specify the project directory to create (the default is to use the project name as the directory)
  • -S or --snapshot -- look for -SNAPSHOT version of the template (not just a release version)
  • -v or --verbose -- enable debugging -- be verbose!
  • -V or --version, followed by a version -- use this specific version of the template

Note: not all Leiningen or Boot templates accept a qualified project-name so you may have to use a multi-segment name instead, e.g., project.name.

clj Templates

clj templates are very similar to Leiningen and Boot templates but have an artifact name based on clj-template instead of lein-template or boot-template and use clj instead of leiningen or boot in all the namespace names. In particular the clj.new.templates namespace provides functions such as renderer and ->files that are the equivalent of the ones found in leiningen.new.templates when writing a Leiningen Template (or boot.new.templates when writing a Boot Template). The built-in templates are clj templates, that produce clj projects with deps.edn files.

Arguments

Previous sections have revealed that it is possible to pass arguments to templates. For example:

# Inside custom-template folder, relying on that template's clj-new dependency.
clj -m clj-new.create custom-template project-name arg1 arg2 arg3

These arguments are accessible in the custom-template function as a second argument.

(defn custom-template
  [name & args]
  (println name " has the following arguments: " args))

clj Generators

Whereas clj templates will generate an entire new project in a new directory, clj generators are intended to add / modify code in an existing project. clj -m clj-new.generate will run a generator with an argument for the type or type=name options. The type specifies the type of generator to use. The name is the main argument that is passed to the generator.

A clj generator can be part of a project or a template. A generator foo, has a clj.generate.foo/generate function that accepts at least two arguments, prefix and the name specified as the main argument. prefix specifies the directory in which to perform the code generation and defaults to src (it cannot currently be overridden). In addition, any additional arguments are passed as additional arguments to the generator.

There are currently a few built-in generators:

  • file
  • ns
  • def
  • defn
  • edn

The file generator creates files relative to the prefix. It optionally accepts a body, and file extension. Those default to nil and "clj" respectively.

clj -m clj-new.generate file=foo.bar "(ns foo.bar)" "clj"

The ns generator creates a clojure namespace by using the file generator and providing a few defaults.

clj -m clj-new.generate ns=foo.bar

This will generate src/foo/bar.clj containing (ns foo.bar) (and a placeholder docstring). It will not replace an existing file.

clj -m clj-new.generate defn=foo.bar/my-func

If src/foo/bar.clj does not exist, it will be generated as a namespace first (using the ns generator above), then a definition for my-func will be appended to that file (with a placeholder docstring and a dummy argument vector of [args]). The generator does not check whether that defn already exists so it always appends a new defn.

Both the def and defn generators create files using the ns generator above.

The edn generator uses the file generator internally, with a default extension of "edn".

clj -m clj-new.generate edn=foo.bar "(ns foo.bar)"

Any arguments after type=name are parsed using tools.cli for flags, and any non-flag arguments are passed directly to the generator.

Flag arguments for clj-new.generate are:

  • -f or --force -- will force overwrite the target directory/file if it exists
  • -h or --help -- will provide a summary of these options as help
  • -p or --prefix, followed by a directory path -- specify the project directory in which to run the generator (the default is src but -p . will allow a generator to modify files in the root of your project)
  • -S or --snapshot -- look for -SNAPSHOT version of the template (not just a release version)
  • -t or --template, followed by a template name -- load this template (using the same rules as for clj-new.create above) and then run the specified generator
  • -V or --version, followed by a version -- use this specific version of the template

Roadmap

  • Improve the built-in template template so that it can be used to seed a new clj project.

License

Copyright © 2016-2018 Sean Corfield and the Leiningen Team for much of the code -- thank you!

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License version 1.0.