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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Project : Cuisine - Functions to write Fabric recipes
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Author : Sebastien Pierre <sebastien@ffctn.com>
# Author : Thierry Stiegler (gentoo port) <thierry.stiegler@gmail.com>
# Author : Jim McCoy (distro checks and rpm port) <jim.mccoy@gmail.com>
# License : Revised BSD License
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Creation : 26-Apr-2010
# Last mod : 22-Aug-2012
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
"""
`cuisine` makes it easy to write automatic server installation
and configuration recipes by wrapping common administrative tasks
(installing packages, creating users and groups) in Python
functions.
`cuisine` is designed to work with Fabric and provide all you
need for getting your new server up and running in minutes.
Note, that right now, Cuisine only supports Debian-based Linux
systems.
See also:
- Deploying Django with Fabric
<http://lethain.com/entry/2008/nov/04/deploying-django-with-fabric>
- Notes on Python Fabric 0.9b1
<http://www.saltycrane.com/blog/2009/10/notes-python-fabric-09b1>`_
- EC2, fabric, and "err: stdin: is not a tty"
<http://blog.markfeeney.com/2009/12/ec2-fabric-and-err-stdin-is-not-tty.html>`_
:copyright: (c) 2011,2012 by Sébastien Pierre.
:license: BSD, see LICENSE for more details.
"""
from __future__ import with_statement
import base64, bz2, hashlib, os, random, sys, re, string, tempfile, subprocess, types, functools, StringIO
import fabric, fabric.api, fabric.operations, fabric.context_managers
VERSION = "0.3.2"
RE_SPACES = re.compile("[\s\t]+")
MAC_EOL = "\n"
UNIX_EOL = "\n"
WINDOWS_EOL = "\r\n"
MODE_LOCAL = "CUISINE_MODE_LOCAL"
MODE_SUDO = "CUISINE_MODE_SUDO"
SUDO_PASSWORD = "CUISINE_SUDO_PASSWORD"
OPTION_PACKAGE = "CUISINE_OPTION_PACKAGE"
OPTION_PYTHON_PACKAGE = "CUISINE_OPTION_PYTHON_PACKAGE"
AVAILABLE_OPTIONS = dict(
package=["apt", "yum"],
python_package=["easy_install","pip"]
)
DEFAULT_OPTIONS = dict(
package="apt",
python_package="pip"
)
def sudo_password(password=None):
"""Sets the password for the sudo command."""
if password is None:
return fabric.api.env.get(SUDO_PASSWORD)
else:
if not password:
del fabric.api.env[SUDO_PASSWORD]
else:
fabric.api.env[SUDO_PASSWORD] = password
class __mode_switcher(object):
"""A class that can be used to switch Cuisine's run modes by
instanciating the class or using it as a context manager"""
MODE_VALUE = True
MODE_KEY = None
def __init__( self ):
self.oldMode = fabric.api.env.get(self.MODE_KEY)
fabric.api.env[self.MODE_KEY] = self.MODE_VALUE
def __enter__(self):
pass
def __exit__(self, *args, **kwargs):
if self.oldMode is None:
del fabric.api.env[self.MODE_KEY]
else:
fabric.api.env[self.MODE_KEY] = self.oldMode
class mode_local(__mode_switcher):
"""Sets Cuisine into local mode, where run/sudo won't go through
Fabric's API, but directly through a popen. This allows you to
easily test your Cuisine scripts without using Fabric."""
MODE_KEY = MODE_LOCAL
MODE_VALUE = True
class mode_remote(__mode_switcher):
"""Comes back to Fabric's API for run/sudo. This basically reverts
the effect of calling `mode_local()`."""
MODE_KEY = MODE_LOCAL
MODE_VALUE = False
class mode_user(__mode_switcher):
"""Cuisine functions will be executed as the current user."""
MODE_KEY = MODE_SUDO
MODE_VALUE = False
class mode_sudo(__mode_switcher):
"""Cuisine functions will be executed with sudo."""
MODE_KEY = MODE_SUDO
MODE_VALUE = True
def mode(key):
"""Queries the given Cuisine mode (ie. MODE_LOCAL, MODE_SUDO)"""
return fabric.api.env.get(key)
def is_local(): return mode(MODE_LOCAL)
def is_remote(): return not mode(MODE_LOCAL)
def is_sudo(): return mode(MODE_SUDO)
# =============================================================================
#
# OPTIONS
#
# =============================================================================
def select_package( option=None ):
"""Selects the type of package subsystem to use (ex:apt or yum)."""
supported = AVAILABLE_OPTIONS["package"]
if not (option is None):
assert option in supported, "Option must be one of: %s" % (supported)
fabric.api.env[OPTION_PACKAGE] = option
return (fabric.api.env[OPTION_PACKAGE], supported)
def select_python_package( option=None ):
supported = AVAILABLE_OPTIONS["python_package"]
if not (option is None):
assert option in supported, "Option must be one of: %s" % (supported)
fabric.api.env[OPTION_PYTHON_PACKAGE] = option
return (fabric.api.env[OPTION_PYTHON_PACKAGE], supported)
# =============================================================================
#
# RUN/SUDO METHODS
#
# =============================================================================
def run_local(command, sudo=False, shell=True, pty=True, combine_stderr=None):
"""
Local implementation of fabric.api.run() using subprocess.
Note: pty option exists for function signature compatibility and is
ignored.
"""
if combine_stderr is None: combine_stderr = fabric.api.env.combine_stderr
# TODO: Pass the SUDO_PASSWORD variable to the command here
if sudo: command = "sudo " + command
stderr = subprocess.STDOUT if combine_stderr else subprocess.PIPE
process = subprocess.Popen(command, shell=shell, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=stderr)
out, err = process.communicate()
# FIXME: Should stream the output, and only print it if fabric's properties allow it
# print out
# Wrap stdout string and add extra status attributes
result = fabric.operations._AttributeString(out.rstrip('\n'))
result.return_code = process.returncode
result.succeeded = process.returncode == 0
result.failed = not result.succeeded
result.stderr = StringIO.StringIO(err)
return result
def run(*args, **kwargs):
"""A wrapper to Fabric's run/sudo commands that takes into account
the `MODE_LOCAL` and `MODE_SUDO` modes of Cuisine."""
if is_local():
if is_sudo():
kwargs.setdefault("sudo", True)
return run_local(*args, **kwargs)
else:
if is_sudo():
return fabric.api.sudo(*args, **kwargs)
else:
return fabric.api.run(*args, **kwargs)
def sudo(*args, **kwargs):
"""A wrapper to Fabric's run/sudo commands, using the
'cuisine.MODE_SUDO' global to tell whether the command should be run as
regular user or sudo."""
with mode_sudo():
return run(*args, **kwargs)
# =============================================================================
#
# DECORATORS
#
# =============================================================================
def dispatch(prefix=None):
"""Dispatches the current function to specific implementation. The `prefix`
parameter indicates the common option prefix, and the `option_select()`
function will determine the function suffix.
For instance the package functions are defined like that:
{{{
@dispatch("package")
def package_ensure(...):
...
def package_ensure_apt(...):
...
def package_ensure_yum(...):
...
}}}
and then when a user does
{{{
cuisine.option_select("package", "yum")
cuisine.package_ensure(...)
}}}
then the `dispatch` function will dispatch `package_ensure` to
`package_ensure_yum`.
If your prefix is the first word of the function name before the
first `_` then you can simply use `@dispatch` without parameters.
"""
def dispatch_wrapper(function, prefix=prefix):
def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
function_name = function.__name__
_prefix = prefix or function_name.split("_")[0].replace(".","_")
select = fabric.api.env.get("CUISINE_OPTION_" + _prefix.upper())
assert select, "No option defined for: %s, call select_%s(<YOUR OPTION>) to set it" % (_prefix.upper(), prefix.lower().replace(".","_"))
function_name = function.__name__ + "_" + select
specific = eval(function_name)
if specific:
if type(specific) == types.FunctionType:
return specific(*args, **kwargs)
else:
raise Exception("Function expected for: " + function_name)
else:
raise Exception("Function variant not defined: " + function_name)
# We copy name and docstring
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, function)
return wrapper
if type(prefix) == types.FunctionType:
return dispatch_wrapper(prefix, None)
else:
return dispatch_wrapper
# =============================================================================
#
# TEXT PROCESSING
#
# =============================================================================
def text_detect_eol(text):
# FIXME: Should look at the first line
if text.find("\r\n") != -1:
return WINDOWS_EOL
elif text.find("\n") != -1:
return UNIX_EOL
elif text.find("\r") != -1:
return MAC_EOL
else:
return "\n"
def text_get_line(text, predicate):
"""Returns the first line that matches the given predicate."""
for line in text.split("\n"):
if predicate(line):
return line
return ""
def text_normalize(text):
"""Converts tabs and spaces to single space and strips the text."""
return RE_SPACES.sub(" ", text).strip()
def text_nospace(text):
"""Converts tabs and spaces to single space and strips the text."""
return RE_SPACES.sub("", text).strip()
def text_replace_line(text, old, new, find=lambda old, new: old == new, process=lambda _: _):
"""Replaces lines equal to 'old' with 'new', returning the new
text and the count of replacements."""
res = []
replaced = 0
eol = text_detect_eol(text)
for line in text.split(eol):
if find(process(line), process(old)):
res.append(new)
replaced += 1
else:
res.append(line)
return eol.join(res), replaced
def text_ensure_line(text, *lines):
"""Ensures that the given lines are present in the given text,
otherwise appends the lines that are not already in the text at
the end of it."""
eol = text_detect_eol(text)
res = list(text.split(eol))
if res[0] is '' and len(res) is 1:
res = list()
for line in lines:
assert line.find(eol) == -1, "No EOL allowed in lines parameter: " + repr(line)
found = False
for l in res:
if l == line:
found = True
break
if not found:
res.append(line)
return eol.join(res)
def text_strip_margin(text, margin="|"):
res = []
eol = text_detect_eol(text)
for line in text.split(eol):
l = line.split(margin, 1)
if len(l) == 2:
_, line = l
res.append(line)
return eol.join(res)
def text_template(text, variables):
"""Substitutes '${PLACEHOLDER}'s within the text with the
corresponding values from variables."""
template = string.Template(text)
return template.safe_substitute(variables)
# =============================================================================
#
# FILE OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
def file_local_read(location):
"""Reads a *local* file from the given location, expanding '~' and
shell variables."""
p = os.path.expandvars(os.path.expanduser(location))
f = file(p, 'rb')
t = f.read()
f.close()
return t
def file_read(location):
"""Reads the *remote* file at the given location."""
# NOTE: We use base64 here to be sure to preserve the encoding (UNIX/DOC/MAC) of EOLs
return base64.b64decode(run('cat "%s" | base64' % (location)))
def file_exists(location):
"""Tests if there is a *remote* file at the given location."""
return run('test -e "%s" && echo OK ; true' % (location)).endswith("OK")
def file_is_file(location):
return run("test -f '%s' && echo OK ; true" % (location)).endswith("OK")
def file_is_dir(location):
return run("test -d '%s' && echo OK ; true" % (location)).endswith("OK")
def file_is_link(location):
return run("test -L '%s' && echo OK ; true" % (location)).endswith("OK")
def file_attribs(location, mode=None, owner=None, group=None, recursive=False):
"""Updates the mode/owner/group for the remote file at the given
location."""
recursive = recursive and "-R " or ""
if mode:
run('chmod %s %s "%s"' % (recursive, mode, location))
if owner:
run('chown %s %s "%s"' % (recursive, owner, location))
if group:
run('chgrp %s %s "%s"' % (recursive, group, location))
def file_attribs_get(location):
"""Return mode, owner, and group for remote path.
Return mode, owner, and group if remote path exists, 'None'
otherwise.
"""
if file_exists(location):
fs_check = run('stat %s %s' % (location, '--format="%a %U %G"'))
(mode, owner, group) = fs_check.split(' ')
return {'mode': mode, 'owner': owner, 'group': group}
else:
return None
def file_write(location, content, mode=None, owner=None, group=None, sudo=None, check=True):
"""Writes the given content to the file at the given remote
location, optionally setting mode/owner/group."""
# FIXME: Big files are never transferred properly!
# Gets the content signature and write it to a secure tempfile
use_sudo = is_sudo() or sudo
sig = hashlib.sha256(content).hexdigest()
fd, local_path = tempfile.mkstemp()
os.write(fd, content)
# Upload the content if necessary
if not file_exists(location) or sig != file_sha256(location):
if is_local():
run('cp "%s" "%s"'%(local_path,location))
else:
fabric.operations.put(local_path, location, use_sudo=use_sudo)
# Remove the local temp file
os.close(fd)
os.unlink(local_path)
# Ensures that the signature matches
if check:
file_sig = file_sha256(location)
assert sig == file_sig, "File content does not matches file: %s, got %s, expects %s" % (location, repr(sig), repr(file_sig))
file_attribs(location, mode=mode, owner=owner, group=group)
def file_ensure(location, mode=None, owner=None, group=None, recursive=False):
"""Updates the mode/owner/group for the remote file at the given
location."""
if file_exists(location):
file_attribs(location,mode=mode,owner=owner,group=group)
else:
file_write(location,"",mode=mode,owner=owner,group=group)
def file_upload(remote, local, sudo=None):
"""Uploads the local file to the remote location only if the remote location does not
exists or the content are different."""
# FIXME: Big files are never transferred properly!
use_sudo = is_sudo() or sudo #XXX: this 'sudo' kw arg shadows the function named 'sudo'
f = file(local, 'rb')
content = f.read()
f.close()
sig = hashlib.sha256(content).hexdigest()
if not file_exists(remote) or sig != file_sha256(remote):
if is_local():
if use_sudo:
sudo('cp "%s" "%s"'%(local,remote))
else:
run('cp "%s" "%s"'%(local,remote))
else:
fabric.operations.put(local, remote, use_sudo=use_sudo)
def file_update(location, updater=lambda x: x):
"""Updates the content of the given by passing the existing
content of the remote file at the given location to the 'updater'
function.
For instance, if you'd like to convert an existing file to all
uppercase, simply do:
> file_update("/etc/myfile", lambda _:_.upper())
"""
assert file_exists(location), "File does not exists: " + location
new_content = updater(file_read(location))
# assert type(new_content) in (str, unicode, fabric.operations._AttributeString), "Updater must be like (string)->string, got: %s() = %s" % (updater, type(new_content))
run('echo "%s" | base64 -d > "%s"' % (base64.b64encode(new_content), location))
def file_append(location, content, mode=None, owner=None, group=None):
"""Appends the given content to the remote file at the given
location, optionally updating its mode/owner/group."""
run('echo "%s" | base64 -d >> "%s"' % (base64.b64encode(content), location))
file_attribs(location, mode, owner, group)
def file_unlink(path):
if file_exists(path):
run("unlink '%s'" % (path))
def file_link(source, destination, symbolic=True, mode=None, owner=None, group=None):
"""Creates a (symbolic) link between source and destination on the remote host,
optionally setting its mode/owner/group."""
if file_exists(destination) and (not file_is_link(destination)):
raise Exception("Destination already exists and is not a link: %s" % (destination))
if file_is_link(destination):
file_unlink(destination)
if symbolic:
run('ln -sf "%s" "%s"' % (source, destination))
else:
run('ln -f "%s" "%s"' % (source, destination))
file_attribs(destination, mode, owner, group)
def file_sha256(location):
"""Returns the SHA-256 sum (as a hex string) for the remote file at the given location."""
# NOTE: In some cases, sudo can output errors in here -- but the errors will
# appear before the result, so we simply split and get the last line to
# be on the safe side.
sig = run('sha256sum "%s" | cut -d" " -f1' % (location)).split("\n")
return sig[-1].strip()
# =============================================================================
#
# DIRECTORY OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
def dir_attribs(location, mode=None, owner=None, group=None, recursive=False):
"""Updates the mode/owner/group for the given remote directory."""
file_attribs(location, mode, owner, group, recursive)
def dir_exists(location):
"""Tells if there is a remote directory at the given location."""
return run('test -d "%s" && echo OK ; true' % (location)).endswith("OK")
def dir_ensure(location, recursive=False, mode=None, owner=None, group=None):
"""Ensures that there is a remote directory at the given location,
optionally updating its mode/owner/group.
If we are not updating the owner/group then this can be done as a single
ssh call, so use that method, otherwise set owner/group after creation."""
if not dir_exists(location):
run('mkdir %s "%s" && echo OK ; true' % (recursive and "-p" or "", location))
if owner or group or mode:
dir_attribs(location, owner=owner, group=group, mode=mode)
# =============================================================================
#
# PACKAGE OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
@dispatch
def package_upgrade():
"""Updates every package present on the system."""
@dispatch
def package_update(package=None):
"""Updates the package database (when no argument) or update the package
or list of packages given as argument."""
@dispatch
def package_update(package=None):
"""Upgrade the system."""
@dispatch
def package_install(package, update=False):
"""Installs the given package/list of package, optionally updating
the package database."""
@dispatch
def package_ensure(package, update=False):
"""Tests if the given package is installed, and installs it in
case it's not already there. If `update` is true, then the
package will be updated if it already exists."""
@dispatch
def package_clean(package=None):
"""Clean the repository for un-needed files."""
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# APT PACKAGE (DEBIAN/UBUNTU)
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
def repository_ensure_apt(repository):
sudo("add-apt-repository " + repository)
def package_upgrade_apt():
sudo("apt-get --yes upgrade")
def package_update_apt(package=None):
if package == None:
sudo("apt-get --yes update")
else:
if type(package) in (list, tuple):
package = " ".join(package)
sudo("apt-get --yes upgrade " + package)
def package_upgrade_apt(package=None):
sudo("apt-get --yes upgrade")
def package_install_apt(package, update=False):
if update:
sudo("apt-get --yes update")
if type(package) in (list, tuple):
package = " ".join(package)
sudo("apt-get --yes install %s" % (package))
def package_ensure_apt(package, update=False):
status = run("dpkg-query -W -f='${Status}' %s ; true" % package)
if status.find("not-installed") != -1 or status.find("installed") == -1:
package_install(package, update)
return False
else:
if update: package_update(package)
return True
def package_clean_apt(package=None):
pass
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# YUM PACKAGE (RedHat, CentOS)
# added by Prune - 20120408 - v1.0
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
def repository_ensure_yum(repository):
raise Exception("Not implemented for Yum")
def package_upgrade_yum():
sudo("yum -y update")
def package_update_yum(package=None):
if package == None:
sudo("yum -y update")
else:
if type(package) in (list, tuple):
package = " ".join(package)
sudo("yum -y upgrade " + package)
def package_upgrade_yum(package=None):
sudo("yum -y upgrade")
def package_install_yum(package, update=False):
if update:
sudo("yum -y update")
if type(package) in (list, tuple):
package = " ".join(package)
sudo("yum -y install %s" % (package))
def package_ensure_yum(package, update=False):
status = run("yum list installed %s ; true" % package)
if status.find("No matching Packages") != -1 or status.find(package) == -1:
package_install(package, update)
return False
else:
if update: package_update(package)
return True
def package_clean_yum(package=None):
sudo("yum -y clean all")
# =============================================================================
#
# PYTHON PACKAGE OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
@dispatch('python_package')
def python_package_upgrade(package):
'''
Upgrades the defined python package.
'''
@dispatch('python_package')
def python_package_install(package=None):
'''
Installs the given python package/list of python packages.
'''
@dispatch('python_package')
def python_package_ensure(package):
'''
Tests if the given python package is installed, and installes it in
case it's not already there.
'''
@dispatch('python_package')
def python_package_remove(package):
'''
Removes the given python package.
'''
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# PIP PYTHON PACKAGE MANAGER
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
def python_package_upgrade_pip(package,E=None):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be upgraded.
The optional argument "E" is equivalent to the "-E" parameter of pip. E is the
path to a virtualenv. If provided, it will be added to the pip call.
'''
if E:
E='-E %s' %E
else:
E=''
run('pip upgrade %s %s' %(E,package))
def python_package_install_pip(package=None,r=None,pip=None):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be installed.
The argument "r" referes to the requirements file that will be used by pip and
is equivalent to the "-r" parameter of pip.
Either "package" or "r" needs to be provided
The optional argument "E" is equivalent to the "-E" parameter of pip. E is the
path to a virtualenv. If provided, it will be added to the pip call.
'''
pip=pip or fabric.api.env.env.get('pip','pip')
if package:
run('%s install %s' %(pip,package))
elif r:
run('%s install -r %s' %(pip,r))
else:
raise Exception("Either a package name or the requirements file has to be provided.")
def python_package_ensure_pip(package=None,r=None, pip=None):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be ensured.
The argument "r" referes to the requirements file that will be used by pip and
is equivalent to the "-r" parameter of pip.
Either "package" or "r" needs to be provided
The optional argument "E" is equivalent to the "-E" parameter of pip. E is the
path to a virtualenv. If provided, it will be added to the pip call.
'''
#FIXME: At the moment, I do not know how to check for the existence of a pip package and
# I am not sure if this really makes sense, based on the pip built in functionality.
# So I just call the install functions
pip=pip or fabric.api.env.env.get('pip','pip')
python_package_install_pip(package,r,pip)
def python_package_remove_pip(package, E=None):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be ensured.
The argument "r" referes to the requirements file that will be used by pip and
is equivalent to the "-r" parameter of pip.
Either "package" or "r" needs to be provided
The optional argument "E" is equivalent to the "-E" parameter of pip. E is the
path to a virtualenv. If provided, it will be added to the pip call.
'''
pip=pip or fabric.api.env.env.get('pip','pip')
return run('%s uninstall %s' %(pip,package))
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# EASY_INSTALL PYTHON PACKAGE MANAGER
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
def python_package_upgrade_easy_install(package):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be upgraded.
'''
run('easy_install --upgrade %s' %package)
def python_package_install_easy_install(package):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be installed.
'''
sudo('easy_install %s' %package)
def python_package_ensure_easy_install(package):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be ensured.
'''
#FIXME: At the moment, I do not know how to check for the existence of a py package and
# I am not sure if this really makes sense, based on the easy_install built in functionality.
# So I just call the install functions
python_package_install_easy_install(package)
def python_package_remove_easy_install(package):
'''
The "package" argument, defines the name of the package that will be removed.
'''
#FIXME: this will not remove egg file etc.
run('easy_install -m %s' %package)
# =============================================================================
#
# SHELL COMMANDS
#
# =============================================================================
def command_check(command):
"""Tests if the given command is available on the system."""
return run("which '%s' >& /dev/null && echo OK ; true" % command).endswith("OK")
def command_ensure(command, package=None):
"""Ensures that the given command is present, if not installs the
package with the given name, which is the same as the command by
default."""
if package is None:
package = command
if not command_check(command):
package_install(package)
assert command_check(command), \
"Command was not installed, check for errors: %s" % (command)
# =============================================================================
#
# USER OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
def user_passwd(name, passwd, encrypted_passwd=False):
"""Sets the given user password."""
encoded_password = base64.b64encode("%s:%s" % (name, passwd))
encryption = " -e" if encrypted_passwd else ""
sudo("echo %s | base64 --decode | chpasswd%s" % (encoded_password, encryption))
def user_create(name, passwd=None, home=None, uid=None, gid=None, shell=None,
uid_min=None, uid_max=None, encrypted_passwd=False):
"""Creates the user with the given name, optionally giving a
specific password/home/uid/gid/shell."""
options = ["-m"]
if home:
options.append("-d '%s'" % (home))
if uid:
options.append("-u '%s'" % (uid))
#if group exists already but is not specified, useradd fails
if not gid and group_check(name):
gid = name
if gid:
options.append("-g '%s'" % (gid))
if shell:
options.append("-s '%s'" % (shell))
if uid_min:
options.append("-K UID_MIN='%s'" % (uid_min))
if uid_max:
options.append("-K UID_MAX='%s'" % (uid_max))
sudo("useradd %s '%s'" % (" ".join(options), name))
if passwd:
user_passwd(name,passwd,encrypted_passwd)
def user_check(name=None, uid=None):
"""Checks if there is a user defined with the given name,
returning its information as a
'{"name":<str>,"uid":<str>,"gid":<str>,"home":<str>,"shell":<str>}'
or 'None' if the user does not exists."""
assert name!=None or uid!=None, "user_check: either `uid` or `name` should be given"
assert name is None or uid is None,"user_check: `uid` and `name` both given, only one should be provided"
if name != None:
d = sudo("cat /etc/passwd | egrep '^%s:' ; true" % (name))
elif uid != None:
d = sudo("cat /etc/passwd | egrep '^.*:.*:%s:' ; true" % (uid))
results = {}
s = None
if d:
d = d.split(":")
assert len(d) >= 7, "/etc/passwd entry is expected to have at least 7 fields, got %s in: %s" % (len(d), ":".join(d))
results = dict(name=d[0], uid=d[2], gid=d[3], home=d[5], shell=d[6])
s = sudo("cat /etc/shadow | egrep '^%s:' | awk -F':' '{print $2}'" % (results['name']))
if s: results['passwd'] = s
if results:
return results
else:
return None
def user_ensure(name, passwd=None, home=None, uid=None, gid=None, shell=None):
"""Ensures that the given users exists, optionally updating their
passwd/home/uid/gid/shell."""
d = user_check(name)
if not d:
user_create(name, passwd, home, uid, gid, shell)
else:
options = []
if home != None and d.get("home") != home:
options.append("-d '%s'" % (home))
if uid != None and d.get("uid") != uid:
options.append("-u '%s'" % (uid))
if gid != None and d.get("gid") != gid:
options.append("-g '%s'" % (gid))
if shell != None and d.get("shell") != shell:
options.append("-s '%s'" % (shell))
if options:
sudo("usermod %s '%s'" % (" ".join(options), name))
if passwd:
user_passwd(name, passwd)
def user_remove(name, rmhome=None):
"""Removes the user with the given name, optionally
removing the home directory and mail spool."""
options = ["-f"]
if rmhome:
options.append("-r")
sudo("userdel %s '%s'" % (" ".join(options), name))
# =============================================================================
#
# GROUP OPERATIONS
#
# =============================================================================
def group_create(name, gid=None):
"""Creates a group with the given name, and optionally given gid."""
options = []
if gid:
options.append("-g '%s'" % (gid))
sudo("groupadd %s '%s'" % (" ".join(options), name))
def group_check(name):
"""Checks if there is a group defined with the given name,
returning its information as a
'{"name":<str>,"gid":<str>,"members":<list[str]>}' or 'None' if
the group does not exists."""
group_data = run("cat /etc/group | egrep '^%s:' ; true" % (name))
if group_data:
name, _, gid, members = group_data.split(":", 4)
return dict(name=name, gid=gid,
members=tuple(m.strip() for m in members.split(",")))
else:
return None
def group_ensure(name, gid=None):
"""Ensures that the group with the given name (and optional gid)
exists."""
d = group_check(name)
if not d:
group_create(name, gid)
else:
if gid != None and d.get("gid") != gid:
sudo("groupmod -g %s '%s'" % (gid, name))
def group_user_check(group, user):
"""Checks if the given user is a member of the given group. It
will return 'False' if the group does not exist."""
d = group_check(group)
if d is None:
return False
else:
return user in d["members"]
def group_user_add(group, user):
"""Adds the given user/list of users to the given group/groups."""
assert group_check(group), "Group does not exist: %s" % (group)
if not group_user_check(group, user):
sudo("usermod -a -G '%s' '%s'" % (group, user))
def group_user_ensure(group, user):
"""Ensure that a given user is a member of a given group."""
d = group_check(group)
if user not in d["members"]:
group_user_add(group, user)
def group_user_del(group, user):
"""remove the given user from the given group."""
assert group_check(group), "Group does not exist: %s" % (group)
if group_user_check(group, user):
group_for_user = run("cat /etc/group | egrep -v '^%s:' | grep '%s' | awk -F':' '{print $1}' | grep -v %s; true" % (group, user, user)).splitlines()
if group_for_user:
sudo("usermod -G '%s' '%s'" % (",".join(group_for_user), user))
### ssh_<operation> functions
def ssh_keygen(user, keytype="dsa"):
"""Generates a pair of ssh keys in the user's home .ssh directory."""
d = user_check(user)
assert d, "User does not exist: %s" % (user)
home = d["home"]
key_file = home + "/.ssh/id_%s.pub" % keytype
if not file_exists(key_file):
dir_ensure(home + "/.ssh", mode="0700", owner=user, group=user)
run("ssh-keygen -q -t %s -f '%s/.ssh/id_%s' -N ''" %
(keytype, home, keytype))
file_attribs(home + "/.ssh/id_%s" % keytype, owner=user, group=user)
file_attribs(home + "/.ssh/id_%s.pub" % keytype, owner=user, group=user)
return key_file
else:
return key_file
# =============================================================================
#
# MISC
#
# =============================================================================
def ssh_authorize(user, key):
"""Adds the given key to the '.ssh/authorized_keys' for the given
user."""
d = user_check(user)
keyf = d["home"] + "/.ssh/authorized_keys"
if key[-1] != "\n":
key += "\n"
if file_exists(keyf):
d = file_read(keyf)
if file_read(keyf).find(key[:-1]) == -1:
file_append(keyf, key)
return False
else:
return True
else:
# Make sure that .ssh directory exists, see #42
dir_ensure(os.path.dirname(keyf), owner=user, group=user, mode="700")
file_write(keyf, key, owner=user, group=user, mode="600")
return False
def upstart_ensure(name):
"""Ensures that the given upstart service is running, restarting
it if necessary."""
with fabric.api.settings(warn_only=True):
status = sudo("service %s status" % name)
if status.failed:
sudo("service %s start" % name)
else:
sudo("service %s restart" % name)
def system_uuid_alias_add():
"""Adds system UUID alias to /etc/hosts.
Some tools/processes rely/want the hostname as an alias in
/etc/hosts e.g. `127.0.0.1 localhost <hostname>`.
"""
with mode_sudo():
old = "127.0.0.1 localhost"
new = old + " " + system_uuid()
file_update('/etc/hosts', lambda x: text_replace_line(x, old, new)[0])
def system_uuid():
"""Gets a machines UUID (Universally Unique Identifier)."""
return sudo('dmidecode -s system-uuid | tr "[A-Z]" "[a-z]"')
#Only tested on Ubuntu!
def locale_check(locale):
locale_data = sudo("locale -a | egrep '^%s$' ; true" % (locale,))
return locale_data == locale
def locale_ensure(locale):
if not locale_check(locale):
with fabric.context_managers.settings(warn_only=True):
sudo("/usr/share/locales/install-language-pack %s" % (locale,))
sudo("dpkg-reconfigure locales")
# Sets up the default options so that @dispatch'ed functions work
for option, value in DEFAULT_OPTIONS.items():
eval("select_" + option)(value)
# EOF - vim: ts=4 sw=4 noet
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