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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Copyright (C) 2013 Vinay Sajip.
# Licensed to the Python Software Foundation under a contributor agreement.
# See LICENSE.txt and CONTRIBUTORS.txt.
#
import hashlib
import logging
import os
import shutil
import subprocess
import tempfile
try:
from threading import Thread
except ImportError:
from dummy_threading import Thread
from . import DistlibException
from .compat import (HTTPBasicAuthHandler, Request, HTTPPasswordMgr,
urlparse, build_opener, string_types)
from .util import cached_property, zip_dir, ServerProxy
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
DEFAULT_INDEX = 'https://pypi.python.org/pypi'
DEFAULT_REALM = 'pypi'
class PackageIndex(object):
"""
This class represents a package index compatible with PyPI, the Python
Package Index.
"""
boundary = b'----------ThIs_Is_tHe_distlib_index_bouNdaRY_$'
def __init__(self, url=None):
"""
Initialise an instance.
:param url: The URL of the index. If not specified, the URL for PyPI is
used.
"""
self.url = url or DEFAULT_INDEX
self.read_configuration()
scheme, netloc, path, params, query, frag = urlparse(self.url)
if params or query or frag or scheme not in ('http', 'https'):
raise DistlibException('invalid repository: %s' % self.url)
self.password_handler = None
self.ssl_verifier = None
self.gpg = None
self.gpg_home = None
self.rpc_proxy = None
with open(os.devnull, 'w') as sink:
# Use gpg by default rather than gpg2, as gpg2 insists on
# prompting for passwords
for s in ('gpg', 'gpg2'):
try:
rc = subprocess.check_call([s, '--version'], stdout=sink,
stderr=sink)
if rc == 0:
self.gpg = s
break
except OSError:
pass
def _get_pypirc_command(self):
"""
Get the distutils command for interacting with PyPI configurations.
:return: the command.
"""
from distutils.core import Distribution
from distutils.config import PyPIRCCommand
d = Distribution()
return PyPIRCCommand(d)
def read_configuration(self):
"""
Read the PyPI access configuration as supported by distutils, getting
PyPI to do the actual work. This populates ``username``, ``password``,
``realm`` and ``url`` attributes from the configuration.
"""
# get distutils to do the work
c = self._get_pypirc_command()
c.repository = self.url
cfg = c._read_pypirc()
self.username = cfg.get('username')
self.password = cfg.get('password')
self.realm = cfg.get('realm', 'pypi')
self.url = cfg.get('repository', self.url)
def save_configuration(self):
"""
Save the PyPI access configuration. You must have set ``username`` and
``password`` attributes before calling this method.
Again, distutils is used to do the actual work.
"""
self.check_credentials()
# get distutils to do the work
c = self._get_pypirc_command()
c._store_pypirc(self.username, self.password)
def check_credentials(self):
"""
Check that ``username`` and ``password`` have been set, and raise an
exception if not.
"""
if self.username is None or self.password is None:
raise DistlibException('username and password must be set')
pm = HTTPPasswordMgr()
_, netloc, _, _, _, _ = urlparse(self.url)
pm.add_password(self.realm, netloc, self.username, self.password)
self.password_handler = HTTPBasicAuthHandler(pm)
def register(self, metadata):
"""
Register a distribution on PyPI, using the provided metadata.
:param metadata: A :class:`Metadata` instance defining at least a name
and version number for the distribution to be
registered.
:return: The HTTP response received from PyPI upon submission of the
request.
"""
self.check_credentials()
metadata.validate()
d = metadata.todict()
d[':action'] = 'verify'
request = self.encode_request(d.items(), [])
response = self.send_request(request)
d[':action'] = 'submit'
request = self.encode_request(d.items(), [])
return self.send_request(request)
def _reader(self, name, stream, outbuf):
"""
Thread runner for reading lines of from a subprocess into a buffer.
:param name: The logical name of the stream (used for logging only).
:param stream: The stream to read from. This will typically a pipe
connected to the output stream of a subprocess.
:param outbuf: The list to append the read lines to.
"""
while True:
s = stream.readline()
if not s:
break
s = s.decode('utf-8').rstrip()
outbuf.append(s)
logger.debug('%s: %s' % (name, s))
stream.close()
def get_sign_command(self, filename, signer, sign_password,
keystore=None):
"""
Return a suitable command for signing a file.
:param filename: The pathname to the file to be signed.
:param signer: The identifier of the signer of the file.
:param sign_password: The passphrase for the signer's
private key used for signing.
:param keystore: The path to a directory which contains the keys
used in verification. If not specified, the
instance's ``gpg_home`` attribute is used instead.
:return: The signing command as a list suitable to be
passed to :class:`subprocess.Popen`.
"""
cmd = [self.gpg, '--status-fd', '2', '--no-tty']
if keystore is None:
keystore = self.gpg_home
if keystore:
cmd.extend(['--homedir', keystore])
if sign_password is not None:
cmd.extend(['--batch', '--passphrase-fd', '0'])
td = tempfile.mkdtemp()
sf = os.path.join(td, os.path.basename(filename) + '.asc')
cmd.extend(['--detach-sign', '--armor', '--local-user',
signer, '--output', sf, filename])
logger.debug('invoking: %s', ' '.join(cmd))
return cmd, sf
def run_command(self, cmd, input_data=None):
"""
Run a command in a child process , passing it any input data specified.
:param cmd: The command to run.
:param input_data: If specified, this must be a byte string containing
data to be sent to the child process.
:return: A tuple consisting of the subprocess' exit code, a list of
lines read from the subprocess' ``stdout``, and a list of
lines read from the subprocess' ``stderr``.
"""
kwargs = {
'stdout': subprocess.PIPE,
'stderr': subprocess.PIPE,
}
if input_data is not None:
kwargs['stdin'] = subprocess.PIPE
stdout = []
stderr = []
p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, **kwargs)
# We don't use communicate() here because we may need to
# get clever with interacting with the command
t1 = Thread(target=self._reader, args=('stdout', p.stdout, stdout))
t1.start()
t2 = Thread(target=self._reader, args=('stderr', p.stderr, stderr))
t2.start()
if input_data is not None:
p.stdin.write(input_data)
p.stdin.close()
p.wait()
t1.join()
t2.join()
return p.returncode, stdout, stderr
def sign_file(self, filename, signer, sign_password, keystore=None):
"""
Sign a file.
:param filename: The pathname to the file to be signed.
:param signer: The identifier of the signer of the file.
:param sign_password: The passphrase for the signer's
private key used for signing.
:param keystore: The path to a directory which contains the keys
used in signing. If not specified, the instance's
``gpg_home`` attribute is used instead.
:return: The absolute pathname of the file where the signature is
stored.
"""
cmd, sig_file = self.get_sign_command(filename, signer, sign_password,
keystore)
rc, stdout, stderr = self.run_command(cmd,
sign_password.encode('utf-8'))
if rc != 0:
raise DistlibException('sign command failed with error '
'code %s' % rc)
return sig_file
def upload_file(self, metadata, filename, signer=None, sign_password=None,
filetype='sdist', pyversion='source', keystore=None):
"""
Upload a release file to the index.
:param metadata: A :class:`Metadata` instance defining at least a name
and version number for the file to be uploaded.
:param filename: The pathname of the file to be uploaded.
:param signer: The identifier of the signer of the file.
:param sign_password: The passphrase for the signer's
private key used for signing.
:param filetype: The type of the file being uploaded. This is the
distutils command which produced that file, e.g.
``sdist`` or ``bdist_wheel``.
:param pyversion: The version of Python which the release relates
to. For code compatible with any Python, this would
be ``source``, otherwise it would be e.g. ``3.2``.
:param keystore: The path to a directory which contains the keys
used in signing. If not specified, the instance's
``gpg_home`` attribute is used instead.
:return: The HTTP response received from PyPI upon submission of the
request.
"""
self.check_credentials()
if not os.path.exists(filename):
raise DistlibException('not found: %s' % filename)
metadata.validate()
d = metadata.todict()
sig_file = None
if signer:
if not self.gpg:
logger.warning('no signing program available - not signed')
else:
sig_file = self.sign_file(filename, signer, sign_password,
keystore)
with open(filename, 'rb') as f:
file_data = f.read()
md5_digest = hashlib.md5(file_data).hexdigest()
sha256_digest = hashlib.sha256(file_data).hexdigest()
d.update({
':action': 'file_upload',
'protocol_version': '1',
'filetype': filetype,
'pyversion': pyversion,
'md5_digest': md5_digest,
'sha256_digest': sha256_digest,
})
files = [('content', os.path.basename(filename), file_data)]
if sig_file:
with open(sig_file, 'rb') as f:
sig_data = f.read()
files.append(('gpg_signature', os.path.basename(sig_file),
sig_data))
shutil.rmtree(os.path.dirname(sig_file))
request = self.encode_request(d.items(), files)
return self.send_request(request)
def upload_documentation(self, metadata, doc_dir):
"""
Upload documentation to the index.
:param metadata: A :class:`Metadata` instance defining at least a name
and version number for the documentation to be
uploaded.
:param doc_dir: The pathname of the directory which contains the
documentation. This should be the directory that
contains the ``index.html`` for the documentation.
:return: The HTTP response received from PyPI upon submission of the
request.
"""
self.check_credentials()
if not os.path.isdir(doc_dir):
raise DistlibException('not a directory: %r' % doc_dir)
fn = os.path.join(doc_dir, 'index.html')
if not os.path.exists(fn):
raise DistlibException('not found: %r' % fn)
metadata.validate()
name, version = metadata.name, metadata.version
zip_data = zip_dir(doc_dir).getvalue()
fields = [(':action', 'doc_upload'),
('name', name), ('version', version)]
files = [('content', name, zip_data)]
request = self.encode_request(fields, files)
return self.send_request(request)
def get_verify_command(self, signature_filename, data_filename,
keystore=None):
"""
Return a suitable command for verifying a file.
:param signature_filename: The pathname to the file containing the
signature.
:param data_filename: The pathname to the file containing the
signed data.
:param keystore: The path to a directory which contains the keys
used in verification. If not specified, the
instance's ``gpg_home`` attribute is used instead.
:return: The verifying command as a list suitable to be
passed to :class:`subprocess.Popen`.
"""
cmd = [self.gpg, '--status-fd', '2', '--no-tty']
if keystore is None:
keystore = self.gpg_home
if keystore:
cmd.extend(['--homedir', keystore])
cmd.extend(['--verify', signature_filename, data_filename])
logger.debug('invoking: %s', ' '.join(cmd))
return cmd
def verify_signature(self, signature_filename, data_filename,
keystore=None):
"""
Verify a signature for a file.
:param signature_filename: The pathname to the file containing the
signature.
:param data_filename: The pathname to the file containing the
signed data.
:param keystore: The path to a directory which contains the keys
used in verification. If not specified, the
instance's ``gpg_home`` attribute is used instead.
:return: True if the signature was verified, else False.
"""
if not self.gpg:
raise DistlibException('verification unavailable because gpg '
'unavailable')
cmd = self.get_verify_command(signature_filename, data_filename,
keystore)
rc, stdout, stderr = self.run_command(cmd)
if rc not in (0, 1):
raise DistlibException('verify command failed with error '
'code %s' % rc)
return rc == 0
def download_file(self, url, destfile, digest=None, reporthook=None):
"""
This is a convenience method for downloading a file from an URL.
Normally, this will be a file from the index, though currently
no check is made for this (i.e. a file can be downloaded from
anywhere).
The method is just like the :func:`urlretrieve` function in the
standard library, except that it allows digest computation to be
done during download and checking that the downloaded data
matched any expected value.
:param url: The URL of the file to be downloaded (assumed to be
available via an HTTP GET request).
:param destfile: The pathname where the downloaded file is to be
saved.
:param digest: If specified, this must be a (hasher, value)
tuple, where hasher is the algorithm used (e.g.
``'md5'``) and ``value`` is the expected value.
:param reporthook: The same as for :func:`urlretrieve` in the
standard library.
"""
if digest is None:
digester = None
logger.debug('No digest specified')
else:
if isinstance(digest, (list, tuple)):
hasher, digest = digest
else:
hasher = 'md5'
digester = getattr(hashlib, hasher)()
logger.debug('Digest specified: %s' % digest)
# The following code is equivalent to urlretrieve.
# We need to do it this way so that we can compute the
# digest of the file as we go.
with open(destfile, 'wb') as dfp:
# addinfourl is not a context manager on 2.x
# so we have to use try/finally
sfp = self.send_request(Request(url))
try:
headers = sfp.info()
blocksize = 8192
size = -1
read = 0
blocknum = 0
if "content-length" in headers:
size = int(headers["Content-Length"])
if reporthook:
reporthook(blocknum, blocksize, size)
while True:
block = sfp.read(blocksize)
if not block:
break
read += len(block)
dfp.write(block)
if digester:
digester.update(block)
blocknum += 1
if reporthook:
reporthook(blocknum, blocksize, size)
finally:
sfp.close()
# check that we got the whole file, if we can
if size >= 0 and read < size:
raise DistlibException(
'retrieval incomplete: got only %d out of %d bytes'
% (read, size))
# if we have a digest, it must match.
if digester:
actual = digester.hexdigest()
if digest != actual:
raise DistlibException('%s digest mismatch for %s: expected '
'%s, got %s' % (hasher, destfile,
digest, actual))
logger.debug('Digest verified: %s', digest)
def send_request(self, req):
"""
Send a standard library :class:`Request` to PyPI and return its
response.
:param req: The request to send.
:return: The HTTP response from PyPI (a standard library HTTPResponse).
"""
handlers = []
if self.password_handler:
handlers.append(self.password_handler)
if self.ssl_verifier:
handlers.append(self.ssl_verifier)
opener = build_opener(*handlers)
return opener.open(req)
def encode_request(self, fields, files):
"""
Encode fields and files for posting to an HTTP server.
:param fields: The fields to send as a list of (fieldname, value)
tuples.
:param files: The files to send as a list of (fieldname, filename,
file_bytes) tuple.
"""
# Adapted from packaging, which in turn was adapted from
# http://code.activestate.com/recipes/146306
parts = []
boundary = self.boundary
for k, values in fields:
if not isinstance(values, (list, tuple)):
values = [values]
for v in values:
parts.extend((
b'--' + boundary,
('Content-Disposition: form-data; name="%s"' %
k).encode('utf-8'),
b'',
v.encode('utf-8')))
for key, filename, value in files:
parts.extend((
b'--' + boundary,
('Content-Disposition: form-data; name="%s"; filename="%s"' %
(key, filename)).encode('utf-8'),
b'',
value))
parts.extend((b'--' + boundary + b'--', b''))
body = b'\r\n'.join(parts)
ct = b'multipart/form-data; boundary=' + boundary
headers = {
'Content-type': ct,
'Content-length': str(len(body))
}
return Request(self.url, body, headers)
def search(self, terms, operator=None):
if isinstance(terms, string_types):
terms = {'name': terms}
if self.rpc_proxy is None:
self.rpc_proxy = ServerProxy(self.url, timeout=3.0)
return self.rpc_proxy.search(terms, operator or 'and')
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