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@gcmurphy @ccojocar @jonmcclintock @alexandear @coredefend
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// (c) Copyright 2016 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package gosec
import (
// Score type used by severity and confidence values
type Score int
const (
// Low severity or confidence
Low Score = iota
// Medium severity or confidence
// High severity or confidence
// Issue is returned by a gosec rule if it discovers an issue with the scanned code.
type Issue struct {
Severity Score `json:"severity"` // issue severity (how problematic it is)
Confidence Score `json:"confidence"` // issue confidence (how sure we are we found it)
RuleID string `json:"rule_id"` // Human readable explanation
What string `json:"details"` // Human readable explanation
File string `json:"file"` // File name we found it in
Code string `json:"code"` // Impacted code line
Line string `json:"line"` // Line number in file
// MetaData is embedded in all gosec rules. The Severity, Confidence and What message
// will be passed through to reported issues.
type MetaData struct {
ID string
Severity Score
Confidence Score
What string
// MarshalJSON is used convert a Score object into a JSON representation
func (c Score) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error) {
return json.Marshal(c.String())
// String converts a Score into a string
func (c Score) String() string {
switch c {
case High:
return "HIGH"
case Medium:
return "MEDIUM"
case Low:
return "LOW"
return "UNDEFINED"
func codeSnippet(file *os.File, start int64, end int64, n ast.Node) (string, error) {
if n == nil {
return "", fmt.Errorf("Invalid AST node provided")
size := (int)(end - start) // Go bug, os.File.Read should return int64 ...
_, err := file.Seek(start, 0) // #nosec
if err != nil {
return "", fmt.Errorf("move to the beginning of file: %v", err)
buf := make([]byte, size)
if nread, err := file.Read(buf); err != nil || nread != size {
return "", fmt.Errorf("Unable to read code")
return string(buf), nil
// NewIssue creates a new Issue
func NewIssue(ctx *Context, node ast.Node, ruleID, desc string, severity Score, confidence Score) *Issue {
var code string
fobj := ctx.FileSet.File(node.Pos())
name := fobj.Name()
start, end := fobj.Line(node.Pos()), fobj.Line(node.End())
line := strconv.Itoa(start)
if start != end {
line = fmt.Sprintf("%d-%d", start, end)
// #nosec
if file, err := os.Open(fobj.Name()); err == nil {
defer file.Close()
s := (int64)(fobj.Position(node.Pos()).Offset) // Go bug, should be int64
e := (int64)(fobj.Position(node.End()).Offset) // Go bug, should be int64
code, err = codeSnippet(file, s, e, node)
if err != nil {
code = err.Error()
return &Issue{
File: name,
Line: line,
RuleID: ruleID,
What: desc,
Confidence: confidence,
Severity: severity,
Code: code,
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