A community currency template with zero reserve mutual credit and adjustable parameters
Blockchain transactions at https://live.ether.camp/account/d870e20d6b2ad29a3a68f6a3ddd27d6a79bd61a2
JSON at https://live.ether.camp/account/d870e20d6b2ad29a3a68f6a3ddd27d6a79bd61a2/contract
HTML Dapp at http://communitycurrency.website/
This is not intended to be a global currency. It is intended to become an ecosystem of community currencies using this template, each of them with different parameters according to the needs of each community.
The type of community we mean is local communities (for example a municipality) or communities with charitable, service, participatory or empowering orientation, that run mixed economies with free market combined with community public budget and public redistributive works. Examples can be local authorities, social movements associations, social economy businesses, workers unions, etc. It includes therefore an (optional) taxation function. Each community is supposed to name their currency with a different name.
#Currency Governance and monetary decision process
We decouple the contract running the decision process in a supposed DAO and the currency contract running the monetary mechanics.
The DAO may use whatever more or less traditional or more or less innovative democracy to take decisions.
The community is supposed to be managed by a DAO at ethereum or outside ethereum, or just run by a DAO using handwritten notebooks or any eGovernance software. The currency contract does not cover how the DAO is managed, the voting and decision mechanisms.
Once the DAO has taken the main monetary decisions it passes the wished parameters to the currency contract through the two accounts allowed to change the settings of the currency: the treasury account and the community account. At creating the currency contract you may set who they are.
The currency design presumes that all monetary decisions of the community are implemented through two trusted accounts:
- the treasury account. Creates the currency, sets the basic parameters and deploys it to the blockchain. It can mint and assign amounts of CCUs (Community Currency Units).
- the community account. Admits or kicks out members. It can mint and assign amounts of Reputation. Users making a transfer can be anybody having an ethereum account. Members, additionally, can authorize credits to other members. Anybody, including Members, may have different ethereum accounts. The community is supposed to have external mechanisms to establish the identity of a person, and therefore establish which of his accounts this person prefers to use as the unique account as member.
- What the hell is p2p credit at DESPERADOS THEORY blog
- Moneda con pagos y creditos p2p sin reserva at DESPERADOS THEORY blog
- Apuntes sobre la soberania monetaria at Instituto de la Moneda Social
The currency is supposed to be used within a community. Nevertheless, the currency can be used by anybody having an ethereum account to perform standard payment transactions. Whith regards payments it works as any other free market monetary token. Nevertheless, anybody using the currency pays a VAT for every transaction to the community, but no other taxes.
Within the community, the members have additional obligations and benefits. They can be endorsed with Trust by peer members to get credit lines.
Members have a Reputation as "Money Lenders". Members can authorise a p2p Credit to another member, with a deadline. Its up to the Money Lender to investigate the borrowers solvency. No algorithm is provided within the currency contract to analyze the solvency. Just an activity indicator.
Once the credit is approved the system generates the necessary Community Currency Units and adds them to the CCUs balance of the borrower. The Money Lender pays with a reputation cost measured in endorsed Units of Trust. The Units of Trust needed to endorse the credit is proportional to the amount and the time of the credit.
When the deadline is over:
- if the credit has been returned, and the balance of the borrower is again positive, the Money Lender gets back the Reputation Cost and a reward in Reputation. In the future he will be able to authorize larger credits.
- if the credit has not been returned, and the balance of the borrower is still negative, the Money Lender loses the Reputation Cost and a fine in Reputation. In the future he will be able to authorize only smaller credits. The borrower gets the account blocked until the debt is covered by future incomes. The Community has the option to kick this member out.
- treasury; the address of the treasury of the DAO. The creator and minter of the currency
- community; the address of the Community account. Where donations and taxes are paid. Account used to pay community works
- vatRate; the depreciation at each transaction. The VAT to be paid to the DAO at the community account. % x 100
- demurrage; a periodic depreciation on the monetary assets. Not used. Judged as unwanted
- rewardRate; reward Rate to the moneyLender of a successful credit, as a multiplier of the Reputation Cost of the credit. % x 100
- iniMemberCCUs; initial Community Currency Units given to any new member. The monetary mass is automatically increased with any new member. By default, the total monetary mass is proportional to the number of members
- iniMemberReputation; initial Reputation given to any new member