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bookshelf-permissions

npm version

Description

This module is a plugin for Bookshelf.js, to control CRUD access to Bookshelf models and collections based on permissions.

It optionally integrates well with bookshelf-advanced-serialization.

How to use

Overview

To use this plugin to control access to a model or collection of models, you need to define a permissions object and an _authorizationFeatures object on the model. Then, to check if an accessor has a certain permission on the model/collection, you call modelOrCollection.checkHasPermission(permissionName, accessor, options).

  • permissions maps a permission name to a list of authorization level objects. An authorization level object consists of an authorizationLevelName and a list of requiredAuthorizationFeatures which the accessor who wants to be granted the permission must have in order to be granted the permission at that authorization level. The list of authorization level objects is evaluated in order, and the first one for which the accessor has all the required authorization features is the one which grants the accessor permission. If there is no authorization level for which the accessor has all required features, the accessor lacks the permission and an error is thrown.
  • _authorizationFeatures maps an authorization feature name to an authorization feature object. An authorization feature object consists of a list of evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys and an evaluator function. An authorization feature is evaluated by invoking evaluator with the arguments specified by evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys, where the strings in evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys identify keys in the accessor object provided in modelOrCollection.checkHasPermission(permissionName, accessor, options). The accessor is considered to have the authorization feature if and only if evaluator returns a truthy non-Promise value or a Promise resolving to a truthy value.

Example

npm install bookshelf-permissions

then

// bookshelf.js

var permissions = require('bookshelf-permissions');

var knex = require('knex')({ ... });
var bookshelf = require('bookshelf')(knex);

bookshelf.plugin(permissions.configure({

  useWithBookshelfAdvancedSerializationPlugin: true, // When `true`, this option
  // automatically defines a `roleDeterminer` method that is used by the
  // bookshelf-advanced-serialization plugin when serializing. The `roleDeterminer`
  // uses the model's definition of a 'serialize' (or 'read') permission, returning
  // the value of `authorizationLevelName`.

  DefaultDoesNotHavePermissionError: Error // This option allows you to specify
  // the default error class which the `.checkHasPermission(permission, accessor)`
  // throws if the accessor lacks the permission.

}));

module.exports = bookshelf;
// Group.js

var BluebirdPromise = require('bluebird');
var bookshelf = require('./bookshelf.js');

var relationPromise = function(model, relationName) {
  return model.relations[relationName] ?
    BluebirdPromise.resolve(model.related(relationName)) :
    model.load(relationName);
};

var Group = bookshelf.Model.extend({
  tableName: 'groups',
  _authorizationFeatures: {
    userIsAdmin: {
      evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys: [ 'user' ],
      evaluator: function(user) {
        return relationPromise(this, 'admins')
          .then(function(adminsCollection) {
            return !!adminsCollection.get(user.id);
          });
      }
    },
    userIsMember: {
      evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys: [ 'user' ],
      evaluator: function(user) {
        return relationPromise(this, 'members')
          .then(function(membersCollection) {
            return !!membersCollection.get(user.id);
          });
      }
    },
    userIsSuperSpecial: {
      evaluatorArgumentsAccessorKeys: [ 'user' ],
      evaluator: function(user) {
        return user.id === 'SUPER_SPECIAL';
      }
    }
  },
  permissions: {
    read: [
      {
        authorizationLevelName: 'admin',
        requiredAuthorizationFeatures: [
          'userIsAdmin'
        ]
      },
      {
        authorizationLevelName: 'member',
        requiredAuthorizationFeatures: [
          'userIsMember'
        ]
      }
    ],
    inviteUser: [
      {
        authorizationLevelName: 'default',
        requiredAuthorizationFeatures: [
          'userIsAdmin'
        ]
      }
    ],
    doSomethingElse: [
      {
        authorizationLevelName: 'default',
        requiredAuthorizationFeatures: [
          'userIsMember',
          'userIsSuperSpecial'
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  rolesToVisibleProperties: {
    admin:        [ 'admins', 'members', 'invited_users' ],
    member:       [ 'admins', 'members' ],
    unauthorized: []
  },

  admins: function() {
    return this.belongsToMany('User', 'group_admins', 'group_id', 'user_id');
  },
  members: function() {
    return this.belongsToMany('User', 'group_members', 'group_id', 'user_id');
  },
  invited_users: function() {
    return this.belongsToMany('User', 'group_invited_users', 'group_id', 'user_id');
  }
}, {});

module.exports = bookshelf.model('Group', Group);
// app.js

var express = require('express');
var bookshelf = require('./bookshelf.js');

require('./Group.js');

var app = express();

app.get('/groups/:id', function(req, res) {
  var accessor = { user: req.user };
  bookshelf.model('Group')
    .forge({ id: req.params.id })
    .fetch()
    .then(function(group) {
      return group.checkHasPermission('read', accessor)
    })
    .then(function(group) {
      var toJSONOptions = { accessor: accessor };
      return group.toJSON(toJSONOptions); // Passing `accessor` option
      // is necessary here because we specified the
      // `useWithBookshelfAdvancedSerializationPlugin: true` plugin option, so
      // `.toJSON()` will end up performing its own invocation of
      // `group.checkHasPermission('read', toJSONOptions.accessor)`.
    })
    .then(function(data) {
      res.status(200).send(data);
    });
});

app.listen(8080, function () {
  console.log('Server listening on http://localhost:8080, Ctrl+C to stop');
});

Roadmap

This plugin is still in development and APIs are subject to change. Unit tests and better documentation are planned for a v1.0.0 release. This plugin is currently used in production by Sequiturs, however, and its functionality is tested thoroughly via integration testing of the Sequiturs application.

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Plugin for Bookshelf.js to control CRUD access to models and collections based on permissions

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