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The Servo Parallel Browser Engine Project

Linux Build Status Windows Build Status Changelog #228

Servo is a prototype web browser engine written in the Rust language. It is currently developed on 64-bit macOS, 64-bit Linux, 64-bit Windows, and Android.

Servo welcomes contribution from everyone. See CONTRIBUTING.md and HACKING_QUICKSTART.md for help getting started.

Visit the Servo Project page for news and guides.

Setting up your environment

Rustup.rs

Building servo requires rustup, version 1.8.0 or more recent. If you have an older version, run rustup self update.

To install on Windows, download and run rustup-init.exe then follow the onscreen instructions.

To install on other systems, run:

curl https://sh.rustup.rs -sSf | sh

This will also download the current stable version of Rust, which Servo won’t use. To skip that step, run instead:

curl https://sh.rustup.rs -sSf | sh -s -- --default-toolchain none

See also Other installation methods

Other dependencies

Please select your operating system:

macOS

On macOS (homebrew)

brew install automake pkg-config python cmake yasm
brew install gstreamer gst-plugins-base gst-plugins-good       gst-plugins-bad gst-plugins-ugly gst-libav gst-rtsp-server       --with-orc -with-libogg --with-opus --with-pango --with-theora       --with-libvorbis
pip install virtualenv

On macOS (MacPorts)

sudo port install python27 py27-virtualenv cmake yasm

On macOS >= 10.11 (El Capitan), you also have to install OpenSSL

brew install openssl

export OPENSSL_INCLUDE_DIR="$(brew --prefix openssl)/include"
export OPENSSL_LIB_DIR="$(brew --prefix openssl)/lib"

./mach build ...

If you've already partially compiled servo but forgot to do this step, run ./mach clean, set the shell variables, and recompile.

On Debian-based Linuxes

sudo apt install git curl autoconf libx11-dev \
    libfreetype6-dev libgl1-mesa-dri libglib2.0-dev xorg-dev \
    gperf g++ build-essential cmake virtualenv python-pip \
    libssl1.0-dev libbz2-dev libosmesa6-dev libxmu6 libxmu-dev \
    libglu1-mesa-dev libgles2-mesa-dev libegl1-mesa-dev libdbus-1-dev \
    libharfbuzz-dev ccache clang \
    libgstreamer1.0-dev libgstreamer-plugins-base1.0-dev libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0-dev

If you using a version prior to Ubuntu 17.04 or Debian Sid, replace libssl1.0-dev with libssl-dev.

If you are using Ubuntu 16.04 run export HARFBUZZ_SYS_NO_PKG_CONFIG=1 before building to avoid an error with harfbuzz.

If you are on Ubuntu 14.04 and encountered errors on installing these dependencies involving libcheese, see #6158 for a workaround.

If virtualenv does not exist, try python-virtualenv.

On Fedora

sudo dnf install curl libtool gcc-c++ libXi-devel \
    freetype-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libEGL-devel glib2-devel libX11-devel libXrandr-devel gperf \
    fontconfig-devel cabextract ttmkfdir python python-virtualenv python-pip expat-devel \
    rpm-build openssl-devel cmake bzip2-devel libXcursor-devel libXmu-devel mesa-libOSMesa-devel \
    dbus-devel ncurses-devel harfbuzz-devel ccache mesa-libGLU-devel clang clang-libs

On CentOS

sudo yum install curl libtool gcc-c++ libXi-devel \
    freetype-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libEGL-devel glib2-devel libX11-devel libXrandr-devel gperf \
    fontconfig-devel cabextract ttmkfdir python python-virtualenv python-pip expat-devel \
    rpm-build openssl-devel cmake3 bzip2-devel libXcursor-devel libXmu-devel mesa-libOSMesa-devel \
    dbus-devel ncurses-devel python34 harfbuzz-devel ccache clang clang-libs llvm-toolset-7

Build inside llvm-toolset and devtoolset:

scl enable devtoolset-7 llvm-toolset-7 bash

with the following environmental variables set:

export CMAKE=cmake3
export LIBCLANG_PATH=/opt/rh/llvm-toolset-7/root/usr/lib64

On openSUSE Linux

sudo zypper install libX11-devel libexpat-devel libbz2-devel Mesa-libEGL-devel Mesa-libGL-devel cabextract cmake \
    dbus-1-devel fontconfig-devel freetype-devel gcc-c++ git glib2-devel gperf \
    harfbuzz-devel libOSMesa-devel libXcursor-devel libXi-devel libXmu-devel libXrandr-devel libopenssl-devel \
    python-pip python-virtualenv rpm-build glu-devel ccache llvm-clang libclang 

On Arch Linux

sudo pacman -S --needed base-devel git python2 python2-virtualenv python2-pip mesa cmake bzip2 libxmu glu \
    pkg-config ttf-fira-sans harfbuzz ccache clang 

On Gentoo Linux

sudo emerge net-misc/curl \
    media-libs/freetype media-libs/mesa dev-util/gperf \
    dev-python/virtualenv dev-python/pip dev-libs/openssl \
    media-libs/harfbuzz dev-util/ccache \
    x11-libs/libXmu media-libs/glu x11-base/xorg-server sys-devel/clang \
    media-libs/gstreamer media-libs/gst-plugins-bad media-libs/gst-plugins-base

with the following environment variable set:

export LIBCLANG_PATH="/usr/lib64/llvm/*/lib64"

On Windows (MSVC)

  1. Install Python for Windows (https://www.python.org/downloads/release/python-2714/). The Windows x86-64 MSI installer is fine. You should change the installation to install the "Add python.exe to Path" feature.

  2. Install virtualenv.

In a normal Windows Shell (cmd.exe or "Command Prompt" from the start menu), do:

pip install virtualenv

If this does not work, you may need to reboot for the changed PATH settings (by the python installer) to take effect.

  1. Install the most recent GStreamer development package following these instructions.

  2. Install Git for Windows (https://git-scm.com/download/win). DO allow it to add git.exe to the PATH (default settings for the installer are fine).

  3. Install Visual Studio Community 2017 (https://www.visualstudio.com/vs/community/). You MUST add "Visual C++" to the list of installed components. It is not on by default. Visual Studio 2017 MUST installed to the default location or mach.bat will not find it.

If you encountered errors with the environment above, do the following for a workaround:

  1. Download and install Build Tools for Visual Studio 2017
  2. Install python2.7 x86-x64 and virtualenv
  3. Run mach.bat build -d.

If you have troubles with x64 type prompt as mach.bat set by default:

  1. you may need to choose and launch the type manually, such as x86_x64 Cross Tools Command Prompt for VS 2017 in the Windows menu.)
  2. cd to/the/path/servo
  3. python mach build -d

Cross-compilation for Android

Run ./mach bootstrap-android to get Android-specific tools. See wiki for details.

The Rust compiler

Servo's build system uses rustup.rs to automatically download a Rust compiler. This is a specific version of Rust Nightly determined by the rust-toolchain file.

Building

Servo is built with Cargo, the Rust package manager. We also use Mozilla's Mach tools to orchestrate the build and other tasks.

Normal build

To build Servo in development mode. This is useful for development, but the resulting binary is very slow.

git clone https://github.com/servo/servo
cd servo
./mach build --dev
./mach run tests/html/about-mozilla.html

Or on Windows MSVC, in a normal Command Prompt (cmd.exe):

git clone https://github.com/servo/servo
cd servo
mach.bat build --dev

For benchmarking, performance testing, or real-world use, add the --release flag to create an optimized build:

./mach build --release
./mach run --release tests/html/about-mozilla.html

Note: mach build will build both servo and libsimpleservo. To make compilation a bit faster, it's possible to only compile the servo binary: ./mach build --dev -p servo.

Checking for build errors, without building

If you’re making changes to one crate that cause build errors in another crate, consider this instead of a full build:

./mach check

It will run cargo check, which runs the analysis phase of the compiler (and so shows build errors if any) but skips the code generation phase. This can be a lot faster than a full build, though of course it doesn’t produce a binary you can run.

Building for Android target

For ARM (armv7-linux-androideabi, most phones):

./mach build --release --android
./mach package --release --android

For x86 (typically for the emulator):

./mach build --release --target i686-linux-android
./mach package --release --target i686-linux-android

Running

Run Servo with the command:

./servo [url] [arguments] # if you run with nightly build
./mach run [url] [arguments] # if you run with mach

# For example
./mach run https://www.google.com

Commandline Arguments

  • -p INTERVAL turns on the profiler and dumps info to the console every INTERVAL seconds
  • -s SIZE sets the tile size for painting; defaults to 512
  • -z disables all graphical output; useful for running JS / layout tests
  • -Z help displays useful output to debug servo

Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl+- zooms out
  • Ctrl+= zooms in
  • Alt+left arrow goes backwards in the history
  • Alt+right arrow goes forwards in the history
  • Esc exits servo

Developing

There are lots of mach commands you can use. You can list them with ./mach --help.

The generated documentation can be found on http://doc.servo.org/servo/index.html