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Emacs Configuration

Emacs Configuration in Org-Mode

Why? Because I needed to earn another nerd merit badge; Because I had declared emacs config bankcrupcy and needed to rewrite things anyway; Because while I liked the tidiness of the each thing configured in its own file approach (e.g. emacs-prelude), I find the numerous files (each with license header in the prelude case) to end feeling cluttered. So having the config in a single file keeps things simple. The org-mode format allows things to be labeled, documented, and folded for easier maintenance.

The whole thing is driven by the following init.el

;; init.el for this setup. Must use Emacs 24
(expand-file-name ""

Customizations set using Emacs’ customization system go here.

(setq custom-file (expand-file-name "custom.el" user-emacs-directory))


Helper functions to use either in an editing session or to help with configuration

(require 'cl)

(defun add-hook-to-modes (modes hook)
  (dolist (mode modes)
    (add-hook (intern (concat (symbol-name mode) "-mode-hook"))

(defun halt ()

(defun my-whitespace-mode-hook ()
  (setq whitespace-action '(auto-cleanup)
        whitespace-style  '(face tabs trailing lines-tail empty)
        ;; use fill-column value instead
        whitespace-line-column nil)

(defun my-makefile-mode-hook ()
  (setq indent-tabs-mode t
        tab-width 4))

Prelude defuns and such

;;; prelude-core.el --- Emacs Prelude: core Prelude defuns.
;; Copyright (c) 2011 Bozhidar Batsov
;; Author: Bozhidar Batsov <>
;; URL:
;; Version: 1.0.0
;; Keywords: convenience

;; This file is not part of GNU Emacs.

;;; Commentary:

;; Here are the definitions of most of the functions added by Prelude.

;;; License:

;; This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
;; modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
;; as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3
;; of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Code:

(require 'thingatpt)

(defun prelude-open-with ()
  "Simple function that allows us to open the underlying
file of a buffer in an external program."
  (when buffer-file-name
    (shell-command (concat
                    (if (eq system-type 'darwin)
                      (read-shell-command "Open current file with: "))
                    " "

(defun prelude-buffer-mode (buffer-or-name)
  (with-current-buffer buffer-or-name major-mode))

(defun prelude-visit-term-buffer ()
  (if (not (get-buffer "*ansi-term*"))
      (ansi-term "/bin/bash")
    (switch-to-buffer "*ansi-term*")))

(defun prelude-google ()
  "Googles a query or region if any."
    (if mark-active
        (buffer-substring (region-beginning) (region-end))
      (read-string "Google: ")))))

(defun prelude-indent-rigidly-and-copy-to-clipboard (begin end indent)
  "Copy the selected code region to the clipboard, indented according
to Markdown blockquote rules."
  (let ((buffer (current-buffer)))
      (insert-buffer-substring-no-properties buffer begin end)
      (indent-rigidly (point-min) (point-max) indent)
      (clipboard-kill-ring-save (point-min) (point-max)))))

(defun prelude-indent-blockquote-and-copy-to-clipboard (begin end)
  "Copy the selected code region to the clipboard, indented according
to markdown blockquote rules (useful to copy snippets to StackOverflow, Assembla, Github."
  (interactive "r")
  (prelude-indent-rigidly-and-copy-to-clipboard begin end 4))

(defun prelude-indent-nested-blockquote-and-copy-to-clipboard (begin end)
  "Copy the selected code region to the clipboard, indented according
to markdown blockquote rules. Useful to add snippets under bullet points."
  (interactive "r")
  (prelude-indent-rigidly-and-copy-to-clipboard begin end 6))

(defun prelude-insert-empty-line ()
  "Insert an empty line after the current line and positon
the curson at its beginning, according to the current mode."
  (move-end-of-line nil)
  (open-line 1)
  (next-line 1)

;; mimic popular IDEs binding, note that it doesn't work in a terminal session
(global-set-key [(shift return)] 'prelude-insert-empty-line)

(defun prelude-move-line-up ()
  "Move up the current line."
  (transpose-lines 1)
  (previous-line 2))

(global-set-key [(control shift up)] 'prelude-move-line-up)

(defun prelude-move-line-down ()
  "Move down the current line."
  (next-line 1)
  (transpose-lines 1)
  (previous-line 1))

(global-set-key [(control shift down)] 'prelude-move-line-down)

;; add the ability to copy and cut the current line, without marking it
(defadvice kill-ring-save (before slick-copy activate compile)
  "When called interactively with no active region, copy a single line instead."
   (if mark-active (list (region-beginning) (region-end))
     (message "Copied line")
     (list (line-beginning-position)
           (line-beginning-position 2)))))

(defadvice kill-region (before slick-cut activate compile)
  "When called interactively with no active region, kill a single line instead."
   (if mark-active (list (region-beginning) (region-end))
     (list (line-beginning-position)
           (line-beginning-position 2)))))

(defun prelude-indent-buffer ()
  "Indents the entire buffer."
  (indent-region (point-min) (point-max)))

(defun prelude-indent-region-or-buffer ()
  "Indents a region if selected, otherwise the whole buffer."
    (if (region-active-p)
          (indent-region (region-beginning) (region-end))
          (message "Indented selected region."))
        (message "Indented buffer.")))))

(defun prelude-annotate-todo ()
  "Put fringe marker on TODO: lines in the curent buffer."
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (while (re-search-forward "TODO:" nil t)
      (let ((overlay (make-overlay (- (point) 5) (point))))
        (overlay-put overlay
                     (propertize (format "A")
                                 'display '(left-fringe right-triangle)))))))

(defun prelude-copy-file-name-to-clipboard ()
  "Put the current file name on the clipboard."
  (let ((filename (if (equal major-mode 'dired-mode)
    (when filename
        (insert filename)
        (clipboard-kill-region (point-min) (point-max)))
      (message filename))))

(defun prelude-duplicate-current-line-or-region (arg)
  "Duplicates the current line or region ARG times.
If there's no region, the current line will be duplicated. However, if
there's a region, all lines that region covers will be duplicated."
  (interactive "p")
  (let (beg end (origin (point)))
    (if (and mark-active (> (point) (mark)))
    (setq beg (line-beginning-position))
    (if mark-active
    (setq end (line-end-position))
    (let ((region (buffer-substring-no-properties beg end)))
      (dotimes (i arg)
        (goto-char end)
        (insert region)
        (setq end (point)))
      (goto-char (+ origin (* (length region) arg) arg)))))

;; TODO doesn't work with uniquify
(defun prelude-rename-file-and-buffer ()
  "Renames current buffer and file it is visiting."
  (let ((name (buffer-name))
        (filename (buffer-file-name)))
    (if (not (and filename (file-exists-p filename)))
        (message "Buffer '%s' is not visiting a file!" name)
      (let ((new-name (read-file-name "New name: " filename)))
        (cond ((get-buffer new-name)
               (message "A buffer named '%s' already exists!" new-name))
               (rename-file name new-name 1)
               (rename-buffer new-name)
               (set-visited-file-name new-name)
               (set-buffer-modified-p nil)))))))

(defun prelude-delete-file-and-buffer ()
  "Kills the current buffer and deletes the file it is visiting"
  (let ((filename (buffer-file-name)))
    (when filename
      (delete-file filename)
      (message "Deleted file %s" filename)))

(defun prelude-view-url ()
  "Open a new buffer containing the contents of URL."
  (let* ((default (thing-at-point-url-at-point))
         (url (read-from-minibuffer "URL: " default)))
    (switch-to-buffer (url-retrieve-synchronously url))
    (rename-buffer url t)
    ;; TODO: switch to nxml/nxhtml mode
    (cond ((search-forward "<?xml" nil t) (xml-mode))
          ((search-forward "<html" nil t) (html-mode)))))

;; We have a number of turn-on-* functions since it's advised that lambda
;; functions not go in hooks. Repeatedly evaluating an add-to-list with a
;; hook value will repeatedly add it since there's no way to ensure
;; that a lambda doesn't already exist in the list.

(defun prelude-turn-on-whitespace ()
  (whitespace-mode +1))

(defun prelude-turn-off-whitespace ()
  (whitespace-mode -1))

(defun prelude-turn-on-abbrev ()
  (abbrev-mode +1))

(defun prelude-turn-off-abbrev ()
  (abbrev-mode -1))

(defun prelude-untabify-buffer ()
  (untabify (point-min) (point-max)))

(defun prelude-cleanup-buffer ()
  "Perform a bunch of operations on the whitespace content of a buffer."

(defun prelude-eval-and-replace ()
  "Replace the preceding sexp with its value."
  (condition-case nil
      (prin1 (eval (read (current-kill 0)))
    (error (message "Invalid expression")
           (insert (current-kill 0)))))

(defun prelude-recompile-init ()
  "Byte-compile all your dotfiles again."
  (byte-recompile-directory prelude-dir 0)
  (byte-recompile-directory prelude-vendor-dir 0))

(defun prelude-regen-autoloads (&optional force-regen)
  "Regenerate the autoload definitions file if necessary and load it."
  (interactive "P")
  (let ((autoload-dir prelude-vendor-dir)
        (generated-autoload-file autoload-file))
    (when (or force-regen
              (not (file-exists-p autoload-file))
              (some (lambda (f) (file-newer-than-file-p f autoload-file))
                    (directory-files autoload-dir t "\\.el$")))
      (message "Updating autoloads...")
      (let (emacs-lisp-mode-hook)
        (update-directory-autoloads autoload-dir))))
  (load autoload-file))

(defun prelude-sudo-edit (&optional arg)
  (interactive "p")
  (if (or arg (not buffer-file-name))
      (find-file (concat "/sudo:root@localhost:" (ido-read-file-name "File: ")))
    (find-alternate-file (concat "/sudo:root@localhost:" buffer-file-name))))

(defun prelude-switch-or-start (function buffer)
  "If the buffer is current, bury it, otherwise invoke the function."
  (if (equal (buffer-name (current-buffer)) buffer)
    (if (get-buffer buffer)
        (switch-to-buffer buffer)
      (funcall function))))

(defun prelude-insert-date ()
  "Insert a time-stamp according to locale's date and time format."
  (insert (format-time-string "%c" (current-time))))

(defun prelude-conditionally-enable-paredit-mode ()
  "Enable paredit-mode in the minibuffer, during eval-expression."
  (if (eq this-command 'eval-expression)
      (paredit-mode 1)))

(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'prelude-conditionally-enable-paredit-mode)

(defun prelude-recentf-ido-find-file ()
  "Find a recent file using ido."
  (let ((file (ido-completing-read "Choose recent file: " recentf-list nil t)))
    (when file
      (find-file file))))

(defun prelude-swap-windows ()
  "If you have 2 windows, it swaps them."
  (if (/= (count-windows) 2)
      (message "You need exactly 2 windows to do this.")
    (let* ((w1 (first (window-list)))
           (w2 (second (window-list)))
           (b1 (window-buffer w1))
           (b2 (window-buffer w2))
           (s1 (window-start w1))
           (s2 (window-start w2)))
      (set-window-buffer w1 b2)
      (set-window-buffer w2 b1)
      (set-window-start w1 s2)
      (set-window-start w2 s1)))
  (other-window 1))

(defun prelude-kill-other-buffers ()
  "Kill all buffers but the current one. Doesn't mess with special buffers."
  (dolist (buffer (buffer-list))
    (unless (or (eql buffer (current-buffer)) (not (buffer-file-name buffer)))
      (kill-buffer buffer))))

Key Bindings

These are shamelessly borrowed from the emacs-prelude project.

;; For Mac OS X systems
(when (eq system-type 'darwin)
  (setq mac-command-modifier 'meta)
  (setq mac-option-modifier 'meta))

;; Font size
(define-key global-map (kbd "C-+") 'text-scale-increase)
(define-key global-map (kbd "C--") 'text-scale-decrease)

;; File finding
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x f") 'prelude-recentf-ido-find-file)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c r") 'bury-buffer)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-`") 'file-cache-minibuffer-complete)

;; Window switching. (C-x o goes to the next window)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x O") (lambda ()
                                (other-window -1))) ;; back one

;; Indentation help
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x ^") 'join-line)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-M-\\") 'prelude-indent-region-or-buffer)

;; Start proced in a similar manner to dired
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x p") 'proced)

;; Start eshell or switch to it if it's active.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x m") 'eshell)

;; Start a new eshell even if one is active.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x M") (lambda () (interactive) (eshell t)))

;; Start a regular shell if you prefer that.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x M-m") 'shell)

;; If you want to be able to M-x without meta
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x C-m") 'execute-extended-command)

;; Fetch the contents at a URL, display it raw.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x C-h") 'prelude-view-url)

;; A complementary binding to the apropos-command(C-h a)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-h A") 'apropos)

;; Should be able to eval-and-replace anywhere.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c e") 'prelude-eval-and-replace)

;; Activate occur easily inside isearch
(define-key isearch-mode-map (kbd "C-o")
  (lambda () (interactive)
    (let ((case-fold-search isearch-case-fold-search))
      (occur (if isearch-regexp
               (regexp-quote isearch-string))))))

;; cycle through buffers
(global-set-key (kbd "<C-tab>") 'bury-buffer)

;; use hippie-expand instead of dabbrev
(global-set-key (kbd "M-/") 'hippie-expand)

;; replace buffer-menu with ibuffer
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x C-b") 'ibuffer)

;; swap windows
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c s") 'prelude-swap-windows)

;; duplicate the current line or region
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c d") 'prelude-duplicate-current-line-or-region)

;; rename buffer & visited file
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c r") 'prelude-rename-file-and-buffer)

;; open an ansi-term buffer
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x t") 'prelude-visit-term-buffer)

;; kill other buffers
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c k o") 'prelude-kill-other-buffers)

;; search with google
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c g") 'prelude-google)

;; open in external application
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c o") 'prelude-open-with)

;; toggle menu-bar visibility
(global-set-key (kbd "<f12>") 'menu-bar-mode)

;; real Emacs hackers don't use the arrow keys
;; (global-set-key (kbd "<up>") (lambda ()
;;                                (interactive)
;;                                (message "Arrow key navigation is disabled. Use C-p instead.")))
;; (global-set-key (kbd "<down>") (lambda ()
;;                                  (interactive)
;;                                  (message "Arrow key navigation is disabled. Use C-n instead.")))
;; (global-set-key (kbd "<left>") (lambda ()
;;                                  (interactive)
;;                                  (message "Arrow key navigation is disabled. Use C-b instead.")))
;; (global-set-key (kbd "<right>") (lambda ()
;;                                   (interactive)
;;                                   (message "Arrow key navigation is disabled. Use C-f instead.")))

System environment PATH for OS X

There are various approaches to setting PATH in Emacs on OS X. I opted for a non-automagic approach because ~/.MacOSX/environment.plist seems annoying to deal. Having PATH set in a simple explicit way seems like it will be easier to debug, even if it means having to remember to update it occationally.

(if (eq system-type 'darwin)
    (let* ((path-elts
           (orig-path (getenv "PATH"))
           (orig-path-elts (split-string orig-path ":"))
           (new-path-elts orig-path-elts)
      ;; add path-elts if not already in PATH
      (mapc (lambda (elt) (add-to-list 'new-path-elts elt)) path-elts)
      (setq new-path (reduce (lambda (elt acc) (concat elt ":" acc)) new-path-elts))
      (setenv "PATH" new-path)
      ;; also set exec-path to be same
      (mapc (lambda (elt) (add-to-list 'exec-path elt))

In order to use emacsclient you have to start the server. You want this.



imenu symbol lookup

This bit of magic binds M-i to a function that knows how to identify functions in the current buffer in many programming languages. Makes navigating files with many functions quite nice.

This was taken from prelude although I had a slightly different version, perhaps from the emacs-starter-kit prior to that.

;; Jump to a definition in the current file. (This is awesome.)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-i") 'prelude-ido-goto-symbol)

(require 'imenu)

(set-default 'imenu-auto-rescan t)

(defun prelude-ido-goto-symbol (&optional symbol-list)
  "Refresh imenu and jump to a place in the buffer using Ido."
  (unless (featurep 'imenu)
    (require 'imenu nil t))
   ((not symbol-list)
    (let ((ido-mode ido-mode)
           (if (boundp 'ido-enable-flex-matching)
               ido-enable-flex-matching t))
          name-and-pos symbol-names position)
      (unless ido-mode
        (ido-mode 1)
        (setq ido-enable-flex-matching t))
      (while (progn
               (setq imenu--index-alist nil)
               (prelude-ido-goto-symbol (imenu--make-index-alist))
               (setq selected-symbol
                     (ido-completing-read "Symbol? " symbol-names))
               (string= (car imenu--rescan-item) selected-symbol)))
      (unless (and (boundp 'mark-active) mark-active)
        (push-mark nil t nil))
      (setq position (cdr (assoc selected-symbol name-and-pos)))
       ((overlayp position)
        (goto-char (overlay-start position)))
        (goto-char position)))))
   ((listp symbol-list)
    (dolist (symbol symbol-list)
      (let (name position)
         ((and (listp symbol) (imenu--subalist-p symbol))
          (prelude-ido-goto-symbol symbol))
         ((listp symbol)
          (setq name (car symbol))
          (setq position (cdr symbol)))
         ((stringp symbol)
          (setq name symbol)
          (setq position
                (get-text-property 1 'org-imenu-marker symbol))))
        (unless (or (null position) (null name)
                    (string= (car imenu--rescan-item) name))
          (add-to-list 'symbol-names name)
          (add-to-list 'name-and-pos (cons name position))))))))

Coding mode config items

(setq lisp-modes '(clojure
      code-modes (apply #'append
                        (list lisp-modes
;; lisp modes
(defun my-lisp-mode-hook ()
   nil `(("(\\(lambda\\>\\)"
          (0 (progn (compose-region (match-beginning 1) (match-end 1)
                                    ,(make-char 'greek-iso8859-7 107))
(add-hook-to-modes lisp-modes 'my-lisp-mode-hook)
(defun my-code-mode-hook ()
  (local-set-key (kbd "C-m") 'newline-and-indent))
(add-hook-to-modes code-modes 'my-code-mode-hook)
;;(add-hook-to-modes code-modes 'my-whitespace-mode-hook)
;; paredit - cruise-control for lisp editing
(defun my-paredit-mode-hook ()
  (show-paren-mode t)
  (paredit-mode t)
  (local-set-key (kbd "C-c (") 'paredit-backward-slurp-sexp)
  (local-set-key (kbd "C-c )") 'paredit-forward-slurp-sexp)
  (local-set-key (kbd "C-c 9") 'paredit-backward-barf-sexp)
  (local-set-key (kbd "C-c 0") 'paredit-forward-barf-sexp))
(defun after-paredit ()
  (add-hook-to-modes lisp-modes 'my-paredit-mode-hook))

C Programming

(setq-default c-basic-offset 4)

Dealing with text

No tabs, please.

(setq-default indent-tabs-mode nil)

Auto-fill (wrap) in text modes.

(add-hook 'text-mode-hook 'turn-on-auto-fill)

Allow narrowing

This allows you to focus in on a part of a file and make your buffer only show this part. Useful for doing buffer global search and replace, for example, when you only want to impact a part of a file.

(put 'narrow-to-region 'disabled nil)

Dealing with and cleanup of whitespace

Helper function for cleaning whitespace from buffers.

(defun buffer-cleanup ()
  "Clean up the buffer"
  (untabify (point-min) (point-max))
  (indent-region (point-min) (point-max)))

(global-set-key (kbd "C-c n") 'buffer-cleanup)

Generic aligning of code

Bind a key for aligning code by refexp

;; Align your code in a pretty way.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x \\") 'align-regexp)

Magic timestamps? Sure, why not

Make magical timestamps

;; time-stamps
;; when there's "Time-stamp: <>" in the first 10 lines of the file
(setq time-stamp-active t
      ;; check first 10 buffer lines for Time-stamp: <>
      time-stamp-line-limit 10
      time-stamp-format "%04y-%02m-%02d %02H:%02M %Z") ; date format
(add-hook 'write-file-hooks 'time-stamp) ; update when saving

;; ;; use shift + arrow keys to switch between visible buffers
;; (require 'windmove)
;; (windmove-default-keybindings 'meta)
;; tramp, for sudo access


This is a great snippet/template generator. I should use it, but never seem to get in the habit of it.

;; load yasnippet
(require 'yasnippet)

(defun yas/advise-indent-function (function-symbol)
  (eval `(defadvice ,function-symbol (around yas/try-expand-first activate)
             "Try to expand a snippet before point, then call `%s' as usual"
           (let ((yas/fallback-behavior nil))
             (unless (and (interactive-p)

(yas/advise-indent-function 'noweb-indent-line)


Flyspell provides nice inline spelling correction. Unfortunately, it makes Emacs very unresponsive for typing which turns out to be mainly what I want to use Emacs for.

  ;; flyspell-mode does spell-checking on the fly as you type
(setq ispell-program-name "aspell" ; use aspell instead of ispell
      ispell-extra-args '("--sug-mode=ultra"))
(autoload 'flyspell-mode "flyspell" "On-the-fly spelling checker." t)

;; until I can figure out how to make flyspell not be SLOW...
;; (defun prelude-turn-on-flyspell ()
;;   "Force flyspell-mode on using a positive argument.  For use in hooks."
;;   (interactive)
;;   (flyspell-mode +1))

;; (add-hook 'message-mode-hook 'prelude-turn-on-flyspell)
;; (add-hook 'text-mode-hook 'prelude-turn-on-flyspell)


This is a very naive completion scheme that works pretty well 80% of the time.

;; hippie expand is dabbrev expand on steroids
(setq hippie-expand-try-functions-list '(try-expand-dabbrev

Buffers and Files

ido mode shortcut config: magic file opening and such

This provides a really nice fuzzy matching/search for opening files and switching buffers.

(require 'ido)
(ido-mode t)
(setq ido-auto-merge-work-directories-length nil
      ido-create-new-buffer 'always
      ido-enable-flex-matching t
      ido-enable-prefix nil
      ido-handle-duplicate-virtual-buffers 2
      ido-max-prospects 10
      ;; very important to disable this, otherwise, if you happen
      ;; to try to open a file and your cursor happens to be on a
      ;; URL-ish thing, then emacs will hang trying to contact
      ;; some random server for no good reason.
      ido-use-filename-at-point 'nil
      ido-use-virtual-buffers t)
;; auto-completion in minibuffer
(icomplete-mode +1)

Reverting buffer when underlying file changes on disk

This is generally useful especially if you work with git repos and are changing branches and such.

(global-auto-revert-mode t)

dired customization

;; dired - reuse current buffer by pressing 'a'
(put 'dired-find-alternate-file 'disabled nil)

bookmarks: I keep thinking I will use them and never do

(setq bookmark-default-file (concat user-emacs-directory "bookmarks")
      bookmark-save-flag 1)

Remote editing with tramp

(require 'tramp)
;; keep in mind known issues with zsh - see emacs wiki
(setq tramp-default-method "ssh")
(add-to-list 'tramp-default-proxies-alist
             '("\\.opscode\\.piab\\'" "\\`root\\'" "/ssh:vagrant@%h:"))

Backup and autosave files get out of my way, please.

By default, emacs writes a backup file next to the file being editing with a trailing ~ turd.

;; store all autosave files in the tmp dir
(setq auto-save-file-name-transforms
      `((".*" ,temporary-file-directory t)))

;; backups in backup dir
(setq backup-by-copying t
      backup-directory-alist '(("." . "~/.emacs.d/backup"))
      delete-old-versions t
      kept-new-versions 24
      kept-old-versions 12
      version-control t)

(setq create-lockfiles nil)

Buffer naming, place saving, recent files, and minibuffer details

Generate unique buffer names if you open many files with same basename

(require 'uniquify)
(setq uniquify-buffer-name-style 'forward)
(setq uniquify-separator "/")
(setq uniquify-after-kill-buffer-p t)    ; rename after killing uniquified
(setq uniquify-ignore-buffers-re "^\\*") ; don't muck with special buffers

Remember my place in files across sessions

;; saveplace remembers your location in a file when saving files
(setq save-place-file (concat user-emacs-directory "saveplace"))
;; activate it for all buffers
(setq-default save-place t)
(require 'saveplace)

Remember some history

;; savehist keeps track of some history
(setq savehist-additional-variables
      ;; search entries
      '(search ring regexp-search-ring)
      ;; save every minute
      savehist-autosave-interval 60
      ;; keep the home clean
      savehist-file (concat user-emacs-directory "savehist"))
(savehist-mode t)

Remember recent files

;; save recent files
(setq recentf-save-file (concat user-emacs-directory "recentf")
      recentf-max-saved-items 200
      recentf-max-menu-items 15)
(recentf-mode t)


tool bars, menu bars, and pop ups

(dolist (mode '(menu-bar-mode tool-bar-mode scroll-bar-mode))
  (when (fboundp mode) (funcall mode -1)))

cursor and startup screen

(blink-cursor-mode -1)
;; disable startup screen
(setq inhibit-startup-screen t)

Asking questions

(defalias 'yes-or-no-p 'y-or-n-p)
(setq use-dialog-box nil)

Making noise (or not)

(setq ring-bell-function (lambda () (message "*beep*")))


Here are some tweaks for how scrolling behaves. Adjusted values set in emacs-prelude which sets scroll-conservatively to 10000. I think I like the default better where you get recentering in more cases.

(setq scroll-margin 0
      scroll-conservatively 0
      scroll-preserve-screen-position 1)

Mode line defaults

(line-number-mode t)
(column-number-mode t)
(size-indication-mode t)


(set-face-attribute 'default nil
                    :family "Inconsolata"
                    :height 225
                    :weight 'normal)

FIXME: Color theme selection, line and paren highlighting

(show-paren-mode t)
(setq show-paren-style 'parenthesis)
(global-hl-line-mode -1)

Add-on Packages

Add on packages are installed via package.el from the MELPA archive using John Wiegley’s use-package which provides a nice way of loading/installing/configuring packages.

In this latest emacs init.el rewrite, I also came across Cask which is a bundler-esque solution for emacs packages. Docs look pretty good, but I liked the config integration of use-package which feels like a better fit for init.el management.

Configure package archives

Use MELPA and the org archives. Put them first to avoid installed gnu packages if there are newer ones from melpa available.

If we have a net connection, we’ll refresh the package list on startup.

(require 'package)

(let* ((no-ssl (and (memq system-type '(windows-nt ms-dos))
                    (not (gnutls-available-p))))
       (url (concat (if no-ssl "http" "https") "://")))
  (add-to-list 'package-archives (cons "melpa" url) t))
;; (add-to-list 'package-archives
;;              '("melpa" . ""))

(add-to-list 'package-archives
             '("org" . ""))

(setq my-onlinep nil)
    (condition-case nil
          :name "my-check-internet"
          :host ""
          :service 80))
      (error t))
  (setq my-onlinep t))

(when my-onlinep

Setup use-package

(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d/vendor/use-package")
  (require 'use-package))
(require 'bind-key)

Packages and their configuration

To force a package to get installed if it isn’t already available, add :ensure. To provide configuration you can use either :init or :config. The :init form runs even when package loading is deferred. The :config form only runs after the module has been loaded (so might be more appropriate for calling functions defined in the module, e.g.)

There are helpers to :bind keys, setup :mode hooks, and modify :load-path.

solarized theme

(use-package color-theme-sanityinc-solarized
  (load-theme 'sanityinc-solarized-dark t))

Eric Merritt’s projmake

To add projmake support to a mode you want to add something like this to your mode hook:

(defun my-mode-hook ()

(add-hook '<mode>-mode-hook 'my-mode-hook)
(use-package projmake-mode
  (setq projmake-project-descs
        '(("Rebar" "rebar.config" "nice -n5 rebar skip_deps=true compile")))

(defun projmake-enable ()


(use-package elixir-mode


(use-package erlang
  (add-hook 'erlang-mode-hook 'my-erlang-mode-hook)

(defun my-erlang-mode-hook ()
  (if (buffer-file-name)
      ;; projmake breaks org-mode code block editing. need to
      ;; investigate
    (message "skipping ephemeral buffer"))

(defun my-erlang-mode-hook/with-projmake ()
  (if (buffer-file-name)
      ;; projmake breaks org-mode code block editing. need to
      ;; investigate
    (message "skipping projmake for ephemeral buffer"))


(use-package ess
  :mode ("\\.Rd" . Rd-mode)
  (setq ess-S-assign-key (kbd "C-=")
        ess-r-versions '("R-")
        ess-use-inferior-program-name-in-buffer-name t
        ess-eval-visibly-p nil
        inferior-R-args "--no-save --no-restore -q"
        ess-nuke-trailing-whitespace-p 'ask)
  ;; leave my underscore key alone!
  ;; (ess-toggle-underscore t)
  ;; (ess-toggle-underscore nil)
  (add-hook 'ess-mode-hook
            (lambda ()
              (ess-set-style 'C++ 'quiet)
              (add-hook 'local-write-file-hooks
                        (lambda ()
              (setq fill-column 72)))

ocaml via tuareg-mode

(use-package utop

(use-package merlin

(use-package tuareg
  (add-hook 'tuareg-mode-hook 'tuareg-imenu-set-imenu)
  (setq auto-mode-alist
        (append '(("\\.ml[ily]?$" . tuareg-mode)
                  ("\\.topml$" . tuareg-mode))
  (autoload 'utop-setup-ocaml-buffer "utop" "Toplevel for OCaml" t)
  (add-hook 'tuareg-mode-hook 'utop-setup-ocaml-buffer)
  (add-hook 'tuareg-mode-hook 'merlin-mode)
  (setq merlin-use-auto-complete-mode t)
  (setq merlin-error-after-save nil)


(use-package haskell-mode
     '(haskell-mode-hook '(turn-on-haskell-indentation))))


(use-package rust-mode
  (add-hook 'rust-mode-hook 'my-rust-mode-hook)

(defun my-rust-mode-hook ()



Install the following go tools.

go get -u
go get -u
go get -u
go get -u
go get -u
go get -u
(use-package go-mode
  (add-hook 'go-mode-hook 'my-go-mode-hook)

(use-package auto-complete :ensure)
(use-package go-autocomplete :ensure)
(use-package go-guru :ensure)
(use-package exec-path-from-shell :ensure)
(use-package flymake-go :ensure)

(use-package neotree :ensure)

(defun my-go-mode-hook ()
  ;; Call Gofmt before saving
  (add-hook 'before-save-hook 'gofmt-before-save)
  ;; (setq gofmt-command "goimports")
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-.") 'godef-jump)
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-*") 'pop-tag-mark)
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-p") 'compile)         ; Invoke compiler
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-P") 'recompile)       ; Redo most recent compile cmd
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-]") 'next-error)      ; Go to next error (or msg)
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-[") 'previous-error)  ; Go to previous error or msg
  (auto-complete-mode 1)

(when (memq window-system '(mac ns x))
  (exec-path-from-shell-copy-env "GOPATH"))


(use-package typescript-mode
  (add-hook 'typescript-mode-hook 'my-typescript-mode-hook)

(defun my-typescript-mode-hook ()


(use-package protobuf-mode
  (add-hook 'protobuf-mode-hook 'my-protobuf-mode-hook)

(defun my-protobuf-mode-hook ()


(use-package toml-mode :ensure)


(use-package elm-mode :ensure)


(use-package feature-mode :ensure)

magit and magithub

(use-package magit
  :bind ("C-x g" . magit-status))

chrome browser integration for editing text areas in Emacs

(use-package edit-server


(use-package smex
  :bind (("M-x" . smex)
         ("M-X" . execute-extended-command)))


This auto-complete mode looks worth a try at some point


(use-package plantuml-mode :ensure)
(use-package flycheck-plantuml :ensure)

fill column inidicator (fci-mode)

This mode, enabled using M-x fci-mode puts a vertical line indicating the fill column. Can be useful to keep you honest about long lines of code.

(use-package fill-column-indicator
  (setq fci-rule-column 80))

Various edit modes that I don’t yet customize

(use-package ruby-mode :ensure)
(use-package nginx-mode :ensure)
(use-package lua-mode :ensure)
(use-package ag :ensure)
(use-package haml-mode :ensure)
(use-package markdown-mode :ensure)
;;(use-package paredit :ensure)
(use-package sass-mode :ensure)
(use-package scss-mode :ensure)
(use-package yaml-mode :ensure)


Since use-package detects the version of org that comes with Emacs, I ended up running an install from MELPA manually. I’ve also cloned the org git repo into the vendor dir to have access to the contribs.

(use-package org
  :mode ("\\.org$" . org-mode)
  :load-path "~/.emacs.d/vendor/org-mode/contrib/lisp"
  :bind (("C-c l" . org-store-link)
         ("C-c a" . org-agenda)
         ("C-c b" . org-iswitchb))
   org-directory "~/Notebook/org"
   org-mobile-inbox-for-pull "~/Notebook/org/"
   org-mobile-directory "~/Dropbox/MobileOrg"
   org-agenda-files (quote ("~/Notebook/org/"
   org-enforce-todo-dependencies t
   org-velocity-bucket "~/Notebook/org/"
   org-default-notes-file (concat org-directory "/")
   org-log-done t
   ;; this prevents org-mode from adding leading whitespace to code
   ;; blocks after editing
   org-src-preserve-indentation t)
  ;; where to refile
  (setq org-refile-targets
        '((nil . (:level . 1))
          ("" . (:level . 1))
          ("" . (:level . 1))
          ("" . (:level . 1))
          ("" . (:level . 1))))
  (setq org-refile-use-outline-path 'file)

(use-package org-velocity
  :bind (("C-c 0" . org-velocity-read))

(defun my/org-capture ()
  (org-capture nil "j"))

(defun my/one-on-one ()
      (setq default-directory "~/Notebook/org/1:1")
      (call-interactively 'ido-find-file)
      (setq current-one-on-one (buffer-file-name))
      (org-capture nil "x")))

(defun my/meeting ()
      (setq default-directory "~/Notebook/org/meetings")
      (call-interactively 'ido-find-file)
      (setq current-meeting (buffer-file-name))
      (org-capture nil "m")))

(use-package org-capture
  :bind (("C-c 1" . my/org-capture)
         ("C-c 2" . my/one-on-one)
         ("C-c 3" . org-capture)
         ("C-c 4" . my/meeting)
   ;; capture setup
   '(("t" "Todo" entry
      (file+headline (concat org-directory "/") "Next Action")
      "* TODO %?\n  %i\n  %a")
     ("s" "Solution" entry
      (file+headline (concat org-directory "/"))
      "* %?\nEntered on %U\n  %i\n  %a")
     ("j" "Journal" entry
      (file (concat org-directory "/"))
      "* [%<%d-%b-%Y %H:%M>] %?\n%i\n")
     ("z" "Testing" entry
      (file (concat org-directory "/"))
      "* [%<%d-%b-%Y %H:%M>] %?\n%i\n")
     ("x" "1:1 Note" entry
      (file current-one-on-one)
      "* [%<%d-%b-%Y %H:%M>] %?\n%i\n" :prepend t :unnarrowed t)
     ("m" "Meeting Notes" entry
      (file current-meeting)
      "* [%<%d-%b-%Y %H:%M>] %?\n** Attendees\n** Notes%i\n" :prepend t :unnarrowed t)
     ("d" "Demo/Customer Interview" entry
      (file (concat org-directory "/meetings/"))
      "* [%<%d-%b-%Y %H:%M>] %?\n** Attendees\n** Problems and challenges\n** Notes%i\n** Key Learning")
     ("f" "Journal with file link" entry
      (file+datetree (concat org-directory "/"))
      "* [%<%H:%M>] %?\n%i\n%a\n")

Text manipulation

This provides M-x unfill-region.

(use-package unfill :ensure)


Provides confluence-mode

(use-package confluence :ensure)

Random misc add ons and such


;; wrangler Erlang code refactor tool
;; (add-to-list 'load-path "/usr/local/share/wrangler/elisp")
;; (require 'wrangler)

Activity logger that I don’t use

(defvar activity-log-file-prefix "~/ACTILOG"
  "prefix for file containing activity log")

(defun actilog (log)
       (interactive "sLog: ")
        (set-buffer (find-file-noselect
                     (format "%s-%s" activity-log-file-prefix
                             (format-time-string "%m-%d"))))
        (goto-char (point-max))
        (insert (format "%s %s\n" (format-time-string "[%H:%M]") log))

(global-set-key [f12] 'actilog)

Junk Drawer

(require 'rspec-mode)

;; lua!
(setq auto-mode-alist (cons '("\\.lua$" . lua-mode) auto-mode-alist))
(autoload 'lua-mode "lua-mode" "Lua editing mode." t)

;; http-twiddle
(require 'http-twiddle)

(defun chomp (str)
      "Chomp leading and tailing whitespace from STR."
      (let ((s (if (symbolp str) (symbol-name str) str)))
         "\\(^[[:space:]\n]*\\|[[:space:]\n]*$\\)" "" s)))


;; ---- BEGIN Email client ----

;; mu index --rebuild --maildir=~/Mail

;; something about ourselves
 user-mail-address ""
 user-full-name  "Seth Falcon")

;; sending mail -- replace USERNAME with your gmail username
;; also, make sure the gnutls command line utils are installed
;; package 'gnutls-bin' in Debian/Ubuntu

    message-send-mail-function 'smtpmail-send-it
    starttls-use-gnutls t
    smtpmail-debug-info t
    smtpmail-debug-verb t
    smtpmail-stream-type 'ssl
    starttls-extra-arguments '("--x509cafile" "/usr/local/etc/openssl/cert.pem")
    smtpmail-default-smtp-server ""
    smtpmail-smtp-user ""
    smtpmail-smtp-server ""
    smtpmail-smtp-service 465)
(require 'smtpmail)

(add-to-list 'load-path "/usr/local/share/emacs/site-lisp/mu4e")
(require 'mu4e)

;; default
(setq mu4e-maildir "~/Mail")
(setq mu4e-drafts-folder "/opscode/[Gmail].Drafts")
(setq mu4e-sent-folder   "/opscode/[Gmail].Sent Mail")
(setq mu4e-trash-folder  "/opscode/[Gmail].Trash")
(setq mu4e-refile-folder  "/opscode/Zero")
(setq mu4e-view-show-addresses t)
;; don't save message to Sent Messages, Gmail/IMAP takes care of this
(setq mu4e-sent-messages-behavior 'delete)

;; multi-account config.
(defvar my-mu4e-account-alist
     (mu4e-drafts-folder "/opscode/[Gmail].Drafts")
     (mu4e-sent-folder   "/opscode/[Gmail].Sent Mail")
     (mu4e-trash-folder  "/opscode/[Gmail].Trash")
     (mu4e-refile-folder  "/opscode/Zero")

     (user-mail-address "")
      "Seth Falcon | Engineering Lead - Continuous Delivery | @sfalcon\n       CHEF | ")
     (smtpmail-smtp-server "opscode-gmail")
     (smtpmail-smtp-user ""))
     (mu4e-drafts-folder "/userprimary/[Gmail].Drafts")
     (mu4e-sent-folder   "/userprimary/[Gmail].Sent Mail")
     (mu4e-trash-folder  "/userprimary/[Gmail].Trash")
     (mu4e-refile-folder  "/userprimary/Zero")

     (user-mail-address "")
     (mu4e-compose-signature "Seth Falcon | @sfalcon |")
     (smtpmail-smtp-server "userprimary-gmail")
     (smtpmail-smtp-user ""))))

(defun my-mu4e-set-account ()
       "Set the account for composing a message."
       (let* ((account
               (if mu4e-compose-parent-message
                   (let ((maildir (mu4e-message-field mu4e-compose-parent-message :maildir)))
                     (string-match "/\\(.*?\\)/" maildir)
                     (match-string 1 maildir))
                 (completing-read (format "Compose with account: (%s) "
                                          (mapconcat #'(lambda (var) (car var)) my-mu4e-account-alist "/"))
                                  (mapcar #'(lambda (var) (car var)) my-mu4e-account-alist)
                                  nil t nil nil (caar my-mu4e-account-alist))))
              (account-vars (cdr (assoc account my-mu4e-account-alist))))
         (if account-vars
             (mapc #'(lambda (var)
                       (set (car var) (cadr var)))
           (error "No email account found"))))

(add-hook 'mu4e-compose-pre-hook 'my-mu4e-set-account)

;; setup some handy shortcuts
;; you can quickly switch to your Inbox -- press ``ji''
;; then, when you want archive some messages, move them to
;; the 'All Mail' folder by pressing ``ma''.

(setq mu4e-maildir-shortcuts
      '( ("/opscode/INBOX"               . ?c)
         ("/userprimary/INBOX"           . ?u)

(add-to-list 'mu4e-bookmarks
             '("maildir:/Nagios flag:unread AND NOT flag:trashed" "Nagios Today" ?n))

(add-to-list 'mu4e-bookmarks
             '("( OR OR maildir:/INBOX flag:unread AND NOT flag:trashed" "Unread for me" ?m))

;; allow for updating mail using 'U' in the main view:
(setq mu4e-get-mail-command "true")

;; don't keep message buffers around
(setq message-kill-buffer-on-exit t)

 (setq mu4e-html2text-command
 "textutil -stdin -format html -convert txt -stdout")

;; ---- END Email client ----

Prelude programming stuff

FIXME: organize this stuff

(defun prelude-local-comment-auto-fill ()
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-auto-fill-only-comments) t)
  (auto-fill-mode t))

(defun prelude-add-watchwords ()
   nil '(("\\<\\(FIX\\|TODO\\|FIXME\\|HACK\\|REFACTOR\\):"
          1 font-lock-warning-face t))))

;; show the name of the current function definition in the modeline
(require 'which-func)
(which-func-mode 1)

(defun prelude-prog-mode-hook ()
  "Default coding hook, useful with any programming language."
  ;; (flyspell-prog-mode)
;;  ;; keep the whitespace decent all the time
;;  (add-hook 'before-save-hook 'whitespace-cleanup nil t))

;; in Emacs 24 programming major modes generally derive
;; from a common mode named prog-mode
(add-hook 'prog-mode-hook 'prelude-prog-mode-hook)