A Vagrant plugin that manages the /etc/hosts file on guests within a multi-machine environment
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Vagrant Host Manager

vagrant-hostmanager is a Vagrant 1.1+ plugin that manages the /etc/hosts file on guest machines. Its goal is to enable resolution of multi-machine environments deployed with a cloud provider where IP addresses are not known in advance.


The current implementation is a proof-of-concept supporting the larger objective of using Vagrant as a cloud management interface for development and production environments.

The plugin has been tested with Vagrant 1.1.5.


Install the plugin following the typical Vagrant 1.1 procedure:

$ vagrant plugin install vagrant-hostmanager


To update the /etc/hosts file on each active machine, run the following command:

$ vagrant hostmanager

The plugin may hook into the vagrant up and vagrant destroy commands automatically. When a machine is created or destroyed, all active machines with the same provider will have their /etc/hosts file updated accordingly. Set the hostmanager.enabled attribute to true in the Vagrantfile to activate this behavior.

A machine's IP address is defined by either the static IP for a private network configuration or by the SSH host configuration. To disable using the private network IP address, set config.hostmanger.ignore_private_ip to true.

A machine's host name is defined by config.vm.hostname. If this is not set, it falls back to the symbol defining the machine in the Vagrantfile.

When using include_offline set to true, only boxes that are up or have a private ip configured will be added to the hosts file. You will receive a warning on skipped boxes.

In addition, the hostmanager.aliases configuration attribute can be used to provide aliases for your host names.

Example configuration:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.hostmanager.enabled = true
  config.hostmanager.ignore_private_ip = false
  config.hostmanager.include_offline = true
  config.vm.define "example-box" do |node|
    node.vm.hostname = "example-box-hostname"
    node.vm.network :private_network, ip: ""
    node.hostmanager.aliases = %w(example-box.localdomain example-box-alias)

As a last option, you can also choose hostmanager as a provisioner. This allows you to use the provisioning order to ensure that hostmanager runs before or after provisioning. The provisioner will collect hosts from boxes with the same provider as the running box.


config.vm.provision :hostmanager


Contributions are welcome.

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request