Skip to content
This repository

Model configuration location

Each model configuration can alternatively be in two places:

  • Inside the RailsAdmin initializer

config/initializers/rails_admin.rb

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  ...
  config.model 'ModelName' do 
    ...
  end
end
  • In the model definition file:

app/models/model_name.rb

class ModelName < ActiveRecord::Base
  ...
  rails_admin do 
    ...
  end
end

This is your choice to make:

  • The initializer is loaded once at startup (modifications will show up when restarting the application) and may slow down your application startup, but all RailsAdmin configuration will stay in one place.
  • Models are reloaded at each request in development mode (when modified), which may smooth your RailsAdmin development workflow.

The object_label_method method

The model configuration option object_label_method configures the title display of a single database record, i.e. an instance of a model.

By default it tries to call "name" or "title" methods on the record in question. If the object responds to neither, then the label will be constructed from the model's classname appended with its database identifier. You can add label methods (or replace the default [:name, :title]) with:

RailsAdmin.config {|c| c.label_methods << :description}

This object_label_method value is used in a number of places in RailsAdmin--for instance for the output of belongs to associations in the listing views of related models, for the option labels of the relational fields' input widgets in the edit views of related models and for part of the audit information stored in the history records--so keep in mind that this configuration option has widespread effects.

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    object_label_method do
      :custom_label_method
    end
  end

  def custom_label_method
    "Team #{self.name}"
  end
end

Difference between label and object_label

label and object_label are both model configuration options. label is used whenever Rails Admin refers to a model class, while object_label is used whenever Rails Admin refers to an instance of a model class (representing a single database record).

Fields - Visibility and ordering

By default all fields are visible, but they are not presented in any particular order. If you specifically declare fields, only defined fields will be visible and they will be presented in the order defined:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name
      field :created_at
    end
  end
end

This would show only "name" and "created at" columns in the list view.

If you need to hide fields based on some logic on runtime (for instance authorization to view field) you can pass a block for the visible option (including its hide and show accessors):

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name
      field :created_at
      field :revenue do
        visible do
          current_user.roles.include?(:accounting) # metacode
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Note that above example's authorization conditional is not runnable code, just an imaginary example. You need to provide RailsAdmin with your own authorization scheme for which you can find a guide at the end of this file.

Fields - Label

The header of a list view column can be changed with the familiar label method:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name do
        label "Title"
      end
      field :created_at do
        label "Created on"
      end
    end
  end
end

As in the previous example this would show only columns for fields "name" and "created at" and their headers would have been renamed to "Title" and "Created on".

Fields - Output formatting

The field's output can be modified:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name do
        formatted_value do # used in form views
          value.to_s.upcase
        end

        pretty_value do # used in list view columns and show views, defaults to formatted_value for non-association fields
          value.titleize
        end

        export_value do
          value.camelize # used in exports, where no html/data is allowed
        end
      end
      field :created_at
    end
  end
end

This would render all the teams' names uppercased.

The field declarations also have access to a bindings hash which contains the current record instance in key :object and the view instance in key :view. Via :object we can access other columns' values and via :view we can access our application's view helpers:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name do
        formatted_value do
          bindings[:view].tag(:img, { :src => bindings[:object].logo_url }) << value
        end
      end
      field :created_at
    end
  end
end

This would output the name column prepended with team's logo using the tag view helper. This example uses value method to access the name field's value, but that could be written more verbosely as bindings[:object].name.

Fields of different date types (date, datetime, time, timestamp) have two extra options to set the time formatting:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :name
      field :created_at do
        date_format :short
      end
      field :updated_at do
        strftime_format "%Y-%m-%d"
      end
    end
  end
end

This would render all the teams' "created at" dates in the short format of your application's locale and "updated at" dates in format YYYY-MM-DD. If both options are defined for a single field, strftime_format has precedence over date_format option. For more information about localizing Rails see Rails Internationalization API and Rails I18n repository.

Create and update views

Form rendering

RailsAdmin renders these views with is own form builder: RailsAdmin::FormBuilder You can inherit from it to customize form output.

Field groupings

By default RailsAdmin groups fields in the edit views (create and update views) by including all database columns and associations to the :default group.

The configuration accessors are edit, create and update. First one is a batch accessor which configures both create and update views. For consistency, these examples only include the batch accessor edit, but if you need differing create and update views just replace edit with create or update. If you need to configure the form when it is displayed as a modal, replace edit with modal. Attention: If you loose some fileds after using groupings, add include_all_fields to your configuration.

Field groupings - visibility

Field groups can be hidden:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :default do
        hide
      end
    end
  end
end

This would hide the default group which is accessed by the symbol :default. The hide method is just a shortcut for the actual visible option which was mentioned in the beginning of the navigation section.

Field groupings - labels

Field groups can be renamed:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :default do
        label "Team information"
      end
    end
  end
end

This would render "Team information" instead of "Basic info" as the groups label.

Field groupings - help

Field groups can have a set of instructions which is displayed under the label:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :default do
        label "Team information"
        help "Please fill all informations related to your team..."
      end
    end
  end
end

This content is mostly useful when the admin doing the data entry is not familiar with the system or as a way to display inline documentation.

Field groupings - syntax

As in the list view, the edit views' configuration blocks can directly contain field configurations, but in edit views those configurations can also be nested within group configurations. Below examples result an equal configuration:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :default do
        label "Default group"
      end
      field :name do
        label "Title"
        group :default
      end
    end
  end
end

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :default do
        label "Default group"
        field :name do
          label "Title"
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Important note on label - I18n

Use association name as translation key for label for association fields. If you have :user_id field with a user association, use :user as the attribute

In fact the first examples group :default configuration is unnecessary as the default group has already initialized all fields and associations for itself.

Field groupings - toggles

By default, all field groups (other than :default) will have a toggle and start off active. To change the default and have a field group start off with the toggle inactive, use 'active false'

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      group :advanced do
        active false
      end
    end
  end
end

Fields

Just like in the list view, all fields are visible by default. If you specifically declare fields, only defined fields will be visible and they will be presented in the order defined. Thus both examples would render a form with only one group (labeled "Default group") that would contain only one element (labeled "Title").

If you would like to configure fields in the default group without changing the other fields already included in the default group, you can use the configure block like this:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      configure :name do
        hide
      end
    end
  end
end

This would hide the name field on the team edit page, but it would not affect any of the other field defaults.

In the list view label is the text displayed in the field's column header, but in the edit views label literally means the html label element associated with field's input element.

Naturally edit views' fields also have the visible option along with hide and show accessors as the list view has.

Fields - rendering

The edit view's fields are rendered using partials. Each field type has its own partial per default, but that can be overridden:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :name do
        partial "my_awesome_partial"
      end
    end
  end
end

The partial should be placed in your applications template folder, such as app/views/rails_admin/main/_my_awesome_partial.html.erb.

One can also completely override the rendering logic:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :name do
        def render
          bindings[:view].render :partial => partial.to_s, :locals => {:field => self, :form => bindings[:form]}
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

You can flag a field as read only, and if necessary fine-tune the output with pretty_value:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :published do
        read_only true
        pretty_value do
          bindings[:object].published? ? "Yes, it's live!" : "No, in the loop..."
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Fields - overriding field type

If you'd like to override the type of the field that gets instantiated, the field method provides second parameter which is field type as a symbol. For instance, if we have a column that's a text column in the database, but we'd like to have it as a string type we could accomplish that like this:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :description, :string do
         # configuration here
      end
    end
  end
end

If no configuration needs to take place the configuration block could have been left out:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :description, :string
    end
  end
end

A word of warning, if you make field declarations for the same field a number of times with a type defining second argument in place, the type definition will ditch the old field configuration and load a new field instance in place.

Fields - Creating a custom field type

If you have a reusable field you can define a custom class extending RailsAdmin::Config::Fields::Base and register it for RailsAdmin:

RailsAdmin::Config::Fields::Types::register(:my_awesome_type, MyAwesomeFieldClass)

Then you can use your custom class in a field:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :name, :my_awesome_type do
        # configuration here
      end
    end
  end
end

Fields - Creating a custom field factory

Type guessing can be overridden by registering a custom field "factory", but for now you need to study lib/rails_admin/config/fields/factories/* for examples if you want to use that mechanism.

Fields - Overriding field help texts

Every field is accompanied by a hint/text help based on model's validations. Everything can be overridden with help:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :name
      field :email do
        help 'Required - popular webmail addresses not allowed'
      end
    end
  end
end

Since v0.6 you can also override your fields help text based on rails i18n functionality, using your locale files:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    edit do
      field :name
      field :email
    end
  end
end
en:
  admin:
    help:
      team:
        email: '%{help}. Popular webmail addresses not allowed'

%{help} will be replaced by the rails_admin default generated help message.

Configuring fields

Fields - exclude some fields

By default all fields found on your model will be added to list/edit/export views, if no field is found for the section and model.

But after you specify your first field with field(field_name, field_type = found_column_type, &conf_block) or include_field or fields, this behaviour will be canceled.

Only the specified fields will be added. If you don't want that very behavior, use configure instead of field (same signature). That way, that field won't be added to the section, just configured.

Once in add specified fields mode, you can exclude some specific fields with exclude_fields & exclude_fields_if:

Example:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'League' do
    list do
      exclude_fields_if do
        type == :datetime
      end

      exclude_fields :id, :name
    end
  end
end

Be careful, if you exclude fields before anything is added, this will instead add all other fields, which might not be what you expect (especially since fields ordering will be frozen). See https://github.com/sferik/rails_admin/issues/859 for an example.

You can use include_all_fields to add all default fields:

Example:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'League' do
    list do
      field :name do
        # snipped specific configuration for name attribute
      end
      include_all_fields # all other default fields will be added after, conveniently
      exclude_fields :created_at # but you still can remove fields
    end
  end
end

Fields - include some fields

It is also possible to add fields by group and configure them by group:

Example:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'League' do
    list do
      # all selected fields will be added, but you can't configure them.
      # If you need to select them by type, see *fields_of_type*
      include_fields_if do
        name =~ /displayed/
      end

      include_fields :name, :title                # simply adding fields by their names (order will be maintained)
      fields :created_at, :updated_at do          # adding and configuring
        label do
          "#{label} (timestamp)"
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Note that some fields are hidden by default (source fields for belongs_to associations) and that you can display them to the list view by manually setting them to visible:

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  config.model 'Team' do
    list do
      field :league_id do
        visible true
      end
    end
  end
end

List, Edit or something else for all models

If you want to use config.model for all models, you may find it in ActiveRecord::Base.descendants

RailsAdmin.config do |config|
  ActiveRecord::Base.descendants.each do |imodel|
    config.model "#{imodel}" do
      list do
        exclude_fields :created_at, :updated_at
      end
    end
  end
end

Examples

Select and Multi-Select using Enumeration field type approach

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.