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#!/bin/bash
#
# Author: Sharad Kumar Chhetri
# Date : 27-April-2015
# Description : The backup script will complete the backup in 2 phases -
# 1. First Phase: Taking backup of Keyspace SCHEMA
# 2. Seconf Phase: Taking snapshot of keyspaces
#
## In below given variables - require information to be feed by system admin##
# For _NODETOOL , you can replace $(which nodetool) with absolute path of nodetool command.
#
_BACKUP_DIR=/backup
_DATA_DIR=/var/lib/cassandra/data
_NODETOOL=$(which nodetool)
## Do not edit below given variable ##
_TODAY_DATE=$(date +%F)
_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR="$_BACKUP_DIR/$_TODAY_DATE/SNAPSHOTS"
_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR="$_BACKUP_DIR/$_TODAY_DATE/SCHEMA"
_SNAPSHOT_DIR=$(find $_DATA_DIR -type d -name snapshots)
_SNAPSHOT_NAME=snp-$(date +%F-%H%M-%S)
_DATE_SCHEMA=$(date +%F-%H%M-%S)
###### Create / check backup Directory ####
if [ -d "$_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR" ]
then
echo "$_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR already exist"
else
mkdir -p "$_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR"
fi
if [ -d "$_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR" ]
then
echo "$_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR already exist"
else
mkdir -p "$_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR"
fi
##################### SECTION 1 : SCHEMA BACKUP ############################################
## List All Keyspaces
cqlsh -e "DESC KEYSPACES" |perl -pe 's/\e([^\[\]]|\[.*?[a-zA-Z]|\].*?\a)//g' | sed '/^$/d' > Keyspace_name_schema.cql
#_KEYSPACE_NAME=$(cat Keyspace_name_schema.cql)
## Create directory inside backup SCHEMA directory. As per keyspace name.
for i in $(cat Keyspace_name_schema.cql)
do
if [ -d $i ]
then
echo "$i directory exist"
else
mkdir -p $_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR/$i
fi
done
## Take SCHEMA Backup - All Keyspace and All tables
for VAR_KEYSPACE in $(cat Keyspace_name_schema.cql)
do
cqlsh -e "DESC KEYSPACE $VAR_KEYSPACE" > "$_BACKUP_SCHEMA_DIR/$VAR_KEYSPACE/$VAR_KEYSPACE"_schema-"$_DATE_SCHEMA".cql
done
##################### END OF LINE ---- SECTION 1 : SCHEMA BACKUP #####################
###### Create snapshots for all keyspaces
echo "creating snapshots for all keyspaces ....."
$_NODETOOL snapshot -t $_SNAPSHOT_NAME
###### Get Snapshot directory path
_SNAPSHOT_DIR_LIST=`find $_DATA_DIR -type d -name snapshots|awk '{gsub("'$_DATA_DIR'", "");print}' > snapshot_dir_list`
#echo $_SNAPSHOT_DIR_LIST > snapshot_dir_list
## Create directory inside backup directory. As per keyspace name.
for i in `cat snapshot_dir_list`
do
if [ -d $_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR/$i ]
then
echo "$i directory exist"
else
mkdir -p $_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR/$i
echo $i Directory is created
fi
done
### Copy default Snapshot dir to backup dir
find $_DATA_DIR -type d -name $_SNAPSHOT_NAME > snp_dir_list
for SNP_VAR in `cat snp_dir_list`;
do
## Triming _DATA_DIR
_SNP_PATH_TRIM=`echo $SNP_VAR|awk '{gsub("'$_DATA_DIR'", "");print}'`
cp -prvf "$SNP_VAR" "$_BACKUP_SNAPSHOT_DIR$_SNP_PATH_TRIM";
done