A delightful and expressive regular expression type for Swift.
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sharplet Merge pull request #61 from sharplet/examplify
Add some examples for new 1.1.0 features
Latest commit 0b18d20 Aug 5, 2017

README.md

Regex

Pattern match like a boss.

Usage

Create:

// Use `Regex.init(_:)` to build a regex from a static pattern

let greeting = Regex("hello (world|universe)")

// Use `Regex.init(string:)` to construct a regex from dynamic data, and
// gracefully handle invalid input

var validations: [String: Regex]

for (name, pattern) in config.loadValidations() {
  do {
    validations[name] = try Regex(string: pattern)
  } catch {
    print("error building validation \(name): \(error)")
  }
}

Match:

if greeting.matches("hello universe!") {
  print("wow, you're friendly!")
}

Pattern match:

switch someTextFromTheInternet {
case Regex("DROP DATABASE (.+)"):
  // TODO: patch security hole
default:
  break
}

Capture:

let greeting = Regex("hello (world|universe|swift)")

if let subject = greeting.firstMatch(in: "hello swift")?.captures[0] {
  print("ohai \(subject)")
}

Find and replace:

"hello world".replacingFirst(matching: "h(ello) (\\w+)", with: "H$1, $2!")
// "Hello, world!"

Accessing the last match:

switch text {
case Regex("hello (\\w+)"):
  if let friend = Regex.lastMatch?.captures[0] {
    print("lovely to meet you, \(friend)!")
  }
case Regex("goodbye (\\w+)"):
  if let traitor = Regex.lastMatch?.captures[0] {
    print("so sorry to see you go, \(traitor)!")
  }
default:
  break
}

Options:

let totallyUniqueExamples = Regex("^(hello|foo).*$", options: [.ignoreCase, .anchorsMatchLines])
let multilineText = "hello world\ngoodbye world\nFOOBAR\n"
let matchingLines = totallyUniqueExamples.allMatches(in: multilineText).map { $0.matchedString }
// ["hello world", "FOOBAR"]

Decode:

let json = """
  [
    {
      "name" : "greeting",
      "pattern" : "^(\\\\w+) world!$"
    }
  ]
  """.data(using: .utf8)!

struct Validation: Codable {
  var name: String
  var pattern: Regex
}

let decoder = JSONDecoder()
try decoder.decode(Validation.self, from: json)
// Validation(name: "greeting", pattern: /^(\w+) world!/)

Ranges:

let lyrics = """
  So it's gonna be forever
  Or it's gonna go down in flames
  """

let possibleEndings = Regex("it's gonna (.+)")
    .allMatches(in: lyrics)
    .flatMap { $0.captureRanges[0] }
    .map { lyrics[$0] }

// it's gonna: ["be forever", "go down in flames"]

Installation

Swift Package Manager

Add a dependency to your Package.swift:

// Swift 4

let package = Package(
  name: "MyPackage",
  dependencies: [
    // other dependencies...
    .package(url: "https://github.com/sharplet/Regex.git", from: "1.1.0"),
  ]
)
// Swift 3

let package = Package(
  name: "MyPackage",
  dependencies: [
    // other dependencies...
    .Package(url: "https://github.com/sharplet/Regex.git", majorVersion: 1, minor: 1),
  ]
)

Carthage

Put this in your Cartfile:

github "sharplet/Regex" ~> 1.1

CocoaPods

Put this in your Podfile:

pod "STRegex", "~> 1.1"

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING.md.

Development Setup

Swift Package Manager

Build and run the tests:

export SWIFT_PACKAGE_TEST_REGEX=true
swift test

# or just

rake test:package

If you're on a Mac, testing on Linux is supported via Docker for Mac. Once Docker is set up, start a Linux shell:

rake docker

And run the tests via Swift Package Manager.

Carthage & Xcode

Install Carthage via Homebrew and build the dependencies:

brew install carthage
rake setup

xcpretty is recommended, for prettifying test output:

gem install xcpretty

Then run the tests:

# one of
rake test:osx
rake test:ios
rake test:tvos

Linting

Regex uses SwiftLint to validate code style. SwiftLint is automatically run against pull requests using Hound CI.

You can also run it locally:

$ brew install swiftlint
$ rake swiftlint

License

See LICENSE.txt.