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shawnlaffan edited this page Jan 16, 2023 · 308 revisions

Primary citation

To cite Biodiverse or acknowledge its use, cite this publication:

  • Laffan, S.W., Lubarsky, E. & Rosauer, D.F. (2010) Biodiverse, a tool for the spatial analysis of biological and related diversity. Ecography, 33, 643-647.

Article access is free from the publisher, but an alternate link is .

Publications citing Biodiverse

A list of articles citing the paper describing Biodiverse can be found here. It is perhaps more interesting, though, to see what applications it has been used for. Below is a curated list of such publications.

Publications using Biodiverse (or its ancestors)

Publications are listed in reverse chronological order by year, then by author within years.

in press/recent

  • González-Orozco, C.E. & Parra-Quijano, M. (in press) Comparing species and evolutionary diversity metrics to inform conservation. Diversity and Distributions.


  • Copilaș-Ciocianu, D., Sidorov, D., & Šidagytė-Copilas, E. (2023). Global distribution and diversity of alien Ponto-Caspian amphipods. Biological Invasions, 25, 179-195.


  • Amaral, D.T., Bonatelli, I.A.S., Romeiro-Brito, M., Moraes, E.M. and Franco, F.F. (2022) Spatial patterns of evolutionary diversity in Cactaceae show low ecological representation within protected areas. Biological Conservation, 273, 109677.

  • Ávila-González, H., González-Gallegos, J.G., Munguía-Lino, G. & Castro-Castro, A. (2022) The genus Sisyrinchium (Iridaceae) in Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico: A new species, richness and distribution. Systematic Botany, 47, 319-334.

  • Carter, B. E., Misiewicz, T. M. & Mishler, B. D. (2022). Spatial phylogenetic patterns in the North American moss flora are shaped by history and climate. Journal of Biogeography, 49, 1327-1338.

  • Chen, K., Khine, P.K., Yang, Z. and Schneider, H. (2022) Historical plant records enlighten the conservation efforts of ferns and Lycophytes’ diversity in tropical China, Journal for Nature Conservation, 68, 126197.

  • Contreras-Medina, R., García-Martínez, A. I., Ramírez-Martínez, J. C., Espinosa, D., Balam-Narváez, R., and Luna-Vega, I. (2021). Biogeographic analysis of ferns and lycophytes in Oaxaca: A Mexican beta-diverse area. Botanical Sciences, 100, 204-222.

  • Fernandes, N.B.G., de Menezes Yazbeck, G. & Milward-de-Azevedo, M.A. (2022) Taxonomic diversity of Passifloraceae sensu stricto along altitudinal gradient and on Serra dos Órgãos mountain slopes in southeastern Brazil. Rodriguésia, 73, e00702021.

  • Gosper C.R., Percy-Bower J.M., Byrne M., Llorens T.M. & Yates C.J. (2022) Distribution, Biogeography and Characteristics of the Threatened and Data-Deficient Flora in the Southwest Australian Floristic Region. Diversity, 14, 493.

  • Griffiths, D. (2022). Do the drivers and levels of isolation in fish faunas differ across Atlantic and Pacific drainages in the Americas? Journal of Biogeography, 49, 930-941.

  • Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, B.E., Guevara, R., Angulo, D.F. et al. (2022) Ecological niches, endemism and conservation of the species in Selenicereus (Hylocereeae, Cactaceae). Brazilian Journal of Botany, 45, pages 1149–1160.

  • Gutiérrez–Rodríguez, B.E., Vásquez–Cruz, M. and Sosa, V. (2022) Phylogenetic endemism of the orchids of Megamexico reveals complementary areas for conservation. Plant Diversity, 44, 351-359.

  • Kong, H., Condamine, F.L., Yang, L., Harris, A.J., Feng, C., Wen, F. and Kang, M. (in press) Phylogenomic and macroevolutionary evidence for an explosive radiation of a plant genus in the Miocene. Systematic Biology, 71, 589–609.

  • Moreira-Muñoz, A, Palchetti, V.A., Morales-Fierro, V., Duval, V.S., Allesch-Villalobos, R., & González-Orozco, C.E. (2022) Diversity and Conservation Gap Analysis of the Solanaceae of Southern South America. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13.

  • Murillo-Pérez, G., Rodríguez, A., Sánchez-Carbajal, D., Ruiz-Sanchez, E., Carrillo-Reyes, P., Munguía-Lino, G. (2022) Spatial distribution of species richness and endemism of Solanum (Solanaceae) in Mexico. Phytotaxa 558, 147–177

  • Olivares-Juárez, M.I., Burgos-Hernández, M. and Santiago-Alvarádo, M. (2022) Patterns of Species Richness and Distribution of the Genus Laelia s.l. vs. Laelia s.s. (Laeliinae: Epidendroideae: Orchidaceae) in Mexico: Taxonomic Contribution and Conservation Implications. Plants, 11:2742.

  • Paz, A., Silva, A.S. & Carnaval, A. (2022) A framework for near-real time monitoring of diversity patterns based on indirect remote sensing, with an application in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. PeerJ, 10:e13534.

  • Rivera-Martínez, R., Ramírez-Morillo, I.M., De-Nova, José A., Carnevali, G., Pinzón, J.P., Romero-Soler, K.J. & Raigoza, N. (2022) Spatial phylogenetics in Hechtioideae (Bromeliaceae) reveals recent diversification and dispersal. Botanical Sciences, 100, 692-709.

  • Silva, D.C., Oliveira, H.F.M., Zangrandi, P.L. and Domingos, F.M.C.B. (2022) Flying Over Amazonian Waters: The Role of Rivers on the Distribution and Endemism Patterns of Neotropical Bats. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10:774083.

  • Wang, Q., Huang, J., Zang, R., Li, Z. and El-Kassaby, Y. A. (2022). Centres of neo- and paleo-endemism for Chinese woody flora and their environmental features. Biological Conservation, 276, 109817.

  • Yang, X., Qin, F., Xue, T., Xia, C., Gadagkar, S. R., & Yu, S. (2022). Insights into plant biodiversity conservation in large river valleys in China: A spatial analysis of species and phylogenetic diversity. Ecology and Evolution, 12, e8940.

  • Yang, X., Zhang, W., Qin, F., et al. (2022). Biodiversity priority areas and conservation strategies for seed plants in China. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13, 962609.

  • Zhang, W., Bussmann, R.W., Li, J., Liu, B., Xue, T., Yang, X., Qin, F., Liu, H. and Yu, S. (2022) Biodiversity hotspots and conservation efficiency of a large drainage basin: Distribution patterns of species richness and conservation gaps analysis in the Yangtze River Basin, China. Conservation Science and Practice, 4, e12653.

  • Zhang, Y., Qian, L., Chen, X., Sun, L., Sun, H. and Chen, J. (2022) Diversity patterns of cushion plants on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: a basic study for future conservation efforts on alpine ecosystems. Plant Diversity, 44, 231-242.

  • Zhang, X.X, Ye, J.F., Laffan, S.W., Mishler, B.D., Thornhill, A.H., Lu, L.M. et al. (2022) Spatial phylogenetics of the Chinese angiosperm flora provides insights into endemism and conservation. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 64, 105-117.

  • Zhao, R., Xu, S., Song, P., Zhou, X, Zhang, Y. and Yuan, Y. (2022) Distribution patterns of medicinal plant diversity and their conservation in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Biodiversity Science, 30, 21385.


  • Anguiano-Constante, M.A., Dean, E., Starbuck, T., Rodríguez, A. And Munguía-Lino, G. (2021) Diversity, species richness distribution and centers of endemism of Lycianthes (Capsiceae, Solanaceae) in Mexico. Phytotaxa, 514, 39-60.

  • Bartoli, F., Iocchi, M. and Lucchese, F. (2021) Spatial phylogenetic diversity of pteridophytes in Latium (Central Italy): a tool for conservation planning at regional scale. Flora Mediterranea, 31 Special Issue, 297-315.

  • Bharti, D.K., Edgecombe, G.D., Karanth, K.P. and Joshi, J. (2021) Spatial patterns of phylogenetic diversity and endemism in the Western Ghats, India: A case study using ancient predatory arthropods. Ecology and Evolution, 11, 16499-16513.

  • Camacho, G.P., Loss, A.C., Fisher, B.L., Blaimer, B.B. (2021) Spatial phylogenomics of acrobat ants in Madagascar—Mountains function as cradles for recent diversity and endemism. Journal of Biogeography, 48, 1706-1719.

  • Cheikh Albassatneh, M., Escudero, M., Monnet, A‐C., et al. (2021) Spatial patterns of genus‐level phylogenetic endemism in the tree flora of Mediterranean Europe. Diversity and Distributions, 27, 913– 928.

  • Earl, C., Belitz, M.W., Laffan, S.W., Barve, V., Barve, N., Soltis, D.E., Allen, J.M., Soltis, P.S., Mishler, B.D., Kawahara, A.Y., & Guralnick, R. (2021) Spatial phylogenetics of butterflies in relation to environmental drivers and angiosperm diversity across North America. iScience, 102239.

  • Flores-Tolentino M., Beltrán-Rodríguez L., Morales-Linares J., et al. (2021) Biogeographic regionalization by spatial and environmental components: Numerical proposal. PLoS ONE 16, e0253152.

  • Furtado, S.G. and Menini Neto, L. (2021) What is the role of topographic heterogeneity and climate on the distribution and conservation of vascular epiphytes in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest? Biodiversity and Conservation, 30, 1415–1431.

  • Garcia-Rodriguez, A., Luna-Vega, I., Yáñez-Ordóñez, O., Ramírez-Martínez, J.C., Espinosa, D., and Contreras-Medina, R. (2021). Patrones de Distribución de las Abejas del Bosque Mesófilo de Montaña de la Sierra Madre Oriental, México. Southwestern Entomologist, 46, 1021-1036.

  • González-Orozco, C.E. (2021) Biogeographical regionalisation of Colombia: a revised area taxonomy. Phytotaxa, 484, 3.

  • González-Orozco, C.E. (2021) Regiones biogeográficas del género Cinchona L. (Rubiaceae- Cinchoneae). Revista Novedades Colombianas, 16, 135-156.

  • González-Orozco, C. E., Sosa, C. C., Thornhill, A. H., and Laffan, S. W. (2021). Phylogenetic diversity and conservation of crop wild relatives in Colombia. Evolutionary Applications, 14, 2603-2617.

  • Gosper, C.R., Coates, D.J., Hopper, S.D., Byrne, M., Yates, C.J. (2021) The role of landscape history in the distribution and conservation of threatened flora in the Southwest Australian Floristic Region. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 133, 394–410.

  • Hammer, T.A., Renton, M., Mucina, L. and Thiele, K. (2021) Arid Australia as a source of plant diversity: the origin and climatic evolution of Ptilotus (Amaranthaceae). Australian Systematic Botany, 34, 570-586.

  • Hao, T., Elith, J., Guillera-Arroita, G., Lahoz-Monfort, J. J., & May, T. W. (2021). Enhancing repository fungal data for biogeographic analyses. Fungal Ecology, 53, 101097.

  • Kougioumoutzis, K., Kokkoris, I.P., Panitsa, M., Kallimanis, A., Strid, A., and Dimopoulos, P. (2021) Plant Endemism Centres and Biodiversity Hotspots in Greece. Biology, 10, 72.

  • Murali, G., Gumbs, R., Meiri, S. and Rull, U. (2021) Global determinants and conservation of evolutionary and geographic rarity in land vertebrates. Science Advances, 7, eabe5582.

  • Ortiz-Brunel, J.P., Munguía-Lino, G., Castro-Castro, A. and Rodríguez, A. (2021) Biogeographic analysis of the American genus Echeandia (Agavoideae: Asparagaceae). Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 92, e923739.

  • Paz, A., Brown, J.L., Cordeiro, C.L.O., Aguirre‐Santoro, J., Assis, C., Amaro, R.C., Raposo do Amaral, F., Bochorny, T., Bacci, L.F., Caddah, M.K., d’Horta, F., Kaehler, M., Lyra, M., Grohmann, C.H., Reginato, M., Silva‐Brandão, K.L., Freitas, A.V.L., Goldenberg, R., Lohmann, L.G., Michelangeli, F.A., Miyaki, C., Rodrigues, M.T., Silva, T.S. and Carnaval, A.C. (2021) Environmental correlates of taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity in the Atlantic Forest. Journal of Biogeography, 48, 1377-1391.

  • Pereira, L.C., Chautems, A. and Menini Neto, L. (2021) Biogeography and Conservation of Gesneriaceae in the Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeastern Region of Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany, 44, 239–248.

  • Pinedo-Escatel, J.A., Aragón-Parada, J., Dietrich, C.H., Moya-Raygoza, G., Zahniser, J.N. and Portillo, L. (2021) Biogeographical evaluation and conservation assessment of arboreal leafhoppers in the Mexican Transition Zone biodiversity hotspot. Diversity and Distributions, 27, 1051-1065.

  • Suissa, J.S., Sundue, M.A. and Testo, W.L. (2021), Mountains, climate and niche heterogeneity explain global patterns of fern diversity. Journal of Biogeography, 48, 1296-1308.

  • Yang, X., Liu, B., Bussman, R.W., Guan, X., et al. (2021) Integrated plant diversity hotspots and long-term stable conservation strategies in the unique karst area of southern China under global climate change. Forest Ecology and Management, 498, 119540.

  • Xu, M.‐Z., Yang, L.‐H., Kong, H.‐H., Wen, F. and Kang, M. (2021) Congruent spatial patterns of species richness and phylogenetic diversity in karst flora: the case study of Primulina (Gesnariaceae). Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 59, 251-261.

  • Xue, T., Gadagkar, S.H., Albright, T.P., Yang, X., Li, J., Xia, C., Wu, J., and Yu, S. (2021) Prioritizing conservation of biodiversity in an alpine region: Distribution pattern and conservation status of seed plants in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecology and Conservation, 32, e01885.

  • Zhang, Y., Chen, J. and Sun, H. (2021) Alpine speciation and morphological innovations: revelations from a species-rich genus in the Northern Hemisphere. AoB PLANTS, 13, 3, plab018.

  • Zhang, Y., Qian, L., Spalink, D., Sun, L., Chen, J. and Sun, H. (2021) Spatial phylogenetics of two topographic extremes of the Hengduan Mountains in southwestern China and its implications for biodiversity conservation. Plant Diversity, 43, 181-191.

  • Zhu, Z-X, Harris, A.J., Nizamani, M.M., Thornhill, A.H., Scherson, R.A. and Wang, H-F. (2021) Spatial phylogenetics of the native woody plant species in Hainan, China. Ecology and Evolution, 11, 2100-2109.


  • Azevedo, J.A.R., Guedes, T.B., Nogueira, C.d.C., Passos, P., Sawaya, R.J., Prudente, A.L.C., Barbo, F.E., Strüssmann, C., Franco, F.L., Arzamendia, V., Giraudo, A.R., Argôlo, A.J.S., Jansen, M., Zaher, H., Tonini, J.F.R., Faurby, S. & Antonelli, A. (2020) Museums and cradles of diversity are geographically coincident for narrowly distributed Neotropical snakes. Ecography, 43, 328-339.

  • Barrera-Robles, P.H., Burgos-Hernández, M., Ruíz-Acevedo, A.D. and Castillo-Campos, G. (2020) The Linaceae family in Mexico: current status and perspectives. Botanical Sciences, 98, 560-572.

  • Bein, B., Ebach, M.C., Laffan, S.W., Murphy, D.J. and Cassis, G. (2020) Quantifying vertebrate zoogeographical regions of Australia using geospatial turnover in the species composition of mammals, birds, reptiles and terrestrial amphibians. Zootaxa, 4802, 61-81.

  • Brown, JL, Paz, A, Reginato, M, et al. (2020) Seeing the forest through many trees: Multi‐taxon patterns of phylogenetic diversity in the Atlantic Forest hotspot. Diversity and Distributions, 26, 1160-1176.

  • Dagallier, L.-P.M.J., Janssens, S.B., Dauby, G., Blach-Overgaard, A., Mackinder, B.A., Droissart, V., Svenning, J.-C., Sosef, M.S.M., Stévart, T., Harris, D.J., Sonké, B., Wieringa, J.J., Hardy, O.J. and Couvreur, T.L.P. (2020) Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. New Phytologist, 225, 2196-2213.

  • Dalrymple, R.L., Kemp, D.J., Flores-Moreno, H., Laffan, S.W., White, T.E., Hemmings, F.A. & Moles, A.T. (2020) Macroecological patterns in flower colour are shaped by both biotic and abiotic factors. New Phytologist, 228, 1972-1985.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Sánchez Galán, A.A., Ramos P.E. and Yockteng, R (2020) Exploring the diversity and distribution of crop wild relatives of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in Colombia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 67, 2071–2085.

  • Huang, C., Ebach, M.C. and Ahyong, S. (2020) Bioregionalisation of the freshwater zoogeographical areas of mainland China. Zootaxa, 4742, 2.

  • Kougioumoutzis, K., Kokkoris, I.P., Panitsa, M., Trigas, P., Strid, A. and Dimopoulos, P. (2020) Spatial Phylogenetics, Biogeographical Patterns and Conservation Implications of the Endemic Flora of Crete (Aegean, Greece) under Climate Change Scenarios. Biology, 9, 199.

  • Mienna, I.M., Speed, J.D.M., Bendiksby, M., Thornhill, A.H., Mishler, B.D., Martin, M.D. (2020) Differential patterns of floristic phylogenetic diversity across a post‐glacial landscape. Journal of Biogeography, 47, 915-926.

  • Mishler, B.D., Guralnick, R., Soltis, P.S., Smith, S.A., Soltis, D.E., Barve, N., Allen, J.M. and Laffan, S.W. (2020) Spatial Phylogenetics of the North American Flora. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 58, 393-405.

  • Moles, A.T., Laffan, S.W., Keighery, M., Tindall, M.L. and Chen, S. (2020) A hairy situation: Plant species in warm, sunny places are more likely to have pubescent leaves. Journal of Biogeography, 47, 1934-1944.

  • Moraes, A.M., Milward-de-Azevedo, M.A., Menini Neto, L. et al. (2020) Distribution patterns of Passiflora L. (Passifloraceae s.s.) in the Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeast Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany, 43, 999–1012.

  • Paz, A., Reginato, M., Michelangeli, F.A., Goldenberg, R., Caddah, M.K., Aguirre-Santoro, J., Kaehler, M., Lohmann, L.G. & Carnaval, A. (2020) Predicting Patterns of Plant Diversity and Endemism in the Tropics Using Remote Sensing Data: A Study Case from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Remote Sensing of Plant Biodiversity (eds J. Cavender-Bares, J.A. Gamon & P.A. Townsend), pp. 255-266. Springer, Cham.

  • Ruiz-Sanchez, E., Munguía-Lino, G., Vargas-Amado, G., Rodríguez, A. (2020) Diversity, endemism and conservation status of native Mexican woody bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 192, 281–295.

  • Sosa, V., Vásquez-Cruz, M. and Villarreal-Quintanilla, J.A. (2020) Influence of climate stability on endemism of the vascular plants of the Chihuahuan Desert. Journal of Arid Environments, 177, 104139.

  • Suissa, J.S. and Sundue, M.A. (2020) Diversity Patterns of Neotropical Ferns: Revisiting Tryon’s Centers of Richness and Endemism. American Fern Journal 110, 211–232.

  • Toro-Núñez, O. and Lira-Noriega, Andrés (2020) Discordant phylogenetic endemism patterns in a recently diversified Brassicaceae lineage from the Atacama Desert: When choices in phylogenetics and species distribution information matter. Journal of Biogeography, 47, 1792-1804.


  • Allen, J.M., Germain-Aubrey, C.C., Barve, N., Neubig, K., Majure, L.C., Laffan, S.W., Mishler, B.D., Owens, H.L., Smith, S.A., Whitten, W.M., Abbott, J.R., Soltis, D.E., Guralnick, R. and Soltis, P.S. (2019) Spatial phylogenetics of Florida vascular plants: The effects of calibration and uncertainty on diversity estimates. iScience, 11, 57-70.

  • Crouch, N.M.A., Capurucho, J.M.G., Hackett, S.J. and Bates, J.M. (2019) Evaluating the contribution of dispersal to community structure in Neotropical passerine birds. Ecography, 42, 390-399.

  • Daru, B.H., le Roux, P.C., Gopalraj, J., Park, D.S., Holt, B.G. and Greve, M. (2019) Spatial overlaps between the global protected areas network and terrestrial hotspots of evolutionary diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28, 757-766.

  • Fuentes-Castillo, T., Scherson, R.A., Marquet, P.A., Fajardo, P., Corcoran, D., Román, M.J. and Pliscoff, P. (2019) Modelling the current and future biodiversity distribution in the Chilean Mediterranean hotspot. The role of protected areas network in a warmer future. Diversity and Distributions, 25, 1897-1909.

  • Gallien, L., Thornhill, A.H., Zurell, D., Miller, J.T., and Richardson, D.M. (2019) Global predictors of alien plant establishment success: combining niche and trait proxies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 286, 20182477.

  • Garcia–R, J.C., Gonzalez-Orozco, C.E. and Trewick, S.A. (2019) Contrasting patterns of diversification in a bird family (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) are revealed by analysis of geospatial distribution of species and phylogenetic diversity. Ecography, 42, 500-510.

  • Greenlon, A., Chang, P.L., Damtew, Z.M., et al. (2019) Global-level population genomics reveals differential effects of geography and phylogeny on horizontal gene transfer in soil bacteria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201900056.

  • Lam-Gordillo, O. and Ardisson, P-L. (2019) The global distribution and richness of frog crabs (Raninoidea). Crustaceana, 92, 1-31.

  • López-Aguirre, C., Hand, S.J., Laffan, S.W., & Archer, M. (2019) Zoogeographical regions and geospatial patterns of phylogenetic diversity and endemism of New World bats. Ecography, 42, 1188-1199.

  • McDonald-Spicer, C., Knerr, N.J., Encinas-Viso, F. and Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N. (2019) Big data for a large clade: Bioregionalization and ancestral range estimation in the daisy family (Asteraceae). Journal of Biogeography, 46, 255-267.

  • Mekala, S., Donoghue, M.J., Farjon, A., Filer, D., Mathews, S., Jetz, W. and Leslie, A.B. (2019) Accumulation over evolutionary time as a major cause of biodiversity hotspots in conifers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 286, 20191887.

  • Shelley, J.J., Dempster, T., Le Feuvre, M.C., Unmack, P.J., Laffan, S.W. & Swearer, S.E. (2019) A revision of the bioregionalisation of freshwater fish communities in the Australian Monsoonal Tropics. Ecology and Evolution, 9, 4568-4588.

  • Tolley, K.A., da Silva, J.M. & Jansen van Vuuren, B. (2019) South African National Biodiversity Assessment 2018 Technical Report Volume 7: Genetic Diversity. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

  • Dong, X., Zhang, H. & Zhang, M. (2019) Explaining the diversity and endemic patterns based on phylogenetic approach for woody plants of the Loess Plateau. Biodiversity Science, 27, 1269-1278.


  • Bloomfield, N.J., Knerr, N. and Encinas-Viso, F. (2018) A comparison of network and clustering methods to detect biogeographical regions. Ecography, 41, 1-10.

  • Carta, A., Pierini, B., Roma-Marzio, F., Bedini, G. and Peruzzi, L. (2018) Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity uncover pteridophyte centres of diversity and hotspots in Tuscany. Plant Biosystems, 152, 831-839.

  • Dalrymple, R.L., Kemp, D.J., Laffan, S.W., White, T.E., Flores-Moreno, H., Hemmings, F.A., Hitchcock, T.D., & Moles, A.T. (2018) Abiotic and biotic predictors of macroecological patterns in bird and butterfly coloration. Ecological Monographs, 88, 204-224.

  • Di Virgilio, G., Wardell-Johnson, G.W., Robinson, T.P., Temple-Smith, D., Hesforde, J. (2018) Characterising fine-scale variation in plant species richness and endemism across topographically complex, semi-arid landscapes. Journal of Arid Environments, 156, 59-68.

  • Elliott, M.J., Knerr, N.J. and Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N. (2018) Choice between phylogram and chronogram can have a dramatic impact on the location of phylogenetic diversity hotspots. Journal of Biogeography, 45, 2190-2201.

  • Guedes, T.B., Sawaya, R.J., Zizka, A., Laffan, S.W., Faurby, S., Pyron, A., Bérnils, R.S., Jansen, M., Passos, P., Prudente, A.L.C., Cisneros-Heredia, D.F., Braz, H.B., Nogueira, C.d.C., & Antonelli, A. (2018) Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27, 14-21.

  • Laffan, S.W. (2018). Phylogeny-based measurements at global and regional scales. In R. Scherson & D. Faith (Eds.), Phylogenetic Diversity: Applications and Challenges in Biodiversity Science (pp. 111-129): Springer.

  • Link-Pérez, M.A. and Laffan, S.W. (2018) Fern and lycophyte diversity in the Pacific Northwest: Patterns and predictors. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56, 498-522.

  • López-Aguirre, C., Archer, M., Hand, S.J. and Laffan, S.W. (2018) Phylogenetic diversity, types of endemism and the evolutionary history of New World bats. Ecography, 41, 1955-1966.

  • Miu, I.V., Chisamera, G.B., Popescu, V.D., Iosif R., Nita, A., Manolache, S., Gavril, V.D., Cobzaru, I. and Rozylowicz, L. (2018) Conservation priorities for terrestrial mammals in Dobrogea Region, Romania. ZooKeys, 792, 133-158.

  • Montaño-Arias, G., Luna-Vega, I., Morrone, J.J., Espinosa, D. (2018) Biogeographical identity of the Mesoamerican dominion with emphasis on seasonally dry tropical forests. Phytotaxa, 376, 277-290.

  • Orsenigo, S. et al. (2018) Red Listing plants under full national responsibility: Extinction risk and threats in the vascular flora endemic to Italy. Biological Conservation, 224, 213-222.

  • Sosa, V., De-Nova, J.A. and Vásquez-Cruz, M. (2018) Evolutionary history of the flora of Mexico: Dry forests cradles and museums of endemism. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56, 523-536.

  • Spalink, D., Pender, J., Escudero, M., Hipp, A.L., Roalson, E.H., Starr, J.R., Waterway, M.J., Bohs, L. and Sytsma, K.J. (2018) The spatial structure of phylogenetic and functional diversity in the United States and Canada: An example using the sedge family (Cyperaceae). Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56, 449-465.

  • Spalink, D. et al. (2018) Spatial phylogenetics reveals evolutionary constraints on the assembly of a large regional flora. American Journal of Botany, 105, 1938-1950.

  • Yap, J-YS., Rossetto, M., Costion, C., et al. (2018) Filters of floristic exchange: How traits and climate shape the rain forest invasion of Sahul from Sunda. Journal of Biogeography, 25, 838-847.

  • Zhang, H., Bonser, S. P., Chen, S.-C., Hitchcock, T. and Moles, A. T. (2018) Is the proportion of clonal species higher at higher latitudes in Australia? Austral Ecology, 43, 69-75.


  • Baldwin, B.G., Thornhill, A.H., Freyman, W.A., Ackerly, D.D., Kling, M.M., Morueta-Holme, N. and Mishler, B.D. (2017) Species richness and endemism in the native flora of California. American Journal of Botany, 104, 487-501.

  • Bui, E.N., Thornhill, A.H., Gonzalez-Orozco, C.E., Knerr, N. and Miller, J.T. (2017) Climate and geochemistry as drivers of eucalypt diversification in Australia. Geobiology, 15, 427-440.

  • Cassis, G., Laffan, S.W. and Ebach, M.C. (2017) Biodiversity and bioregionalisation perspectives on the historical biogeography of Australia. In Ebach, M.C (ed) Handbook of Australasian Biogeography, ch 1, pp 1-16.

  • Chen, S-C, Cornwell, W.K., Zhang, H-X and Moles, A.T. (2017) Plants show more flesh in the tropics: variation in fruit type along latitudinal and climatic gradients. Ecography, 14, 531–538.

  • Di Virgilio, G., Laffan, S.W., Nielsen, S.V. and Chapple, D.G. (2017) Does range-restricted evolutionary history predict extinction risk? A case study in lizards. Journal of Biogeography, 44, 605-614.

  • Heenan, P.B., Millar, T.R., Smissen, R.D., McGlone, M.S. and Wilton, A.D. (2017) Phylogenetic measures of neo- and palaeo-endemism in the indigenous vascular flora of the New Zealand archipelago. Australian Systematic Botany, 30, 124-133

  • Millar, T.R., Heenan, P.B., Wilton, A.D., Smissen, R.D. and Breitwieser, I. (2017) Spatial distribution of species, genus and phylogenetic endemism in the vascular flora of New Zealand, and implications for conservation. Australian Systematic Botany, 30, 134-147

  • Prentice, E., Knerr, N., Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N., González-Orozco, C.E., Bui, E.N., Laffan, S. and Miller, J.T. (2017) Do soil and climate properties drive biogeography of the Australian proteaceae? Plant and Soil, 417, 317-329.

  • Santos, A.P.B, Bitencourt, C. and Rapini, A. (2017) Distribution patterns of Kielmeyera (Calophyllaceae): the Rio Doce basin emerges as a confluent area between the northern and southern Atlantic Forest. Neotropical Biodiversity, 3, 1-9.

  • Scherson, R.A., Thornhill, A.H., Urbina-Casanova, R., Freyman, W.A., Pliscoff, P.A. and Mishler, B.D. (2017) Spatial phylogenetics of the vascular flora of Chile. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 112, 88-95.

  • Thornhill, A.H., Baldwin, B.G., Freyman, W.A., Nosratinia, S., Kling, M.M., Morueta-Holme, N., Madsen, T.P., Ackerly, D.D. and Mishler, B.D. (2017) Spatial phylogenetics of the native California flora. BMC Biology 15, 96.

  • Tindall, M.L., Thomson, F.J., Laffan, S.W., and Moles, A.T. (2017) Is there a latitudinal gradient in the proportion of species with spinescence? Journal of Plant Ecology, 10, 294-300.

  • Yu, F., Skidmore, A.K., Wang, T., Huang, J., Ma, K and Groen, T.A. (2017) Rhododendron diversity patterns and priority conservation areas in China. Diversity and Distributions, 23, 1143–1156.

  • Zhang, H. and Zhang, M. (2017) Spatial patterns of species diversity and phylogenetic structure of plant communities in the Tianshan Mountains, Arid Central Asia. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 2134.


  • Ceccarelli, F.S., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Ramírez, M.J., Ochoa, J.A., Mattoni, C.I. and Prendini, L. (2016) Andean uplift drives diversification of the bothriurid scorpion genus Brachistosternus. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 1942-1954.

  • Daru, B.H. and le Roux, P.C. (2016) Marine protected areas are insufficient to conserve global marine plant diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25, 324-334.

  • Dowding, E. and Ebach, M. (2016) The Early Devonian palaeobiogeography of Eastern Australasia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 444, 39–47.

  • Fagúndez, J. & Izco, J. (2016) Diversity patterns of plant place names reveal connections with environmental and social factors. Applied Geography, 74, 23-29.

  • González-Ávila, P.A., Luna-Vega, I., García-Sandoval, R. and Contreras-Medina, R. (2016) Distributional patterns of the Order Gomphales (Fungi: Basidiomycota) in Mexico. Tropical Conservation Science, 9, 1940082916667140.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Pollock, L.J., Knerr, N., Mishler, B.D., Miller, J.T., Laffan, S.W., Thornhill, A.H., Rosauer, D.F., Faith, D., Nipperess, D., Kujala, H., Linke, S. and Gruber, B. (2016) Phylogenetic approaches reveal biodiversity threats under climate change. Nature Climate Change, 6, 1110-1114.

  • Hallgren, W., Beaumont, L., Bowness, A., Chambers, L., Graham, E., Holewa, H., Laffan, S., Mackey, B., Nix, H., Vanderwal, J., Warren, R. & Weis, G. (2016) The Biodiversity and Climate Change Virtual Laboratory: Where Ecology meets Big Data. Environmental Modelling and Software, 76, 182-186.

  • Kaczmarek, Ł., Gołdyn, B., Mcinnes, S.J. and Michalczyk, Ł (2016) Diversity of limno-terrestrial tardigrades of the Americas in relation to the Great American Biotic Interchange hypothesis (GABI). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 178, 737–746.

  • Laffan, S.W., Rosauer, D.F., Di Virgilio, G., Miller, J.T., Gonzales-Orozco, C., Knerr, N., Thornhill, A. & Mishler, B.D. (2016) Range-weighted metrics of species and phylogenetic turnover can better resolve biogeographic breaks and boundaries. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 580-588.

  • Thornhill, A.H., Mishler, B.D., Knerr, N., González-Orozco, C.E., Costion, C., Crayn, D., Laffan, S.W. & Miller, J.T. (2016) Continental‐scale spatial phylogenetics of Australian angiosperms provides insights into ecology, evolution and conservation. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 2085–2098.

  • Tolley, K.A., Alexander, G.J., Branch, W.R., Bowles, P. and Maritz, B. (2016) Conservation Status and Threats for African Reptiles. Biological Conservation, 204, 63–71.


  • Cook, L.G., Hardy, N.B. and Crisp, M.D. (2015) Three explanations for biodiversity hotspots: small range size, geographical overlap and time for species accumulation. An Australian case study. New Phytologist, 207, 390-400.

  • Costion, C.M., Edwards, W., Ford, A.J., Metcalfe, D.J., Cross, H.B., Harrington, M.G., Richardson, J.E., Hilbert, D.W., Lowe, A.J. and Crayn, D.M. (2015) Using phylogenetic diversity to identify ancient rain forest refugia and diversification zones in a biodiversity hotspot. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 279-289.

  • Dalrymple, R.L., Kemp, D.J., Flores-Moreno, H., Laffan, S.W., White, T.E., Hemmings, F.A., Tindall, M. and Moles, A.T. (2015) Birds, butterflies and flowers in the tropics are not more colourful than those in higher latitudes. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24, 1424–1432.

  • Daru, B.H., van der Bank, M. and Davies, T.J. (2015) Spatial incongruence among hotspots and complementary areas of tree diversity in southern Africa. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 769-780.

  • Ebach, M.C., Murphy, D.J., González-Orozco, C.E. and Miller, J.T. (2015) A revised area taxonomy of phytogeographical regions within the Australian Bioregionalisation Atlas. Phytotaxa 208, 261–277.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Mishler, B.D., Miller, J.T., Laffan, S.W., Knerr, N., Unmack, P., Georges, A., Thornhill, A.H., Rosauer, D.F. and Gruber, B. (2015) Assessing biodiversity and endemism using phylogenetic methods across multiple taxonomic groups. Ecology and Evolution, 5, 5177-5192

  • Laity, T., Laffan, S.W., González-Orozco, C.E., Faith, D.P., Rosauer, D.F., Byrne, M., Miller, J.T., Crayn, D., Costion, C., Moritz, C.C. and Newport, K. (2015) Phylodiversity to inform conservation policy: An Australian example. Science of the Total Environment, 534, 131-143.

  • Nagalingum, N.S., Knerr, N., Laffan, S., Gonzalez-Orozco, C., Thornhill, A., Miller, J.T. and Mishler, B.D. (2015) Continental scale patterns and predictors of fern richness and phylogenetic diversity. Frontiers in Genetics, 6, article 132.

  • Rosauer, D.F., Catullo, R.A., VanDerWal, J., Moussalli, A. and Moritz, C. (2015) Lineage range estimation method reveals fine-scale endemism linked to Pleistocene stability in Australian rainforest herpetofauna. PLoS One, 10, e0126274.

  • Rossetto, M., Kooyman, R.M., Yap, S. & Laffan, S.W. (2015) From ratites to rats: the size of fleshy fruits shapes species distributions and continental rainforest assembly. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B, 282, 20151998.

  • Sanginés-Franco, C., Luna-Vega, I., Contreras-Medina, R., Espinosa, D., Tejero-Díez, J.D and Rivas G. (2015) Diversity, endemism and conservation of ferns (Polypodiales) in the Mexican Mountain Component. Journal of Mountain Science, 12, 891-904.

  • Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N., Knerr, N.J., Miller, J.T and Mishler, B.D. (2015) Phylogenetic diversity and endemism of Australian daisies (Asteraceae). Journal of Biogeography, 42, 1114–1122.

  • Stephenson, R.L., Power, M.J., Laffan, S.W. and Suthers, I.M. (2015) Tests of larval retention in a tidally energetic environment reveal the complexity of the spatial structure in herring populations. Fisheries Oceanography, 24, 553-570.


  • Bui, E.N., González-Orozco, C.E. and Miller, J.T. (2014) Acacia, climate, and geochemistry in Australia. Plant and Soil, 381, 161-175.

  • Carnaval, A., Waltari, E., Rodrigues, M., Rosauer, D., VanDerWal, J., Damasceno, R., Prates, I., Strangas, M., Spanos, Z., Rivera, D.,Pie, M., Firkowski, C., Bornschein, M., Ribeiro, L. & Moritz, C. (2014) Prediction of phylogeographic endemism in an environmentally complex biome. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 281, 20141461.

  • Di Virgilio, G. & Laffan, S.W. (2014) Using maps of continuous variation in species compositional turnover to supplement uniform polygon species range maps. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28, 1658-1673.

  • Di Virgilio, G., Laffan, S.W., Ebach, M.C. & Chapple, D.G. (2014) Spatial variation in the climatic predictors of species compositional turnover and endemism. Ecology and Evolution, 4, 3264–3278.

  • Fenker, J., Tedeschi, L.G., Pyron, R.A. and Nogueira, C. de C. (2014) Phylogenetic diversity, habitat loss and conservation in South American pitvipers (Crotalinae: Bothrops and Bothrocophias). Diversity and Distributions, 20, 1108–1119.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Ebach, M.C., Laffan, S.W., Thornhill, A.H., Knerr, N., Schmidt-Lebuhn, A., Cargill, C.C., Clements, M., Nagalingum, N., Mishler, B.D. & Miller, J.T. (2014) Quantifying phytogeographical regions of Australia using geospatial turnover in species composition. PLoS One, 9, e92558.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Thornhill, A.H., Knerr, N., Laffan, S.W. & Miller, J.T. (2014) Biogeographical regions and phytogeography of the eucalypts. Diversity and Distributions, 20, 46-58.

  • Kooyman, R.M., Wilf, P., Barreda, V.D., Carpenter, R.J., Jordan, G.J., Sniderman, J.M.K., Allen, A., Brodribb, T.J., Crayn, D., Feild, T.S., Laffan, S.W., Lusk, C., Rossetto, M. & Weston, P. (2014) Paleo-Antarctic Rainforest into the Modern Old World Tropics: the Rich Past and Threatened Future of the "Southern Wet Forest Survivors". American Journal of Botany, 101, 2121-2135.

  • Loader, S.P., Ceccarelli, F.S., Menegon, M., Howell, K.M., Kassahun, R., Mengistu, A.A., Saber, S.A., Gebresenbet, F., Sá, R., Davenport, T.R.B., Larson, J.G., Müller, H., Wilkinson, M. and Gower, D.J. (2014) Persistence and stability of Eastern Afromontane forests: evidence from brevicipitid frogs. Journal of Biogeography, 41, 1781–1792.

  • Mendoza, A.M. and Arita, H.T. (2014) Priority setting by sites and by species using rarity, richness and phylogenetic diversity: the case of neotropical glassfrogs (Anura: Centrolenidae) Biodiversity and Conservation, 23, 909-926.

  • Mishler, B.D., Knerr, N., González-Orozco, C.E., Thornhill, A.H., Laffan, S.W. & Miller, J.T. (2014) Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia. Nature Communications, 5, 4473.

  • Nagalingum, N.S., Knerr, N., Mishler, B.D. and D.C. Cargill (2014) Overlapping fern and bryophyte hotspots: assessing ferns as a predictor of bryophyte diversity. Telopea, 17, 383–392.

  • Perales, H. and Golicher, D. (2014) Mapping the Diversity of Maize Races in Mexico. PLoS ONE 9): e114657.

  • Rosauer, D.F., Ferrier, S., Williams, K.J., Manion, G, Keogh, S & Laffan, S.W. (2014) Phylogenetic Generalised Dissimilarity Modelling: a new approach to analysing and predicting spatial turnover in the phylogenetic composition of communities. Ecography, 37, 21-32.

  • Weber, L.C., VanDerWal, J., Schmidt, S., McDonald, W.J.F. & Shoo, L.P. (2014) Patterns of rain forest plant endemism in subtropical Australia relate to stable mesic refugia and species dispersal limitations. Journal of Biogeography, 41, 222-238.


  • Bitencourt, C. & Rapinia, A. (2013) Centres of Endemism in the Espinhaço Range: identifying cradles and museums of Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae). Systematics and Biodiversity, 11, 525-536.

  • Di Virgilio, G., Laffan, S.W. & Ebach, M.C. (2013) Quantifying high resolution transitional breaks in plant and mammal distributions at regional extent and their association with climate, topography and geology. PLoS ONE, 8, e59227.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Laffan, S.W., Knerr, N. & Miller, J.T. (2013) A biogeographic regionalisation of Australian Acacia species. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 2156-2166.

  • Kooyman, R.M., Rossetto, M., Sauquet, H. & Laffan, S.W. (2013) Landscape Patterns in Rainforest Phylogenetic Signal: Isolated Islands of Refugia or Structured Continental Distributions? PLoS One 8, e80685

  • Laffan, S.W., Ramp, D. & Roger, E. (2013) Using endemism to assess representation of protected areas – the family Myrtaceae in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 570-578.


  • Amboni, M. & Laffan, S.W. (2012) The effect of species range estimation methods on richness and phylogenetic diversity estimates: A comparison of four methods using Australian marsupials. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 26, 2097-2109.

  • Burley, H.M., Laffan, S.W., & Williams, K.J. (2012) Spatial non-stationarity and anisotropy of compositional turnover in eastern Australian Myrtaceae species. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 26, 2065-2081.

  • Di Virgilio, G., Laffan, S.W. & Ebach, M.C. (2012) Fine scale quantification of floral and faunal breaks and their geographic correlates, with an example from south-eastern Australia. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 1862-1876.

  • González-Orozco, C.E., Brown, A.H.D., Knerr, N., Miller, J.T. & Doyle, J.J. (2012) Hotspots of diversity of wild Australian soybean relatives and their conservation in situ. Conservation Genetics, 13, 1269-1281.

  • Ribeiro, P.L., Rapini, A, Silva, U.C.S., Konno, T.U.P., Damascena, L.S & van den Berg, C. (2012) Spatial analyses of the phylogenetic diversity of Minaria (Apocynaceae): assessing priority areas for conservation in the Espinhaço Range, Brazil. Systematics and Biodiversity, 10, 317-331.

  • Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N., Knerr, N.J., González-Orozco, C.E. (2012) Distorted perception of the spatial distribution of plant diversity through uneven collecting efforts: the example of Asteraceae in Australia. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 2072-2080.

  • Stevenson, L.A., González-Orozco, C.E., Knerr, N., Cargill, D.C., Miller, J.T. (2012) Species richness and endemism of Australian bryophytes. Journal of Bryology, 34, 101-107.

2011 and earlier