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RSpec Gherkin Build Status

Different approach to Gherkin features in RSpec. It is based on two premises:

  1. Requirements are written by business in semi-formal, human-readable Gherkin.
  2. Automation of those is done by programmers in formal, machine-readable RSpec.

It resigns from the idea of regexp-parseable Cucumber features. As Uncle Bob noticed in his article:

I mean, the point was to get the business to provide a formal specification of the system so that the programmers could understand it. What in the name of heaven is the point of having the programmers write the formal specification so that the programmers can then understand it?


Add this gem to test group in Gemfile:

group :test do
  gem 'rspec-gherkin'

In your spec_helper include environment and rspec-gherkin:

require File.expand_path('../../config/environment', __FILE__)
require 'capybara/rails' # only for Rails
require 'rspec-gherkin'

Basic Usage

  1. Put your requirements in features directory under application's root path:

    Feature: Manage Articles
      In order to make a blog
      As an author
      I want to create and manage articles
      Scenario: Articles List
        Given I have articles titled Pizza, Breadsticks
        When I go to the list of articles
        Then I should see "Pizza"
        And I should see "Breadsticks"
  2. Put specs for for those features in spec/features directory:

    require 'spec_helper'
    feature 'Manage Articles' do
      scenario 'Articles List' do
        create(:article, :title => "Pizza")
        create(:article, :title => "Breadsticks")
        visit articles_path
        expect(page).to have_content 'Pizza'
        expect(page).to have_content 'Breadsticks'

In specs you can use Capybara, FactoryGirl, helpers, and whatever you want.

You can run both *.feature files and _spec.rb spec as usual.

# Run all features
rspec features
rspec spec/features
rspec --tag feature

# Run individual features
rspec features/manage_articles.feature
rspec spec/features/manage_articles_spec.rb

You may want to add --tag ~feature to your .rspec file to not run slow features specs by default.

Scenario outline

RSpec Gherkin has also support for Scenario Outlines. Just add additional params to your scenario.

Feature: using scenario outlines
  Scenario Outline: a simple outline
    Given there is a monster with <hp> hitpoints
    When I attack the monster and do <damage> points damage
    Then the monster should be <state>

      | hp     | damage | state   | happy |
      | 10.0   | 13     | dead    | false |
      | 8.0    | 5      | alive   | true  |
feature 'using scenario outlines' do
  scenario 'a simple outline' do |hp, damage, state, happy|
    expect(hp).to be_a(Float)
    expect(damage).to be_a(Fixnum)
    expect(state).to be_a(String)
    expect([true, false]).to include happy


By default features in features directory are mapped to specs in spec/features.

Also each feature has an additional metadata: { :type => :feature, :feature => true }.

You can change this by adding configuration options in spec_helper. Here are the defaults:

RSpec.configure do |config|
  config.feature_mapping = {
    :feature => 'features/**/*.feature',
    :spec => 'spec/features/**/*_spec.rb'
  config.feature_metadata = { :type => :feature, :feature => :true }


How it differs from capybara/rspec

It is an extension to it. rspec-gherin among others:

  1. Focuses on strong mapping between features and specs for them
  2. Allows for running feature files directly
  3. Notifies if any features/scenarios have pending specs
  4. Notifies if any specs have no matching features/scenarios
  5. Marks specs as pending if matching feature has been tagged as @updated
  6. Provides RSpec messages, indicating location of feature and spec files.
  7. Extracts examples from Scenario Outlines and passes them to specs.


This gem is MIT-licensed. You are awesome.


A bridge between (in principle) semi-format Gherkin features and formal RSpec features



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