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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
int main()
{
fprintf(stderr, "This file doesn't demonstrate an attack, but shows the nature of glibc's allocator.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "glibc uses a first-fit algorithm to select a free chunk.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "If a chunk is free and large enough, malloc will select this chunk.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "This can be exploited in a use-after-free situation.\n");
fprintf(stderr, "Allocating 2 buffers. They can be large, don't have to be fastbin.\n");
char* a = malloc(0x512);
char* b = malloc(0x256);
char* c;
fprintf(stderr, "1st malloc(0x512): %p\n", a);
fprintf(stderr, "2nd malloc(0x256): %p\n", b);
fprintf(stderr, "we could continue mallocing here...\n");
fprintf(stderr, "now let's put a string at a that we can read later \"this is A!\"\n");
strcpy(a, "this is A!");
fprintf(stderr, "first allocation %p points to %s\n", a, a);
fprintf(stderr, "Freeing the first one...\n");
free(a);
fprintf(stderr, "We don't need to free anything again. As long as we allocate smaller than 0x512, it will end up at %p\n", a);
fprintf(stderr, "So, let's allocate 0x500 bytes\n");
c = malloc(0x500);
fprintf(stderr, "3rd malloc(0x500): %p\n", c);
fprintf(stderr, "And put a different string here, \"this is C!\"\n");
strcpy(c, "this is C!");
fprintf(stderr, "3rd allocation %p points to %s\n", c, c);
fprintf(stderr, "first allocation %p points to %s\n", a, a);
fprintf(stderr, "If we reuse the first allocation, it now holds the data from the third allocation.\n");
}
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