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🐳 A preconfigured, extendable, multistage, PHP Symfony 4.3+ Docker Image for Production and Development
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🐳 A preconfigured, extendable, multistage, PHP Symfony 4.3+ Docker Image for Production and Development


contributions welcome PHP >=7^ Symfony 4^ GitHub forks GitHub issues GitHub license


Docker Image for Symfony 4.3+ Application running Nginx + PHP FPM based on PHP & Nginx Alpine Official Images.

This is a pre-configured template image for your Symfony Project, and you shall extend and edit it according to your app requirements. The Image utilizes docker's multistage builds to create multiple targets optimized for production and development.

You should copy this repositoryDockerfile, docker Directory, Makefile, and .dockerignore to your Symfony application repository and configure it to your needs.

Main Points πŸ“œ

  • Multi-Container setup with Nginx & PHP-FPM communicating via TCP.

  • Production Images is immutable and fully contained Image with source code and dependencies inside, Development image is set up for mounting source code on runtime with hot-reload.

  • Image configuration is transparent, all configuration and default configurations that determine app behavior are present in the image directory.

  • Nginx is pre-configured with HTTP, HTTPS, and HTTP2. and uses a self-signed certificate generated at build-time. For production, you'll need to mount your own signed certificates to /etc/nginx/ssl/server.(crt/key).

  • The image has set up healthchecks for Nginx and PHP-FPM, and you can add application logic healthcheck by adding it in healthcheck.shπŸ”—.

  • Image tries to fail at build time as much as possible by running all sort of Checks.

  • Dockerfile is arranged for optimizing prod builds so that changes won't invalidate cache as much as possible.

  • Available a Supervisord and Crond image variant for your consumers and cron commands.



1. Add Template to your repo.

  1. Download This Repository
  2. Copy Dockerfile, docker Directory, Makefile, and .dockerignore Into your Symfony Application Repository.


create repository from template

2. Start

  1. Modify Dockerfile to your app needs, and add your app needed PHP Extensions and Required Packages.
  2. Go to docker/.composer/.env and modify SERVER_NAME to your app's name.
  3. Run make up for development or make deploy for production.
  4. Go to https://localhost

Makefile is just a wrapper over docker-compose commands.

Production runs on port 80 and 443, Development runs on 8080 and 443.

Building and Extending Image

  1. The image is to be used as a base for your Symfony application image, you should modify its Dockerfile to your needs.

  2. The image comes with a handy Makefile to build the image using Docker-Compose files, it's handy when manually building the image for development or in a not-orchestrated docker host. However, in an environment where CI/CD pipelines will build the image, they will need to supply some build-time arguments for the image. (tho defaults exist.)

Build Time Arguments

ARG Description Default
PHP_VERSION PHP Version used in the Image 7.3.9
ALPINE_VERSION Alpine Version 3.10
NGINX_VERSION Nginx Version 1.17.4
COMPOSER_VERSION Composer Version used in Image 1.9.0
(In production, and using SSL, this must match certificate's common name)
COMPOSER_AUTH A Json Object with Bitbucket or Github token to clone private Repos with composer.

Runtime Environment Variables

ENV Description Default
APP_ENV App Environment - prod for Production image
- dev for Development image
APP_DEBUG Enable Debug - 0 for Production image
- 1 for Development image

Image Targets

Target Description Size Stdout Targets
nginx The Webserver, serves static content and replay others requests php-fpm 21 MB Nginx Access and Error logs. nginx-prod, nginx-dev
fpm PHP_FPM, which will actually run the PHP Scripts for web requests. 78 MB PHP Application logs only. fpm-prod, fpm-dev
supervisor Contains supervisor and source-code, for your consumers. (config at docker/conf/supervisor/) 120 MB Stdout of all Commands. supervisor-prod
cron Loads crontab and your app source-code, for your cron commands. (config at docker/conf/crontab) 78 MB Stdout of all Crons. cron-prod

All Images are Alpine based. Official PHP-Alpine-CLI image size is 79.4MB.

Size stated above are calculated excluding source code and vendor directory.

Tips for building Image in different environments


  1. For SSL: Mount your signed certificates as secrets to /etc/nginx/ssl/server.key & /etc/nginx/ssl/server.crt
  2. Make sure build argument SERVER_NAME matches certificate's common name.
  3. Expose container port 80 and 443.

By default, Image has a generated self-signed certificate for SSL connections added at build time.


  1. Mount source code root to /var/www/app
  2. Expose container port 8080 and 443. (or whatever you need actually)


1. PHP Extensions, Dependencies, and Configuration

Modify PHP Configuration

  1. PHP prod Configuration docker/conf/php/php-prod.iniπŸ”—
  2. PHP dev Configuration docker/conf/php/php-dev.iniπŸ”—
  3. PHP additional Symfony recommended configuration at docker/conf/php/symfony.ini πŸ”—

Add Packages needed for PHP runtime

Add Packages needed for PHP runtime in this section of the Dockerfile.

# ------------------------------------- Install Packages Needed Inside Base Image --------------------------------------
RUN apk add --no-cache    \
#    # - Please define package version too ---
#    # -----  Needed for Image----------------
   fcgi tini \
#    # -----  Needed for PHP -----------------

Add & Enable PHP Extensions

Add PHP Extensions using docker-php-ext-install <extensions...> or pecl install <extensions...> and Enable them by docker-php-ext-enable <extensions...> in this section of the Dockerfile.

# --------------------- Install / Enable PHP Extensions ------------------------
RUN docker-php-ext-install opcache && pecl install memcached && docker-php-ext-enable memcached

At build time, Image will run composer check-platform-reqs to check that PHP and extensions versions match the platform requirements of the installed packages.

2. Nginx Configuration

Nginx defaults are all defined in docker/conf/nginx/ πŸ”—

Nginx is pre-configured with:

  1. HTTP, HTTPS, and HTTP2.
  2. Rate limit (rate=5r/s)
  3. Access & Error logs to stdout/err
  4. Recommended Security Headers
  5. Serving Static content with default cache 7d
  6. Metrics endpoint at :8080/stub_status from localhost only.

At build time, Image will run nginx -t to check config file syntax is OK.

3. Post Deployment Custom Scripts

Post Installation scripts should be configured in composer.json in the post-install-cmd part.

However, Sometimes, some packages have commands that need to be run on startup, that are not compatible with composer, provided in the image a shell script post-deployment.shπŸ”— that will be executed after deployment. Special about this file that it comes loaded with all OS Environment variables as well as defaults from .env and .env.${APP_ENV} files. so it won't need a special treatment handling parameters.

It is still discouraged to be used if it's possible to run these commands using composer scripts.

3. Supervisor Consumers

If you have consumers (e.g rabbitMq or Kafka consumers) that need to be run under supervisor, you can define these at docker/conf/supervisor/*, which will run by the supervisor image target.

4. Cron Commands

If you have cron jobs, you can define them in docker/conf/crontab, which will run by the cron image target.

Misc Notes

  • Your application should log app logs to stdout.. Read about 12factor/logs
  • By default, php-fpm access & error logs are disabled as they're mirrored on nginx, this is so that php-fpm image will contain only application logs written by PHP.
  • During Build, Image will run composer dump-autoload and composer dump-env to optimize for performance.
  • In production, Image contains source-code, however, you must sync both php-fpm and nginx images so that they contain the same code.


MIT License Copyright (c) 2019 Sherif Abdel-Naby


PR(s) are Open and welcomed.

This image has so little to do with Symfony itself and more with Setting up a PHP Website with Nginx and FPM, hence it can be extended for other PHP Frameworks (e.g Laravel, etc). maybe if you're interested to build a similar image for another framework we can collaborate.

Possible Ideas

  • Add a slim image with supervisor for running consumers.
  • Add a slim image with cron tab for cron job instances.
  • Add node build stage that compiles javascript.
  • Recreate the image for Symfony 3^
  • Recreate the image for Laravel
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