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// Copyright © 2016 Alan A. A. Donovan & Brian W. Kernighan.
// License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
// See page 333.
// Package display provides a means to display structured data.
package display
import (
"fmt"
"reflect"
"strconv"
)
//!+Display
func Display(name string, x interface{}) {
fmt.Printf("Display %s (%T):\n", name, x)
display(name, reflect.ValueOf(x))
}
//!-Display
// formatAtom formats a value without inspecting its internal structure.
// It is a copy of the the function in gopl.io/ch11/format.
func formatAtom(v reflect.Value) string {
switch v.Kind() {
case reflect.Invalid:
return "invalid"
case reflect.Int, reflect.Int8, reflect.Int16,
reflect.Int32, reflect.Int64:
return strconv.FormatInt(v.Int(), 10)
case reflect.Uint, reflect.Uint8, reflect.Uint16,
reflect.Uint32, reflect.Uint64, reflect.Uintptr:
return strconv.FormatUint(v.Uint(), 10)
// ...floating-point and complex cases omitted for brevity...
case reflect.Bool:
if v.Bool() {
return "true"
}
return "false"
case reflect.String:
return strconv.Quote(v.String())
case reflect.Chan, reflect.Func, reflect.Ptr,
reflect.Slice, reflect.Map:
return v.Type().String() + " 0x" +
strconv.FormatUint(uint64(v.Pointer()), 16)
default: // reflect.Array, reflect.Struct, reflect.Interface
return v.Type().String() + " value"
}
}
//!+display
func display(path string, v reflect.Value) {
switch v.Kind() {
case reflect.Invalid:
fmt.Printf("%s = invalid\n", path)
case reflect.Slice, reflect.Array:
for i := 0; i < v.Len(); i++ {
display(fmt.Sprintf("%s[%d]", path, i), v.Index(i))
}
case reflect.Struct:
for i := 0; i < v.NumField(); i++ {
fieldPath := fmt.Sprintf("%s.%s", path, v.Type().Field(i).Name)
display(fieldPath, v.Field(i))
}
case reflect.Map:
for _, key := range v.MapKeys() {
display(fmt.Sprintf("%s[%s]", path,
formatAtom(key)), v.MapIndex(key))
}
case reflect.Ptr:
if v.IsNil() {
fmt.Printf("%s = nil\n", path)
} else {
display(fmt.Sprintf("(*%s)", path), v.Elem())
}
case reflect.Interface:
if v.IsNil() {
fmt.Printf("%s = nil\n", path)
} else {
fmt.Printf("%s.type = %s\n", path, v.Elem().Type())
display(path+".value", v.Elem())
}
default: // basic types, channels, funcs
fmt.Printf("%s = %s\n", path, formatAtom(v))
}
}
//!-display