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// Copyright © 2016 Alan A. A. Donovan & Brian W. Kernighan.
// License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
// See page 88.
// Append illustrates the behavior of the built-in append function.
package main
import "fmt"
func appendslice(x []int, y ...int) []int {
var z []int
zlen := len(x) + len(y)
if zlen <= cap(x) {
// There is room to expand the slice.
z = x[:zlen]
} else {
// There is insufficient space.
// Grow by doubling, for amortized linear complexity.
zcap := zlen
if zcap < 2*len(x) {
zcap = 2 * len(x)
}
z = make([]int, zlen, zcap)
copy(z, x)
}
copy(z[len(x):], y)
return z
}
//!+append
func appendInt(x []int, y int) []int {
var z []int
zlen := len(x) + 1
if zlen <= cap(x) {
// There is room to grow. Extend the slice.
z = x[:zlen]
} else {
// There is insufficient space. Allocate a new array.
// Grow by doubling, for amortized linear complexity.
zcap := zlen
if zcap < 2*len(x) {
zcap = 2 * len(x)
}
z = make([]int, zlen, zcap)
copy(z, x) // a built-in function; see text
}
z[len(x)] = y
return z
}
//!-append
//!+growth
func main() {
var x, y []int
for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
y = appendInt(x, i)
fmt.Printf("%d cap=%d\t%v\n", i, cap(y), y)
x = y
}
}
//!-growth
/*
//!+output
0 cap=1 [0]
1 cap=2 [0 1]
2 cap=4 [0 1 2]
3 cap=4 [0 1 2 3]
4 cap=8 [0 1 2 3 4]
5 cap=8 [0 1 2 3 4 5]
6 cap=8 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6]
7 cap=8 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7]
8 cap=16 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8]
9 cap=16 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]
//!-output
*/
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