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* [android][host] fallback to sysinfo() syscall for uptime

with Android O, /proc/{stat,uptime} both return permission denied
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gopsutil: psutil for golang

Test Coverage Status Go Reference Go Documentation Calendar Versioning

This is a port of psutil (https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil). The challenge is porting all psutil functions on some architectures.

v3 migration

From v3.20.10, gopsutil becomes v3 which breaks backwards compatibility. See v3Changes.md for more detailed changes.

Tag semantics

gopsutil tag policy is almost same as Semantic Versioning, but automatically increases like Ubuntu versioning.

For example, v2.17.04 means

  • v2: major version
  • 17: release year, 2017
  • 04: release month

gopsutil aims to keep backwards compatibility until major version change.

Tagged at every end of month, but if there are only a few commits, it can be skipped.

Available Architectures

  • FreeBSD i386/amd64/arm
  • Linux i386/amd64/arm(raspberry pi)
  • Windows i386/amd64/arm/arm64
  • Darwin amd64/arm64
  • OpenBSD amd64 (Thank you @mpfz0r!)
  • Solaris amd64 (developed and tested on SmartOS/Illumos, Thank you @jen20!)

These have partial support:

  • CPU on DragonFly BSD (#893, Thank you @gballet!)
  • host on Linux RISC-V (#896, Thank you @tklauser!)

All works are implemented without cgo by porting C structs to golang structs.

Usage

package main

import (
    "fmt"

    "github.com/shirou/gopsutil/v3/mem"
    // "github.com/shirou/gopsutil/mem"  // to use v2
)

func main() {
    v, _ := mem.VirtualMemory()

    // almost every return value is a struct
    fmt.Printf("Total: %v, Free:%v, UsedPercent:%f%%\n", v.Total, v.Free, v.UsedPercent)

    // convert to JSON. String() is also implemented
    fmt.Println(v)
}

The output is below.

Total: 3179569152, Free:284233728, UsedPercent:84.508194%
{"total":3179569152,"available":492572672,"used":2895335424,"usedPercent":84.50819439828305, (snip...)}

You can set an alternative location to /proc by setting the HOST_PROC environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /sys by setting the HOST_SYS environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /etc by setting the HOST_ETC environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /var by setting the HOST_VAR environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /run by setting the HOST_RUN environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /dev by setting the HOST_DEV environment variable.

You can set an alternative location to /proc/N/mountinfo by setting the HOST_PROC_MOUNTINFO environment variable.

Documentation

See https://pkg.go.dev/github.com/shirou/gopsutil/v3 or https://godocs.io/github.com/shirou/gopsutil/v3

Requirements

  • go1.16 or above is required.

More Info

Several methods have been added which are not present in psutil, but will provide useful information.

  • host/HostInfo() (linux)
    • Hostname
    • Uptime
    • Procs
    • OS (ex: "linux")
    • Platform (ex: "ubuntu", "arch")
    • PlatformFamily (ex: "debian")
    • PlatformVersion (ex: "Ubuntu 13.10")
    • VirtualizationSystem (ex: "LXC")
    • VirtualizationRole (ex: "guest"/"host")
  • IOCounters
  • cpu/CPUInfo() (linux, freebsd)
    • CPU (ex: 0, 1, ...)
    • VendorID (ex: "GenuineIntel")
    • Family
    • Model
    • Stepping
    • PhysicalID
    • CoreID
    • Cores (ex: 2)
    • ModelName (ex: "Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2640M CPU @ 2.80GHz")
    • Mhz
    • CacheSize
    • Flags (ex: "fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 ...")
    • Microcode
  • load/Avg() (linux, freebsd, solaris)
    • Load1
    • Load5
    • Load15
  • docker/GetDockerIDList() (linux only)
    • container id list ([]string)
  • docker/CgroupCPU() (linux only)
    • user
    • system
  • docker/CgroupMem() (linux only)
    • various status
  • net_protocols (linux only)
    • system wide stats on network protocols (i.e IP, TCP, UDP, etc.)
    • sourced from /proc/net/snmp
  • iptables nf_conntrack (linux only)
    • system wide stats on netfilter conntrack module
    • sourced from /proc/sys/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_count

Some code is ported from Ohai. many thanks.

Current Status

  • x: works
  • b: almost works, but something is broken
name Linux FreeBSD OpenBSD macOS Windows Solaris Plan 9
cpu_times x x x x x b
cpu_count x x x x x x
cpu_percent x x x x x
cpu_times_percent x x x x x
virtual_memory x x x x x b x
swap_memory x x x x x
disk_partitions x x x x x
disk_io_counters x x x
disk_usage x x x x x
net_io_counters x x x b x
boot_time x x x x x
users x x x x x
pids x x x x x
pid_exists x x x x x
net_connections x x x
net_protocols x
net_if_addrs
net_if_stats
netfilter_conntrack x

Process class

name Linux FreeBSD OpenBSD macOS Windows
pid x x x x x
ppid x x x x x
name x x x x x
cmdline x x x x
create_time x x x
status x x x x
cwd x x
exe x x x x
uids x x x x
gids x x x x
terminal x x x
io_counters x x x x
nice x x x x x
num_fds x
num_ctx_switches x
num_threads x x x x x
cpu_times x x
memory_info x x x x x
memory_info_ex x
memory_maps x
open_files x
send_signal x x x x
suspend x x x x
resume x x x x
terminate x x x x x
kill x x x x
username x x x x x
ionice
rlimit x
num_handlers
threads x
cpu_percent x x x
cpu_affinity
memory_percent
parent x x x x
children x x x x x
connections x x x
is_running
page_faults x

Original Metrics

item Linux FreeBSD OpenBSD macOS Windows Solaris
HostInfo
hostname x x x x x x
uptime x x x x x
process x x x x
os x x x x x x
platform x x x x x
platformfamily x x x x x
virtualization x
CPU
VendorID x x x x x x
Family x x x x x x
Model x x x x x x
Stepping x x x x x x
PhysicalID x x
CoreID x x
Cores x x x
ModelName x x x x x x
Microcode x x
LoadAvg
Load1 x x x x
Load5 x x x x
Load15 x x x x
GetDockerID
container id x no no no no
CgroupsCPU
user x no no no no
system x no no no no
CgroupsMem
various x no no no no
  • future work
    • process_iter
    • wait_procs
    • Process class
      • as_dict
      • wait

License

New BSD License (same as psutil)

Related Works

I have been influenced by the following great works:

How to Contribute

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

English is not my native language, so PRs correcting grammar or spelling are welcome and appreciated.