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trie godoc Build License: MIT

An implementation of the Trie data structure in Go. It provides more features than the usual Trie prefix-search, and is meant to be used for auto-completion.

Demo

A WebAssembly demo can be tried at shivamMg.github.io/trie.

Features

  • Keys are []string instead of string, thereby supporting more use cases - e.g. []string{the quick brown fox} can be a key where each word will be a node in the Trie
  • Support for Put key and Delete key
  • Support for Prefix search - e.g. searching for nation might return nation, national, nationalism, nationalist, etc.
  • Support for Edit distance search (aka Levenshtein distance) - e.g. searching for wheat might return similar looking words like wheat, cheat, heat, what, etc.
  • Order of search results is deterministic. It follows insertion order.

Examples

tri := trie.New()
// Put keys ([]string) and values (any)
tri.Put([]string{"the"}, 1)
tri.Put([]string{"the", "quick", "brown", "fox"}, 2)
tri.Put([]string{"the", "quick", "sports", "car"}, 3)
tri.Put([]string{"the", "green", "tree"}, 4)
tri.Put([]string{"an", "apple", "tree"}, 5)
tri.Put([]string{"an", "umbrella"}, 6)

tri.Root().Print()
// Output (full trie with terminals ending with ($)):
// ^
// ├─ the ($)
// │  ├─ quick
// │  │  ├─ brown
// │  │  │  └─ fox ($)
// │  │  └─ sports
// │  │     └─ car ($)
// │  └─ green
// │     └─ tree ($)
// └─ an
//    ├─ apple
//    │  └─ tree ($)
//    └─ umbrella ($)

results := tri.Search([]string{"the", "quick"})
for _, res := range results.Results {
	fmt.Println(res.Key, res.Value)
}
// Output (prefix-based search):
// [the quick brown fox] 2
// [the quick sports car] 3

key := []string{"the", "tree"}
results = tri.Search(key, trie.WithMaxEditDistance(2), // An edit can be insert, delete, replace
	trie.WithEditOps())
for _, res := range results.Results {
	fmt.Println(res.Key, res.EditDistance) // EditDistance is number of edits needed to convert to [the tree]
}
// Output (results not more than 2 edits away from [the tree]):
// [the] 1
// [the green tree] 1
// [an apple tree] 2
// [an umbrella] 2

result := results.Results[2]
fmt.Printf("To convert %v to %v:\n", result.Key, key)
printEditOps(result.EditOps)
// Output (edit operations needed to covert a result to [the tree]):
// To convert [an apple tree] to [the tree]:
// - delete "an"
// - replace "apple" with "the"
// - don't edit "tree"

results = tri.Search(key, trie.WithMaxEditDistance(2), trie.WithTopKLeastEdited(), trie.WithMaxResults(2))
for _, res := range results.Results {
	fmt.Println(res.Key, res.Value, res.EditDistance)
}
// Output (top 2 least edited results):
// [the] 1 1
// [the green tree] 4 1

References