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Shrine::Plugins::Transloadit

Provides Transloadit integration for Shrine, using its Ruby SDK.

Transloadit is a service that helps you handle file uploads, resize, crop and watermark your images, make GIFs, transcode your videos, extract thumbnails, generate audio waveforms and more.

Contents

Installation

Put the gem in your Gemfile:

# Gemfile
gem "shrine-transloadit", "~> 1.0"

Setup

You'll first need to create credentials for the storage service you want to import from and export to. Let's assume you're using S3 and have named the credentials s3_store. Now you can load the transloadit plugin, providing Transloadit key & secret, and mapping credentials to Shrine storages:

# example storage configuration
Shrine.storages = {
  cache: Shrine::Storage::S3.new(prefix: "cache", **options),
  store: Shrine::Storage::S3.new(**options),
}

# transloadit plugin configuration
Shrine.plugin :transloadit,
  auth: {
    key:    "YOUR_TRANSLOADIT_KEY",
    secret: "YOUR_TRANSLOADIT_SECRET",
  },
  credentials: {
    cache: :s3_store, # use "s3_store" credentials for :cache storage
    store: :s3_store, # use "s3_store" credentials for :store storage
  }

# for storing processed files
Shrine.plugin :derivatives

Usage

The transloadit plugin provides helper methods for creating import and export steps, as well as for parsing out exported files from results.

Here is a basic example where we kick off transcoding and thumbnail extraction from an attached video, wait for assembly to complete, then save processed files as derivatives:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor do
    import = file.transloadit_import_step
    encode = transloadit_step "encode", "/video/encode", use: import
    thumbs = transloadit_step "thumbs", "/video/thumbs", use: import
    export = store.transloadit_export_step use: [encode, thumbs]

    assembly = transloadit.assembly(steps: [import, encode, thumbs, export])
    assembly.create!
  end

  Attacher.transloadit_saver do |results|
    transcoded = store.transloadit_file(results["encode"])
    thumbnails = store.transloadit_files(results["thumbs"])

    merge_derivatives(transcoded: transcoded, thumbnails: thumbnails)
  end
end
response = attacher.transloadit_process
response.reload_until_finished!

if response.error?
  # handle error
end

attacher.transloadit_save(response["results"])
attacher.derivatives #=>
# {
#   transcoded: #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#   thumbnails: [
#     #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#     #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#     ...
#   ]
# }

Backgrounding

When using backgrounding, it's probably best to create the assembly after promotion:

Shrine.plugin :backgrounding
Shrine::Attacher.promote_block do
  PromoteJob.perform_async(self.class.name, record.class.name, record.id, name, file_data)
end
class PromoteJob
  include Sidekiq::Worker

  def perform(attacher_class, record_class, record_id, name, file_data)
    attacher_class = Object.const_get(attacher_class)
    record         = Object.const_get(record_class).find(record_id) # if using Active Record

    attacher = attacher_class.retrieve(model: record, name: name, file: file_data)
    attacher.atomic_promote
    attacher.transloadit_process
    # ...
  rescue Shrine::AttachmentChanged, ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
  end
end

Notifications

When using assembly notifications, the attacher data can be sent to the webhook via :fields:

Attacher.transloadit_processor do
  # ...
  assembly = transloadit.assembly(
    steps:      [ ... ],
    notify_url: "https://example.com/webhooks/transloadit",
    fields:     {
      attacher: {
        record_class: record.class,
        record_id:    record.id,
        name:         name,
        data:         file_data,
      }
    }
  )
  assembly.create!
end

Then in the webhook handler we can load the attacher and atomically persist assembly results. If during processing the attachment has changed or record was deleted, we make sure we delete processed files.

post "/transloadit/video" do
  Shrine.transloadit_verify!(params) # verify transloadit signature

  response = JSON.parse(params["transloadit"])

  record_class, record_id, name, file_data = response["fields"]["attacher"].values
  record_class = Object.const_get(record_class)

  attacher    = record_class.send(:"#{name}_attacher")
  derivatives = attacher.transloadit_save(response["results"])

  begin
    record   = record_class.find(record_id)
    attacher = Shrine::Attacher.retrieve(model: record, name: name, file: file_data)

    attacher.merge_derivatives(derivatives)
    attacher.atomic_persist
  rescue Shrine::AttachmentChanged, ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
    attacher.destroy_attached # delete orphaned processed files
  end

  # return successful response for Transloadit
  status 200
end

Note that if you have CSRF protection, make sure that you skip verifying the CSRF token for this route.

Direct uploads

Transloadit supports client side uploads via Robodog, an Uppy-based JavaScript library.

If you have an HTML form, you can use Robodog's Form API to add Transloadit's encoding capabilities to it:

window.Robodog.form('form#myform', {
  params: {
    auth: { key: 'YOUR_TRANSLOADIT_KEY' },
    template_id: 'YOUR_TEMPLATE_ID',
  },
  waitForEncoding: true,
  // ...
})

With the above setup, Robodog will send the assembly results to your controller in the transloadit param, which we can parse out and save to our record. See the [demo app] for an example of doing this.

Promotion

If you want Transloadit to also upload your cached original file to permanent storage, you can skip promotion on the Shrine side:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor do
    import = file.transloadit_import_step
    encode = transloadit_step "encode", "/video/encode", use: import
    thumbs = transloadit_step "thumbs", "/video/thumbs", use: import
    export = store.transloadit_export_step use: [import, encode, thumbs] # include original

    assembly = transloadit.assembly(steps: [import, encode, thumbs, export])
    assembly.create!
  end

  Attacher.transloadit_saver do |results|
    stored     = store.transloadit_file(results["import"])
    transcoded = store.transloadit_file(results["encode"])
    thumbnails = store.transloadit_files(results["thumbs"])

    set(stored) # set promoted file
    merge_derivatives(transcoded: transcoded, thumbnails: thumbnails)
  end
end
class PromoteJob
  include Sidekiq::Worker

  def perform(attacher_class, record_class, record_id, name, file_data)
    attacher_class = Object.const_get(attacher_class)
    record         = Object.const_get(record_class).find(record_id) # if using Active Record

    attacher = attacher_class.retrieve(model: record, name: name, file: file_data)

    response = attacher.transloadit_process
    response.reload_until_finished!

    if response.error?
      # handle error
    end

    attacher.transloadit_save(response["results"])
    attacher.atomic_persist attacher.uploaded_file(file_data)
  rescue Shrine::AttachmentChanged, ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
    attacher&.destroy_attached # delete orphaned processed files
  end
end

Skipping exports

If you want to use Transloadit only for processing, and prefer to store results to yourself, you can do so with help of the shrine-url gem.

# Gemfile
gem "shrine-url"
# ...
require "shrine/storage/url"

Shrine.storages = {
  # ...
  url: Shrine::Storage::Url.new,
}

If you don't specify an export step, Transloadit will return processed files uploaded to Transloadit's temporary storage. You can load these results using the :url storage, and then upload them to your permanent storage:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor do
    import = file.transloadit_import_step
    encode = transloadit_step "encode", "/video/encode", use: import
    thumbs = transloadit_step "thumbs", "/video/thumbs", use: import
    # no export step

    assembly = transloadit.assembly(steps: [import, encode, thumbs])
    assembly.create!
  end

  Attacher.transloadit_saver do |results|
    url        = shrine_class.new(:url)
    transcoded = url.transloadit_file(results["encode"])
    thumbnails = url.transloadit_files(results["thumbs"])

    # results are uploaded to Transloadit's temporary storage
    transcoded #=> #<Shrine::UploadedFile @storage_key=:url @id="https://tmp.transloadit.com/..." ...>
    thumbnails #=> [#<Shrine::UploadedFile @storage_key=:url @id="https://tmp.transloadit.com/..." ...>, ...]

    # upload results to permanent storage
    add_derivatives(transcoded: transcoded, thumbnails: thumbnails)
  end
end
response = attacher.transloadit_process
response.reload_until_finished!

if response.error?
  # handle error
end

attacher.transloadit_save(response["results"])
attacher.derivatives #=>
# {
#   transcoded: #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#   thumbnails: [
#     #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#     #<Shrine::UploadedFile storage_key=:store ...>,
#     ...
#   ]
# }

API

Processor

The processor is just a block registered under an identifier, which is expected to create a Transloadit assembly:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor :video do
    # ...
  end
end

It is executed when Attacher#transloadit_process is called:

attacher.transloadit_process(:video) # calls :video processor

Any arguments passed to the processor will be given to the block:

attacher.transloadit_process(:video, foo: "bar")
class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor :video do |options|
    options #=> { :foo => "bar" }
  end
end

The processor block is executed in context of a Shrine::Attacher instance:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_processor :video do
    self #=> #<Shrine::Attacher>

    record #=> #<Video>
    name   #=> :file
    file   #=> #<Shrine::UploadedFile>
  end
end

Saver

The saver is just a block registered under an identifier, which is expected to save given Transloadit results into the attacher:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_saver :video do |results|
    # ...
  end
end

It is executed when Attacher#transloadit_save is called:

attacher.transloadit_save(:video, results) # calls :video saver

Any arguments passed to the saver will be given to the block:

attacher.transloadit_save(:video, results, foo: "bar")
class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_saver :video do |results, options|
    options #=> { :foo => "bar" }
  end
end

The saver block is executed in context of a Shrine::Attacher instance:

class VideoUploader < Shrine
  Attacher.transloadit_saver :video do |results|
    self #=> #<Shrine::Attacher>

    record #=> #<Video>
    name   #=> :file
    file   #=> #<Shrine::UploadedFile>
  end
end

Step

You can generate Transloadit::Step objects with Shrine.transloadit_step:

Shrine.transloadit_step "my_name", "/my/robot", **options
#=> #<Transloadit::Step name="my_name", robot="/my/robot", options={...}>

This method adds the ability to pass another Transloadit::Step object as the :use parameter:

step_one = Shrine.transloadit_step "one", "/robot/one"
step_two = Shrine.transloadit_step "two", "/robot/two", use: step_one
step_two.options[:use] #=> ["one"]

Import step

The Shrine::UploadedFile#transloadit_import_step method generates an import step for the uploaded file:

file = Shrine.upload(io, :store)
file.storage #=> #<Shrine::Storage::S3>
file.id      #=> "foo"

step = file.transloadit_import_step

step       #=> #<Transloadit::Step ...>
step.name  #=> "import"
step.robot #=> "/s3/import"

step.options[:path]        #=> "foo"
step.options[:credentials] #=> :s3_store (inferred from the plugin setting)

You can change the default step name:

step = file.transloadit_import_step("my_import")
step.name #=> "my_import"

You can also pass step options:

step = file.transloadit_import_step(ignore_errors: ["meta"])
step.options[:ignore_errors] #=> ["meta"]

The following import robots are currently supported:

Robot Description
/s3/import activated for Shrine::Storage::S3
/http/import activated for any other storage which returns HTTP(S) URLs
/ftp/import activated for any other storage which returns FTP URLs

Export step

The Shrine#transloadit_export_step method generates an export step for the underlying storage:

uploader = Shrine.new(:store)
uploader.storage #=> #<Shrine::Storage::S3>

step = uploader.transloadit_export_step

step       #=> #<Transloadit::Step ...>
step.name  #=> "export"
step.robot #=> "/s3/store"

step.options[:credentials] #=> :s3_store (inferred from the plugin setting)

You can change the default step name:

step = uploader.transloadit_export_step("my_export")
step.name #=> "my_export"

You can also pass step options:

step = file.transloadit_export_step(acl: "public-read")
step.options[:acl] #=> "public-read"

The following export robots are currently supported:

Robot Description
/s3/store activated for Shrine::Storage::S3
/google/store activated for Shrine::Storage::GoogleCloudStorage
/youtube/store activated for Shrine::Storage::YouTube

File

The Shrine#transloadit_file method will convert a Transloadit result hash into a Shrine::UploadedFile object:

uploader = Shrine.new(:store)
uploader.storage #=> #<Shrine::Storage::S3>

file = uploader.transloadit_file(
  "url" => "https://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/foo",
  # ...
)

file #=> #<Shrine::UploadedFile @id="foo" storage_key=:store ...>

file.storage #=> #<Shrine::Storage::S3>
file.id      #=> "foo"

You can use the plural Shrine#transloadit_files to convert an array of results:

files = uploader.transloadit_files [
  { "url" => "https://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/foo", ... },
  { "url" => "https://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/bar", ... },
  { "url" => "https://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/baz", ... },
]

files #=>
# [
#   #<Shrine::UploadedFile @id="foo" @storage_key=:store ...>,
#   #<Shrine::UploadedFile @id="bar" @storage_key=:store ...>,
#   #<Shrine::UploadedFile @id="baz" @storage_key=:store ...>,
# ]

It will include basic metadata:

file = uploader.transloadit_file(
  # ...
  "name" => "matrix.mp4",
  "size" => 44198,
  "mime" => "video/mp4",
)

file.original_filename #=> "matrix.mp4"
file.size              #=> 44198
file.mime_type         #=> "video/mp4"

It will also merge any custom metadata:

file = uploader.transloadit_file(
  # ...
  "meta" => { "duration" => 9000, ... },
)

file["duration"] #=> 9000

Currently only Shrine::Stroage::S3 is supported. However, you can still handle other remote files using Shrine::Storage::Url:

Shrine.storages => {
  # ...
  url: Shrine::Storage::Url.new,
}
uploader = Shrine.new(:url)
uploader #=> #<Shrine::Storage::Url>

file = uploader.transloadit_file(
  "url" => "https://example.com/foo",
  # ...
)

file.id #=> "https://example.com/foo"

Instrumentation

If the instrumentation plugin has been loaded, the transloadit plugin adds instrumentation around triggering processing.

# instrumentation plugin needs to be loaded *before* transloadit
plugin :instrumentation
plugin :transloadit

Calling the processor will trigger a transloadit.shrine event with the following payload:

Key Description
:processor Name of the processor
:uploader The uploader class that sent the event

A default log subscriber is added as well which logs these events:

Transloadit (1238ms) – {:processor=>:video, :uploader=>VideoUploader}

You can also use your own log subscriber:

plugin :transloadit, log_subscriber: -> (event) {
  Shrine.logger.info JSON.generate(name: event.name, duration: event.duration, **event.payload)
}
{"name":"transloadit","duration":1238,"processor":"video","uploader":"VideoUploader"}

Or disable logging altogether:

plugin :transloadit, log_subscriber: nil

Contributing

Tests are run with:

$ bundle exec rake test

License

MIT