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examples Initial commit. Nov 17, 2015
versions Updated to Alpine Linux 3.7.0. Feb 23, 2018
README.md Updated to Alpine Linux 3.7.0. Feb 23, 2018
build Updated to Alpine Linux 3.7.0. Feb 23, 2018
push Updated to Alpine Linux 3.7.0. Feb 23, 2018

README.md

Alpine Linux SSHD

A lightweight OpenSSH Docker image built atop Alpine Linux. Available on GitHub.

The root password is "root". SSH host keys (RSA, DSA, ECDSA, and ED25519) are auto-generated when the container is started, unless already present.

OpenSSL Version Tags

  • 7.5-r2, latest (OpenSSH_7.5p1-hpn14v4, LibreSSL 2.6.3, Dockerfile)
  • 7.5 (OpenSSH_7.5p1-hpn14v4, LibreSSL 2.5.4, Dockerfile)
  • 7.4 (OpenSSH_7.4p1, LibreSSL 2.4.4, Dockerfile)
  • 7.2 (OpenSSH_7.2p2-hpn14v4, OpenSSL 1.0.2j 26 Sep 2016, Dockerfile)
  • 7.1 (Alpine Linux 3.3, OpenSSH_7.1p2-hpn14v4, OpenSSL 1.0.2e 3 Dec 2015, Dockerfile)
  • 6.8 (Alpine Linux 3.2, OpenSSH_6.8p1-hpn14v4, OpenSSL 1.0.2d 9 Jul 2015, Dockerfile)
  • 6.7 (Alpine Linux 3.1, OpenSSH_6.7p1-hpn14v4, OpenSSL 1.0.1p 9 Jul 2015, Dockerfile)
  • 6.4 (Alpine Linux 2.7, OpenSSH_6.4p1-hpn14v1, OpenSSL 1.0.1p 9 Jul 2015, Dockerfile)
  • 6.2 (Alpine Linux 2.6, OpenSSH_6.2p2, OpenSSL 1.0.1m 19 Mar 2015, Dockerfile)

Basic Usage

$ docker run --rm --publish=2222:22 sickp/alpine-sshd:7.5-r2 # /entrypoint.sh
ssh-keygen: generating new host keys: RSA DSA ECDSA ED25519
Server listening on 0.0.0.0 port 22.
Server listening on :: port 22.

$ ssh root@localhost -p 2222  # or $(docker-machine ip default)
# The root password is "root".

$ docker ps | grep 2222
cf8097ea881d        sickp/alpine-sshd:7.5-r2   "/entrypoint.sh"    8 seconds ago       Up 4 seconds        0.0.0.0:2222->22/tcp   stoic_ptolemy
$ docker stop cf80

Any arguments are passed to sshd. For example, to enable debug output:

$ docker run --rm --publish=2222:22 sickp/alpine-sshd:7.5 -o LogLevel=DEBUG
...

Version Info

$ docker run --rm sickp/alpine-sshd:7.5-r2 -v
...
OpenSSH_7.5p1-hpn14v4, LibreSSL 2.6.3
...

$ docker run --rm --entrypoint=cat sickp/alpine-sshd:7.5-r2 /etc/alpine-release
3.7.0

Customize

This image doesn't attempt to be "the one" solution that suits everyone's needs. It's actually pretty useless in the real world. But it is easy to extend via your own Dockerfile. See the examples directory.

Change root password

Change the root password to something more fun, like "password" or "sunshine":

FROM sickp/alpine-sshd:latest
RUN echo "root:sunshine" | chpasswd

Use authorized keys

Disable the root password completely, and use your SSH key instead:

FROM sickp/alpine-sshd:latest
RUN passwd -d root
COPY identity.pub /root/.ssh/authorized_keys

Create multiple users

Disable root and create individual user accounts:

FROM sickp/alpine-sshd:latest
ADD https://github.com/sickp.keys /home/sickp/.ssh/authorized_keys
ADD https://github.com/afrojas.keys /home/afrojas/.ssh/authorized_keys
RUN \
  passwd -d root && \
  adduser -D -s /bin/ash sickp && \
  passwd -u sickp && \
  chown -R sickp:sickp /home/sickp && \
  adduser -D -s /bin/ash afrojas && \
  passwd -u afrojas && \
  chown -R afrojas:afrojas /home/afrojas

Embed SSH host keys

Embed SSH host keys directly in your private image (via ssh-keygen -A), so you can treat your containers like cattle.

FROM sickp/alpine-sshd:latest
ADD https://github.com/sickp.keys /home/sickp/.ssh/authorized_keys
RUN \
  passwd -d root && \
  adduser -D -s /bin/ash sickp && \
  passwd -u sickp && \
  chown -R sickp:sickp /home/sickp && \
  ssh-keygen -A

History

2018-02-22 Updated to OpenSSH_7.5.p1-hpn14v4, LibreSSL 2.6.3 (Alpine Linux 3.7.0).
2017-05-31 Updated to OpenSSH_7.5p1, LibreSSL 2.5.4 (Alpine Linux 3.6.0).
2017-02-01 Updated to OpenSSH_7.4p1, LibreSSL 2.4.4 (Alpine Linux 3.5.0).
2016-11-16 Updated to Alpine Linux 3.4.4, OpenSSL 1.0.2j.
2016-09-29 Updated to Alpine Linux 3.4.3, OpenSSL 1.0.2i.
2016-06-16 Updated to Alpine Linux 3.4.0 (with `search` support for Kubernetes >=1.2.0).
2016-03-30 Updated to 7.2p2, OpenSSL 1.0.2g.
2016-02-09 Added support for ALPINE_NO_RESOLVER in Kubernetes version.
2016-01-28 Added Kubernetes version, Alpine Linux 3.3.1.
2015-12-25 Updated 7.1 to Alpine Linux 3.3.
2015-11-16 Initial version.