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#! /usr/bin/env python
#
# pyfacebook - Python bindings for the Facebook API
#
# Copyright (c) 2008, Samuel Cormier-Iijima
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
# * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
# documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
# * Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may
# be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
# without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS``AS IS'' AND ANY
# EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
# DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
# DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
# (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
# LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
# ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
# SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
"""
Python bindings for the Facebook API (pyfacebook - http://code.google.com/p/pyfacebook)
PyFacebook is a client library that wraps the Facebook API.
For more information, see
Home Page: http://code.google.com/p/pyfacebook
Developer Wiki: http://wiki.developers.facebook.com/index.php/Python
Facebook IRC Channel: #facebook on irc.freenode.net
PyFacebook can use simplejson if it is installed, which
is much faster than XML and also uses less bandwith. Go to
http://undefined.org/python/#simplejson to download it, or do
apt-get install python-simplejson on a Debian-like system.
"""
import md5
import sys
import time
import struct
import urllib
import urllib2
import httplib
import hashlib
import binascii
import urlparse
import mimetypes
# try to use simplejson first, otherwise fallback to XML
RESPONSE_FORMAT = 'JSON'
try:
import json as simplejson
except ImportError:
try:
import simplejson
except ImportError:
try:
from django.utils import simplejson
except ImportError:
try:
import jsonlib as simplejson
simplejson.loads
except (ImportError, AttributeError):
from xml.dom import minidom
RESPONSE_FORMAT = 'XML'
# support Google App Engine. GAE does not have a working urllib.urlopen.
try:
from google.appengine.api import urlfetch
def urlread(url, data=None, headers=None):
if data is not None:
if headers is None:
headers = {"Content-type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"}
method = urlfetch.POST
else:
if headers is None:
headers = {}
method = urlfetch.GET
result = urlfetch.fetch(url, method=method,
payload=data, headers=headers)
if result.status_code == 200:
return result.content
else:
raise urllib2.URLError("fetch error url=%s, code=%d" % (url, result.status_code))
except ImportError:
def urlread(url, data=None):
res = urllib2.urlopen(url, data=data)
return res.read()
__all__ = ['Facebook']
VERSION = '0.1'
FACEBOOK_URL = 'http://api.facebook.com/restserver.php'
FACEBOOK_SECURE_URL = 'https://api.facebook.com/restserver.php'
class json(object): pass
# simple IDL for the Facebook API
METHODS = {
'application': {
'getPublicInfo': [
('application_id', int, ['optional']),
('application_api_key', str, ['optional']),
('application_canvas_name ', str,['optional']),
],
},
# admin methods
'admin': {
'getAllocation': [
('integration_point_name', str, []),
],
},
# feed methods
'feed': {
'publishStoryToUser': [
('title', str, []),
('body', str, ['optional']),
('image_1', str, ['optional']),
('image_1_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_2', str, ['optional']),
('image_2_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_3', str, ['optional']),
('image_3_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_4', str, ['optional']),
('image_4_link', str, ['optional']),
('priority', int, ['optional']),
],
'publishActionOfUser': [
('title', str, []),
('body', str, ['optional']),
('image_1', str, ['optional']),
('image_1_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_2', str, ['optional']),
('image_2_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_3', str, ['optional']),
('image_3_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_4', str, ['optional']),
('image_4_link', str, ['optional']),
('priority', int, ['optional']),
],
'publishTemplatizedAction': [
('title_template', str, []),
('page_actor_id', int, ['optional']),
('title_data', json, ['optional']),
('body_template', str, ['optional']),
('body_data', json, ['optional']),
('body_general', str, ['optional']),
('image_1', str, ['optional']),
('image_1_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_2', str, ['optional']),
('image_2_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_3', str, ['optional']),
('image_3_link', str, ['optional']),
('image_4', str, ['optional']),
('image_4_link', str, ['optional']),
('target_ids', list, ['optional']),
],
'registerTemplateBundle': [
('one_line_story_templates', json, []),
('short_story_templates', json, ['optional']),
('full_story_template', json, ['optional']),
('action_links', json, ['optional']),
],
'deactivateTemplateBundleByID': [
('template_bundle_id', int, []),
],
'getRegisteredTemplateBundles': [],
'getRegisteredTemplateBundleByID': [
('template_bundle_id', str, []),
],
'publishUserAction': [
('template_bundle_id', int, []),
('template_data', json, ['optional']),
('target_ids', list, ['optional']),
('body_general', str, ['optional']),
],
},
# fql methods
'fql': {
'query': [
('query', str, []),
],
},
# friends methods
'friends': {
'areFriends': [
('uids1', list, []),
('uids2', list, []),
],
'get': [
('flid', int, ['optional']),
],
'getLists': [],
'getAppUsers': [],
},
# notifications methods
'notifications': {
'get': [],
'send': [
('to_ids', list, []),
('notification', str, []),
('email', str, ['optional']),
('type', str, ['optional']),
],
'sendRequest': [
('to_ids', list, []),
('type', str, []),
('content', str, []),
('image', str, []),
('invite', bool, []),
],
'sendEmail': [
('recipients', list, []),
('subject', str, []),
('text', str, ['optional']),
('fbml', str, ['optional']),
]
},
# profile methods
'profile': {
'setFBML': [
('markup', str, ['optional']),
('uid', int, ['optional']),
('profile', str, ['optional']),
('profile_action', str, ['optional']),
('mobile_fbml', str, ['optional']),
('profile_main', str, ['optional']),
],
'getFBML': [
('uid', int, ['optional']),
('type', int, ['optional']),
],
'setInfo': [
('title', str, []),
('type', int, []),
('info_fields', json, []),
('uid', int, []),
],
'getInfo': [
('uid', int, []),
],
'setInfoOptions': [
('field', str, []),
('options', json, []),
],
'getInfoOptions': [
('field', str, []),
],
},
# users methods
'users': {
'getInfo': [
('uids', list, []),
('fields', list, [('default', ['name'])]),
],
'getStandardInfo': [
('uids', list, []),
('fields', list, [('default', ['uid'])]),
],
'getLoggedInUser': [],
'isAppAdded': [],
'hasAppPermission': [
('ext_perm', str, []),
('uid', int, ['optional']),
],
'setStatus': [
('status', str, []),
('clear', bool, []),
('status_includes_verb', bool, ['optional']),
('uid', int, ['optional']),
],
},
# events methods
'events': {
'get': [
('uid', int, ['optional']),
('eids', list, ['optional']),
('start_time', int, ['optional']),
('end_time', int, ['optional']),
('rsvp_status', str, ['optional']),
],
'getMembers': [
('eid', int, []),
],
'create': [
('event_info', json, []),
],
},
# update methods
'update': {
'decodeIDs': [
('ids', list, []),
],
},
# groups methods
'groups': {
'get': [
('uid', int, ['optional']),
('gids', list, ['optional']),
],
'getMembers': [
('gid', int, []),
],
},
# marketplace methods
'marketplace': {
'createListing': [
('listing_id', int, []),
('show_on_profile', bool, []),
('listing_attrs', str, []),
],
'getCategories': [],
'getListings': [
('listing_ids', list, []),
('uids', list, []),
],
'getSubCategories': [
('category', str, []),
],
'removeListing': [
('listing_id', int, []),
('status', str, []),
],
'search': [
('category', str, ['optional']),
('subcategory', str, ['optional']),
('query', str, ['optional']),
],
},
# pages methods
'pages': {
'getInfo': [
('page_ids', list, ['optional']),
('uid', int, ['optional']),
],
'isAdmin': [
('page_id', int, []),
],
'isAppAdded': [
('page_id', int, []),
],
'isFan': [
('page_id', int, []),
('uid', int, []),
],
},
# photos methods
'photos': {
'addTag': [
('pid', int, []),
('tag_uid', int, [('default', 0)]),
('tag_text', str, [('default', '')]),
('x', float, [('default', 50)]),
('y', float, [('default', 50)]),
('tags', str, ['optional']),
],
'createAlbum': [
('name', str, []),
('location', str, ['optional']),
('description', str, ['optional']),
],
'get': [
('subj_id', int, ['optional']),
('aid', int, ['optional']),
('pids', list, ['optional']),
],
'getAlbums': [
('uid', int, ['optional']),
('aids', list, ['optional']),
],
'getTags': [
('pids', list, []),
],
},
# fbml methods
'fbml': {
'refreshImgSrc': [
('url', str, []),
],
'refreshRefUrl': [
('url', str, []),
],
'setRefHandle': [
('handle', str, []),
('fbml', str, []),
],
},
# SMS Methods
'sms' : {
'canSend' : [
('uid', int, []),
],
'send' : [
('uid', int, []),
('message', str, []),
('session_id', int, []),
('req_session', bool, []),
],
},
'data': {
'getCookies': [
('uid', int, []),
('string', str, []),
],
'setCookie': [
('uid', int, []),
('name', str, []),
('value', str, []),
('expires', int, ['optional']),
('path', str, ['optional']),
],
},
# connect methods
'connect': {
'registerUsers': [
('accounts', json, []),
],
'unregisterUsers': [
('email_hashes', json, []),
],
'getUnconnectedFriendsCount': [
],
},
}
class Proxy(object):
"""Represents a "namespace" of Facebook API calls."""
def __init__(self, client, name):
self._client = client
self._name = name
def __call__(self, method=None, args=None, add_session_args=True):
# for Django templates
if method is None:
return self
if add_session_args:
self._client._add_session_args(args)
return self._client('%s.%s' % (self._name, method), args)
# generate the Facebook proxies
def __generate_proxies():
for namespace in METHODS:
methods = {}
for method in METHODS[namespace]:
params = ['self']
body = ['args = {}']
for param_name, param_type, param_options in METHODS[namespace][method]:
param = param_name
for option in param_options:
if isinstance(option, tuple) and option[0] == 'default':
if param_type == list:
param = '%s=None' % param_name
body.append('if %s is None: %s = %s' % (param_name, param_name, repr(option[1])))
else:
param = '%s=%s' % (param_name, repr(option[1]))
if param_type == json:
# we only jsonify the argument if it's a list or a dict, for compatibility
body.append('if isinstance(%s, list) or isinstance(%s, dict): %s = simplejson.dumps(%s)' % ((param_name,) * 4))
if 'optional' in param_options:
param = '%s=None' % param_name
body.append('if %s is not None: args[\'%s\'] = %s' % (param_name, param_name, param_name))
else:
body.append('args[\'%s\'] = %s' % (param_name, param_name))
params.append(param)
# simple docstring to refer them to Facebook API docs
body.insert(0, '"""Facebook API call. See http://developers.facebook.com/documentation.php?v=1.0&method=%s.%s"""' % (namespace, method))
body.insert(0, 'def %s(%s):' % (method, ', '.join(params)))
body.append('return self(\'%s\', args)' % method)
exec('\n '.join(body))
methods[method] = eval(method)
proxy = type('%sProxy' % namespace.title(), (Proxy, ), methods)
globals()[proxy.__name__] = proxy
__generate_proxies()
class FacebookError(Exception):
"""Exception class for errors received from Facebook."""
def __init__(self, code, msg, args=None):
self.code = code
self.msg = msg
self.args = args
def __str__(self):
return 'Error %s: %s' % (self.code, self.msg)
class AuthProxy(Proxy):
"""Special proxy for facebook.auth."""
def getSession(self):
"""Facebook API call. See http://developers.facebook.com/documentation.php?v=1.0&method=auth.getSession"""
args = {}
try:
args['auth_token'] = self._client.auth_token
except AttributeError:
raise RuntimeError('Client does not have auth_token set.')
result = self._client('%s.getSession' % self._name, args)
self._client.session_key = result['session_key']
self._client.uid = result['uid']
self._client.secret = result.get('secret')
self._client.session_key_expires = result['expires']
return result
def createToken(self):
"""Facebook API call. See http://developers.facebook.com/documentation.php?v=1.0&method=auth.createToken"""
token = self._client('%s.createToken' % self._name)
self._client.auth_token = token
return token
class FriendsProxy(FriendsProxy):
"""Special proxy for facebook.friends."""
def get(self, **kwargs):
"""Facebook API call. See http://developers.facebook.com/documentation.php?v=1.0&method=friends.get"""
if not kwargs.get('flid') and self._client._friends:
return self._client._friends
return super(FriendsProxy, self).get(**kwargs)
class PhotosProxy(PhotosProxy):
"""Special proxy for facebook.photos."""
def upload(self, image, aid=None, caption=None, size=(604, 1024), filename=None):
"""Facebook API call. See http://developers.facebook.com/documentation.php?v=1.0&method=photos.upload
size -- an optional size (width, height) to resize the image to before uploading. Resizes by default
to Facebook's maximum display width of 604.
"""
args = {}
if aid is not None:
args['aid'] = aid
if caption is not None:
args['caption'] = caption
args = self._client._build_post_args('facebook.photos.upload', self._client._add_session_args(args))
try:
import cStringIO as StringIO
except ImportError:
import StringIO
# check for a filename specified...if the user is passing binary data in
# image then a filename will be specified
if filename is None:
try:
import Image
except ImportError:
data = StringIO.StringIO(open(image, 'rb').read())
else:
img = Image.open(image)
if size:
img.thumbnail(size, Image.ANTIALIAS)
data = StringIO.StringIO()
img.save(data, img.format)
else:
# there was a filename specified, which indicates that image was not
# the path to an image file but rather the binary data of a file
data = StringIO.StringIO(image)
image = filename
content_type, body = self.__encode_multipart_formdata(list(args.iteritems()), [(image, data)])
urlinfo = urlparse.urlsplit(self._client.facebook_url)
try:
h = httplib.HTTP(urlinfo[1])
h.putrequest('POST', urlinfo[2])
h.putheader('Content-Type', content_type)
h.putheader('Content-Length', str(len(body)))
h.putheader('MIME-Version', '1.0')
h.putheader('User-Agent', 'PyFacebook Client Library')
h.endheaders()
h.send(body)
reply = h.getreply()
if reply[0] != 200:
raise Exception('Error uploading photo: Facebook returned HTTP %s (%s)' % (reply[0], reply[1]))
response = h.file.read()
except:
# sending the photo failed, perhaps we are using GAE
try:
from google.appengine.api import urlfetch
try:
response = urlread(url=self._client.facebook_url,data=body,headers={'POST':urlinfo[2],'Content-Type':content_type,'MIME-Version':'1.0'})
except urllib2.URLError:
raise Exception('Error uploading photo: Facebook returned %s' % (response))
except ImportError:
# could not import from google.appengine.api, so we are not running in GAE
raise Exception('Error uploading photo.')
return self._client._parse_response(response, 'facebook.photos.upload')
def __encode_multipart_formdata(self, fields, files):
"""Encodes a multipart/form-data message to upload an image."""
boundary = '-------tHISiStheMulTIFoRMbOUNDaRY'
crlf = '\r\n'
l = []
for (key, value) in fields:
l.append('--' + boundary)
l.append('Content-Disposition: form-data; name="%s"' % str(key))
l.append('')
l.append(str(value))
for (filename, value) in files:
l.append('--' + boundary)
l.append('Content-Disposition: form-data; filename="%s"' % (str(filename), ))
l.append('Content-Type: %s' % self.__get_content_type(filename))
l.append('')
l.append(value.getvalue())
l.append('--' + boundary + '--')
l.append('')
body = crlf.join(l)
content_type = 'multipart/form-data; boundary=%s' % boundary
return content_type, body
def __get_content_type(self, filename):
"""Returns a guess at the MIME type of the file from the filename."""
return str(mimetypes.guess_type(filename)[0]) or 'application/octet-stream'
class Facebook(object):
"""
Provides access to the Facebook API.
Instance Variables:
added
True if the user has added this application.
api_key
Your API key, as set in the constructor.
app_name
Your application's name, i.e. the APP_NAME in http://apps.facebook.com/APP_NAME/ if
this is for an internal web application. Optional, but useful for automatic redirects
to canvas pages.
auth_token
The auth token that Facebook gives you, either with facebook.auth.createToken,
or through a GET parameter.
callback_path
The path of the callback set in the Facebook app settings. If your callback is set
to http://www.example.com/facebook/callback/, this should be '/facebook/callback/'.
Optional, but useful for automatic redirects back to the same page after login.
desktop
True if this is a desktop app, False otherwise. Used for determining how to
authenticate.
facebook_url
The url to use for Facebook requests.
facebook_secure_url
The url to use for secure Facebook requests.
in_canvas
True if the current request is for a canvas page.
internal
True if this Facebook object is for an internal application (one that can be added on Facebook)
page_id
Set to the page_id of the current page (if any)
secret
Secret that is used after getSession for desktop apps.
secret_key
Your application's secret key, as set in the constructor.
session_key
The current session key. Set automatically by auth.getSession, but can be set
manually for doing infinite sessions.
session_key_expires
The UNIX time of when this session key expires, or 0 if it never expires.
uid
After a session is created, you can get the user's UID with this variable. Set
automatically by auth.getSession.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
"""
def __init__(self, api_key, secret_key, auth_token=None, app_name=None, callback_path=None, internal=None, proxy=None, facebook_url=None, facebook_secure_url=None):
"""
Initializes a new Facebook object which provides wrappers for the Facebook API.
If this is a desktop application, the next couple of steps you might want to take are:
facebook.auth.createToken() # create an auth token
facebook.login() # show a browser window
wait_login() # somehow wait for the user to log in
facebook.auth.getSession() # get a session key
For web apps, if you are passed an auth_token from Facebook, pass that in as a named parameter.
Then call:
facebook.auth.getSession()
"""
self.api_key = api_key
self.secret_key = secret_key
self.session_key = None
self.session_key_expires = None
self.auth_token = auth_token
self.secret = None
self.uid = None
self.page_id = None
self.in_canvas = False
self.added = False
self.app_name = app_name
self.callback_path = callback_path
self.internal = internal
self._friends = None
self.proxy = proxy
if facebook_url is None:
self.facebook_url = FACEBOOK_URL
else:
self.facebook_url = facebook_url
if facebook_secure_url is None:
self.facebook_secure_url = FACEBOOK_SECURE_URL
else:
self.facebook_secure_url = facebook_secure_url
for namespace in METHODS:
self.__dict__[namespace] = eval('%sProxy(self, \'%s\')' % (namespace.title(), 'facebook.%s' % namespace))
self.auth = AuthProxy(self, 'facebook.auth')
def _hash_args(self, args, secret=None):
"""Hashes arguments by joining key=value pairs, appending a secret, and then taking the MD5 hex digest."""
# @author: houyr
# fix for UnicodeEncodeError
hasher = md5.new(''.join(['%s=%s' % (isinstance(x, unicode) and x.encode("utf-8") or x, isinstance(args[x], unicode) and args[x].encode("utf-8") or args[x]) for x in sorted(args.keys())]))
if secret:
hasher.update(secret)
elif self.secret:
hasher.update(self.secret)
else:
hasher.update(self.secret_key)
return hasher.hexdigest()
def _parse_response_item(self, node):
"""Parses an XML response node from Facebook."""
if node.nodeType == node.DOCUMENT_NODE and \
node.childNodes[0].hasAttributes() and \
node.childNodes[0].hasAttribute('list') and \
node.childNodes[0].getAttribute('list') == "true":
return {node.childNodes[0].nodeName: self._parse_response_list(node.childNodes[0])}
elif node.nodeType == node.ELEMENT_NODE and \
node.hasAttributes() and \
node.hasAttribute('list') and \
node.getAttribute('list')=="true":
return self._parse_response_list(node)
elif len(filter(lambda x: x.nodeType == x.ELEMENT_NODE, node.childNodes)) > 0:
return self._parse_response_dict(node)
else:
return ''.join(node.data for node in node.childNodes if node.nodeType == node.TEXT_NODE)
def _parse_response_dict(self, node):
"""Parses an XML dictionary response node from Facebook."""
result = {}
for item in filter(lambda x: x.nodeType == x.ELEMENT_NODE, node.childNodes):
result[item.nodeName] = self._parse_response_item(item)
if node.nodeType == node.ELEMENT_NODE and node.hasAttributes():
if node.hasAttribute('id'):
result['id'] = node.getAttribute('id')
return result
def _parse_response_list(self, node):
"""Parses an XML list response node from Facebook."""
result = []
for item in filter(lambda x: x.nodeType == x.ELEMENT_NODE, node.childNodes):
result.append(self._parse_response_item(item))
return result
def _check_error(self, response):
"""Checks if the given Facebook response is an error, and then raises the appropriate exception."""
if type(response) is dict and response.has_key('error_code'):
raise FacebookError(response['error_code'], response['error_msg'], response['request_args'])
def _build_post_args(self, method, args=None):
"""Adds to args parameters that are necessary for every call to the API."""
if args is None:
args = {}
for arg in args.items():
if type(arg[1]) == list:
args[arg[0]] = ','.join(str(a) for a in arg[1])
elif type(arg[1]) == unicode:
args[arg[0]] = arg[1].encode("UTF-8")
elif type(arg[1]) == bool:
args[arg[0]] = str(arg[1]).lower()
args['method'] = method
args['api_key'] = self.api_key
args['v'] = '1.0'
args['format'] = RESPONSE_FORMAT
args['sig'] = self._hash_args(args)
return args
def _add_session_args(self, args=None):
"""Adds 'session_key' and 'call_id' to args, which are used for API calls that need sessions."""
if args is None:
args = {}
if not self.session_key:
return args
#some calls don't need a session anymore. this might be better done in the markup
#raise RuntimeError('Session key not set. Make sure auth.getSession has been called.')
args['session_key'] = self.session_key
args['call_id'] = str(int(time.time() * 1000))
return args
def _parse_response(self, response, method, format=None):
"""Parses the response according to the given (optional) format, which should be either 'JSON' or 'XML'."""
if not format:
format = RESPONSE_FORMAT
if format == 'JSON':
result = simplejson.loads(response)
self._check_error(result)
elif format == 'XML':
dom = minidom.parseString(response)
result = self._parse_response_item(dom)
dom.unlink()
if 'error_response' in result:
self._check_error(result['error_response'])
result = result[method[9:].replace('.', '_') + '_response']
else:
raise RuntimeError('Invalid format specified.')
return result
def hash_email(self, email):
"""
Hash an email address in a format suitable for Facebook Connect.
"""
email = email.lower().strip()
return "%s_%s" % (
struct.unpack("I", struct.pack("i", binascii.crc32(email)))[0],
hashlib.md5(email).hexdigest(),
)
def unicode_urlencode(self, params):
"""
@author: houyr
A unicode aware version of urllib.urlencode.
"""
if isinstance(params, dict):
params = params.items()
return urllib.urlencode([(k, isinstance(v, unicode) and v.encode('utf-8') or v)
for k, v in params])
def __call__(self, method=None, args=None, secure=False):
"""Make a call to Facebook's REST server."""
# for Django templates, if this object is called without any arguments
# return the object itself
if method is None:
return self
# @author: houyr
# fix for bug of UnicodeEncodeError
post_data = self.unicode_urlencode(self._build_post_args(method, args))
if self.proxy:
proxy_handler = urllib2.ProxyHandler(self.proxy)
opener = urllib2.build_opener(proxy_handler)
if secure:
response = opener.open(self.facebook_secure_url, post_data).read()
else:
response = opener.open(self.facebook_url, post_data).read()
else:
if secure:
response = urlread(self.facebook_secure_url, post_data)
else:
response = urlread(self.facebook_url, post_data)
return self._parse_response(response, method)
# URL helpers
def get_url(self, page, **args):
"""
Returns one of the Facebook URLs (www.facebook.com/SOMEPAGE.php).
Named arguments are passed as GET query string parameters.
"""
return 'http://www.facebook.com/%s.php?%s' % (page, urllib.urlencode(args))
def get_app_url(self, path=''):
"""
Returns the URL for this app's canvas page, according to app_name.
"""
return 'http://apps.facebook.com/%s/%s' % (self.app_name, path)
def get_add_url(self, next=None):
"""
Returns the URL that the user should be redirected to in order to add the application.
"""
args = {'api_key': self.api_key, 'v': '1.0'}
if next is not None:
args['next'] = next
return self.get_url('install', **args)
def get_authorize_url(self, next=None, next_cancel=None):
"""
Returns the URL that the user should be redirected to in order to
authorize certain actions for application.
"""
args = {'api_key': self.api_key, 'v': '1.0'}
if next is not None:
args['next'] = next
if next_cancel is not None:
args['next_cancel'] = next_cancel
return self.get_url('authorize', **args)
def get_login_url(self, next=None, popup=False, canvas=True):
"""
Returns the URL that the user should be redirected to in order to login.
next -- the URL that Facebook should redirect to after login
"""
args = {'api_key': self.api_key, 'v': '1.0'}
if next is not None:
args['next'] = next
if canvas is True:
args['canvas'] = 1
if popup is True:
args['popup'] = 1
if self.auth_token is not None:
args['auth_token'] = self.auth_token
return self.get_url('login', **args)
def login(self, popup=False):
"""Open a web browser telling the user to login to Facebook."""
import webbrowser
webbrowser.open(self.get_login_url(popup=popup))
def get_ext_perm_url(self, ext_perm, next=None, popup=False):
"""
Returns the URL that the user should be redirected to in order to grant an extended permission.
ext_perm -- the name of the extended permission to request
next -- the URL that Facebook should redirect to after login
"""
args = {'ext_perm': ext_perm, 'api_key': self.api_key, 'v': '1.0'}
if next is not None:
args['next'] = next
if popup is True:
args['popup'] = 1
return self.get_url('authorize', **args)
def request_extended_permission(self, ext_perm, popup=False):
"""Open a web browser telling the user to grant an extended permission."""
import webbrowser
webbrowser.open(self.get_ext_perm_url(ext_perm, popup=popup))
def check_session(self, request):
"""
Checks the given Django HttpRequest for Facebook parameters such as
POST variables or an auth token. If the session is valid, returns True
and this object can now be used to access the Facebook API. Otherwise,
it returns False, and the application should take the appropriate action
(either log the user in or have him add the application).
"""
self.in_canvas = (request.POST.get('fb_sig_in_canvas') == '1')
if self.session_key and (self.uid or self.page_id):
return True
if request.method == 'POST':
params = self.validate_signature(request.POST)
else:
if 'installed' in request.GET:
self.added = True
if 'fb_page_id' in request.GET:
self.page_id = request.GET['fb_page_id']
if 'auth_token' in request.GET:
self.auth_token = request.GET['auth_token']
try:
self.auth.getSession()
except FacebookError, e:
self.auth_token = None
return False
return True
params = self.validate_signature(request.GET)
if not params:
# first check if we are in django - to check cookies
if hasattr(request, 'COOKIES'):
params = self.validate_cookie_signature(request.COOKIES)
else:
# if not, then we might be on GoogleAppEngine, check their request object cookies
if hasattr(request,'cookies'):
params = self.validate_cookie_signature(request.cookies)
if not params:
return False
if params.get('in_canvas') == '1':
self.in_canvas = True
if params.get('added') == '1':
self.added = True
if params.get('expires'):
self.session_key_expires = int(params['expires'])
if 'friends' in params:
if params['friends']:
self._friends = params['friends'].split(',')
else:
self._friends = []
if 'session_key' in params:
self.session_key = params['session_key']
if 'user' in params:
self.uid = params['user']
elif 'page_id' in params:
self.page_id = params['page_id']
else:
return False
elif 'profile_session_key' in params:
self.session_key = params['profile_session_key']
if 'profile_user' in params:
self.uid = params['profile_user']
else:
return False
else:
return False
return True
def validate_signature(self, post, prefix='fb_sig', timeout=None):
"""
Validate parameters passed to an internal Facebook app from Facebook.
"""
args = post.copy()
if prefix not in args:
return None
del args[prefix]
if timeout and '%s_time' % prefix in post and time.time() - float(post['%s_time' % prefix]) > timeout:
return None
args = dict([(key[len(prefix + '_'):], value) for key, value in args.items() if key.startswith(prefix)])
hash = self._hash_args(args)
if hash == post[prefix]:
return args
else:
return None
def validate_cookie_signature(self, cookies):
"""
Validate parameters passed by cookies, namely facebookconnect or js api.
"""
if not self.api_key in cookies.keys():
return None
sigkeys = []
params = dict()
for k in sorted(cookies.keys()):
if k.startswith(self.api_key+"_"):
sigkeys.append(k)
params[k.replace(self.api_key+"_","")] = cookies[k]
vals = ''.join(['%s=%s' % (x.replace(self.api_key+"_",""), cookies[x]) for x in sigkeys])
hasher = md5.new(vals)
hasher.update(self.secret_key)
digest = hasher.hexdigest()
if digest == cookies[self.api_key]:
return params
else:
return False
if __name__ == '__main__':
# sample desktop application
api_key = ''
secret_key = ''
facebook = Facebook(api_key, secret_key)
facebook.auth.createToken()
# Show login window
# Set popup=True if you want login without navigational elements
facebook.login()
# Login to the window, then press enter
print 'After logging in, press enter...'
raw_input()
facebook.auth.getSession()
print 'Session Key: ', facebook.session_key
print 'Your UID: ', facebook.uid
info = facebook.users.getInfo([facebook.uid], ['name', 'birthday', 'affiliations', 'sex'])[0]
print 'Your Name: ', info['name']
print 'Your Birthday: ', info['birthday']
print 'Your Gender: ', info['sex']
friends = facebook.friends.get()
friends = facebook.users.getInfo(friends[0:5], ['name', 'birthday', 'relationship_status'])
for friend in friends:
print friend['name'], 'has a birthday on', friend['birthday'], 'and is', friend['relationship_status']
arefriends = facebook.friends.areFriends([friends[0]['uid']], [friends[1]['uid']])
photos = facebook.photos.getAlbums(facebook.uid)