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/*
* avrdude - A Downloader/Uploader for AVR device programmers
* Copyright (C) 2005, 2007 Joerg Wunsch <j@uriah.heep.sax.de>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
/* $Id$ */
/*
* avrdude interface for Atmel JTAG ICE (mkI) programmer
*/
#include "ac_cfg.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <time.h>
#include "avrdude.h"
#include "avr.h"
#include "crc16.h"
#include "pgm.h"
#include "jtagmkI_private.h"
#include "serial.h"
/*
* Private data for this programmer.
*/
struct pdata
{
int initial_baudrate;
/*
* See jtagmkI_read_byte() for an explanation of the flash and
* EEPROM page caches.
*/
unsigned char *flash_pagecache;
unsigned long flash_pageaddr;
unsigned int flash_pagesize;
unsigned char *eeprom_pagecache;
unsigned long eeprom_pageaddr;
unsigned int eeprom_pagesize;
int prog_enabled; /* Cached value of PROGRAMMING status. */
};
#define PDATA(pgm) ((struct pdata *)(pgm->cookie))
/*
* The OCDEN fuse is bit 7 of the high fuse (hfuse). In order to
* perform memory operations on MTYPE_SPM and MTYPE_EEPROM, OCDEN
* needs to be programmed.
*
* OCDEN should probably rather be defined via the configuration, but
* if this ever changes to a different fuse byte for one MCU, quite
* some code here needs to be generalized anyway.
*/
#define OCDEN (1 << 7)
/*
* Table of baud rates supported by the mkI ICE, accompanied by their
* internal parameter value.
*
* 19200 is the initial value of the ICE after powerup, and virtually
* all connections then switch to 115200. As the table is also used
* to try connecting at startup, we keep these two entries on top to
* speedup the program start.
*/
const static struct {
long baud;
unsigned char val;
} baudtab[] = {
{ 19200L, 0xfa },
{ 115200L, 0xff },
{ 9600L, 0xf4 },
{ 38400L, 0xfd },
{ 57600L, 0xfe },
/* { 14400L, 0xf8 }, */ /* not supported by serial driver */
};
static int jtagmkI_read_byte(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * mem,
unsigned long addr, unsigned char * value);
static int jtagmkI_write_byte(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * mem,
unsigned long addr, unsigned char data);
static int jtagmkI_set_sck_period(PROGRAMMER * pgm, double v);
static int jtagmkI_getparm(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char parm,
unsigned char * value);
static int jtagmkI_setparm(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char parm,
unsigned char value);
static void jtagmkI_print_parms1(PROGRAMMER * pgm, const char * p);
static int jtagmkI_resync(PROGRAMMER *pgm, int maxtries, int signon);
static void jtagmkI_setup(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
if ((pgm->cookie = malloc(sizeof(struct pdata))) == 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_setup(): Out of memory allocating private data\n",
progname);
exit(1);
}
memset(pgm->cookie, 0, sizeof(struct pdata));
}
static void jtagmkI_teardown(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
free(pgm->cookie);
}
static void
u32_to_b3(unsigned char *b, unsigned long l)
{
b[2] = l & 0xff;
b[1] = (l >> 8) & 0xff;
b[0] = (l >> 16) & 0xff;
}
static void
u16_to_b2(unsigned char *b, unsigned short l)
{
b[0] = l & 0xff;
b[1] = (l >> 8) & 0xff;
}
static void jtagmkI_prmsg(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char * data, size_t len)
{
int i;
if (verbose >= 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Raw message:\n");
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
fprintf(stderr, "0x%02x ", data[i]);
if (i % 16 == 15)
putc('\n', stderr);
else
putchar(' ');
}
if (i % 16 != 0)
putc('\n', stderr);
}
switch (data[0]) {
case RESP_OK:
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
break;
case RESP_FAILED:
fprintf(stderr, "FAILED\n");
break;
case RESP_BREAK:
fprintf(stderr, "breakpoint hit\n");
break;
case RESP_INFO:
fprintf(stderr, "IDR dirty\n");
break;
case RESP_SYNC_ERROR:
fprintf(stderr, "Synchronization lost\n");
break;
case RESP_SLEEP:
fprintf(stderr, "sleep instruction hit\n");
break;
case RESP_POWER:
fprintf(stderr, "target power lost\n");
default:
fprintf(stderr, "unknown message 0x%02x\n", data[0]);
}
putc('\n', stderr);
}
static int jtagmkI_send(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char * data, size_t len)
{
unsigned char *buf;
if (verbose >= 3)
fprintf(stderr, "\n%s: jtagmkI_send(): sending %u bytes\n",
progname, (unsigned int)len);
if ((buf = malloc(len + 2)) == NULL)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_send(): out of memory",
progname);
exit(1);
}
memcpy(buf, data, len);
buf[len] = ' '; /* "CRC" */
buf[len + 1] = ' '; /* EOP */
if (serial_send(&pgm->fd, buf, len + 2) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_send(): failed to send command to serial port\n",
progname);
exit(1);
}
free(buf);
return 0;
}
static void jtagmkI_recv(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char * buf, size_t len)
{
if (serial_recv(&pgm->fd, buf, len) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"\n%s: jtagmkI_recv(): failed to send command to serial port\n",
progname);
exit(1);
}
if (verbose >= 3) {
putc('\n', stderr);
jtagmkI_prmsg(pgm, buf, len);
}
}
static int jtagmkI_drain(PROGRAMMER * pgm, int display)
{
return serial_drain(&pgm->fd, display);
}
static int jtagmkI_resync(PROGRAMMER * pgm, int maxtries, int signon)
{
int tries;
unsigned char buf[4], resp[9];
long otimeout = serial_recv_timeout;
serial_recv_timeout = 200;
if (verbose >= 3)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_resync()\n", progname);
jtagmkI_drain(pgm, 0);
for (tries = 0; tries < maxtries; tries++) {
/* Get the sign-on information. */
buf[0] = CMD_GET_SYNC;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_resync(): Sending sync command: ",
progname);
if (serial_send(&pgm->fd, buf, 1) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"\n%s: jtagmkI_resync(): failed to send command to serial port\n",
progname);
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
}
if (serial_recv(&pgm->fd, resp, 1) == 0 && resp[0] == RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "got RESP_OK\n");
break;
}
if (signon) {
/*
* The following is black magic, the idea has been taken from
* AVaRICE.
*
* Apparently, the ICE behaves differently right after a
* power-up vs. when reconnecting to an ICE that has already
* been worked with. The undocumented 'E' command (or
* subcommand) occasionally helps in getting the connection into
* sync.
*/
buf[0] = CMD_GET_SIGNON;
buf[1] = 'E';
buf[2] = ' ';
buf[3] = ' ';
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_resync(): Sending sign-on command: ",
progname);
if (serial_send(&pgm->fd, buf, 4) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"\n%s: jtagmkI_resync(): failed to send command to serial port\n",
progname);
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
}
if (serial_recv(&pgm->fd, resp, 9) == 0 && resp[0] == RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "got RESP_OK\n");
break;
}
}
}
if (tries >= maxtries) {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_resync(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer\n",
progname);
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
}
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return 0;
}
static int jtagmkI_getsync(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
unsigned char buf[1], resp[9];
if (jtagmkI_resync(pgm, 5, 1) < 0) {
jtagmkI_drain(pgm, 0);
return -1;
}
jtagmkI_drain(pgm, 0);
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_getsync(): Sending sign-on command: ",
progname);
buf[0] = CMD_GET_SIGNON;
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 9);
if (verbose >= 2) {
resp[8] = '\0';
fprintf(stderr, "got %s\n", resp + 1);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* issue the 'chip erase' command to the AVR device
*/
static int jtagmkI_chip_erase(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p)
{
unsigned char buf[1], resp[2];
buf[0] = CMD_CHIP_ERASE;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_chip_erase(): Sending chip erase command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_chip_erase(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
pgm->initialize(pgm, p);
return 0;
}
static void jtagmkI_set_devdescr(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p)
{
unsigned char resp[2];
LNODEID ln;
AVRMEM * m;
struct {
unsigned char cmd;
struct device_descriptor dd;
} sendbuf;
memset(&sendbuf, 0, sizeof sendbuf);
sendbuf.cmd = CMD_SET_DEVICE_DESCRIPTOR;
sendbuf.dd.ucSPMCRAddress = p->spmcr;
sendbuf.dd.ucRAMPZAddress = p->rampz;
sendbuf.dd.ucIDRAddress = p->idr;
for (ln = lfirst(p->mem); ln; ln = lnext(ln)) {
m = ldata(ln);
if (strcmp(m->desc, "flash") == 0) {
PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize = m->page_size;
u16_to_b2(sendbuf.dd.uiFlashPageSize, PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize);
} else if (strcmp(m->desc, "eeprom") == 0) {
sendbuf.dd.ucEepromPageSize = PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagesize = m->page_size;
}
}
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_set_devdescr(): "
"Sending set device descriptor command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, (unsigned char *)&sendbuf, sizeof(sendbuf));
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_set_devdescr(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
}
/*
* Reset the target.
*/
static int jtagmkI_reset(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
unsigned char buf[1], resp[2];
buf[0] = CMD_RESET;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_reset(): Sending reset command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_reset(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
return 0;
}
static int jtagmkI_program_enable_dummy(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p)
{
return 0;
}
static int jtagmkI_program_enable(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
unsigned char buf[1], resp[2];
if (PDATA(pgm)->prog_enabled)
return 0;
buf[0] = CMD_ENTER_PROGMODE;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_program_enable(): "
"Sending enter progmode command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_program_enable(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
PDATA(pgm)->prog_enabled = 1;
return 0;
}
static int jtagmkI_program_disable(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
unsigned char buf[1], resp[2];
if (!PDATA(pgm)->prog_enabled)
return 0;
if (pgm->fd.ifd != -1) {
buf[0] = CMD_LEAVE_PROGMODE;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_program_disable(): "
"Sending leave progmode command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_program_disable(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
}
PDATA(pgm)->prog_enabled = 0;
return 0;
}
static unsigned char jtagmkI_get_baud(long baud)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < sizeof baudtab / sizeof baudtab[0]; i++)
if (baud == baudtab[i].baud)
return baudtab[i].val;
return 0;
}
/*
* initialize the AVR device and prepare it to accept commands
*/
static int jtagmkI_initialize(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p)
{
AVRMEM hfuse;
unsigned char cmd[1], resp[5];
unsigned char b;
if (!(p->flags & AVRPART_HAS_JTAG)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): part %s has no JTAG interface\n",
progname, p->desc);
return -1;
}
jtagmkI_drain(pgm, 0);
if ((serdev->flags & SERDEV_FL_CANSETSPEED) && PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate != pgm->baudrate) {
if ((b = jtagmkI_get_baud(pgm->baudrate)) == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): unsupported baudrate %d\n",
progname, pgm->baudrate);
} else {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): "
"trying to set baudrate to %d\n",
progname, pgm->baudrate);
if (jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_BITRATE, b) == 0) {
PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate = pgm->baudrate; /* don't adjust again later */
serial_setspeed(&pgm->fd, pgm->baudrate);
}
}
}
if (pgm->bitclock != 0.0) {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): "
"trying to set JTAG clock period to %.1f us\n",
progname, pgm->bitclock);
if (jtagmkI_set_sck_period(pgm, pgm->bitclock) != 0)
return -1;
}
cmd[0] = CMD_STOP;
jtagmkI_send(pgm, cmd, 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 5);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
/*
* Must set the device descriptor before entering programming mode.
*/
jtagmkI_set_devdescr(pgm, p);
jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_FLASH_PAGESIZE_LOW, PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize & 0xff);
jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_FLASH_PAGESIZE_HIGH, PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize >> 8);
jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_EEPROM_PAGESIZE, PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagesize & 0xff);
free(PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache);
free(PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagecache);
if ((PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache = malloc(PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): Out of memory\n",
progname);
return -1;
}
if ((PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagecache = malloc(PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagesize)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): Out of memory\n",
progname);
free(PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache);
return -1;
}
PDATA(pgm)->flash_pageaddr = PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pageaddr = (unsigned long)-1L;
if (jtagmkI_reset(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
strcpy(hfuse.desc, "hfuse");
if (jtagmkI_read_byte(pgm, p, &hfuse, 1, &b) < 0)
return -1;
if ((b & OCDEN) != 0)
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_initialize(): warning: OCDEN fuse not programmed, "
"single-byte EEPROM updates not possible\n",
progname);
return 0;
}
static void jtagmkI_disable(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
free(PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache);
PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache = NULL;
free(PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagecache);
PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagecache = NULL;
(void)jtagmkI_program_disable(pgm);
}
static void jtagmkI_enable(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
return;
}
static int jtagmkI_open(PROGRAMMER * pgm, char * port)
{
size_t i;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_open()\n", progname);
strcpy(pgm->port, port);
PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate = -1L;
for (i = 0; i < sizeof(baudtab) / sizeof(baudtab[0]); i++) {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_open(): trying to sync at baud rate %ld:\n",
progname, baudtab[i].baud);
if (serial_open(port, baudtab[i].baud, &pgm->fd)==-1) {
return -1;
}
/*
* drain any extraneous input
*/
jtagmkI_drain(pgm, 0);
if (jtagmkI_getsync(pgm) == 0) {
PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate = baudtab[i].baud;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_open(): succeeded\n", progname);
return 0;
}
serial_close(&pgm->fd);
}
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_open(): failed to synchronize to ICE\n",
progname);
pgm->fd.ifd = -1;
return -1;
}
static void jtagmkI_close(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
unsigned char b;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_close()\n", progname);
/*
* Revert baud rate to what it used to be when we started. This
* appears to make AVR Studio happier when it is about to access the
* ICE later on.
*/
if ((serdev->flags & SERDEV_FL_CANSETSPEED) && PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate != pgm->baudrate) {
if ((b = jtagmkI_get_baud(PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate)) == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_close(): unsupported baudrate %d\n",
progname, PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate);
} else {
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_close(): "
"trying to set baudrate to %d\n",
progname, PDATA(pgm)->initial_baudrate);
if (jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_BITRATE, b) == 0) {
serial_setspeed(&pgm->fd, pgm->baudrate);
}
}
}
if (pgm->fd.ifd != -1) {
serial_close(&pgm->fd);
}
pgm->fd.ifd = -1;
}
static int jtagmkI_paged_write(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * m,
int page_size, int n_bytes)
{
int addr, block_size, send_size, tries;
unsigned char cmd[6], *datacmd;
unsigned char resp[2];
int is_flash = 0;
long otimeout = serial_recv_timeout;
#define MAXTRIES 3
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(.., %s, %d, %d)\n",
progname, m->desc, page_size, n_bytes);
if (jtagmkI_program_enable(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
if (page_size == 0) page_size = 256;
if (page_size > 256) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): page size %d too large\n",
progname, page_size);
return -1;
}
if ((datacmd = malloc(page_size + 1)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): Out of memory\n",
progname);
return -1;
}
cmd[0] = CMD_WRITE_MEM;
if (strcmp(m->desc, "flash") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FLASH_PAGE;
PDATA(pgm)->flash_pageaddr = (unsigned long)-1L;
page_size = PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagesize;
is_flash = 1;
} else if (strcmp(m->desc, "eeprom") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_EEPROM_PAGE;
PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pageaddr = (unsigned long)-1L;
page_size = PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagesize;
}
datacmd[0] = CMD_DATA;
serial_recv_timeout = 1000;
for (addr = 0; addr < n_bytes; addr += page_size) {
report_progress(addr, n_bytes,NULL);
tries = 0;
again:
if (tries != 0 && jtagmkI_resync(pgm, 2000, 0) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): sync loss, retries exhausted\n",
progname);
return -1;
}
if ((n_bytes-addr) < page_size)
block_size = n_bytes - addr;
else
block_size = page_size;
if (verbose >= 3)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): "
"block_size at addr %d is %d\n",
progname, addr, block_size);
/* We always write full pages. */
send_size = page_size;
if (is_flash) {
cmd[2] = send_size / 2 - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr / 2);
} else {
cmd[2] = send_size - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr);
}
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): "
"Sending write memory command: ",
progname);
/* First part, send the write command. */
jtagmkI_send(pgm, cmd, 6);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 1);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
if (tries++ < MAXTRIES)
goto again;
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
/*
* The JTAG ICE will refuse to write anything but a full page, at
* least for the flash ROM. If a partial page has been requested,
* set the remainder to 0xff. (Maybe we should rather read back
* the existing contents instead before? Doesn't matter much, as
* bits cannot be written to 1 anyway.)
*/
memset(datacmd + 1, 0xff, page_size);
memcpy(datacmd + 1, m->buf + addr, block_size);
/* Second, send the data command. */
jtagmkI_send(pgm, datacmd, send_size + 1);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[1] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_paged_write(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
if (tries++ < MAXTRIES)
goto again;
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
}
free(datacmd);
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
#undef MAXTRIES
return n_bytes;
}
static int jtagmkI_paged_load(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * m,
int page_size, int n_bytes)
{
int addr, block_size, read_size, is_flash = 0, tries;
unsigned char cmd[6], resp[256 * 2 + 3];
long otimeout = serial_recv_timeout;
#define MAXTRIES 3
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(.., %s, %d, %d)\n",
progname, m->desc, page_size, n_bytes);
if (jtagmkI_program_enable(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
page_size = m->readsize;
cmd[0] = CMD_READ_MEM;
if (strcmp(m->desc, "flash") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FLASH_PAGE;
is_flash = 1;
} else if (strcmp(m->desc, "eeprom") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_EEPROM_PAGE;
}
if (page_size > (is_flash? 512: 256)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(): page size %d too large\n",
progname, page_size);
return -1;
}
serial_recv_timeout = 1000;
for (addr = 0; addr < n_bytes; addr += page_size) {
report_progress(addr, n_bytes,NULL);
tries = 0;
again:
if (tries != 0 && jtagmkI_resync(pgm, 2000, 0) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(): sync loss, retries exhausted\n",
progname);
return -1;
}
if ((n_bytes-addr) < page_size)
block_size = n_bytes - addr;
else
block_size = page_size;
if (verbose >= 3)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(): "
"block_size at addr %d is %d\n",
progname, addr, block_size);
if (is_flash) {
read_size = 2 * ((block_size + 1) / 2); /* round up */
cmd[2] = read_size / 2 - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr / 2);
} else {
read_size = page_size;
cmd[2] = page_size - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr);
}
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(): Sending read memory command: ",
progname);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, cmd, 6);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, read_size + 3);
if (resp[read_size + 3 - 1] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_paged_load(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[read_size + 3 - 1]);
if (tries++ < MAXTRIES)
goto again;
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
memcpy(m->buf + addr, resp + 1, block_size);
}
serial_recv_timeout = otimeout;
#undef MAXTRIES
return n_bytes;
}
static int jtagmkI_read_byte(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * mem,
unsigned long addr, unsigned char * value)
{
unsigned char cmd[6];
unsigned char resp[256 * 2 + 3], *cache_ptr = NULL;
unsigned long paddr = 0UL, *paddr_ptr = NULL;
unsigned int pagesize = 0;
int respsize = 3 + 1;
int is_flash = 0;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_read_byte(.., %s, 0x%lx, ...)\n",
progname, mem->desc, addr);
if (jtagmkI_program_enable(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
cmd[0] = CMD_READ_MEM;
if (strcmp(mem->desc, "flash") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FLASH_PAGE;
pagesize = mem->page_size;
paddr = addr & ~(pagesize - 1);
paddr_ptr = &PDATA(pgm)->flash_pageaddr;
cache_ptr = PDATA(pgm)->flash_pagecache;
is_flash = 1;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "eeprom") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_EEPROM_PAGE;
pagesize = mem->page_size;
paddr = addr & ~(pagesize - 1);
paddr_ptr = &PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pageaddr;
cache_ptr = PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pagecache;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "lfuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 0;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "hfuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 1;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "efuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 2;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "lock") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_LOCK_BITS;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "calibration") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_OSCCAL_BYTE;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "signature") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_SIGN_JTAG;
}
/*
* To improve the read speed, we used paged reads for flash and
* EEPROM, and cache the results in a page cache.
*
* Page cache validation is based on "{flash,eeprom}_pageaddr"
* (holding the base address of the most recent cache fill
* operation). This variable is set to (unsigned long)-1L when the
* cache needs to be invalidated.
*/
if (pagesize && paddr == *paddr_ptr) {
*value = cache_ptr[addr & (pagesize - 1)];
return 0;
}
if (pagesize) {
if (is_flash) {
cmd[2] = pagesize / 2 - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, paddr / 2);
} else {
cmd[2] = pagesize - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, paddr);
}
respsize = 3 + pagesize;
} else {
if (cmd[1] == MTYPE_FUSE_BITS) {
/*
* The mkI ICE has a bug where it doesn't read efuse correctly
* when reading it as a single byte @offset 2, while reading all
* fuses at once does work.
*/
cmd[2] = 3 - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, 0);
respsize = 3 + 3;
} else {
cmd[2] = 1 - 1;
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr);
}
}
jtagmkI_send(pgm, cmd, 6);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, respsize);
if (resp[respsize - 1] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_read_byte(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[respsize - 1]);
exit(1);
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
if (pagesize) {
*paddr_ptr = paddr;
memcpy(cache_ptr, resp + 1, pagesize);
*value = cache_ptr[addr & (pagesize - 1)];
} else if (cmd[1] == MTYPE_FUSE_BITS) {
/* extract the desired fuse */
*value = resp[1 + addr];
} else
*value = resp[1];
return 0;
}
static int jtagmkI_write_byte(PROGRAMMER * pgm, AVRPART * p, AVRMEM * mem,
unsigned long addr, unsigned char data)
{
unsigned char cmd[6], datacmd[1 * 2 + 1];
unsigned char resp[1], writedata;
int len, need_progmode = 1;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_write_byte(.., %s, 0x%lx, ...)\n",
progname, mem->desc, addr);
writedata = data;
cmd[0] = CMD_WRITE_MEM;
if (strcmp(mem->desc, "flash") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_SPM;
need_progmode = 0;
PDATA(pgm)->flash_pageaddr = (unsigned long)-1L;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "eeprom") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_EEPROM;
need_progmode = 0;
PDATA(pgm)->eeprom_pageaddr = (unsigned long)-1L;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "lfuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 0;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "hfuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 1;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "efuse") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_FUSE_BITS;
addr = 2;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "lock") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_LOCK_BITS;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "calibration") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_OSCCAL_BYTE;
} else if (strcmp(mem->desc, "signature") == 0) {
cmd[1] = MTYPE_SIGN_JTAG;
}
if (need_progmode) {
if (jtagmkI_program_enable(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
} else {
if (jtagmkI_program_disable(pgm) < 0)
return -1;
}
cmd[2] = 1 - 1;
if (cmd[1] == MTYPE_SPM) {
/*
* Flash is word-addressed, but we cannot handle flash anyway
* here, as it needs to be written one page at a time...
*/
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr / 2);
} else {
u32_to_b3(cmd + 3, addr);
}
/* First part, send the write command. */
jtagmkI_send(pgm, cmd, 6);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 1);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_write_byte(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
/* Now, send the data buffer. */
datacmd[0] = CMD_DATA;
if (cmd[1] == MTYPE_SPM) {
len = 3;
if ((addr & 1) != 0) {
datacmd[1] = 0;
datacmd[2] = writedata;
} else {
datacmd[1] = writedata;
datacmd[2] = 0;
}
} else {
len = 2;
datacmd[1] = writedata;
}
jtagmkI_send(pgm, datacmd, len);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 1);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_write_byte(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Set the JTAG clock. The actual frequency is quite a bit of
* guesswork, based on the values claimed by AVR Studio. Inside the
* JTAG ICE, the value is the delay count of a delay loop between the
* JTAG clock edges. A count of 0 bypasses the delay loop.
*
* As the STK500 expresses it as a period length (and we actualy do
* program a period length as well), we rather call it by that name.
*/
static int jtagmkI_set_sck_period(PROGRAMMER * pgm, double v)
{
unsigned char dur;
v = 1 / v; /* convert to frequency */
if (v >= 1e6)
dur = JTAG_BITRATE_1_MHz;
else if (v >= 499e3)
dur = JTAG_BITRATE_500_kHz;
else if (v >= 249e3)
dur = JTAG_BITRATE_250_kHz;
else
dur = JTAG_BITRATE_125_kHz;
return jtagmkI_setparm(pgm, PARM_CLOCK, dur);
}
/*
* Read an emulator parameter. The result is exactly one byte,
* multi-byte parameters get two different parameter names for
* their components.
*/
static int jtagmkI_getparm(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char parm,
unsigned char * value)
{
unsigned char buf[2], resp[3];
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_getparm()\n", progname);
buf[0] = CMD_GET_PARAM;
buf[1] = parm;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_getparm(): "
"Sending get parameter command (parm 0x%02x): ",
progname, parm);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 2);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 3);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_getparm(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else if (resp[2] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_getparm(): "
"unknown parameter 0x%02x\n",
progname, parm);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK, value 0x%02x\n", resp[1]);
}
*value = resp[1];
return 0;
}
/*
* Write an emulator parameter.
*/
static int jtagmkI_setparm(PROGRAMMER * pgm, unsigned char parm,
unsigned char value)
{
unsigned char buf[3], resp[2];
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_setparm()\n", progname);
buf[0] = CMD_SET_PARAM;
buf[1] = parm;
buf[2] = value;
if (verbose >= 2)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: jtagmkI_setparm(): "
"Sending set parameter command (parm 0x%02x): ",
progname, parm);
jtagmkI_send(pgm, buf, 3);
jtagmkI_recv(pgm, resp, 2);
if (resp[0] != RESP_OK) {
if (verbose >= 2)
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr,
"%s: jtagmkI_setparm(): "
"timeout/error communicating with programmer (resp %c)\n",
progname, resp[0]);
return -1;
} else {
if (verbose == 2)
fprintf(stderr, "OK\n");
}
return 0;
}
static void jtagmkI_display(PROGRAMMER * pgm, const char * p)
{
unsigned char hw, fw;
if (jtagmkI_getparm(pgm, PARM_HW_VERSION, &hw) < 0 ||
jtagmkI_getparm(pgm, PARM_SW_VERSION, &fw) < 0)
return;
fprintf(stderr, "%sICE hardware version: 0x%02x\n", p, hw);
fprintf(stderr, "%sICE firmware version: 0x%02x\n", p, fw);
jtagmkI_print_parms1(pgm, p);
return;
}
static void jtagmkI_print_parms1(PROGRAMMER * pgm, const char * p)
{
unsigned char vtarget, jtag_clock;
const char *clkstr;
double clk;
if (jtagmkI_getparm(pgm, PARM_OCD_VTARGET, &vtarget) < 0 ||
jtagmkI_getparm(pgm, PARM_CLOCK, &jtag_clock) < 0)
return;
switch ((unsigned)jtag_clock) {
case JTAG_BITRATE_1_MHz:
clkstr = "1 MHz";
clk = 1e6;
break;
case JTAG_BITRATE_500_kHz:
clkstr = "500 kHz";
clk = 500e3;
break;
case JTAG_BITRATE_250_kHz:
clkstr = "250 kHz";
clk = 250e3;
break;
case JTAG_BITRATE_125_kHz:
clkstr = "125 kHz";
clk = 125e3;
break;
default:
clkstr = "???";
clk = 1e6;
}
fprintf(stderr, "%sVtarget : %.1f V\n", p,
6.25 * (unsigned)vtarget / 255.0);
fprintf(stderr, "%sJTAG clock : %s (%.1f us)\n", p, clkstr,
1.0e6 / clk);
return;
}
static void jtagmkI_print_parms(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
jtagmkI_print_parms1(pgm, "");
}
void jtagmkI_initpgm(PROGRAMMER * pgm)
{
strcpy(pgm->type, "JTAGMKI");
/*
* mandatory functions
*/
pgm->initialize = jtagmkI_initialize;
pgm->display = jtagmkI_display;
pgm->enable = jtagmkI_enable;
pgm->disable = jtagmkI_disable;
pgm->program_enable = jtagmkI_program_enable_dummy;
pgm->chip_erase = jtagmkI_chip_erase;
pgm->open = jtagmkI_open;
pgm->close = jtagmkI_close;
pgm->read_byte = jtagmkI_read_byte;
pgm->write_byte = jtagmkI_write_byte;
/*
* optional functions
*/
pgm->paged_write = jtagmkI_paged_write;
pgm->paged_load = jtagmkI_paged_load;
pgm->print_parms = jtagmkI_print_parms;
pgm->set_sck_period = jtagmkI_set_sck_period;
pgm->setup = jtagmkI_setup;
pgm->teardown = jtagmkI_teardown;
pgm->page_size = 256;
}
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