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BLS12-381 Aggregate Signatures in Rust using Apache Milagro

Build Status Gitter

WARNING: This library is a work in progress and has not been audited. Do NOT consider the cryptography safe!

Uses the The Apache Milagro Cryptographic Library.

This crate is heavily based upon work by @lovesh.

Presently this library only supports features required for Ethereum 2.0 signature validation. The aggregation methods here are vulnerable to the rouge-key attack.

There has been no public audit or scrutiny placed upon this crate. If you're a cryptographer I would love to have your input.

This library uses a Proof of Possession (PoP) variant as protection against rogue key attacks. A public key can be PoP verified by signing a hash of the public key. This must be done before a PublicKey may be used in any aggregate signatures.

Subgroup checks are performed for signatures during verification and public keys during deserialisation.

BLS Standard

Current implementation of the BLS Standard aligns with bls-signatures-v04 and hash-to-curve-v09.

Usage

Single Signatures

Perform signing and verification of non-aggregate BLS signatures. Supports serializing and de-serializing both public and secret keys.

let sk_bytes = vec![
	78, 252, 122, 126, 32, 0, 75, 89, 252, 31, 42, 130, 254, 88, 6, 90, 138, 202, 135, 194,
	233, 117, 181, 75, 96, 238, 79, 100, 237, 59, 140, 111,
];

// Load some keys from a serialized secret key.
let sk = SecretKey::from_bytes(&sk_bytes).unwrap();
let pk = PublicKey::from_secret_key(&sk);

// Sign a message
let message = "cats".as_bytes();
let signature = Signature::new(&message, &sk);
assert!(signature.verify(&message, &pk));

// Serialize then de-serialize, just 'cause we can.
let pk_bytes = pk.as_bytes();
let pk = PublicKey::from_bytes(&pk_bytes).unwrap();

// Verify the message
assert!(signature.verify(&message, &pk));

Generate new "random" secret keys (see SecretKey docs for information on entropy sources).

// Generate a random key pair.
let sk = SecretKey::random(&mut rand::thread_rng());
let pk = PublicKey::from_secret_key(&sk);

// Sign and verify a message.
let message = "cats".as_bytes();
let signature = Signature::new(&message, &sk);
assert!(signature.verify(&message, &pk));

Aggregate Signatures

Aggregate signatures and public keys. Supports serializing and de-serializing both AggregateSignatures and AggregatePublicKeys.

let signing_secret_key_bytes = vec![
		vec![
				98, 161, 50, 32, 254, 87, 16, 25, 167, 79, 192, 116, 176, 74, 164, 217, 40, 57,
				179, 15, 19, 21, 240, 100, 70, 127, 111, 170, 129, 137, 42, 53,
		],
		vec![
				53, 72, 211, 104, 184, 68, 142, 208, 115, 22, 156, 97, 28, 216, 228, 102, 4, 218,
				116, 226, 166, 131, 67, 7, 40, 55, 157, 167, 157, 127, 143, 13,
		],
];

// Load the key pairs from our serialized secret keys,
let signing_keypairs: Vec<Keypair> = signing_secret_key_bytes
		.iter()
		.map(|bytes| {
				let sk = SecretKey::from_bytes(&bytes).unwrap();
				let pk = PublicKey::from_secret_key(&sk);
				Keypair { sk, pk }
		})
		.collect();

let message = "cats".as_bytes();

// Create an aggregate signature over some message, also generating an
// aggregate public key at the same time.
let mut agg_sig = AggregateSignature::new();
let mut public_keys = vec![];
for keypair in &signing_keypairs {
		let sig = Signature::new(&message, &keypair.sk);
		agg_sig.add(&sig);
		public_keys.push(keypair.pk.clone());
}
let agg_pub_key = AggregatePublicKey::into_aggregate(&public_keys).unwrap();

// Serialize and de-serialize the aggregates, just 'cause we can.
let agg_sig_bytes = agg_sig.as_bytes();
let agg_sig = AggregateSignature::from_bytes(&agg_sig_bytes).unwrap();

// Verify the AggregateSignature against the AggregatePublicKey
assert!(agg_sig.fast_aggregate_verify_pre_aggregated(&message, &agg_pub_key));
}

How to Run Benchmarks

cargo bench --features "bench"

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BLS12-381 cryptography using Apache Milagro

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