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README.md

go-ora

Pure go oracle client

important notes:

  • the client is tested against oracle 10G, 11G and 12G and working properly
  • supported parameter types is integer, double, string, time.Time and []byte
  • BLOB is now supported in SELECT and DML statement
  • named parameter not supported to define parameter just put ':' + parameter_name in sql statement
  • integration with sql/database is done using simple form

Usage:

there are 2 way to use the client

A. Using sql/database interface

1- importing:

import (
  "database/sql"
  "fmt"
  _ "go-ora"
  "time"
)

2- create the connection

conn, err := sql.Open("oracle", "oracle://user:pass@server/service_name")
// check for error
defer conn.Close()

3- create statment

stmt, err := conn.Prepare("SELECT col_1, col_2, col_3 FROM table WHERE col_1 = :1 or col_2 = :2")
// check for error
defer stmt.CLose()

4- query

// suppose we have 2 params one time.Time and other is double
rows, err := stmt.Query(time.Date(2020, 9, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC), 9.2)
// check for error
defer rows.Close()

5- extract data using next

 for rows.Next() {
    // define vars
    err = rows.Scan(/*vars here */)
    // check for error
 }

6- use exec instead of query for update and insert stmt

// i make change in parameter no 4 to explain that you can use string in parameter name instead of numbers
stmt, err := conn.Prepare("UPDATE table SET col_1=:1, col_2=:2 WHERE col_3 = :3 or col_4 = :col_4_par")
// check for error
defer stmt.Close()
result, err := stmt.Exec(/*pars value*/)
// check for error
fmt.Println(result.RowsAffected())

7- using transaction:

// after step 2 "Create Connection"
tx, err := conn.Begin()
// check for error
stmt, err := tx.Prepare("sql text")
// check for error
// continue as above
tx.Commit()
// or
tx.Rollback()
// note: any stmt created from conn will not be committed or rolled back

B. direct use of the package

the benefit here is that you can use pl/sql and output parameters

1- import go_ora "go-ora"

2- create connection

conn, err := go_ora.NewConnection("oracle://user:pass@server/service_name")
// check for error
err = conn.Open()
// check for error
defer conn.Close()

2- create stmt

stmt := go_ora.NewStmt("sql or pl/sql text", conn)
defer stmt.Close()

3- add parameters

stmt.AddParam("name", value, size, go_ora.Input /* or go_ora.Output*/)
// note that size is need when you define string output parameters

4- exec or query as above and pass nil for parameters

5- after that you can read the output parameters using Pars variable of stmt structure

Server's URL options

The complete syntax of connection url is:

oracle://user:pass@server/service_name[?OPTION1=VALUE1[&OPTIONn=VALUEn]...]

Check possible options in connection_string.go

TRACE FILE

This option enables logging driver activity and packet content into a file.

oracle://user:pass@server/service_name?TRACE FILE=trace.log

The log file is created into the current directory.

This produce this kind of log:

2020-11-22T07:51:42.8137: Open :(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.10.10)(PORT=1521))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=xe)(CID=(PROGRAM=C:\Users\Me\bin\hello_ora.exe)(HOST=workstation)(USER=Me))))
2020-11-22T07:51:42.8147: Connect
2020-11-22T07:51:42.8256: 
Write packet:
00000000  00 3a 00 00 01 00 00 00  01 38 01 2c 0c 01 ff ff  |.:.......8.,....|
00000010  ff ff 4f 98 00 00 00 01  00 ea 00 3a 00 00 00 00  |..O........:....|
00000020  04 04 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00                    |..........|

...

2020-11-22T07:51:42.8705: Query:
SELECT * FROM v$version
2020-11-22T07:51:42.8705: 
Write packet:
00000000  00 55 00 00 06 00 00 00  00 00 03 5e 00 02 81 21  |.U.........^...!|
00000010  00 01 01 17 01 01 0d 00  00 00 01 19 01 01 00 00  |................|
00000020  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 01 00 00 00 00 00 53  |...............S|
00000030  45 4c 45 43 54 20 2a 20  46 52 4f 4d 20 76 24 76  |ELECT * FROM v$v|
00000040  65 72 73 69 6f 6e 01 01  00 00 00 00 00 00 01 01  |ersion..........|
00000050  00 00 00 00 00                                    |.....|
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9094: 
Read packet:
00000000  01 a7 00 00 06 00 00 00  00 00 10 17 3f d5 ec 21  |............?..!|
00000010  d5 37 e0 67 cc 0f eb 03  cc c5 d1 d8 78 78 0b 15  |.7.g........xx..|
00000020  0c 21 20 01 50 01 01 51  01 80 00 00 01 50 00 00  |.! .P..Q.....P..|
00000030  00 00 02 03 69 01 01 50  01 06 01 06 06 42 41 4e  |....i..P.....BAN|
00000040  4e 45 52 00 00 00 00 01  07 07 78 78 0b 16 07 34  |NER.......xx...4|
00000050  2b 00 02 1f e8 01 0a 01  0a 00 06 22 01 01 00 01  |+.........."....|
00000060  19 00 00 00 07 49 4f 72  61 63 6c 65 20 44 61 74  |.....IOracle Dat|
00000070  61 62 61 73 65 20 31 31  67 20 45 78 70 72 65 73  |abase 11g Expres|
00000080  73 20 45 64 69 74 69 6f  6e 20 52 65 6c 65 61 73  |s Edition Releas|
00000090  65 20 31 31 2e 32 2e 30  2e 32 2e 30 20 2d 20 36  |e 11.2.0.2.0 - 6|
000000a0  34 62 69 74 20 50 72 6f  64 75 63 74 69 6f 6e 07  |4bit Production.|
000000b0  26 50 4c 2f 53 51 4c 20  52 65 6c 65 61 73 65 20  |&PL/SQL Release |
000000c0  31 31 2e 32 2e 30 2e 32  2e 30 20 2d 20 50 72 6f  |11.2.0.2.0 - Pro|
000000d0  64 75 63 74 69 6f 6e 15  01 01 01 07 1a 43 4f 52  |duction......COR|
000000e0  45 09 31 31 2e 32 2e 30  2e 32 2e 30 09 50 72 6f  |E.11.2.0.2.0.Pro|
000000f0  64 75 63 74 69 6f 6e 15  01 01 01 07 2e 54 4e 53  |duction......TNS|
00000100  20 66 6f 72 20 4c 69 6e  75 78 3a 20 56 65 72 73  | for Linux: Vers|
00000110  69 6f 6e 20 31 31 2e 32  2e 30 2e 32 2e 30 20 2d  |ion 11.2.0.2.0 -|
00000120  20 50 72 6f 64 75 63 74  69 6f 6e 15 01 01 01 07  | Production.....|
00000130  26 4e 4c 53 52 54 4c 20  56 65 72 73 69 6f 6e 20  |&NLSRTL Version |
00000140  31 31 2e 32 2e 30 2e 32  2e 30 20 2d 20 50 72 6f  |11.2.0.2.0 - Pro|
00000150  64 75 63 74 69 6f 6e 08  01 06 03 14 97 b7 00 01  |duction.........|
00000160  01 01 02 00 00 00 00 00  04 01 05 01 07 01 05 02  |................|
00000170  05 7b 00 00 01 01 00 03  00 01 20 00 00 00 00 00  |.{........ .....|
00000180  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01  01 00 00 00 00 19 4f 52  |..............OR|
00000190  41 2d 30 31 34 30 33 3a  20 6e 6f 20 64 61 74 61  |A-01403: no data|
000001a0  20 66 6f 75 6e 64 0a                              | found.|
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Summary: RetCode:1403, Error Message:"ORA-01403: no data found\n"
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Row 0
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104:   BANNER              : Oracle Database 11g Express Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Row 1
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104:   BANNER              : PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Row 2
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104:   BANNER              : CORE	11.2.0.2.0	Production
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Row 3
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104:   BANNER              : TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104: Row 4
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9104:   BANNER              : NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
2020-11-22T07:51:42.9114: 
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