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Desert is a component framework for Rails that allows your plugins have a Rails app like directory structure, routes, migrations, and dependencies.

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README.rdoc

Desert - It doesn't get any DRYer than this

Desert is a Rails plugin framework that makes it easy to share models, views, controllers, helpers, routes, and migrations across your applications.

With Desert, reusability doesn't come at the cost of extensibility: it's trivial to extend the functionality of a plugin - both in your application and in other plugins.

Classes are automatically mixed in with your own or other plugins' classes. This allows you to make full featured composable components.

Desert is a replacement for Appable Plugins (wiki.pluginaweek.org/Appable_plugins).

Bug/Feature Tracker

Pivotal Tracker: www.pivotaltracker.com/projects/358

Anatomy of a desert plugin

|-- app
|   |-- controllers
|   |   |-- application.rb
|   |   `-- blogs_controller.rb
|   |-- helpers
|   |   |-- application_helper.rb
|   |   `-- blogs_helper.rb
|   |-- models
|   |   `-- user.rb
|   `-- views
|       |-- blogs
|       |-- layouts
|       |   `-- users.html.erb
|       `-- users
|           |-- index.html.erb
|           `-- show.html.erb
|-- db
|   `-- migrate
|       `-- 001_migrate_users_to_001.rb
|-- lib
|   `-- current_user.rb
|-- spec
|   |-- controllers
|   |   `-- blogs_controller_spec.rb
|   |-- fixtures
|   |-- models
|   |-- spec_helper.rb
|   `-- views
|       `-- blogs
`-- vendor
    `-- plugins
        `-- user
            |-- app
            |   |-- controllers
            |   |   `-- users_controller.rb
            |   |-- helpers
            |   |   `-- users_helper.rb
            |   |-- models
            |   |   `-- user.rb
            |   `-- views
            |       `-- users
            |           |-- edit.html.erb
            |           |-- index.html.erb
            |           |-- new.html.erb
            |           `-- show.html.erb
            |-- config
            |   `-- desert_routes.rb
            |-- db
            |   `-- migrate
            |       `-- 001_create_users.rb
            |-- init.rb
            |-- lib
            |   `-- current_user.rb
            |-- spec
            |   |-- controllers
            |   |   `-- user_controller_spec.rb
            |   |-- fixtures
            |   |   `-- users.yml
            |   |-- models
            |   |   `-- user.rb
            |   |-- spec_helper.rb
            |   `-- views
            |       `-- users
            `-- tasks

Installation and Usage

  • Install the gem

    sudo gem install desert
  • Require 'desert' between 'boot' and Rails::Initializer.run in environment.rb

    # File: config/environment.rb
    
    require File.join(File.dirname(__FILE__), 'boot')
    
    require 'desert'
    
    Rails::Initializer.run do |config|
    end

NOTE: you may have to require rubygems before requiring desert.

  • Generate your desert plugin

    script/generate desert_plugin my_plugin_app

Manage Plugin Dependencies

By default, Rails loads plugins in alphabetical order, making it tedious to manage dependencies. Desert will automatically load plugins in the proper order when you declare their dependencies like this:

# File: vendor/plugins/blogs/init.rb

require_plugin 'user'
require_plugin 'will_paginate'

Here user and will_paginate will always be loaded before <tt>blogs<tt>. Note that any plugin can be declared as a dependency.

Share Routes

When you share controllers, you'll want to share their routes too. If you look in your RAILS_ROOT/config/routes.rb file you will notice that the generator added a new line to the top:

map.routes_from_plugin(:my_plugin_app)

In the user plugin:

# File: vendor/plugins/user/config/desert_routes.rb

resource :users

In the blogs plugin:

# File: vendor/plugins/blogs/config/desert_routes.rb

resource :blogs

In the application:

# File: config/desert_routes.rb

ActionController::Routing::Routes.draw do |map|
  map.routes_from_plugin :blogs
  map.routes_from_plugin :user
end

Here the application adds the users resource from the user plugin and the blogs resource from the blogs plugin. Notice that there is no need to call methods on map in the plugin route files, because they are instance eval'd in the map object.

All standard routing methods are available in your plugin's routes file, such as:

namespace :admin do |admin|
  admin.resources :posts
end

Desert uses a separate table to manage migration version to maintain backwards compatibility with Rails 1.x. Your plugin app's migration live in your_plugin/db/migrate. To run migrations, follow these steps:

  • Create a new migration in your main app

    script/generate migration migrate_my_plugin_to_045
  • Add the custom `migrate_plugin` method

    class MigrateMyPluginTo045 < ActiveRecord::Migration
      def self.up
        migrate_plugin(:my_plugin, 20080530223548)
      end
    
      def self.down
        migrate_plugin(:my_plugin, 0)
      end
    end
  • Run your migrations normally

    rake db:migrate
    
    connect "/signup", :controller => "users", :action => "signup"

Share Migrations

Sharing models means sharing schema fragments, and that means sharing migrations:

In the user plugin:

vendor/plugins/user/db/migrate/
  001_create_user_table.rb

In the blogs plugin:

vendor/plugins/blogs/db/migrate/
  001_create_user_table.rb
  002_add_became_a_blogger_at_to_user.rb

Here the blogs plugin needs to add a column to the users table. No problem! It just includes a migration in its db/migrate directory, just like a regular Rails application. When the application developer installs the plugin, he migrates the plugin in his own migration:

application_root/db/migrate/009_install_user_and_blogs_plugins.rb

class InstallUserAndBlogsPlugins < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def self.up
    migrate_plugin 'user', 1
    migrate_plugin :blogs, 2
  end

  def self.down
    migrate_plugin 'user', 0
    migrate_plugin :blogs, 0
  end
end

Here the application migrates the user plugin to version 1 and the blogs plugin to version 2. If a subsequent version of the plugin introduces new migrations, the application developer has full control over when to apply them to his schema.

Share Views

To share views, just create templates and partials in the plugin's app/views directory, just as you would with a Rails application.

application_root/app/views/blogs/index.html.erb

<%= @blog.posts.each do |post| %>
  ...
<% end %>

Customize / extend behavior in each installation

Say you want to create a plugin named acts_as_spiffy. Desert allows Spiffy to have a set of features that can be reused and extended in several projects.

The Spiffy project has a:

  • SpiffyController

  • Spiffy model

  • SpiffyHelper

  • spiffy.html.erb

  • SpiffyLib library class

The Spiffy plugin acts as its own mini Rails application. Here is the directory structure:

RAILS_ROOT/vendor/plugins/spiffy/app/controllers/spiffy_controller.rb
RAILS_ROOT/vendor/plugins/spiffy/app/models/spiffy.rb
RAILS_ROOT/vendor/plugins/spiffy/app/helpers/spiffy_helper.rb
RAILS_ROOT/vendor/plugins/spiffy/app/views/spiffy/spiffy.rhtml
RAILS_ROOT/vendor/plugins/spiffy/lib/spiffy_lib.rb

Now, say there is a Spiffy Store rails application that uses acts_as_spiffy. The Rails app can open up any of the Spiffy classes and override any of the methods.

Say spiffy.rb in the Spiffy plugin is defined as:

class Spiffy < ActiveRecord::Base
  def why?
    "I just am Spiffy"
  end
end

The Spiffy#why method can be overridden in RAILS_ROOT/app/models/spiffy.rb

class Spiffy < ActiveRecord::Base
  def why?
    "I sell Spiffy stuff"
  end
end

Running plugin tests

You can run your plugin tests/specs like so:

rake desert:testspec:plugins PLUGIN=spiffy

Leaving off the PLUGIN environment variable will cause it to run all the test/specs for all installed plugins, which may not be what you want.

Running Desert Specs

To run specs, you need to:

  • Make sure you have the necessary gems installed:

    sudo geminstaller

  • On OSX, you may have to manually install sqlite3-ruby gem

    sudo env ARCHFLAGS=“-arch i386” gem install sqlite3-ruby

  • If sqlite3-ruby fails to compile, install it.

    OSX: sudo port install sqlite3 Debian: sudo aptitude install sqlite sqlite3 libsqlite-dev libsqlite3-dev

  • Install git git.or.cz/

  • Install the dependencies

    rake install_dependencies

  • Run the specs

    rake

Notes on Rails version dependencies

Desert is a library that heavily monkey patches Rails. To ensure that Desert works with multiple versions of Rails, its tests are run against the supported versions of Rails.

To set up the different supported versions of Rails, run

rake install_dependencies

This will clone the Rails git repo and export the supported versions of rails into the respective directories.

rake update_dependencies

will update the clones repo on your machine.

Copyright © 2007-2011 Pivotal Labs. This software is licensed under the MIT License.

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