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<?php
/**
* Mailer objects are responsible for actually sending emails.
* The default Mailer class will use PHP's mail() function.
*
* @package framework
* @subpackage email
*/
class Mailer extends Object {
/**
* Send a plain-text email.
*
* @param string $to
* @param string $from
* @param string §subject
* @param string $plainContent
* @param bool $attachedFiles
* @param array $customheaders
* @return bool
*/
public function sendPlain($to, $from, $subject, $plainContent, $attachedFiles = false, $customheaders = false) {
return plaintextEmail($to, $from, $subject, $plainContent, $attachedFiles, $customheaders);
}
/**
* Send a multi-part HTML email.
*
* @return bool
*/
public function sendHTML($to, $from, $subject, $htmlContent, $attachedFiles = false, $customheaders = false,
$plainContent = false, $inlineImages = false) {
return htmlEmail($to, $from, $subject, $htmlContent, $attachedFiles, $customheaders,
$plainContent, $inlineImages);
}
}
// TO DO: Clean this code up, make it more OO.
// For now, we've just put a clean interface around this dirty code :)
/*
* Sends an email as a both HTML and plaintext
* $attachedFiles should be an array of file names
* - if you pass the entire $_FILES entry, the user-uploaded filename will be preserved
* use $plainContent to override default plain-content generation
*
* @return bool
*/
function htmlEmail($to, $from, $subject, $htmlContent, $attachedFiles = false, $customheaders = false,
$plainContent = false, $inlineImages = false) {
if ($customheaders && is_array($customheaders) == false) {
echo "htmlEmail($to, $from, $subject, ...) could not send mail: improper \$customheaders passed:<BR>";
dieprintr($customheaders);
}
$bodyIsUnicode = (strpos($htmlContent,"&#") !== false);
$plainEncoding = "";
// We generate plaintext content by default, but you can pass custom stuff
$plainEncoding = '';
if(!$plainContent) {
$plainContent = Convert::xml2raw($htmlContent);
if(isset($bodyIsUnicode) && $bodyIsUnicode) $plainEncoding = "base64";
}
// If the subject line contains extended characters, we must encode the
$subject = Convert::xml2raw($subject);
$subject = "=?UTF-8?B?" . base64_encode($subject) . "?=";
// Make the plain text part
$headers["Content-Type"] = "text/plain; charset=utf-8";
$headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] = $plainEncoding ? $plainEncoding : "quoted-printable";
$plainPart = processHeaders($headers, ($plainEncoding == "base64")
? chunk_split(base64_encode($plainContent),60)
: wordwrap(QuotedPrintable_encode($plainContent),75));
// Make the HTML part
$headers["Content-Type"] = "text/html; charset=utf-8";
// Add basic wrapper tags if the body tag hasn't been given
if(stripos($htmlContent, '<body') === false) {
$htmlContent =
"<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN\">\n" .
"<HTML><HEAD>\n" .
"<META http-equiv=\"Content-Type\" content=\"text/html; charset=utf-8\">\n" .
"<STYLE type=\"text/css\"></STYLE>\n\n".
"</HEAD>\n" .
"<BODY bgColor=\"#ffffff\">\n" .
$htmlContent .
"\n</BODY>\n" .
"</HTML>";
}
if($inlineImages) {
$htmlPart = wrapImagesInline($htmlContent);
} else {
$headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] = "quoted-printable";
$htmlPart = processHeaders($headers, wordwrap(QuotedPrintable_encode($htmlContent),75));
}
list($messageBody, $messageHeaders) = encodeMultipart(array($plainPart,$htmlPart), "multipart/alternative");
// Messages with attachments are handled differently
if($attachedFiles && is_array($attachedFiles)) {
// The first part is the message itself
$fullMessage = processHeaders($messageHeaders, $messageBody);
$messageParts = array($fullMessage);
// Include any specified attachments as additional parts
foreach($attachedFiles as $file) {
if(isset($file['tmp_name']) && isset($file['name'])) {
$messageParts[] = encodeFileForEmail($file['tmp_name'], $file['name']);
} else {
$messageParts[] = encodeFileForEmail($file);
}
}
// We further wrap all of this into another multipart block
list($fullBody, $headers) = encodeMultipart($messageParts, "multipart/mixed");
// Messages without attachments do not require such treatment
} else {
$headers = $messageHeaders;
$fullBody = $messageBody;
}
// Email headers
$headers["From"] = validEmailAddr($from);
// Messages with the X-SilverStripeMessageID header can be tracked
if(isset($customheaders["X-SilverStripeMessageID"]) && defined('BOUNCE_EMAIL')) {
$bounceAddress = BOUNCE_EMAIL;
} else {
$bounceAddress = $from;
}
// Strip the human name from the bounce address
if(preg_match('/^([^<>]*)<([^<>]+)> *$/', $bounceAddress, $parts)) $bounceAddress = $parts[2];
// $headers["Sender"] = $from;
$headers["X-Mailer"] = X_MAILER;
if (!isset($customheaders["X-Priority"])) $headers["X-Priority"] = 3;
$headers = array_merge((array)$headers, (array)$customheaders);
// the carbon copy header has to be 'Cc', not 'CC' or 'cc' -- ensure this.
if (isset($headers['CC'])) { $headers['Cc'] = $headers['CC']; unset($headers['CC']); }
if (isset($headers['cc'])) { $headers['Cc'] = $headers['cc']; unset($headers['cc']); }
// the carbon copy header has to be 'Bcc', not 'BCC' or 'bcc' -- ensure this.
if (isset($headers['BCC'])) {$headers['Bcc']=$headers['BCC']; unset($headers['BCC']); }
if (isset($headers['bcc'])) {$headers['Bcc']=$headers['bcc']; unset($headers['bcc']); }
// Send the email
$headers = processHeaders($headers);
$to = validEmailAddr($to);
// Try it without the -f option if it fails
if(!($result = @mail($to, $subject, $fullBody, $headers, escapeshellarg("-f$bounceAddress")))) {
$result = mail($to, $subject, $fullBody, $headers);
}
return $result;
}
/*
* Send a plain text e-mail
*/
function plaintextEmail($to, $from, $subject, $plainContent, $attachedFiles, $customheaders = false) {
// Not ensurely where this is supposed to be set, but defined it false for now to remove php notices
$plainEncoding = false;
if ($customheaders && is_array($customheaders) == false) {
echo "htmlEmail($to, $from, $subject, ...) could not send mail: improper \$customheaders passed:<BR>";
dieprintr($customheaders);
}
// If the subject line contains extended characters, we must encode it
$subject = Convert::xml2raw($subject);
$subject = "=?UTF-8?B?" . base64_encode($subject) . "?=";
// Make the plain text part
$headers["Content-Type"] = "text/plain; charset=utf-8";
$headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] = $plainEncoding ? $plainEncoding : "quoted-printable";
$plainContent = ($plainEncoding == "base64")
? chunk_split(base64_encode($plainContent),60)
: QuotedPrintable_encode($plainContent);
// Messages with attachments are handled differently
if($attachedFiles) {
// The first part is the message itself
$fullMessage = processHeaders($headers, $plainContent);
$messageParts = array($fullMessage);
// Include any specified attachments as additional parts
foreach($attachedFiles as $file) {
if(isset($file['tmp_name']) && isset($file['name'])) {
$messageParts[] = encodeFileForEmail($file['tmp_name'], $file['name']);
} else {
$messageParts[] = encodeFileForEmail($file);
}
}
// We further wrap all of this into another multipart block
list($fullBody, $headers) = encodeMultipart($messageParts, "multipart/mixed");
// Messages without attachments do not require such treatment
} else {
$fullBody = $plainContent;
}
// Email headers
$headers["From"] = validEmailAddr($from);
// Messages with the X-SilverStripeMessageID header can be tracked
if(isset($customheaders["X-SilverStripeMessageID"]) && defined('BOUNCE_EMAIL')) {
$bounceAddress = BOUNCE_EMAIL;
// Get the human name from the from address, if there is one
if(preg_match('/^([^<>]+)<([^<>])> *$/', $from, $parts))
$bounceAddress = "$parts[1]<$bounceAddress>";
} else {
$bounceAddress = $from;
}
// $headers["Sender"] = $from;
$headers["X-Mailer"] = X_MAILER;
if(!isset($customheaders["X-Priority"])) {
$headers["X-Priority"] = 3;
}
$headers = array_merge((array)$headers, (array)$customheaders);
// the carbon copy header has to be 'Cc', not 'CC' or 'cc' -- ensure this.
if (isset($headers['CC'])) { $headers['Cc'] = $headers['CC']; unset($headers['CC']); }
if (isset($headers['cc'])) { $headers['Cc'] = $headers['cc']; unset($headers['cc']); }
// Send the email
$headers = processHeaders($headers);
$to = validEmailAddr($to);
// Try it without the -f option if it fails
if(!$result = @mail($to, $subject, $fullBody, $headers, escapeshellarg("-f$bounceAddress"))) {
$result = mail($to, $subject, $fullBody, $headers);
}
if($result)
return array($to,$subject,$fullBody,$headers);
return false;
}
function encodeMultipart($parts, $contentType, $headers = false) {
$separator = "----=_NextPart_" . preg_replace('/[^0-9]/', '', rand() * 10000000000);
$headers["MIME-Version"] = "1.0";
$headers["Content-Type"] = "$contentType; boundary=\"$separator\"";
$headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] = "7bit";
if($contentType == "multipart/alternative") {
// $baseMessage = "This is an encoded HTML message. There are two parts: a plain text and an HTML message,
// open whatever suits you better.";
$baseMessage = "\nThis is a multi-part message in MIME format.";
} else {
// $baseMessage = "This is a message containing attachments. The e-mail body is contained in the first
// attachment";
$baseMessage = "\nThis is a multi-part message in MIME format.";
}
$separator = "\n--$separator\n";
$body = "$baseMessage\n" .
$separator . implode("\n".$separator, $parts) . "\n" . trim($separator) . "--";
return array($body, $headers);
}
/*
* Return a multipart/related e-mail chunk for the given HTML message and its linked images
* Decodes absolute URLs, accessing the appropriate local images
*/
function wrapImagesInline($htmlContent) {
global $_INLINED_IMAGES;
$_INLINED_IMAGES = array();
$replacedContent = imageRewriter($htmlContent, 'wrapImagesInline_rewriter($URL)');
// Make the HTML part
$headers["Content-Type"] = "text/html; charset=utf-8";
$headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] = "quoted-printable";
$multiparts[] = processHeaders($headers, QuotedPrintable_encode($replacedContent));
// Make all the image parts
global $_INLINED_IMAGES;
if($_INLINED_IMAGES) foreach($_INLINED_IMAGES as $url => $cid) {
$multiparts[] = encodeFileForEmail(BASE_PATH . '/' . $url, false, "inline", "Content-ID: <$cid>\n");
}
// Merge together in a multipart
list($body, $headers) = encodeMultipart($multiparts, "multipart/related");
return processHeaders($headers, $body);
}
function wrapImagesInline_rewriter($url) {
$url = Director::makeRelative($url);
global $_INLINED_IMAGES;
if(!isset($_INLINED_IMAGES[$url])) {
$identifier = "automatedmessage." . rand(1000,1000000000) . "@silverstripe.com";
$_INLINED_IMAGES[$url] = $identifier;
}
return "cid:" . $_INLINED_IMAGES[$url];
}
/*
* Combine headers w/ the body into a single string.
*/
function processHeaders($headers, $body = false) {
$res = '';
if(is_array($headers)) while(list($k, $v) = each($headers))
$res .= "$k: $v\n";
if($body) $res .= "\n$body";
return $res;
}
/**
* Encode the contents of a file for emailing, including headers
*
* $file can be an array, in which case it expects these members:
* 'filename' - the filename of the file
* 'contents' - the raw binary contents of the file as a string
* and can optionally include these members:
* 'mimetype' - the mimetype of the file (calculated from filename if missing)
* 'contentLocation' - the 'Content-Location' header value for the file
*
* $file can also be a string, in which case it is assumed to be the filename
*
* h5. contentLocation
*
* Content Location is one of the two methods allowed for embedding images into an html email. It's also the simplest,
* and best supported.
*
* Assume we have an email with this in the body:
*
* <img src="http://example.com/image.gif" />
*
* To display the image, an email viewer would have to download the image from the web every time it is displayed. Due
* to privacy issues, most viewers will not display any images unless the user clicks 'Show images in this email'. Not
* optimal.
*
* However, we can also include a copy of this image as an attached file in the email. By giving it a contentLocation
* of "http://example.com/image.gif" most email viewers will use this attached copy instead of downloading it. Better,
* most viewers will show it without a 'Show images in this email' conformation.
*
* Here is an example of passing this information through Email.php:
*
* $email = new Email();
* $email->attachments[] = array(
* 'filename' => BASE_PATH . "/themes/mytheme/images/header.gif",
* 'contents' => file_get_contents(BASE_PATH . "/themes/mytheme/images/header.gif"),
* 'mimetype' => 'image/gif',
* 'contentLocation' => Director::absoluteBaseURL() . "/themes/mytheme/images/header.gif"
* );
*
*/
function encodeFileForEmail($file, $destFileName = false, $disposition = NULL, $extraHeaders = "") {
if(!$file) {
user_error("encodeFileForEmail: not passed a filename and/or data", E_USER_WARNING);
return;
}
if (is_string($file)) {
$file = array('filename' => $file);
$fh = fopen($file['filename'], "rb");
if ($fh) {
$file['contents'] = "";
while(!feof($fh)) $file['contents'] .= fread($fh, 10000);
fclose($fh);
}
}
// Build headers, including content type
if(!$destFileName) $base = basename($file['filename']);
else $base = $destFileName;
$mimeType = !empty($file['mimetype']) ? $file['mimetype'] : HTTP::get_mime_type($file['filename']);
if(!$mimeType) $mimeType = "application/unknown";
if (empty($disposition)) $disposition = isset($file['contentLocation']) ? 'inline' : 'attachment';
// Encode for emailing
if (substr($mimeType, 0, 4) != 'text') {
$encoding = "base64";
$file['contents'] = chunk_split(base64_encode($file['contents']));
} else {
// This mime type is needed, otherwise some clients will show it as an inline attachment
$mimeType = 'application/octet-stream';
$encoding = "quoted-printable";
$file['contents'] = QuotedPrintable_encode($file['contents']);
}
$headers = "Content-type: $mimeType;\n\tname=\"$base\"\n".
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: $encoding\n".
"Content-Disposition: $disposition;\n\tfilename=\"$base\"\n";
if ( isset($file['contentLocation']) ) $headers .= 'Content-Location: ' . $file['contentLocation'] . "\n" ;
$headers .= $extraHeaders . "\n";
// Return completed packet
return $headers . $file['contents'];
}
function QuotedPrintable_encode($quotprint) {
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('\r\n',chr(13).chr(10),$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('\n', chr(13).chr(10),$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)preg_replace("~([\x01-\x1F\x3D\x7F-\xFF])~e", "sprintf('=%02X', ord('\\1'))", $quotprint);
//$quotprint = (string)str_replace('\=0D=0A',"=0D=0A",$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('=0D=0A',"\n",$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('=0A=0D',"\n",$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('=0D',"\n",$quotprint);
$quotprint = (string)str_replace('=0A',"\n",$quotprint);
return (string) $quotprint;
}
function validEmailAddr($emailAddress) {
$emailAddress = trim($emailAddress);
$angBrack = strpos($emailAddress, '<');
if($angBrack === 0) {
$emailAddress = substr($emailAddress, 1, strpos($emailAddress,'>')-1);
} else if($angBrack) {
$emailAddress = str_replace('@', '', substr($emailAddress, 0, $angBrack))
.substr($emailAddress, $angBrack);
}
return $emailAddress;
}
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