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<?php
/**
* Calculate an Aggregate on a particular field of a particular DataObject type (possibly with
* an additional filter before the aggregate)
*
* Implemented as a class to provide a semi-DSL method of calculating Aggregates. DataObject has a function
* that will create & return an instance of this class with the DataObject type and filter set,
* but at that point we don't yet know the aggregate function or field
*
* This class captures any XML_val or unknown call, and uses that to get the field & aggregate function &
* then return the result
*
* Two ways of calling
*
* $aggregate->XML_val(aggregate_function, array(field)) - For templates
* $aggregate->aggregate_function(field) - For PHP
*
* Aggregate functions are uppercased by this class, but are otherwise assumed to be valid SQL functions. Some
* examples: Min, Max, Avg
*
* Aggregates are often used as portions of a cacheblock key. They are therefore cached themselves, in the 'aggregate'
* cache, although the invalidation logic prefers speed over keeping valid data.
* The aggregate cache is cleared through {@link DataObject::flushCache()}, which in turn is called on
* {@link DataObject->write()} and other write operations.
* This means most write operations to the database will invalidate the cache correctly.
* Use {@link Aggregate::flushCache()} to manually clear.
*
* NOTE: The cache logic uses tags, and so a backend that supports tags is required. Currently only the File
* backend (and the two-level backend with the File backend as the slow store) meets this requirement
*
* @author hfried
* @package framework
* @subpackage core
*/
class Aggregate extends ViewableData {
static $cache = null;
/** Build & cache the cache object */
protected static function cache() {
return self::$cache ? self::$cache : (self::$cache = SS_Cache::factory('aggregate'));
}
/** Clear the aggregate cache for a given type, or pass nothing to clear all aggregate caches */
public static function flushCache($class=null) {
$cache = self::cache();
if (!$class || $class == 'DataObject') {
$cache->clean(Zend_Cache::CLEANING_MODE_MATCHING_TAG, array('aggregate'));
} else {
$tags = ClassInfo::ancestry($class);
foreach($tags as &$tag) {
$tag = preg_replace('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]/', '_', $tag);
}
$cache->clean(Zend_Cache::CLEANING_MODE_MATCHING_ANY_TAG, $tags);
}
}
/**
* Constructor
*
* @param string $type The DataObject type we are building an aggregate for
* @param string $filter (optional) An SQL filter to apply to the selected rows before calculating the aggregate
*/
public function __construct($type, $filter = '') {
$this->type = $type;
$this->filter = $filter;
parent::__construct();
}
/**
* Build the SQLQuery to calculate the aggregate
* This is a seperate function so that subtypes of Aggregate can change just this bit
* @param string $attr - the SQL field statement for selection (i.e. "MAX(LastUpdated)")
* @return SQLQuery
*/
protected function query($attr) {
$singleton = singleton($this->type);
$query = $singleton->buildSQL($this->filter);
$query->select = array($attr);
$query->orderby = null;
$singleton->extend('augmentSQL', $query);
return $query;
}
/**
* Entry point for being called from a template.
*
* This gets the aggregate function
*
*/
public function XML_val($name, $args = null, $cache = false) {
$func = strtoupper( strpos($name, 'get') === 0 ? substr($name, 3) : $name );
$attribute = $args ? $args[0] : 'ID';
$table = null;
foreach (ClassInfo::ancestry($this->type, true) as $class) {
$fields = DataObject::database_fields($class);
if (array_key_exists($attribute, $fields)) { $table = $class; break; }
}
if (!$table) user_error("Couldn't find table for field $attribute in type {$this->type}", E_USER_ERROR);
$query = $this->query("$func(\"$table\".\"$attribute\")");
// Cache results of this specific SQL query until flushCache() is triggered.
$cachekey = sha1($query->sql());
$cache = self::cache();
if (!($result = $cache->load($cachekey))) {
$result = (string)$query->execute()->value(); if (!$result) $result = '0';
$cache->save($result, null, array('aggregate', preg_replace('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]/', '_', $this->type)));
}
return $result;
}
/**
* Entry point for being called from PHP.
*/
public function __call($method, $arguments) {
return $this->XML_val($method, $arguments);
}
}
/**
* A subclass of Aggregate that calculates aggregates for the result of a has_many query.
*
* @author hfried
* @package framework
* @subpackage core
*/
class Aggregate_Relationship extends Aggregate {
/**
* Constructor
*
* @param DataObject $object The object that has_many somethings that we're calculating the aggregate for
* @param string $relationship The name of the relationship
* @param string $filter (optional) An SQL filter to apply to the relationship rows before calculating the aggregate
*/
public function __construct($object, $relationship, $filter = '') {
$this->object = $object;
$this->relationship = $relationship;
$this->has_many = $object->has_many($relationship);
$this->many_many = $object->many_many($relationship);
if (!$this->has_many && !$this->many_many) user_error("Could not find relationship $relationship on object class {$object->class} in Aggregate Relationship", E_USER_ERROR);
parent::__construct($this->has_many ? $this->has_many : $this->many_many[1], $filter);
}
protected function query($attr) {
if ($this->has_many) {
$query = $this->object->getComponentsQuery($this->relationship, $this->filter);
}
else {
$query = $this->object->getManyManyComponentsQuery($this->relationship, $this->filter);
}
$query->select = array($attr);
$query->groupby = array();
$singleton = singleton($this->type);
$singleton->extend('augmentSQL', $query);
return $query;
}
}
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