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/* sim_ether.c: OS-dependent network routines
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Copyright (c) 2002-2007, David T. Hittner
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Except as contained in this notice, the name of the author shall not be
used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings
in this Software without prior written authorization from the author.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This ethernet simulation is based on the PCAP and WinPcap packages.
PCAP/WinPcap was chosen as the basis for network code since it is the most
"universal" of the various network packages available. Using this style has
allowed rapid network development for the major SIMH platforms. Developing
a network package specifically for SIMH was rejected due to the time required;
the advantage would be a more easily compiled and integrated code set.
There are various problems associated with use of ethernet networking, which
would be true regardless of the network package used, since there are no
universally accepted networking methods. The most serious of these is getting
the proper networking package loaded onto the system, since most environments
do not come with the network interface packages loaded.
The second most serious network issue relates to security. The network
simulation needs to simulate operating system level functionality (packet
driving). However, the host network programming interfaces tend to operate at
the user level of functionality, so getting to the full functionality of
the network interface usually requires that the person executing the
network code be a privileged user of the host system. See the PCAP/WinPcap
documentation for the appropriate host platform if unprivileged use of
networking is needed - there may be known workarounds.
Define one of the two macros below to enable networking:
USE_NETWORK - Create statically linked network code
USE_SHARED - Create dynamically linked network code
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Supported/Tested Platforms:
Windows(NT,2K,XP,2K3,Vista,Win7) WinPcap V3.0+
Linux libpcap at least 0.9
OpenBSD,FreeBSD,NetBSD libpcap at least 0.9
MAC OS/X libpcap at least 0.9
Solaris Sparc libpcap at least 0.9
Solaris Intel libpcap at least 0.9
AIX ??
HP/UX ??
Compaq Tru64 Unix ??
VMS Alpha/Itanium VMS only, needs VMS libpcap
WinPcap is available from:
http://winpcap.polito.it/
libpcap for VMS is available from:
http://simh.trailing-edge.com/sources/vms-pcap.zip
libpcap for other Unix platforms is available at:
NOTE: As of the release of this version of sim_ether.c ALL current
*nix platforms ship with a sufficiently new version of
libpcap, and ALL provide a libpcap-dev package for developing
libpcap based applications. The OS vendor supplied version
of libpcap AND the libpcap-dev components are preferred for
proper operation of both simh AND other applications on the
host system which use libpcap.
Current Version: http://www.tcpdump.org/daily/libpcap-current.tar.gz
Released Version: http://www.tcpdump.org/release/
When necessary (see NOTE above about vendor supplied libpcap),
we've gotten the tarball, unpacked, built and installed it with:
gzip -dc libpcap-current.tar.gz | tar xvf -
cd libpcap-directory-name
./configure
make
make install
Note: The "make install" step generally will have to be done as root.
This will install libpcap in /usr/local/lib and /usr/local/include
The current simh makefile will do the right thing to locate and
reference the OS provided libpcap or the one just installed.
Note: Building for the platforms indicated above, with the indicated libpcap,
should automatically leverage the appropriate mechanisms contained here.
Things are structured so that it is likely to work for any other as yet
untested platform. If it works for you, please let the author know so we
can update the table above. If it doesn't work, then the following #define
variables can influence the operation on an untested platform.
USE_BPF - Determines if this code leverages a libpcap/WinPcap
provided bpf packet filtering facility. All tested
environments have bpf facilities that work the way we
need them to. However a new one might not. undefine
this variable to let this code do its own filtering.
USE_SETNONBLOCK - Specifies whether the libpcap environment's non-blocking
semantics are to be leveraged. This helps to manage the
varying behaviours of the kernel packet facilities
leveraged by libpcap.
USE_READER_THREAD - Specifies that packet reading should be done in the
context of a separate thread. The Posix threading
APIs are used. This option is less efficient than the
default non-threaded approach, but it exists since some
platforms don't want to work with nonblocking libpcap
semantics. OpenBSD and NetBSD either don't have pthread
APIs available, or they are too buggy to be useful.
Using the threaded approach may require special compile
and/or link time switches (i.e. -lpthread or -pthread,
etc.) Consult the documentation for your platform as
needed. Although this may be 'less efficient' than the
non-threaded approach, the efficiency is an overall system
efficiency not necessarily a simulator efficiency. This
means that work is removed from the thread executing
simulated instructions so the simulated system will most
likely run faster (given that modern host CPUs are
multi-core and have someplace to do this work in parallel).
MUST_DO_SELECT - Specifies that, when USE_READER_THREAD is active,
select() should be used to determine when available
packets are ready for reading. Otherwise, we depend
on the libpcap/kernel packet timeout specified on
pcap_open_live. If USE_READER_THREAD is not set, then
MUST_DO_SELECT is irrelevant
USE_TAP_NETWORK - Specifies that support for tap networking should be
included. This can be leveraged, along with OS bridging
capabilities to share a single LAN interface. This
allows device names of the form tap:tap0 to be specified
at open time. This functionality is only useful/needed
on *nix platforms since native sharing of Windows NIC
devices works with no external magic.
USE_VDE_NETWORK - Specifies that support for vde networking should be
included. This can be leveraged, along with OS bridging
capabilities to share a single LAN interface. It also
can allow a simulator to have useful networking
functionality when running without root access. This
allows device names of the form vde:/tmp/switch to be
specified at open time. This functionality is only
available on *nix platforms since the vde api isn't
available on Windows.
NEED_PCAP_SENDPACKET
- Specifies that you are using an older version of libpcap
which doesn't provide a pcap_sendpacket API.
NOTE: Changing these defines is done in either sim_ether.h OR on the global
compiler command line which builds all of the modules included in a
simulator.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Modification history:
30-Mar-12 MP Added host NIC address determination on supported VMS platforms
01-Mar-12 MP Made host NIC address determination on *nix platforms more
robust.
01-Mar-12 MP Added host NIC address determination work when building
under Cygwin
01-Mar-12 AGN Add conditionals for Cygwin dynamic loading of wpcap.dll
01-Mar-12 AGN Specify the full /usr/lib for dlopen under Apple Mac OS X.
17-Nov-11 MP Added dynamic loading of libpcap on *nix platforms
30-Oct-11 MP Added support for vde (Virtual Distributed Ethernet) networking
29-Oct-11 MP Added support for integrated Tap networking interfaces on OSX
12-Aug-11 MP Cleaned up payload length determination
Fixed race condition detecting reflections when threaded
reading and writing is enabled
18-Apr-11 MP Fixed race condition with self loopback packets in
multithreaded environments
09-Jan-11 MP Fixed missing crc data when USE_READER_THREAD is defined and
crc's are needed (only the pdp11_xu)
16-Dec-10 MP added priority boost for read and write threads when
USE_READER_THREAD does I/O in separate threads. This helps
throughput since it allows these I/O bound threads to preempt
the main thread (which is executing simulated instructions).
09-Dec-10 MP allowed more flexible parsing of MAC address strings
09-Dec-10 MP Added support to determine if network address conflicts exist
07-Dec-10 MP Reworked DECnet self detection to the more general approach
of loopback self when a Physical Address is being set.
04-Dec-10 MP Changed eth_write to do nonblocking writes when
USE_READER_THREAD is defined.
20-Aug-10 TVO Fix for Mac OSX 10.6
17-Jun-10 MP Fixed bug in the AUTODIN II hash filtering.
14-Jun-10 MP Added support for integrated Tap networking interfaces on BSD
platforms.
13-Jun-10 MP Added support for integrated Tap networking interfaces on Linux
platforms.
31-May-10 MP Added support for more TOE (TCP Offload Engine) features for IPv4
network traffic from the host and/or from hosts on the LAN. These
new TOE features are: LSO (Large Send Offload) and Jumbo packet
fragmentation support. These features allow a simulated network
device to support traffic when a host leverages a NIC's Large
Send Offload capabilities to fregment and/or segment outgoing
network traffic. Additionally a simulated network device can
reasonably exist on a LAN which is configured to use Jumbo frames.
21-May-10 MP Added functionality to fixup IP header checksums to accomodate
packets from a host with a NIC which has TOE (TCP Offload Engine)
enabled which is expected to implement the checksum computations
in hardware. Since we catch packets before they arrive at the
NIC the expected checksum insertions haven't been performed yet.
This processing is only done for packets sent from the hoat to
the guest we're supporting. In general this will be a relatively
small number of packets so it is done for all IP frame packets
coming from the hoat to the guest. In order to make the
determination of packets specifically arriving from the host we
need to know the hardware MAC address of the host NIC. Currently
determining a NIC's MAC address is relatively easy on Windows.
The non-windows code works on linux and may work on other *nix
platforms either as is or with slight modifications. The code,
as implemented, only messes with this activity if the host
interface MAC address can be determined.
20-May-10 MP Added general support to deal with receiving packets smaller
than ETH_MIN_PACKET in length. These come from packets
looped back by some bridging mechanism and need to be padded
to the minimum frame size. A real NIC won't pass us any
packets like that. This fix belongs here since this layer
is responsible for interfacing to they physical layer
devices, AND it belongs here to get CRC processing right.
05-Mar-08 MP Added optional multicast filtering support for doing
LANCE style AUTODIN II based hashed filtering.
07-Feb-08 MP Added eth_show_dev to display ethernet state
Changed the return value from eth_read to return whether
or not a packet was read. No existing callers used or
checked constant return value that previously was being
supplied.
29-Jan-08 MP Added eth_set_async to provide a mechanism (when
USE_READER_THREAD is enabled) to allow packet reception
to dynamically update the simulator event queue and
potentially avoid polling for I/O. This provides a minimal
overhead (no polling) maximal responsiveness for network
activities.
29-Jan-08 MP Properly sequenced activities in eth_close to avoid a race
condition when USE_READER_THREAD is enabled.
25-Jan-08 MP Changed the following when USE_READER_THREAD is enabled:
- Fixed bug when the simulated device doesn't need crc
in packet data which is read.
- Added call to pcap_setmintocopy to minimize packet
delivery latencies.
- Added ethq_destroy and used it to avoid a memory leak in
eth_close.
- Properly cleaned up pthread mutexes in eth_close.
Migrated to using sim_os_ms_sleep for a delay instead of
a call to select().
Fixed the bpf filter used when no traffic is to be matched.
Reworked eth_add_packet_crc32 implementation to avoid an
extra buffer copy while reading packets.
Fixedup #ifdef's relating to USE_SHARED so that setting
USE_SHARED or USE_NETWORK will build a working network
environment.
23-Jan-08 MP Reworked eth_packet_trace and eth_packet_trace_ex to allow
only output ethernet header+crc and provide a mechanism for
the simulated device to display full packet data debugging.
17-May-07 DTH Fixed non-ethernet device removal loop (from Naoki Hamada)
15-May-07 DTH Added dynamic loading of wpcap.dll;
Corrected exceed max index bug in ethX lookup
04-May-07 DTH Corrected failure to look up ethernet device names in
the registry on Windows XP x64
10-Jul-06 RMS Fixed linux conditionalization (from Chaskiel Grundman)
02-Jun-06 JDB Fixed compiler warning for incompatible sscanf parameter
15-Dec-05 DTH Patched eth_host_devices [remove non-ethernet devices]
(from Mark Pizzolato and Galen Tackett, 08-Jun-05)
Patched eth_open [tun fix](from Antal Ritter, 06-Oct-05)
30-Nov-05 DTH Added option to regenerate CRC on received packets; some
ethernet devices need to pass it on to the simulation, and by
the time libpcap/winpcap gets the packet, the host OS network
layer has already stripped CRC out of the packet
01-Dec-04 DTH Added Windows user-defined adapter names (from Timothe Litt)
25-Mar-04 MP Revised comments and minor #defines to deal with updated
libpcap which now provides pcap_sendpacket on all platforms.
04-Feb-04 MP Returned success/fail status from eth_write to support
determining if the current libpcap connection can successfully
write packets.
Added threaded approach to reading packets since
this works better on some platforms (solaris intel) than the
inconsistently implemented non-blocking read approach.
04-Feb-04 DTH Converted ETH_DEBUG to sim_debug
13-Jan-04 MP tested and fixed on OpenBSD, NetBS and FreeBSD.
09-Jan-04 MP removed the BIOCSHDRCMPLT ioctl() for OS/X
05-Jan-04 DTH Added eth_mac_scan
30-Dec-03 DTH Cleaned up queue routines, added no network support message
26-Dec-03 DTH Added ethernet show and queue functions from pdp11_xq
15-Dec-03 MP polished generic libpcap support.
05-Dec-03 DTH Genericized eth_devices() and #ifdefs
03-Dec-03 MP Added Solaris support
02-Dec-03 DTH Corrected decnet fix to use reflection counting
01-Dec-03 DTH Added BPF source filtering and reflection counting
28-Nov-03 DTH Rewrote eth_devices using universal pcap_findalldevs()
25-Nov-03 DTH Verified DECNET_FIX, reversed ifdef to mainstream code
19-Nov-03 MP Fixed BPF functionality on Linux/BSD.
17-Nov-03 DTH Added xBSD simplification
14-Nov-03 DTH Added #ifdef DECNET_FIX for problematic duplicate detection code
13-Nov-03 DTH Merged in __FreeBSD__ support
21-Oct-03 MP Added enriched packet dumping for debugging
20-Oct-03 MP Added support for multiple ethernet devices on VMS
20-Sep-03 Ankan Add VMS support (Alpha only)
29-Sep-03 MP Changed separator character in eth_fmt_mac to be ":" to
format ethernet addresses the way the BPF compile engine
wants to see them.
Added BPF support to filter packets
Added missing printf in eth_close
07-Jun-03 MP Added WIN32 support for DECNET duplicate address detection.
06-Jun-03 MP Fixed formatting of Ethernet Protocol Type in eth_packet_trace
30-May-03 DTH Changed WIN32 to _WIN32 for consistency
07-Mar-03 MP Fixed Linux implementation of PacketGetAdapterNames to also
work on Red Hat 6.2-sparc and Debian 3.0r1-sparc.
03-Mar-03 MP Changed logging to be consistent on stdout and sim_log
01-Feb-03 MP Changed type of local variables in eth_packet_trace to
conform to the interface needs of eth_mac_fmt wich produces
char data instead of unsigned char data. Suggested by the
DECC compiler.
15-Jan-03 DTH Corrected PacketGetAdapterNames parameter2 datatype
26-Dec-02 DTH Merged Mark Pizzolato's enhancements with main source
Added networking documentation
Changed _DEBUG to ETH_DEBUG
20-Dec-02 MP Added display of packet CRC to the eth_packet_trace.
This helps distinguish packets with identical lengths
and protocols.
05-Dec-02 MP With the goal of draining the input buffer more rapidly
changed eth_read to call pcap_dispatch repeatedly until
either a timeout returns nothing or a packet allowed by
the filter is seen. This more closely reflects how the
pcap layer will work when the filtering is actually done
by a bpf filter.
31-Oct-02 DTH Added USE_NETWORK conditional
Reworked not attached test
Added OpenBSD support (from Federico Schwindt)
Added ethX detection simplification (from Megan Gentry)
Removed sections of temporary code
Added parameter validation
23-Oct-02 DTH Beta 5 released
22-Oct-02 DTH Added all_multicast and promiscuous support
Fixed not attached behavior
21-Oct-02 DTH Added NetBSD support (from Jason Thorpe)
Patched buffer size to make sure entire packet is read in
Made 'ethX' check characters passed as well as length
Corrected copyright again
16-Oct-02 DTH Beta 4 released
Corrected copyright
09-Oct-02 DTH Beta 3 released
Added pdp11 write acceleration (from Patrick Caulfield)
08-Oct-02 DTH Beta 2 released
Integrated with 2.10-0p4
Added variable vector and copyrights
04-Oct-02 DTH Added linux support (from Patrick Caulfield)
03-Oct-02 DTH Beta version of xq/sim_ether released for SIMH 2.09-11
24-Sep-02 DTH Finished eth_devices, eth_getname
18-Sep-02 DTH Callbacks implemented
13-Sep-02 DTH Basic packet read/write written
20-Aug-02 DTH Created Sim_Ether for O/S independant ethernet implementation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
#include <ctype.h>
#include "sim_ether.h"
#include "sim_sock.h"
extern FILE *sim_log;
/*============================================================================*/
/* OS-independant ethernet routines */
/*============================================================================*/
t_stat eth_mac_scan (ETH_MAC* mac, char* strmac)
{
unsigned int a0, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5;
const ETH_MAC zeros = {0,0,0,0,0,0};
const ETH_MAC ones = {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF};
ETH_MAC newmac;
if ((6 != sscanf(strmac, "%x:%x:%x:%x:%x:%x", &a0, &a1, &a2, &a3, &a4, &a5)) &&
(6 != sscanf(strmac, "%x.%x.%x.%x.%x.%x", &a0, &a1, &a2, &a3, &a4, &a5)) &&
(6 != sscanf(strmac, "%x-%x-%x-%x-%x-%x", &a0, &a1, &a2, &a3, &a4, &a5)))
return SCPE_ARG;
if ((a0 > 0xFF) || (a1 > 0xFF) || (a2 > 0xFF) || (a3 > 0xFF) || (a4 > 0xFF) || (a5 > 0xFF))
return SCPE_ARG;
newmac[0] = a0;
newmac[1] = a1;
newmac[2] = a2;
newmac[3] = a3;
newmac[4] = a4;
newmac[5] = a5;
/* final check - mac cannot be broadcast or multicast address */
if (!memcmp(newmac, zeros, sizeof(ETH_MAC)) || /* broadcast */
!memcmp(newmac, ones, sizeof(ETH_MAC)) || /* broadcast */
(newmac[0] & 0x01) /* multicast */
)
return SCPE_ARG;
/* new mac is OK, copy into passed mac */
memcpy (*mac, newmac, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
return SCPE_OK;
}
void eth_mac_fmt(ETH_MAC* mac, char* buff)
{
uint8* m = (uint8*) mac;
sprintf(buff, "%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X", m[0], m[1], m[2], m[3], m[4], m[5]);
return;
}
static const uint32 crcTable[256] = {
0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xEE0E612C, 0x990951BA, 0x076DC419, 0x706AF48F,
0xE963A535, 0x9E6495A3, 0x0EDB8832, 0x79DCB8A4, 0xE0D5E91E, 0x97D2D988,
0x09B64C2B, 0x7EB17CBD, 0xE7B82D07, 0x90BF1D91, 0x1DB71064, 0x6AB020F2,
0xF3B97148, 0x84BE41DE, 0x1ADAD47D, 0x6DDDE4EB, 0xF4D4B551, 0x83D385C7,
0x136C9856, 0x646BA8C0, 0xFD62F97A, 0x8A65C9EC, 0x14015C4F, 0x63066CD9,
0xFA0F3D63, 0x8D080DF5, 0x3B6E20C8, 0x4C69105E, 0xD56041E4, 0xA2677172,
0x3C03E4D1, 0x4B04D447, 0xD20D85FD, 0xA50AB56B, 0x35B5A8FA, 0x42B2986C,
0xDBBBC9D6, 0xACBCF940, 0x32D86CE3, 0x45DF5C75, 0xDCD60DCF, 0xABD13D59,
0x26D930AC, 0x51DE003A, 0xC8D75180, 0xBFD06116, 0x21B4F4B5, 0x56B3C423,
0xCFBA9599, 0xB8BDA50F, 0x2802B89E, 0x5F058808, 0xC60CD9B2, 0xB10BE924,
0x2F6F7C87, 0x58684C11, 0xC1611DAB, 0xB6662D3D, 0x76DC4190, 0x01DB7106,
0x98D220BC, 0xEFD5102A, 0x71B18589, 0x06B6B51F, 0x9FBFE4A5, 0xE8B8D433,
0x7807C9A2, 0x0F00F934, 0x9609A88E, 0xE10E9818, 0x7F6A0DBB, 0x086D3D2D,
0x91646C97, 0xE6635C01, 0x6B6B51F4, 0x1C6C6162, 0x856530D8, 0xF262004E,
0x6C0695ED, 0x1B01A57B, 0x8208F4C1, 0xF50FC457, 0x65B0D9C6, 0x12B7E950,
0x8BBEB8EA, 0xFCB9887C, 0x62DD1DDF, 0x15DA2D49, 0x8CD37CF3, 0xFBD44C65,
0x4DB26158, 0x3AB551CE, 0xA3BC0074, 0xD4BB30E2, 0x4ADFA541, 0x3DD895D7,
0xA4D1C46D, 0xD3D6F4FB, 0x4369E96A, 0x346ED9FC, 0xAD678846, 0xDA60B8D0,
0x44042D73, 0x33031DE5, 0xAA0A4C5F, 0xDD0D7CC9, 0x5005713C, 0x270241AA,
0xBE0B1010, 0xC90C2086, 0x5768B525, 0x206F85B3, 0xB966D409, 0xCE61E49F,
0x5EDEF90E, 0x29D9C998, 0xB0D09822, 0xC7D7A8B4, 0x59B33D17, 0x2EB40D81,
0xB7BD5C3B, 0xC0BA6CAD, 0xEDB88320, 0x9ABFB3B6, 0x03B6E20C, 0x74B1D29A,
0xEAD54739, 0x9DD277AF, 0x04DB2615, 0x73DC1683, 0xE3630B12, 0x94643B84,
0x0D6D6A3E, 0x7A6A5AA8, 0xE40ECF0B, 0x9309FF9D, 0x0A00AE27, 0x7D079EB1,
0xF00F9344, 0x8708A3D2, 0x1E01F268, 0x6906C2FE, 0xF762575D, 0x806567CB,
0x196C3671, 0x6E6B06E7, 0xFED41B76, 0x89D32BE0, 0x10DA7A5A, 0x67DD4ACC,
0xF9B9DF6F, 0x8EBEEFF9, 0x17B7BE43, 0x60B08ED5, 0xD6D6A3E8, 0xA1D1937E,
0x38D8C2C4, 0x4FDFF252, 0xD1BB67F1, 0xA6BC5767, 0x3FB506DD, 0x48B2364B,
0xD80D2BDA, 0xAF0A1B4C, 0x36034AF6, 0x41047A60, 0xDF60EFC3, 0xA867DF55,
0x316E8EEF, 0x4669BE79, 0xCB61B38C, 0xBC66831A, 0x256FD2A0, 0x5268E236,
0xCC0C7795, 0xBB0B4703, 0x220216B9, 0x5505262F, 0xC5BA3BBE, 0xB2BD0B28,
0x2BB45A92, 0x5CB36A04, 0xC2D7FFA7, 0xB5D0CF31, 0x2CD99E8B, 0x5BDEAE1D,
0x9B64C2B0, 0xEC63F226, 0x756AA39C, 0x026D930A, 0x9C0906A9, 0xEB0E363F,
0x72076785, 0x05005713, 0x95BF4A82, 0xE2B87A14, 0x7BB12BAE, 0x0CB61B38,
0x92D28E9B, 0xE5D5BE0D, 0x7CDCEFB7, 0x0BDBDF21, 0x86D3D2D4, 0xF1D4E242,
0x68DDB3F8, 0x1FDA836E, 0x81BE16CD, 0xF6B9265B, 0x6FB077E1, 0x18B74777,
0x88085AE6, 0xFF0F6A70, 0x66063BCA, 0x11010B5C, 0x8F659EFF, 0xF862AE69,
0x616BFFD3, 0x166CCF45, 0xA00AE278, 0xD70DD2EE, 0x4E048354, 0x3903B3C2,
0xA7672661, 0xD06016F7, 0x4969474D, 0x3E6E77DB, 0xAED16A4A, 0xD9D65ADC,
0x40DF0B66, 0x37D83BF0, 0xA9BCAE53, 0xDEBB9EC5, 0x47B2CF7F, 0x30B5FFE9,
0xBDBDF21C, 0xCABAC28A, 0x53B39330, 0x24B4A3A6, 0xBAD03605, 0xCDD70693,
0x54DE5729, 0x23D967BF, 0xB3667A2E, 0xC4614AB8, 0x5D681B02, 0x2A6F2B94,
0xB40BBE37, 0xC30C8EA1, 0x5A05DF1B, 0x2D02EF8D
};
uint32 eth_crc32(uint32 crc, const void* vbuf, size_t len)
{
const uint32 mask = 0xFFFFFFFF;
const unsigned char* buf = (const unsigned char*)vbuf;
crc ^= mask;
while (len > 8) {
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
len -= 8;
}
while (0 != len--)
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crcTable[ (crc ^ (*buf++)) & 0xFF ];
return(crc ^ mask);
}
int eth_get_packet_crc32_data(const uint8 *msg, int len, uint8 *crcdata)
{
int crc_len;
if (len <= ETH_MAX_PACKET) {
uint32 crc = eth_crc32(0, msg, len); /* calculate CRC */
uint32 ncrc = htonl(crc); /* CRC in network order */
int size = sizeof(ncrc); /* size of crc field */
memcpy(crcdata, &ncrc, size); /* append crc to packet */
crc_len = len + size; /* set packet crc length */
} else {
crc_len = 0; /* appending crc would destroy packet */
}
return crc_len;
}
int eth_add_packet_crc32(uint8 *msg, int len)
{
int crc_len;
if (len <= ETH_MAX_PACKET) {
crc_len = eth_get_packet_crc32_data(msg, len, &msg[len]);/* append crc to packet */
} else {
crc_len = 0; /* appending crc would destroy packet */
}
return crc_len;
}
void eth_setcrc(ETH_DEV* dev, int need_crc)
{
dev->need_crc = need_crc;
}
void eth_packet_trace_ex(ETH_DEV* dev, const uint8 *msg, int len, char* txt, int detail, uint32 reason)
{
if (dev->dptr->dctrl & reason) {
char src[20];
char dst[20];
unsigned short* proto = (unsigned short*) &msg[12];
uint32 crc = eth_crc32(0, msg, len);
eth_mac_fmt((ETH_MAC*)&msg[0], dst);
eth_mac_fmt((ETH_MAC*)&msg[6], src);
sim_debug(reason, dev->dptr, "%s dst: %s src: %s proto: 0x%04X len: %d crc: %X\n",
txt, dst, src, ntohs(*proto), len, crc);
if (detail) {
int i, same, group, sidx, oidx;
char outbuf[80], strbuf[18];
static char hex[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
for (i=same=0; i<len; i += 16) {
if ((i > 0) && (0 == memcmp(&msg[i], &msg[i-16], 16))) {
++same;
continue;
}
if (same > 0) {
sim_debug(reason, dev->dptr, "%04X thru %04X same as above\n", i-(16*same), i-1);
same = 0;
}
group = (((len - i) > 16) ? 16 : (len - i));
for (sidx=oidx=0; sidx<group; ++sidx) {
outbuf[oidx++] = ' ';
outbuf[oidx++] = hex[(msg[i+sidx]>>4)&0xf];
outbuf[oidx++] = hex[msg[i+sidx]&0xf];
if (isprint(msg[i+sidx]))
strbuf[sidx] = msg[i+sidx];
else
strbuf[sidx] = '.';
}
outbuf[oidx] = '\0';
strbuf[sidx] = '\0';
sim_debug(reason, dev->dptr, "%04X%-48s %s\n", i, outbuf, strbuf);
}
if (same > 0)
sim_debug(reason, dev->dptr, "%04X thru %04X same as above\n", i-(16*same), len-1);
}
}
}
void eth_packet_trace(ETH_DEV* dev, const uint8 *msg, int len, char* txt)
{
eth_packet_trace_ex(dev, msg, len, txt, 0, dev->dbit);
}
char* eth_getname(int number, char* name)
{
ETH_LIST list[ETH_MAX_DEVICE];
int count = eth_devices(ETH_MAX_DEVICE, list);
if (count <= number) return NULL;
strcpy(name, list[number].name);
return name;
}
char* eth_getname_bydesc(char* desc, char* name)
{
ETH_LIST list[ETH_MAX_DEVICE];
int count = eth_devices(ETH_MAX_DEVICE, list);
int i;
size_t j=strlen(desc);
for (i=0; i<count; i++) {
int found = 1;
size_t k = strlen(list[i].desc);
if (j != k) continue;
for (k=0; k<j; k++)
if (tolower(list[i].desc[k]) != tolower(desc[k]))
found = 0;
if (found == 0) continue;
/* found a case-insensitive description match */
strcpy(name, list[i].name);
return name;
}
/* not found */
return NULL;
}
/* strncasecmp() is not available on all platforms */
int eth_strncasecmp(char* string1, char* string2, size_t len)
{
size_t i;
unsigned char s1, s2;
for (i=0; i<len; i++) {
s1 = string1[i];
s2 = string2[i];
if (islower (s1)) s1 = toupper (s1);
if (islower (s2)) s2 = toupper (s2);
if (s1 < s2)
return -1;
if (s1 > s2)
return 1;
if (s1 == 0) return 0;
}
return 0;
}
char* eth_getname_byname(char* name, char* temp)
{
ETH_LIST list[ETH_MAX_DEVICE];
int count = eth_devices(ETH_MAX_DEVICE, list);
size_t n;
int i, found;
found = 0;
n = strlen(name);
for (i=0; i<count && !found; i++) {
if ((n == strlen(list[i].name)) &&
(eth_strncasecmp(name, list[i].name, n) == 0)) {
found = 1;
strcpy(temp, list[i].name); /* only case might be different */
}
}
return (found ? temp : NULL);
}
char* eth_getdesc_byname(char* name, char* temp)
{
ETH_LIST list[ETH_MAX_DEVICE];
int count = eth_devices(ETH_MAX_DEVICE, list);
size_t n;
int i, found;
found = 0;
n = strlen(name);
for (i=0; i<count && !found; i++) {
if ((n == strlen(list[i].name)) &&
(eth_strncasecmp(name, list[i].name, n) == 0)) {
found = 1;
strcpy(temp, list[i].desc);
}
}
return (found ? temp : NULL);
}
void eth_zero(ETH_DEV* dev)
{
/* set all members to NULL OR 0 */
memset(dev, 0, sizeof(ETH_DEV));
dev->reflections = -1; /* not established yet */
}
static ETH_DEV **eth_open_devices = NULL;
static int eth_open_device_count = 0;
static void _eth_add_to_open_list (ETH_DEV* dev)
{
eth_open_devices = realloc(eth_open_devices, (eth_open_device_count+1)*sizeof(*eth_open_devices));
eth_open_devices[eth_open_device_count++] = dev;
}
static void _eth_remove_from_open_list (ETH_DEV* dev)
{
int i, j;
for (i=0; i<eth_open_device_count; ++i)
if (eth_open_devices[i] == dev) {
for (j=i+1; j<eth_open_device_count; ++j)
eth_open_devices[j-1] = eth_open_devices[j];
--eth_open_device_count;
break;
}
}
t_stat eth_show (FILE* st, UNIT* uptr, int32 val, void* desc)
{
ETH_LIST list[ETH_MAX_DEVICE];
int number = eth_devices(ETH_MAX_DEVICE, list);
fprintf(st, "ETH devices:\n");
if (number == -1)
fprintf(st, " network support not available in simulator\n");
else
if (number == 0)
fprintf(st, " no network devices are available\n");
else {
size_t min, len;
int i;
for (i=0, min=0; i<number; i++)
if ((len = strlen(list[i].name)) > min) min = len;
for (i=0; i<number; i++)
fprintf(st," %2d %-*s (%s)\n", i, (int)min, list[i].name, list[i].desc);
}
if (eth_open_device_count) {
int i;
char desc[ETH_DEV_DESC_MAX], *d;
fprintf(st,"Open ETH Devices:\n");
for (i=0; i<eth_open_device_count; i++) {
d = eth_getdesc_byname(eth_open_devices[i]->name, desc);
if (d)
fprintf(st, " %-7s%s (%s)\n", eth_open_devices[i]->dptr->name, eth_open_devices[i]->name, d);
else
fprintf(st, " %-7s%s\n", eth_open_devices[i]->dptr->name, eth_open_devices[i]->name);
}
}
return SCPE_OK;
}
t_stat eth_show_devices (FILE* st, DEVICE *dptr, UNIT* uptr, int32 val, char* desc)
{
return eth_show (st, uptr, val, desc);
}
t_stat ethq_init(ETH_QUE* que, int max)
{
/* create dynamic queue if it does not exist */
if (!que->item) {
que->item = (struct eth_item *) calloc(max, sizeof(struct eth_item));
if (!que->item) {
/* failed to allocate memory */
char* msg = "EthQ: failed to allocate dynamic queue[%d]\r\n";
printf(msg, max);
if (sim_log) fprintf(sim_log, msg, max);
return SCPE_MEM;
};
que->max = max;
};
ethq_clear(que);
return SCPE_OK;
}
t_stat ethq_destroy(ETH_QUE* que)
{
/* release dynamic queue if it exists */
ethq_clear(que);
que->max = 0;
if (que->item) {
free(que->item);
que->item = NULL;
};
return SCPE_OK;
}
void ethq_clear(ETH_QUE* que)
{
/* clear packet array */
memset(que->item, 0, sizeof(struct eth_item) * que->max);
/* clear rest of structure */
que->count = que->head = que->tail = 0;
}
void ethq_remove(ETH_QUE* que)
{
struct eth_item* item = &que->item[que->head];
if (que->count) {
memset(item, 0, sizeof(struct eth_item));
if (++que->head == que->max)
que->head = 0;
que->count--;
}
}
void ethq_insert_data(ETH_QUE* que, int32 type, const uint8 *data, int used, int len, int crc_len, const uint8 *crc_data, int32 status)
{
struct eth_item* item;
/* if queue empty, set pointers to beginning */
if (!que->count) {
que->head = 0;
que->tail = -1;
}
/* find new tail of the circular queue */
if (++que->tail == que->max)
que->tail = 0;
if (++que->count > que->max) {
que->count = que->max;
/* lose oldest packet */
if (++que->head == que->max)
que->head = 0;
que->loss++;
}
if (que->count > que->high)
que->high = que->count;
/* set information in (new) tail item */
item = &que->item[que->tail];
item->type = type;
item->packet.len = len;
item->packet.used = used;
item->packet.crc_len = crc_len;
memcpy(item->packet.msg, data, ((len > crc_len) ? len : crc_len));
if (crc_data && (crc_len > len))
memcpy(&item->packet.msg[len], crc_data, ETH_CRC_SIZE);
item->packet.status = status;
}
void ethq_insert(ETH_QUE* que, int32 type, ETH_PACK* pack, int32 status)
{
ethq_insert_data(que, type, pack->msg, pack->used, pack->len, pack->crc_len, NULL, status);
}
/*============================================================================*/
/* Non-implemented versions */
/*============================================================================*/
#if !defined (USE_NETWORK) && !defined (USE_SHARED)
t_stat eth_open(ETH_DEV* dev, char* name, DEVICE* dptr, uint32 dbit)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_close (ETH_DEV* dev)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_check_address_conflict (ETH_DEV* dev,
ETH_MAC* const mac)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_set_async (ETH_DEV *dev, int latency)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_clr_async (ETH_DEV *dev)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_write (ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
int eth_read (ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_filter (ETH_DEV* dev, int addr_count, ETH_MAC* const addresses,
ETH_BOOL all_multicast, ETH_BOOL promiscuous)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
t_stat eth_filter_hash (ETH_DEV* dev, int addr_count, ETH_MAC* const addresses,
ETH_BOOL all_multicast, ETH_BOOL promiscuous, ETH_MULTIHASH* const hash)
{return SCPE_NOFNC;}
int eth_devices (int max, ETH_LIST* dev)
{return -1;}
void eth_show_dev (FILE* st, ETH_DEV* dev)
{}
#else /* endif unimplemented */
/*============================================================================*/
/* WIN32, Linux, and xBSD routines use WinPcap and libpcap packages */
/* OpenVMS Alpha uses a WinPcap port and an associated execlet */
/*============================================================================*/
#if defined (xBSD) || defined(__APPLE__)
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <net/bpf.h>
#endif /* xBSD */
#include <pcap.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
#if defined(__linux)
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <linux/if_tun.h>
#elif defined(USE_BSDTUNTAP)
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <net/if_types.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#else /* We don't know how to do this on the current platform */
#undef USE_TAP_NETWORK
#endif
#endif /* USE_TAP_NETWORK */
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
#include <libvdeplug.h>
#endif /* USE_VDE_NETWORK */
/* Allows windows to look up user-defined adapter names */
#if defined(_WIN32)
#include <winreg.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DLOPEN
#include <dlfcn.h>
#endif
#if defined(USE_SHARED) && (defined(_WIN32) || defined(HAVE_DLOPEN))
/* Dynamic DLL loading technique and modified source comes from
Etherial/WireShark capture_pcap.c */
/* Dynamic DLL load variables */
#ifdef _WIN32
static HINSTANCE hLib = 0; /* handle to DLL */
#else
static void *hLib = 0; /* handle to Library */
#endif
static int lib_loaded = 0; /* 0=not loaded, 1=loaded, 2=library load failed, 3=Func load failed */
static char* lib_name =
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
"wpcap.dll";
#elif defined(__APPLE__)
"/usr/lib/libpcap.A.dylib";
#else
#define __STR_QUOTE(tok) #tok
#define __STR(tok) __STR_QUOTE(tok)
"libpcap." __STR(HAVE_DLOPEN);
#endif
static char* no_pcap =
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
"wpcap load failure";
#else
"libpcap load failure";
#endif
/* define pointers to pcap functions needed */
static void (*p_pcap_close) (pcap_t *);
static int (*p_pcap_compile) (pcap_t *, struct bpf_program *, const char *, int, bpf_u_int32);
static int (*p_pcap_datalink) (pcap_t *);
static int (*p_pcap_dispatch) (pcap_t *, int, pcap_handler, u_char *);
static int (*p_pcap_findalldevs) (pcap_if_t **, char *);
static void (*p_pcap_freealldevs) (pcap_if_t *);
static void (*p_pcap_freecode) (struct bpf_program *);
static char* (*p_pcap_geterr) (pcap_t *);
static int (*p_pcap_lookupnet) (const char *, bpf_u_int32 *, bpf_u_int32 *, char *);
static pcap_t* (*p_pcap_open_live) (const char *, int, int, int, char *);
#ifdef _WIN32
static int (*p_pcap_setmintocopy) (pcap_t* handle, int);
static HANDLE (*p_pcap_getevent) (pcap_t *);
#else
#ifdef MUST_DO_SELECT
static int (*p_pcap_get_selectable_fd) (pcap_t *);
#endif
static int (*p_pcap_fileno) (pcap_t *);
#endif
static int (*p_pcap_sendpacket) (pcap_t* handle, const u_char* msg, int len);
static int (*p_pcap_setfilter) (pcap_t *, struct bpf_program *);
static char* (*p_pcap_lib_version) (void);
/* load function pointer from DLL */
typedef int (*_func)();
void load_function(char* function, _func* func_ptr) {
#ifdef _WIN32
*func_ptr = (_func)GetProcAddress(hLib, function);
#else
*func_ptr = (_func)dlsym(hLib, function);
#endif
if (*func_ptr == 0) {
char* msg = "Eth: Failed to find function '%s' in %s\r\n";
printf (msg, function, lib_name);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, function, lib_name);
lib_loaded = 3;
}
}
/* load wpcap.dll as required */
int load_pcap(void) {
switch(lib_loaded) {
case 0: /* not loaded */
/* attempt to load DLL */
#ifdef _WIN32
hLib = LoadLibraryA(lib_name);
#else
hLib = dlopen(lib_name, RTLD_NOW);
#endif
if (hLib == 0) {
/* failed to load DLL */
char* msg = "Eth: Failed to load %s\r\n";
char* msg2 =
#ifdef _WIN32
"Eth: You must install WinPcap 4.x to use networking\r\n";
#else
"Eth: You must install libpcap to use networking\r\n";
#endif
printf (msg, lib_name);
printf ("%s", msg2);
if (sim_log) {
fprintf (sim_log, msg, lib_name);
fprintf (sim_log, "%s", msg2);
}
lib_loaded = 2;
break;
} else {
/* library loaded OK */
lib_loaded = 1;
}
/* load required functions; sets dll_load=3 on error */
load_function("pcap_close", (_func *) &p_pcap_close);
load_function("pcap_compile", (_func *) &p_pcap_compile);
load_function("pcap_datalink", (_func *) &p_pcap_datalink);
load_function("pcap_dispatch", (_func *) &p_pcap_dispatch);
load_function("pcap_findalldevs", (_func *) &p_pcap_findalldevs);
load_function("pcap_freealldevs", (_func *) &p_pcap_freealldevs);
load_function("pcap_freecode", (_func *) &p_pcap_freecode);
load_function("pcap_geterr", (_func *) &p_pcap_geterr);
load_function("pcap_lookupnet", (_func *) &p_pcap_lookupnet);
load_function("pcap_open_live", (_func *) &p_pcap_open_live);
#ifdef _WIN32
load_function("pcap_setmintocopy", (_func *) &p_pcap_setmintocopy);
load_function("pcap_getevent", (_func *) &p_pcap_getevent);
#else
#ifdef MUST_DO_SELECT
load_function("pcap_get_selectable_fd", (_func *) &p_pcap_get_selectable_fd);
#endif
load_function("pcap_fileno", (_func *) &p_pcap_fileno);
#endif
load_function("pcap_sendpacket", (_func *) &p_pcap_sendpacket);
load_function("pcap_setfilter", (_func *) &p_pcap_setfilter);
load_function("pcap_lib_version", (_func *) &p_pcap_lib_version);
if (lib_loaded == 1) {
/* log successful load */
char* version = p_pcap_lib_version();
printf("%s\n", version);
if (sim_log)
fprintf(sim_log, "%s\n", version);
}
break;
default: /* loaded or failed */
break;
}
return (lib_loaded == 1) ? 1 : 0;
}
/* define functions with dynamic revectoring */
void pcap_close(pcap_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
p_pcap_close(a);
}
}
/* OpenBSD has an ancient declaration of pcap_compile which doesn't have a const in the bpf string argument */
#if defined (__OpenBSD__)
int pcap_compile(pcap_t* a, struct bpf_program* b, char* c, int d, bpf_u_int32 e) {
#else
int pcap_compile(pcap_t* a, struct bpf_program* b, const char* c, int d, bpf_u_int32 e) {
#endif
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_compile(a, b, c, d, e);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
int pcap_datalink(pcap_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_datalink(a);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
int pcap_dispatch(pcap_t* a, int b, pcap_handler c, u_char* d) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_dispatch(a, b, c, d);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
int pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t** a, char* b) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_findalldevs(a, b);
} else {
*a = 0;
strcpy(b, no_pcap);
return -1;
}
}
void pcap_freealldevs(pcap_if_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
p_pcap_freealldevs(a);
}
}
void pcap_freecode(struct bpf_program* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
p_pcap_freecode(a);
}
}
char* pcap_geterr(pcap_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_geterr(a);
} else {
return (char*) 0;
}
}
int pcap_lookupnet(const char* a, bpf_u_int32* b, bpf_u_int32* c, char* d) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_lookupnet(a, b, c, d);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
pcap_t* pcap_open_live(const char* a, int b, int c, int d, char* e) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_open_live(a, b, c, d, e);
} else {
return (pcap_t*) 0;
}
}
#ifdef _WIN32
int pcap_setmintocopy(pcap_t* a, int b) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_setmintocopy(a, b);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
HANDLE pcap_getevent(pcap_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_getevent(a);
} else {
return (HANDLE) 0;
}
}
#else
#ifdef MUST_DO_SELECT
int pcap_get_selectable_fd(pcap_t* a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_get_selectable_fd(a);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
#endif
int pcap_fileno(pcap_t * a) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_fileno(a);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
#endif
int pcap_sendpacket(pcap_t* a, const u_char* b, int c) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_sendpacket(a, b, c);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
int pcap_setfilter(pcap_t* a, struct bpf_program* b) {
if (load_pcap() != 0) {
return p_pcap_setfilter(a, b);
} else {
return 0;
}
}
#endif
/* Some platforms have always had pcap_sendpacket */
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__VMS)
#define HAS_PCAP_SENDPACKET 1
#else
/* The latest libpcap and WinPcap all have pcap_sendpacket */
#if !defined (NEED_PCAP_SENDPACKET)
#define HAS_PCAP_SENDPACKET 1
#endif
#endif
#if !defined (HAS_PCAP_SENDPACKET)
/* libpcap has no function to write a packet, so we need to implement
pcap_sendpacket() for compatibility with the WinPcap base code.
Return value: 0=Success, -1=Failure */
int pcap_sendpacket(pcap_t* handle, const u_char* msg, int len)
{
#if defined (__linux)
return (send(pcap_fileno(handle), msg, len, 0) == len)? 0 : -1;
#else
return (write(pcap_fileno(handle), msg, len) == len)? 0 : -1;
#endif /* linux */
}
#endif /* !HAS_PCAP_SENDPACKET */
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
/* extracted from WinPcap's Packet32.h */
struct _PACKET_OID_DATA {
uint32 Oid; ///< OID code. See the Microsoft DDK documentation or the file ntddndis.h
///< for a complete list of valid codes.
uint32 Length; ///< Length of the data field
uint8 Data[1]; ///< variable-lenght field that contains the information passed to or received
///< from the adapter.
};
typedef struct _PACKET_OID_DATA PACKET_OID_DATA, *PPACKET_OID_DATA;
typedef void **LPADAPTER;
#define OID_802_3_CURRENT_ADDRESS 0x01010102 /* Extracted from ntddmdis.h */
static int pcap_mac_if_win32(char *AdapterName, unsigned char MACAddress[6])
{
LPADAPTER lpAdapter;
PPACKET_OID_DATA OidData;
int Status;
int ReturnValue;
#ifdef _WIN32
HMODULE hDll; /* handle to DLL */
#else
static void *hDll = NULL; /* handle to Library */
typedef int BOOLEAN;
#endif
LPADAPTER (*p_PacketOpenAdapter)(char *AdapterName);
void (*p_PacketCloseAdapter)(LPADAPTER lpAdapter);
int (*p_PacketRequest)(LPADAPTER AdapterObject,BOOLEAN Set,PPACKET_OID_DATA OidData);
#ifdef _WIN32
hDll = LoadLibraryA("packet.dll");
p_PacketOpenAdapter = (LPADAPTER (*)(char *AdapterName))GetProcAddress(hDll, "PacketOpenAdapter");
p_PacketCloseAdapter = (void (*)(LPADAPTER lpAdapter))GetProcAddress(hDll, "PacketCloseAdapter");
p_PacketRequest = (int (*)(LPADAPTER AdapterObject,BOOLEAN Set,PPACKET_OID_DATA OidData))GetProcAddress(hDll, "PacketRequest");
#else
hDll = dlopen("packet.dll", RTLD_NOW);
p_PacketOpenAdapter = (LPADAPTER (*)(char *AdapterName))dlsym(hDll, "PacketOpenAdapter");
p_PacketCloseAdapter = (void (*)(LPADAPTER lpAdapter))dlsym(hDll, "PacketCloseAdapter");
p_PacketRequest = (int (*)(LPADAPTER AdapterObject,BOOLEAN Set,PPACKET_OID_DATA OidData))dlsym(hDll, "PacketRequest");
#endif
/* Open the selected adapter */
lpAdapter = p_PacketOpenAdapter(AdapterName);
if (!lpAdapter || (*lpAdapter == (void *)-1)) {
#ifdef _WIN32
FreeLibrary(hDll);
#else
dlclose(hDll);
#endif
return -1;
}
/* Allocate a buffer to get the MAC adress */
OidData = malloc(6 + sizeof(PACKET_OID_DATA));
if (OidData == NULL) {
p_PacketCloseAdapter(lpAdapter);
#ifdef _WIN32
FreeLibrary(hDll);
#else
dlclose(hDll);
#endif
return -1;
}
/* Retrieve the adapter MAC querying the NIC driver */
OidData->Oid = OID_802_3_CURRENT_ADDRESS;
OidData->Length = 6;
memset(OidData->Data, 0, 6);
Status = p_PacketRequest(lpAdapter, FALSE, OidData);
if(Status) {
memcpy(MACAddress, OidData->Data, 6);
ReturnValue = 0;
} else
ReturnValue = -1;
free(OidData);
p_PacketCloseAdapter(lpAdapter);
#ifdef _WIN32
FreeLibrary(hDll);
#else
dlclose(hDll);
#endif
return ReturnValue;
}
#endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__) */
#if defined (__VMS) && !defined(__VAX)
#include <descrip.h>
#include <iodef.h>
#include <ssdef.h>
#include <starlet.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stsdef.h>
#include <nmadef.h>
static int pcap_mac_if_vms(char *AdapterName, unsigned char MACAddress[6])
{
char VMS_Device[16];
$DESCRIPTOR(Device, VMS_Device);
unsigned short iosb[4];
unsigned short *w;
unsigned char *pha = NULL;
unsigned char *hwa = NULL;
int tmpval;
int status;
unsigned short characteristics[512];
long chardesc[] = {sizeof(characteristics), (long)&characteristics};
unsigned short chan;
#pragma member_alignment save
#pragma nomember_alignment
static struct {
short fmt;
long val_fmt;
short pty;
long val_pty;
short pad;
long val_pad;
} setup = {
NMA$C_PCLI_FMT, NMA$C_LINFM_ETH,
NMA$C_PCLI_PTY, 0x0090,
NMA$C_PCLI_PAD, NMA$C_STATE_OFF,
};
#pragma member_alignment restore
long setupdesc[] = {sizeof(setup), (long)&setup};
/* Convert Interface Name to VMS Device Name */
/* This is a name shuffle */
/* WE0 becomes EWA0: */
/* SE1 becomes ESB0: */
/* XE0 becomes EXA0: */
tmpval = (int)(AdapterName[2]-'0');
if ((tmpval < 0) || (tmpval > 25))
return -1;
VMS_Device[0] = toupper(AdapterName[1]);
VMS_Device[1] = toupper(AdapterName[0]);
VMS_Device[2] = 'A' + tmpval;
VMS_Device[3] = '0';
VMS_Device[4] = '\0';
VMS_Device[5] = '\0';
Device.dsc$w_length = strlen(VMS_Device);
if (!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS( sys$assign (&Device, &chan, 0, 0, 0) ))
return -1;
status = sys$qiow (0, chan, IO$_SETMODE|IO$M_CTRL|IO$M_STARTUP, &iosb, 0, 0,
0, &setupdesc, 0, 0, 0, 0);
if ((!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS(status)) || (!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS(iosb[0]))) {
sys$dassgn(chan);
return -1;
}
status = sys$qiow (0, chan, IO$_SENSEMODE|IO$M_CTRL, &iosb, 0, 0,
0, &chardesc, 0, 0, 0, 0);
sys$dassgn(chan);
if ((!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS(status)) || (!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS(iosb[0])))
return -1;
for (w=characteristics; w < &characteristics[iosb[1]]; ) {
if ((((*w)&0xFFF) == NMA$C_PCLI_HWA) && (6 == *(w+1)))
hwa = (unsigned char *)(w + 2);
if ((((*w)&0xFFF) == NMA$C_PCLI_PHA) && (6 == *(w+1)))
pha = (unsigned char *)(w + 2);
if (((*w)&0x1000) == 0)
w += 3; /* Skip over Longword Parameter */
else
w += (2 + ((1 + *(w+1))/2)); /* Skip over String Parameter */
}
if (pha != NULL) /* Prefer Physical Address */
memcpy(MACAddress, pha, 6);
else
if (hwa != NULL) /* Fallback to Hardware Address */
memcpy(MACAddress, hwa, 6);
else
return -1;
return 0;
}
#endif
static void eth_get_nic_hw_addr(ETH_DEV* dev, char *devname)
{
memset(&dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, 0, sizeof(dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr));
dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr = 0;
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
if (!pcap_mac_if_win32(devname, dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr))
dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr = 1;
#elif defined (__VMS) && !defined(__VAX)
if (!pcap_mac_if_vms(devname, dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr))
dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr = 1;
#elif !defined(__CYGWIN__) && !defined(__VMS)
if (1) {
char command[1024];
FILE *f;
int i;
char *patterns[] = {
"grep [0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]",
"egrep [0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]:[0-9a-fA-F]?[0-9a-fA-F]",
NULL};
if (0 == strncmp("vde:", devname, 4))
return;
memset(command, 0, sizeof(command));
for (i=0; patterns[i] && (0 == dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr); ++i) {
snprintf(command, sizeof(command)-1, "ifconfig %s | %s >NIC.hwaddr", devname, patterns[i]);
system(command);
if (NULL != (f = fopen("NIC.hwaddr", "r"))) {
while (0 == dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) {
if (fgets(command, sizeof(command)-1, f)) {
char *p1, *p2;
p1 = strchr(command, ':');
while (p1) {
p2 = strchr(p1+1, ':');
if (p2 <= p1+3) {
int mac_bytes[6];
if (6 == sscanf(p1-2, "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x", &mac_bytes[0], &mac_bytes[1], &mac_bytes[2], &mac_bytes[3], &mac_bytes[4], &mac_bytes[5])) {
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[0] = mac_bytes[0];
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[1] = mac_bytes[1];
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[2] = mac_bytes[2];
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[3] = mac_bytes[3];
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[4] = mac_bytes[4];
dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr[5] = mac_bytes[5];
dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr = 1;
}
break;
}
p1 = p2;
}
}
else
break;
}
fclose(f);
remove("NIC.hwaddr");
}
}
}
#endif
}
/* Forward declarations */
static void
_eth_callback(u_char* info, const struct pcap_pkthdr* header, const u_char* data);
static t_stat
_eth_write(ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine);
#if defined (USE_READER_THREAD)
#include <pthread.h>
static void *
_eth_reader(void *arg)
{
ETH_DEV* volatile dev = (ETH_DEV*)arg;
int status = 0;
int sched_policy;
struct sched_param sched_priority;
#if defined (_WIN32)
HANDLE hWait = pcap_getevent ((pcap_t*)dev->handle);
#else
int sel_ret;
int do_select = 0;
int select_fd;
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
#if defined (MUST_DO_SELECT)
do_select = 1;
select_fd = pcap_get_selectable_fd((pcap_t *)dev->handle);
#endif
break;
case ETH_API_TAP:
case ETH_API_VDE:
do_select = 1;
select_fd = dev->fd_handle;
break;
}
#endif
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Reader Thread Starting\n");
/* Boost Priority for this I/O thread vs the CPU instruction execution
thread which in general won't be readily yielding the processor when
this thread needs to run */
pthread_getschedparam (pthread_self(), &sched_policy, &sched_priority);
++sched_priority.sched_priority;
pthread_setschedparam (pthread_self(), sched_policy, &sched_priority);
while (dev->handle) {
#if defined (_WIN32)
if (WAIT_OBJECT_0 == WaitForSingleObject (hWait, 250)) {
#else
fd_set setl;
struct timeval timeout;
if (do_select) {
FD_ZERO(&setl);
FD_SET(select_fd, &setl);
timeout.tv_sec = 0;
timeout.tv_usec = 250*1000;
sel_ret = select(1+select_fd, &setl, NULL, NULL, &timeout);
}
else
sel_ret = 1;
if (sel_ret < 0 && errno != EINTR) break;
if (sel_ret > 0) {
#endif /* _WIN32 */
if (!dev->handle)
break;
/* dispatch read request queue available packets */
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
status = pcap_dispatch ((pcap_t*)dev->handle, -1, &_eth_callback, (u_char*)dev);
break;
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
case ETH_API_TAP:
if (1) {
struct pcap_pkthdr header;
int len;
u_char buf[ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME];
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
len = read(dev->fd_handle, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (len > 0) {
status = 1;
header.caplen = header.len = len;
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, buf);
}
else
status = 0;
}
break;
#endif /* USE_TAP_NETWORK */
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
case ETH_API_VDE:
if (1) {
struct pcap_pkthdr header;
int len;
u_char buf[ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME];
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
len = vde_recv((VDECONN *)dev->handle, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
if (len > 0) {
status = 1;
header.caplen = header.len = len;
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, buf);
}
else
status = 0;
}
break;
#endif /* USE_VDE_NETWORK */
}
if ((status > 0) && (dev->asynch_io)) {
int wakeup_needed;
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->lock);
wakeup_needed = (dev->read_queue.count != 0);
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->lock);
if (wakeup_needed) {
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Queueing automatic poll\n");
sim_activate_abs (dev->dptr->units, dev->asynch_io_latency);
}
}
}
}
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Reader Thread Exiting\n");
return NULL;
}
static void *
_eth_writer(void *arg)
{
ETH_DEV* volatile dev = (ETH_DEV*)arg;
struct write_request *request;
int sched_policy;
struct sched_param sched_priority;
/* Boost Priority for this I/O thread vs the CPU instruction execution
thread which in general won't be readily yielding the processor when
this thread needs to run */
pthread_getschedparam (pthread_self(), &sched_policy, &sched_priority);
++sched_priority.sched_priority;
pthread_setschedparam (pthread_self(), sched_policy, &sched_priority);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Writer Thread Starting\n");
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->writer_lock);
while (dev->handle) {
pthread_cond_wait (&dev->writer_cond, &dev->writer_lock);
while (NULL != (request = dev->write_requests)) {
/* Pull buffer off request list */
dev->write_requests = request->next;
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->writer_lock);
dev->write_status = _eth_write(dev, &request->packet, NULL);
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->writer_lock);
/* Put buffer on free buffer list */
request->next = dev->write_buffers;
dev->write_buffers = request;
}
}
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->writer_lock);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Writer Thread Exiting\n");
return NULL;
}
#endif
t_stat eth_set_async (ETH_DEV *dev, int latency)
{
#if !defined(USE_READER_THREAD) || !defined(SIM_ASYNCH_IO)
char *msg = "Eth: can't operate asynchronously, must poll\r\n";
printf ("%s", msg);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, "%s", msg);
return SCPE_NOFNC;
#else
int wakeup_needed;
dev->asynch_io = 1;
dev->asynch_io_latency = latency;
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->lock);
wakeup_needed = (dev->read_queue.count != 0);
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->lock);
if (wakeup_needed) {
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Queueing automatic poll\n");
sim_activate_abs (dev->dptr->units, dev->asynch_io_latency);
}
#endif
return SCPE_OK;
}
t_stat eth_clr_async (ETH_DEV *dev)
{
#if !defined(USE_READER_THREAD) || !defined(SIM_ASYNCH_IO)
return SCPE_NOFNC;
#else
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return SCPE_UNATT;
dev->asynch_io = 0;
return SCPE_OK;
#endif
}
t_stat eth_open(ETH_DEV* dev, char* name, DEVICE* dptr, uint32 dbit)
{
int bufsz = (BUFSIZ < ETH_MAX_PACKET) ? ETH_MAX_PACKET : BUFSIZ;
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
char temp[1024];
char* savname = name;
int num;
char* msg;
if (bufsz < ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME)
bufsz = ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME; /* Enable handling of jumbo frames */
/* initialize device */
eth_zero(dev);
/* translate name of type "ethX" to real device name */
if ((strlen(name) == 4)
&& (tolower(name[0]) == 'e')
&& (tolower(name[1]) == 't')
&& (tolower(name[2]) == 'h')
&& isdigit(name[3])
) {
num = atoi(&name[3]);
savname = eth_getname(num, temp);
if (savname == NULL) /* didn't translate */
return SCPE_OPENERR;
}
else {
/* are they trying to use device description? */
savname = eth_getname_bydesc(name, temp);
if (savname == NULL) { /* didn't translate */
/* probably is not ethX and has no description */
savname = eth_getname_byname(name, temp);
if (savname == NULL) /* didn't translate */
savname = name;
}
}
/* attempt to connect device */
memset(errbuf, 0, sizeof(errbuf));
if (0 == strncmp("tap:", savname, 4)) {
int tun = -1; /* TUN/TAP Socket */
int on = 1;
char dev_name[64] = "";
#if defined(USE_TAP_NETWORK)
if (!strcmp(savname, "tap:tapN")) {
msg = "Eth: Must specify actual tap device name (i.e. tap:tap0)\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
return SCPE_OPENERR;
}
#endif
#if defined(__linux) && defined(USE_TAP_NETWORK)
if ((tun = open("/dev/net/tun", O_RDWR)) >= 0) {
struct ifreq ifr; /* Interface Requests */
memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
/* Set up interface flags */
strcpy(ifr.ifr_name, savname+4);
ifr.ifr_flags = IFF_TAP|IFF_NO_PI;
/* Send interface requests to TUN/TAP driver. */
if (ioctl(tun, TUNSETIFF, &ifr) >= 0) {
if (ioctl(tun, FIONBIO, &on)) {
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
close(tun);
}
else {
dev->fd_handle = tun;
strcpy(savname, ifr.ifr_name);
}
}
else
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
}
else
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
#elif defined(USE_BSDTUNTAP) && defined(USE_TAP_NETWORK)
snprintf(dev_name, sizeof(dev_name)-1, "/dev/%s", savname+4);
dev_name[sizeof(dev_name)-1] = '\0';
if ((tun = open(dev_name, O_RDWR)) >= 0) {
if (ioctl(tun, FIONBIO, &on)) {
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
close(tun);
}
else {
dev->fd_handle = tun;
strcpy(savname, savname+4);
}
#if defined (__APPLE__)
if (1) {
struct ifreq ifr;
int s;
memset (&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
ifr.ifr_addr.sa_family = AF_INET;
strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, savname, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) >= 0) {
if (ioctl(s, SIOCGIFFLAGS, (caddr_t)&ifr) >= 0) {
ifr.ifr_flags |= IFF_UP;
if (ioctl(s, SIOCSIFFLAGS, (caddr_t)&ifr)) {
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
close(tun);
}
}
close(s);
}
}
#endif
}
else
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
#else
strncpy(errbuf, "No support for tap: devices", sizeof(errbuf)-1);
#endif /* !defined(__linux) && !defined(USE_BSDTUNTAP) */
if (0 == errbuf[0]) {
dev->eth_api = ETH_API_TAP;
dev->handle = (void *)1; /* Flag used to indicated open */
}
}
else
if (0 == strncmp("vde:", savname, 4)) {
#if defined(USE_VDE_NETWORK)
struct vde_open_args voa;
memset(&voa, 0, sizeof(voa));
if (!strcmp(savname, "vde:vdedevice")) {
msg = "Eth: Must specify actual vde device name (i.e. vde:/tmp/switch)\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
return SCPE_OPENERR;
}
if (!(dev->handle = (void*) vde_open(savname+4, "simh", &voa)))
strncpy(errbuf, strerror(errno), sizeof(errbuf)-1);
else {
dev->eth_api = ETH_API_VDE;
dev->fd_handle = vde_datafd((VDECONN*)dev->handle);
}
#else
strncpy(errbuf, "No support for vde: network devices", sizeof(errbuf)-1);
#endif /* !defined(__linux) && !defined(USE_BSDTUNTAP) */
}
else {
dev->handle = (void*) pcap_open_live(savname, bufsz, ETH_PROMISC, PCAP_READ_TIMEOUT, errbuf);
if (!dev->handle) { /* can't open device */
msg = "Eth: pcap_open_live error - %s\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
return SCPE_OPENERR;
}
dev->eth_api = ETH_API_PCAP;
}
if (errbuf[0]) {
msg = "Eth: open error - %s\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
return SCPE_OPENERR;
}
msg = "Eth: opened OS device %s\r\n";
printf (msg, savname);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, savname);
/* get the NIC's hardware MAC address */
eth_get_nic_hw_addr(dev, savname);
/* save name of device */
dev->name = malloc(strlen(savname)+1);
strcpy(dev->name, savname);
/* save debugging information */
dev->dptr = dptr;
dev->dbit = dbit;
#if !defined(HAS_PCAP_SENDPACKET) && defined (xBSD) && !defined (__APPLE__)
/* Tell the kernel that the header is fully-formed when it gets it.
This is required in order to fake the src address. */
if (dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) {
int one = 1;
ioctl(pcap_fileno(dev->handle), BIOCSHDRCMPLT, &one);
}
#endif /* xBSD */
#if defined (USE_READER_THREAD)
if (1) {
pthread_attr_t attr;
#if defined(_WIN32)
pcap_setmintocopy (dev->handle, 0);
#endif
ethq_init (&dev->read_queue, 200); /* initialize FIFO queue */
pthread_mutex_init (&dev->lock, NULL);
pthread_mutex_init (&dev->writer_lock, NULL);
pthread_mutex_init (&dev->self_lock, NULL);
pthread_cond_init (&dev->writer_cond, NULL);
pthread_attr_init(&attr);
pthread_attr_setscope(&attr, PTHREAD_SCOPE_SYSTEM);
pthread_create (&dev->reader_thread, &attr, _eth_reader, (void *)dev);
pthread_create (&dev->writer_thread, &attr, _eth_writer, (void *)dev);
pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);
}
#else /* !defined (USE_READER_THREAD */
#ifdef USE_SETNONBLOCK
/* set ethernet device non-blocking so pcap_dispatch() doesn't hang */
if ((dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) && (pcap_setnonblock (dev->handle, 1, errbuf) == -1)) {
msg = "Eth: Failed to set non-blocking: %s\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
}
#endif
#endif /* !defined (USE_READER_THREAD */
#if defined (__APPLE__)
if (dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) {
/* Deliver packets immediately, needed for OS X 10.6.2 and later
* (Snow-Leopard).
* See this thread on libpcap and Mac Os X 10.6 Snow Leopard on
* the tcpdump mailinglist: http://seclists.org/tcpdump/2010/q1/110
*/
int v = 1;
ioctl(pcap_fileno(dev->handle), BIOCIMMEDIATE, &v);
}
#endif
_eth_add_to_open_list (dev);
return SCPE_OK;
}
t_stat eth_close(ETH_DEV* dev)
{
char* msg = "Eth: closed %s\r\n";
pcap_t *pcap;
int pcap_fd;
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return SCPE_UNATT;
/* close the device */
pcap_fd = dev->fd_handle; /* save handle to possibly close later */
pcap = (pcap_t *)dev->handle;
dev->handle = NULL;
dev->fd_handle = 0;
dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr = 0;
#if defined (USE_READER_THREAD)
pthread_join (dev->reader_thread, NULL);
pthread_mutex_destroy (&dev->lock);
pthread_cond_signal (&dev->writer_cond);
pthread_join (dev->writer_thread, NULL);
pthread_mutex_destroy (&dev->self_lock);
pthread_mutex_destroy (&dev->writer_lock);
pthread_cond_destroy (&dev->writer_cond);
if (1) {
struct write_request *buffer;
while (NULL != (buffer = dev->write_buffers)) {
dev->write_buffers = buffer->next;
free(buffer);
}
while (NULL != (buffer = dev->write_requests)) {
dev->write_requests = buffer->next;
free(buffer);
}
}
ethq_destroy (&dev->read_queue); /* release FIFO queue */
#endif
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
pcap_close(pcap);
break;
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
case ETH_API_TAP:
close(pcap_fd);
break;
#endif
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
case ETH_API_VDE:
vde_close((VDECONN*)pcap);
break;
#endif
}
printf (msg, dev->name);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, dev->name);
/* clean up the mess */
free(dev->name);
eth_zero(dev);
_eth_remove_from_open_list (dev);
return SCPE_OK;
}
t_stat eth_check_address_conflict (ETH_DEV* dev,
ETH_MAC* const mac)
{
ETH_PACK send, recv;
t_stat status;
int responses = 0;
char mac_string[32];
eth_mac_fmt(mac, mac_string);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Determining Address Conflict for MAC address: %s\n", mac_string);
/* The process of checking address conflicts is used in two ways:
1) to determine the behavior of the currently running packet
delivery facility regarding whether it may receive copies
of every packet sent (and how many).
2) to verify if a MAC address which this facility is planning
to use as the source address of packets is already in use
by some other node on the local network
Case #1, doesn't require (and explicitly doesn't want) any
interaction or response from other systems on the LAN so
therefore no considerations regarding switch packet forwarding
are important. Meanwhile, Case #2 does require responses from
other components on the LAN to provide useful functionality.
The original designers of this mechanism did this when essentially
all LANs were single collision domains (i.e. ALL nodes which might
be affected by an address conflict were physically present on a single
Ethernet cable which might have been extended by a couple of repeaters).
Since that time, essentially no networks are single collision domains.
Thick and thinwire Ethernet cables don’t exist and very few networks
even have hubs. Today, essentially all LANs are deployed using one
or more layers of network switches. In a switched LAN environment, the
switches on the LAN ‘learn’ which ports on the LAN source traffic from
which MAC addresses and then forward traffic destined for particular
MAC address to the appropriate ports. If a particular MAC address is
already in use somewhere on the LAN, then the switches ‘know’ where
it is. The host based test using the loopback protocol is poorly
designed to detect this condition. This test is performed by the host
first changing the device’s Physical MAC address to the address which
is to be tested, and then sending a loopback packet FROM AND TO this
MAC address with a loopback reply to be sent by a system which may be
currently using the MAC address. If no reply is received, then the
MAC address is presumed to be unused. The sending of this packet will
result in its delivery to the right system since the switch port/MAC
address tables know where to deliver packets destined to this MAC
address, however the response it generates won’t be delivered to the
system performing the test since the switches on the LAN won’t know
about the local port being the right target for packets with this MAC
address. A better test design to detect these conflicts would be for
the testing system to send a loopback packet FROM the current physical
MAC address (BEFORE changing it) TO the MAC address being tested with
the loopback response coming to the current physical MAC address of
the device. If a response is received, then the address is in use and
the attempt to change the device’s MAC address should fail. Since we
can’t change the software running in these simulators to implement this
better conflict detection approach, we can still ‘do the right thing’
in the sim_ether layer. We’re already handling the loopback test
packets specially since we always had to avoid receiving the packets
which were being sent, but needed to allow for the incoming loopback
packets to be properly dealt with. We can extend this current special
handling to change outgoing ‘loopback to self’ packets to have source
AND loopback destination addresses in the packets to be the host NIC’s
physical address. The switch network will already know the correct
MAC/port relationship for the host NIC’s physical address, so loopback
response packets will be delivered as needed.
Code in _eth_write and _eth_callback provide the special handling to
perform the described loopback packet adjustments, and code in
eth_filter_hash makes sure that the loopback response packets are received.
*/
/* build a loopback forward request packet */
memset (&send, 0, sizeof(ETH_PACK));
send.len = ETH_MIN_PACKET; /* minimum packet size */
memcpy(&send.msg[0], mac, sizeof(ETH_MAC)); /* target address */
memcpy(&send.msg[6], mac, sizeof(ETH_MAC)); /* source address */
send.msg[12] = 0x90; /* loopback packet type */
send.msg[14] = 0; /* Offset */
send.msg[16] = 2; /* Forward */
memcpy(&send.msg[18], mac, sizeof(ETH_MAC)); /* Forward Destination */
send.msg[24] = 1; /* Reply */
eth_filter(dev, 1, (ETH_MAC *)mac, 0, 0);
/* send the packet */
status = _eth_write (dev, &send, NULL);
if (status != SCPE_OK) {
char *msg;
msg = (dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) ?
"Eth: Error Transmitting packet: %s\r\n"
"You may need to run as root, or install a libpcap version\r\n"
"which is at least 0.9 from your OS vendor or www.tcpdump.org\r\n" :
"Eth: Error Transmitting packet: %s\r\n"
"You may need to run as root.\r\n";
printf(msg, strerror(errno));
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, strerror(errno));
return status;
}
sim_os_ms_sleep (300); /* time for a conflicting host to respond */
/* empty the read queue and count the responses */
do {
memset (&recv, 0, sizeof(ETH_PACK));
status = eth_read (dev, &recv, NULL);
if (((0 == memcmp(send.msg+12, recv.msg+12, 2)) && /* Protocol Match */
(0 == memcmp(send.msg, recv.msg+6, 6)) && /* Source Match */
(0 == memcmp(send.msg+6, recv.msg, 6))) || /* Destination Match */
(0 == memcmp(send.msg, recv.msg, 14))) /* Packet Match (Reflection) */
responses++;
} while (recv.len > 0);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Address Conflict = %d\n", responses);
return responses;
}
t_stat eth_reflect(ETH_DEV* dev)
{
/* Test with an address no NIC should have. */
/* We do this to avoid reflections from the wire, */
/* in the event that a simulated NIC has a MAC address conflict. */
ETH_MAC mac = {0xfe,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xfe};
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Determining Reflections...\n");
dev->reflections = 0;
dev->reflections = eth_check_address_conflict (dev, &mac);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Reflections = %d\n", dev->reflections);
return dev->reflections;
}
static
t_stat _eth_write(ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine)
{
int status = 1; /* default to failure */
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return SCPE_UNATT;
/* make sure packet exists */
if (!packet) return SCPE_ARG;
/* make sure packet is acceptable length */
if ((packet->len >= ETH_MIN_PACKET) && (packet->len <= ETH_MAX_PACKET)) {
int loopback_self_frame = LOOPBACK_SELF_FRAME(packet->msg, packet->msg);
eth_packet_trace (dev, packet->msg, packet->len, "writing");
/* record sending of loopback packet (done before actual send to avoid race conditions with receiver) */
if (loopback_self_frame) {
if (dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) {
memcpy(&packet->msg[6], dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
memcpy(&packet->msg[18], dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
}
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
dev->loopback_self_sent += dev->reflections;
dev->loopback_self_sent_total++;
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
}
/* dispatch write request (synchronous; no need to save write info to dev) */
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
status = pcap_sendpacket((pcap_t*)dev->handle, (u_char*)packet->msg, packet->len);
break;
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
case ETH_API_TAP:
status = ((packet->len == write(dev->fd_handle, (void *)packet->msg, packet->len)) ? 0 : -1);
break;
#endif
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
case ETH_API_VDE:
status = vde_send((VDECONN*)dev->handle, (void *)packet->msg, packet->len, 0);
if ((status == packet->len) || (status == 0))
status = 0;
else
if ((status == -1) && ((errno == EAGAIN) || (errno == EWOULDBLOCK)))
status = 0;
else
status = 1;
break;
#endif
}
/* On error, correct loopback bookkeeping */
if ((status != 0) && loopback_self_frame) {
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
dev->loopback_self_sent -= dev->reflections;
dev->loopback_self_sent_total--;
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
}
} /* if packet->len */
/* call optional write callback function */
if (routine)
(routine)(status);
return ((status == 0) ? SCPE_OK : SCPE_IOERR);
}
t_stat eth_write(ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine)
{
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
struct write_request *request;
int write_queue_size = 1;
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return SCPE_UNATT;
/* Get a buffer */
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->writer_lock);
if (NULL != (request = dev->write_buffers))
dev->write_buffers = request->next;
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->writer_lock);
if (NULL == request)
request = malloc(sizeof(*request));
/* Copy buffer contents */
request->packet.len = packet->len;
request->packet.used = packet->used;
request->packet.status = packet->status;
request->packet.crc_len = packet->crc_len;
memcpy(request->packet.msg, packet->msg, packet->len);
/* Insert buffer at the end of the write list (to make sure that */
/* packets make it to the wire in the order they were presented here) */
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->writer_lock);
request->next = NULL;
if (dev->write_requests) {
struct write_request *last_request = dev->write_requests;
++write_queue_size;
while (last_request->next) {
last_request = last_request->next;
++write_queue_size;
}
last_request->next = request;
}
else
dev->write_requests = request;
if (write_queue_size > dev->write_queue_peak)
dev->write_queue_peak = write_queue_size;
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->writer_lock);
/* Awaken writer thread to perform actual write */
pthread_cond_signal (&dev->writer_cond);
/* Return with a status from some prior write */
if (routine)
(routine)(dev->write_status);
return dev->write_status;
#else
return _eth_write(dev, packet, routine);
#endif
}
static int
_eth_hash_lookup(ETH_MULTIHASH hash, const u_char* data)
{
int key = 0x3f & (eth_crc32(0, data, 6) >> 26);
key ^= 0x3f;
return (hash[key>>3] & (1 << (key&0x7)));
}
static int
_eth_hash_validate(ETH_MAC *MultiCastList, int count, ETH_MULTIHASH hash)
{
ETH_MULTIHASH lhash;
int i;
memset(lhash, 0, sizeof(lhash));
for (i=0; i<count; ++i) {
int key = 0x3f & (eth_crc32(0, MultiCastList[i], 6) >> 26);
key ^= 0x3F;
printf("MAC: %02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X Key: %X, Byte: %X, Val: %X\n",
MultiCastList[i][0], MultiCastList[i][1], MultiCastList[i][2], MultiCastList[i][3], MultiCastList[i][4], MultiCastList[i][5],
key, key>>3, (1 << (key&0x7)));
lhash[key>>3] |= (1 << (key&0x7));
}
if (memcmp(hash, lhash, sizeof(lhash))) {
printf("Inconsistent Computed Hash:\n");
printf("Should be: %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
hash[0], hash[1], hash[2], hash[3],
hash[4], hash[5], hash[6], hash[7]);
printf("Was: %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
lhash[0], lhash[1], lhash[2], lhash[3],
lhash[4], lhash[5], lhash[6], lhash[7]);
}
else {
printf("Should be: %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
hash[0], hash[1], hash[2], hash[3],
hash[4], hash[5], hash[6], hash[7]);
printf("Was: %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
lhash[0], lhash[1], lhash[2], lhash[3],
lhash[4], lhash[5], lhash[6], lhash[7]);
}
return 0;
}
static void
_eth_test_multicast_hash()
{
ETH_MAC tMacs[] = {
{0xAB, 0x00, 0x04, 0x01, 0xAC, 0x10},
{0xAB, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00},
{0x09, 0x00, 0x2B, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F},
{0x09, 0x00, 0x2B, 0x02, 0x01, 0x04},
{0x09, 0x00, 0x2B, 0x02, 0x01, 0x07},
{0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
{0x01, 0x00, 0x5E, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01}};
ETH_MULTIHASH thash = {0x01, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x48, 0x88, 0x40, 0x00};
_eth_hash_validate(tMacs, sizeof(tMacs)/sizeof(tMacs[0]), thash);
}
/* The IP header */
struct IPHeader {
uint8 verhlen; /* Version & Header Length in dwords */
#define IP_HLEN(IP) (((IP)->verhlen&0xF)<<2) /* Header Length in Bytes */
#define IP_VERSION(IP) ((((IP)->verhlen)>>4)&0xF) /* IP Version */
uint8 tos; /* Type of service */
uint16 total_len; /* Length of the packet in dwords */
uint16 ident; /* unique identifier */
uint16 flags; /* Fragmentation Flags */
#define IP_DF_FLAG (0x4000)
#define IP_MF_FLAG (0x2000)
#define IP_OFFSET_MASK (0x1FFF)
#define IP_FRAG_DF(IP) (ntohs(((IP)->flags))&IP_DF_FLAG)
#define IP_FRAG_MF(IP) (ntohs(((IP)->flags))&IP_MF_FLAG)
#define IP_FRAG_OFFSET(IP) (ntohs(((IP)->flags))&IP_OFFSET_MASK)
uint8 ttl; /* Time to live */
uint8 proto; /* Protocol number (TCP, UDP etc) */
uint16 checksum; /* IP checksum */
uint32 source_ip; /* Source Address */
uint32 dest_ip; /* Destination Address */
};
/* ICMP header */
struct ICMPHeader {
uint8 type; /* ICMP packet type */
uint8 code; /* Type sub code */
uint16 checksum; /* ICMP Checksum */
uint32 otherstuff[1];/* optional data */
};
struct UDPHeader {
uint16 source_port;
uint16 dest_port;
uint16 length; /* The length of the entire UDP datagram, including both header and Data fields. */
uint16 checksum;
};
struct TCPHeader {
uint16 source_port;
uint16 dest_port;
uint32 sequence_number;
uint32 acknowledgement_number;
uint16 data_offset_and_flags;
#define TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP) ((ntohs((TCP)->data_offset_and_flags)>>12)<<2)
#define TCP_CWR_FLAG (0x80)
#define TCP_ECR_FLAG (0x40)
#define TCP_URG_FLAG (0x20)
#define TCP_ACK_FLAG (0x10)
#define TCP_PSH_FLAG (0x08)
#define TCP_RST_FLAG (0x04)
#define TCP_SYN_FLAG (0x02)
#define TCP_FIN_FLAG (0x01)
#define TCP_FLAGS_MASK (0xFFF)
uint16 window;
uint16 checksum;
uint16 urgent;
uint16 otherstuff[1]; /* The rest of the packet */
};
#ifndef IPPROTO_TCP
#define IPPROTO_TCP 6 /* tcp */
#endif
#ifndef IPPROTO_UDP
#define IPPROTO_UDP 17 /* user datagram protocol */
#endif
#ifndef IPPROTO_ICMP
#define IPPROTO_ICMP 1 /* control message protocol */
#endif
static uint16
ip_checksum(uint16 *buffer, int size)
{
unsigned long cksum = 0;
/* Sum all the words together, adding the final byte if size is odd */
while (size > 1) {
cksum += *buffer++;
size -= sizeof(*buffer);
}
if (size) {
uint16 endword;
uint8 *endbytes = (uint8 *)&endword;
endbytes[0] = *((uint8 *)buffer);
endbytes[1] = 0;
cksum += endword;
}
/* Do a little shuffling */
cksum = (cksum >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
cksum += (cksum >> 16);
/* Return the bitwise complement of the resulting mishmash */
return (uint16)(~cksum);
}
static uint16
pseudo_checksum(uint16 len, uint16 proto, uint16 *src_addr, uint16 *dest_addr, uint8 *buff)
{
uint32 sum;
/* Sum the data first */
sum = 0xffff&(~ip_checksum((uint16 *)buff, len));
/* add the pseudo header which contains the IP source and destinationn addresses */
sum += src_addr[0];
sum += src_addr[1];
sum += dest_addr[0];
sum += dest_addr[1];
/* and the protocol number and the length of the UDP packet */
sum = sum + htons(proto) + htons(len);
/* Do a little shuffling */
sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);
sum += (sum >> 16);
/* Return the bitwise complement of the resulting mishmash */
return (uint16)(~sum);
}
static void
_eth_fix_ip_jumbo_offload(ETH_DEV* dev, const u_char* msg, int len)
{
unsigned short* proto = (unsigned short*) &msg[12];
struct IPHeader *IP;
struct TCPHeader *TCP = NULL;
struct UDPHeader *UDP;
struct ICMPHeader *ICMP;
uint16 orig_checksum;
uint16 payload_len;
uint16 mtu_payload;
uint16 ip_flags;
uint16 frag_offset;
struct pcap_pkthdr header;
uint16 orig_tcp_flags;
/* Only interested in IP frames */
if (ntohs(*proto) != 0x0800) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Non IP Frames are dropped */
return;
}
IP = (struct IPHeader *)&msg[14];
if (IP_VERSION(IP) != 4) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Non IPv4 jumbo frames are dropped */
return;
}
if ((IP_HLEN(IP) > len) || (ntohs(IP->total_len) > len)) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Bogus header length frames are dropped */
return;
}
if (IP_FRAG_OFFSET(IP) || IP_FRAG_MF(IP)) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Previously fragmented, but currently jumbo sized frames are dropped */
return;
}
switch (IP->proto) {
case IPPROTO_UDP:
UDP = (struct UDPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
if (ntohs(UDP->length) > (len-IP_HLEN(IP))) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Bogus UDP packet length (packet contained length exceeds packet size) frames are dropped */
return;
}
if (UDP->checksum == 0)
break; /* UDP Checksums are disabled */
orig_checksum = UDP->checksum;
UDP->checksum = 0;
UDP->checksum = pseudo_checksum(ntohs(UDP->length), IPPROTO_UDP, (uint16 *)(&IP->source_ip), (uint16 *)(&IP->dest_ip), (uint8 *)UDP);
if (orig_checksum != UDP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading jumbo UDP header Checksum Fixed");
break;
case IPPROTO_ICMP:
ICMP = (struct ICMPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
orig_checksum = ICMP->checksum;
ICMP->checksum = 0;
ICMP->checksum = ip_checksum((uint16 *)ICMP, ntohs(IP->total_len)-IP_HLEN(IP));
if (orig_checksum != ICMP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading jumbo ICMP header Checksum Fixed");
break;
case IPPROTO_TCP:
TCP = (struct TCPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
if ((TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP) > (len-IP_HLEN(IP))) || (TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP) < 20)) {
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* Bogus TCP packet header length (packet contained length exceeds packet size) frames are dropped */
return;
}
/* We don't do anything with the TCP checksum since we're going to resegment the TCP data below */
break;
default:
++dev->jumbo_dropped; /* We onlt handle UDP, ICMP and TCP jumbo frames others are dropped */
return;
}
/* Reasonable Checksums are now in the jumbo packet, but we've got to actually */
/* deliver ONLY standard sized ethernet frames. Our job here is to now act as */
/* a router might have to and fragment these IPv4 frames as they are delivered */
/* into the virtual NIC. We do this by walking down the packet and dispatching */
/* a chunk at a time recomputing an appropriate header for each chunk. For */
/* datagram oriented protocols (UDP and ICMP) this is done by simple packet */
/* fragmentation. For TCP this is done by breaking large packets into separate */
/* TCP packets. */
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
switch (IP->proto) {
case IPPROTO_UDP:
case IPPROTO_ICMP:
++dev->jumbo_fragmented;
/* When we're performing LSO (Large Send Offload), we're given a
'template' header which may not include a value being populated
in the IP header length (which is only 16 bits).
We process as payload everything which isn't known header data. */
payload_len = len - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP));
mtu_payload = ETH_MIN_JUMBO_FRAME - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP));
frag_offset = 0;
while (payload_len > 0) {
ip_flags = frag_offset;
if (payload_len > mtu_payload) {
ip_flags |= IP_MF_FLAG;
IP->total_len = htons(((mtu_payload>>3)<<3) + IP_HLEN(IP));
}
else {
IP->total_len = htons(payload_len + IP_HLEN(IP));
}
IP->flags = htons(ip_flags);
IP->checksum = 0;
IP->checksum = ip_checksum((uint16 *)IP, IP_HLEN(IP));
header.caplen = header.len = 14 + ntohs(IP->total_len);
eth_packet_trace (dev, ((u_char *)IP)-14, header.len, "reading Datagram fragment");
#if ETH_MIN_JUMBO_FRAME < ETH_MAX_PACKET
if (1) {
/* Debugging is easier if we read packets directly with pcap
(i.e. we can use Wireshark to verify packet contents)
we don't want to do this all the time for 2 reasons:
1) sending through pcap involves kernel transitions and
2) if the current system reflects sent packets, the
recieving side will receive and process 2 copies of
any packets sent this way. */
ETH_PACK pkt;
memset(&pkt, 0, sizeof(pkt));
memcpy(pkt.msg, ((u_char *)IP)-14, header.len);
pkt.len = header.len;
_eth_write(dev, &pkt, NULL);
}
#else
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, ((u_char *)IP)-14);
#endif
payload_len -= (ntohs(IP->total_len) - IP_HLEN(IP));
frag_offset += (ntohs(IP->total_len) - IP_HLEN(IP))>>3;
if (payload_len > 0) {
/* Move the MAC and IP headers down to just prior to the next payload segment */
memcpy(((u_char *)IP) + ntohs(IP->total_len) - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP)), ((u_char *)IP) - 14, 14 + IP_HLEN(IP));
IP = (struct IPHeader *)(((u_char *)IP) + ntohs(IP->total_len) - IP_HLEN(IP));
}
}
break;
case IPPROTO_TCP:
++dev->jumbo_fragmented;
eth_packet_trace_ex (dev, ((u_char *)IP)-14, len, "Fragmenting Jumbo TCP segment", 1, dev->dbit);
TCP = (struct TCPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
orig_tcp_flags = ntohs(TCP->data_offset_and_flags);
/* When we're performing LSO (Large Send Offload), we're given a
'template' header which may not include a value being populated
in the IP header length (which is only 16 bits).
We process as payload everything which isn't known header data. */
payload_len = len - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP));
mtu_payload = ETH_MIN_JUMBO_FRAME - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP));
while (payload_len > 0) {
if (payload_len > mtu_payload) {
TCP->data_offset_and_flags = htons(orig_tcp_flags&~(TCP_PSH_FLAG|TCP_FIN_FLAG|TCP_RST_FLAG));
IP->total_len = htons(mtu_payload + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP));
}
else {
TCP->data_offset_and_flags = htons(orig_tcp_flags);
IP->total_len = htons(payload_len + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP));
}
IP->checksum = 0;
IP->checksum = ip_checksum((uint16 *)IP, IP_HLEN(IP));
TCP->checksum = 0;
TCP->checksum = pseudo_checksum(ntohs(IP->total_len)-IP_HLEN(IP), IPPROTO_TCP, (uint16 *)(&IP->source_ip), (uint16 *)(&IP->dest_ip), (uint8 *)TCP);
header.caplen = header.len = 14 + ntohs(IP->total_len);
eth_packet_trace_ex (dev, ((u_char *)IP)-14, header.len, "reading TCP segment", 1, dev->dbit);
#if ETH_MIN_JUMBO_FRAME < ETH_MAX_PACKET
if (1) {
/* Debugging is easier if we read packets directly with pcap
(i.e. we can use Wireshark to verify packet contents)
we don't want to do this all the time for 2 reasons:
1) sending through pcap involves kernel transitions and
2) if the current system reflects sent packets, the
recieving side will receive and process 2 copies of
any packets sent this way. */
ETH_PACK pkt;
memset(&pkt, 0, sizeof(pkt));
memcpy(pkt.msg, ((u_char *)IP)-14, header.len);
pkt.len = header.len;
_eth_write(dev, &pkt, NULL);
}
#else
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, ((u_char *)IP)-14);
#endif
payload_len -= (ntohs(IP->total_len) - (IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP)));
if (payload_len > 0) {
/* Move the MAC, IP and TCP headers down to just prior to the next payload segment */
memcpy(((u_char *)IP) + ntohs(IP->total_len) - (14 + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP)), ((u_char *)IP) - 14, 14 + IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP));
IP = (struct IPHeader *)(((u_char *)IP) + ntohs(IP->total_len) - (IP_HLEN(IP) + TCP_DATA_OFFSET(TCP)));
TCP = (struct TCPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
TCP->sequence_number = htonl(mtu_payload + ntohl(TCP->sequence_number));
}
}
break;
}
}
static void
_eth_fix_ip_xsum_offload(ETH_DEV* dev, u_char* msg, int len)
{
unsigned short* proto = (unsigned short*) &msg[12];
struct IPHeader *IP;
struct TCPHeader *TCP;
struct UDPHeader *UDP;
struct ICMPHeader *ICMP;
uint16 orig_checksum;
/* Only need to process locally originated packets */
if ((!dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) || (memcmp(msg+6, dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, 6)))
return;
/* Only interested in IP frames */
if (ntohs(*proto) != 0x0800)
return;
IP = (struct IPHeader *)&msg[14];
if (IP_VERSION(IP) != 4)
return; /* Only interested in IPv4 frames */
if ((IP_HLEN(IP) > len) || (ntohs(IP->total_len) > len))
return; /* Bogus header length */
orig_checksum = IP->checksum;
IP->checksum = 0;
IP->checksum = ip_checksum((uint16 *)IP, IP_HLEN(IP));
if (orig_checksum != IP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading IP header Checksum Fixed");
if (IP_FRAG_OFFSET(IP) || IP_FRAG_MF(IP))
return; /* Insufficient data to compute payload checksum */
switch (IP->proto) {
case IPPROTO_UDP:
UDP = (struct UDPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
if (ntohs(UDP->length) > (len-IP_HLEN(IP)))
return; /* packet contained length exceeds packet size */
if (UDP->checksum == 0)
return; /* UDP Checksums are disabled */
orig_checksum = UDP->checksum;
UDP->checksum = 0;
UDP->checksum = pseudo_checksum(ntohs(UDP->length), IPPROTO_UDP, (uint16 *)(&IP->source_ip), (uint16 *)(&IP->dest_ip), (uint8 *)UDP);
if (orig_checksum != UDP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading UDP header Checksum Fixed");
break;
case IPPROTO_TCP:
TCP = (struct TCPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
orig_checksum = TCP->checksum;
TCP->checksum = 0;
TCP->checksum = pseudo_checksum(ntohs(IP->total_len)-IP_HLEN(IP), IPPROTO_TCP, (uint16 *)(&IP->source_ip), (uint16 *)(&IP->dest_ip), (uint8 *)TCP);
if (orig_checksum != TCP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading TCP header Checksum Fixed");
break;
case IPPROTO_ICMP:
ICMP = (struct ICMPHeader *)(((char *)IP)+IP_HLEN(IP));
orig_checksum = ICMP->checksum;
ICMP->checksum = 0;
ICMP->checksum = ip_checksum((uint16 *)ICMP, ntohs(IP->total_len)-IP_HLEN(IP));
if (orig_checksum != ICMP->checksum)
eth_packet_trace (dev, msg, len, "reading ICMP header Checksum Fixed");
break;
}
}
static void
_eth_callback(u_char* info, const struct pcap_pkthdr* header, const u_char* data)
{
ETH_DEV* dev = (ETH_DEV*) info;
int to_me;
int from_me = 0;
int i;
int bpf_used;
if ((dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) &&
(LOOPBACK_PHYSICAL_RESPONSE(dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, dev->physical_addr, data))) {
u_char *datacopy = malloc(header->len);
memcpy(datacopy, data, header->len);
memcpy(datacopy, dev->physical_addr, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
memcpy(datacopy+18, dev->physical_addr, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
_eth_callback(info, header, datacopy);
free(datacopy);
return;
}
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
#ifdef USE_BPF
bpf_used = 1;
to_me = 1;
/* AUTODIN II hash mode? */
if ((dev->hash_filter) && (data[0] & 0x01) && (!dev->promiscuous) && (!dev->all_multicast))
to_me = _eth_hash_lookup(dev->hash, data);
break;
#endif /* USE_BPF */
case ETH_API_TAP:
case ETH_API_VDE:
bpf_used = 0;
to_me = 0;
eth_packet_trace (dev, data, header->len, "received");
for (i = 0; i < dev->addr_count; i++) {
if (memcmp(data, dev->filter_address[i], 6) == 0) to_me = 1;
if (memcmp(&data[6], dev->filter_address[i], 6) == 0) from_me = 1;
}
/* all multicast mode? */
if (dev->all_multicast && (data[0] & 0x01)) to_me = 1;
/* promiscuous mode? */
if (dev->promiscuous) to_me = 1;
/* AUTODIN II hash mode? */
if ((dev->hash_filter) && (!to_me) && (data[0] & 0x01))
to_me = _eth_hash_lookup(dev->hash, data);
break;
default:
bpf_used = to_me = 0; /* Should NEVER happen */
abort();
break;
}
/* detect reception of loopback packet to our physical address */
if ((LOOPBACK_SELF_FRAME(dev->physical_addr, data)) ||
(dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr &&
LOOPBACK_PHYSICAL_REFLECTION(dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, data))) {
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
dev->loopback_self_rcvd_total++;
/* lower reflection count - if already zero, pass it on */
if (dev->loopback_self_sent > 0) {
eth_packet_trace (dev, data, header->len, "ignored");
dev->loopback_self_sent--;
to_me = 0;
}
else
if (!bpf_used)
from_me = 0;
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->self_lock);
#endif
}
if (bpf_used ? to_me : (to_me && !from_me)) {
if (header->len > ETH_MIN_JUMBO_FRAME) {
if (header->len <= header->caplen) /* Whole Frame captured? */
_eth_fix_ip_jumbo_offload(dev, data, header->len);
else
++dev->jumbo_truncated;
return;
}
#if defined (USE_READER_THREAD)
if (1) {
int crc_len = 0;
uint8 crc_data[4];
uint32 len = header->len;
u_char* moved_data = NULL;
if (header->len < ETH_MIN_PACKET) { /* Pad runt packets before CRC append */
moved_data = malloc(ETH_MIN_PACKET);
memcpy(moved_data, data, len);
memset(moved_data + len, 0, ETH_MIN_PACKET-len);
len = ETH_MIN_PACKET;
data = moved_data;
}
/* If necessary, fix IP header checksums for packets originated locally */
/* but were presumed to be traversing a NIC which was going to handle that task */
/* This must be done before any needed CRC calculation */
_eth_fix_ip_xsum_offload(dev, (u_char*)data, len);
if (dev->need_crc)
crc_len = eth_get_packet_crc32_data(data, len, crc_data);
eth_packet_trace (dev, data, len, "rcvqd");
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->lock);
ethq_insert_data(&dev->read_queue, 2, data, 0, len, crc_len, crc_data, 0);
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->lock);
free(moved_data);
}
#else /* !USE_READER_THREAD */
/* set data in passed read packet */
dev->read_packet->len = header->len;
memcpy(dev->read_packet->msg, data, header->len);
/* Handle runt case and pad with zeros. */
/* The real NIC won't hand us runts from the wire, BUT we may be getting */
/* some packets looped back before they actually traverse the wire */
/* (by an internal bridge device for instance) */
if (header->len < ETH_MIN_PACKET) {
memset(&dev->read_packet->msg[header->len], 0, ETH_MIN_PACKET-header->len);
dev->read_packet->len = ETH_MIN_PACKET;
}
/* If necessary, fix IP header checksums for packets originated by the local host */
/* but were presumed to be traversing a NIC which was going to handle that task */
/* This must be done before any needed CRC calculation */
_eth_fix_ip_xsum_offload(dev, dev->read_packet->msg, dev->read_packet->len);
if (dev->need_crc)
dev->read_packet->crc_len = eth_add_packet_crc32(dev->read_packet->msg, dev->read_packet->len);
else
dev->read_packet->crc_len = 0;
eth_packet_trace (dev, dev->read_packet->msg, dev->read_packet->len, "reading");
/* call optional read callback function */
if (dev->read_callback)
(dev->read_callback)(0);
#endif
}
}
int eth_read(ETH_DEV* dev, ETH_PACK* packet, ETH_PCALLBACK routine)
{
int status;
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return 0;
/* make sure packet exists */
if (!packet) return 0;
packet->len = 0;
#if !defined (USE_READER_THREAD)
/* set read packet */
dev->read_packet = packet;
/* set optional callback routine */
dev->read_callback = routine;
/* dispatch read request to either receive a filtered packet or timeout */
do {
switch (dev->eth_api) {
case ETH_API_PCAP:
status = pcap_dispatch((pcap_t*)dev->handle, 1, &_eth_callback, (u_char*)dev);
break;
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
case ETH_API_TAP:
if (1) {
struct pcap_pkthdr header;
int len;
u_char buf[ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME];
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
len = read(dev->fd_handle, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (len > 0) {
status = 1;
header.caplen = header.len = len;
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, buf);
}
else
status = 0;
}
break;
#endif /* USE_TAP_NETWORK */
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
case ETH_API_VDE:
if (1) {
struct pcap_pkthdr header;
int len;
u_char buf[ETH_MAX_JUMBO_FRAME];
memset(&header, 0, sizeof(header));
len = vde_recv((VDECONN*)dev->handle, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
if (len > 0) {
status = 1;
header.caplen = header.len = len;
_eth_callback((u_char *)dev, &header, buf);
}
else
status = 0;
}
break;
#endif /* USE_VDE_NETWORK */
}
} while ((status) && (0 == packet->len));
#else /* USE_READER_THREAD */
status = 0;
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->lock);
if (dev->read_queue.count > 0) {
ETH_ITEM* item = &dev->read_queue.item[dev->read_queue.head];
packet->len = item->packet.len;
packet->crc_len = item->packet.crc_len;
memcpy(packet->msg, item->packet.msg, ((packet->len > packet->crc_len) ? packet->len : packet->crc_len));
status = 1;
ethq_remove(&dev->read_queue);
}
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->lock);
if ((status) && (routine))
routine(0);
#endif
return status;
}
t_stat eth_filter(ETH_DEV* dev, int addr_count, ETH_MAC* const addresses,
ETH_BOOL all_multicast, ETH_BOOL promiscuous)
{
return eth_filter_hash(dev, addr_count, addresses,
all_multicast, promiscuous,
NULL);
}
t_stat eth_filter_hash(ETH_DEV* dev, int addr_count, ETH_MAC* const addresses,
ETH_BOOL all_multicast, ETH_BOOL promiscuous,
ETH_MULTIHASH* const hash)
{
int i;
bpf_u_int32 bpf_subnet, bpf_netmask;
char buf[114+66*ETH_FILTER_MAX];
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
char mac[20];
char* buf2;
t_stat status;
#ifdef USE_BPF
struct bpf_program bpf;
char* msg;
#endif
/* make sure device exists */
if (!dev) return SCPE_UNATT;
/* filter count OK? */
if ((addr_count < 0) || (addr_count > ETH_FILTER_MAX))
return SCPE_ARG;
else
if (!addresses) return SCPE_ARG;
/* test reflections. This is done early in this routine since eth_reflect */
/* calls eth_filter recursively and thus changes the state of the device. */
if (dev->reflections == -1)
status = eth_reflect(dev);
/* set new filter addresses */
for (i = 0; i < addr_count; i++)
memcpy(dev->filter_address[i], addresses[i], sizeof(ETH_MAC));
dev->addr_count = addr_count;
/* store other flags */
dev->all_multicast = all_multicast;
dev->promiscuous = promiscuous;
/* store multicast hash data */
dev->hash_filter = (hash != NULL);
if (hash) {
memcpy(dev->hash, hash, sizeof(*hash));
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Multicast Hash: %02X-%02X-%02X-%02X-%02X-%02X-%02X-%02X\n",
dev->hash[0], dev->hash[1], dev->hash[2], dev->hash[3],
dev->hash[4], dev->hash[5], dev->hash[6], dev->hash[7]);
}
/* print out filter information if debugging */
if (dev->dptr->dctrl & dev->dbit) {
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Filter Set\n");
for (i = 0; i < addr_count; i++) {
char mac[20];
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->filter_address[i], mac);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, " Addr[%d]: %s\n", i, mac);
}
if (dev->all_multicast)
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "All Multicast\n");
if (dev->promiscuous)
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Promiscuous\n");
}
/* setup BPF filters and other fields to minimize packet delivery */
strcpy(buf, "");
/* construct destination filters - since the real ethernet interface was set
into promiscuous mode by eth_open(), we need to filter out the packets that
our simulated interface doesn't want. */
if (!dev->promiscuous) {
for (i = 0; i < addr_count; i++) {
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->filter_address[i], mac);
if (!strstr(buf, mac)) /* eliminate duplicates */
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], "%s(ether dst %s)", (*buf) ? " or " : "((", mac);
}
if (dev->all_multicast || dev->hash_filter)
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], "%s(ether multicast)", (*buf) ? " or " : "((");
if (strlen(buf) > 0)
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], ")");
}
/* construct source filters - this prevents packets from being reflected back
by systems where WinPcap and libpcap cause packet reflections. Note that
some systems do not reflect packets at all. This *assumes* that the
simulated NIC will not send out packets with multicast source fields. */
if ((addr_count > 0) && (dev->reflections > 0)) {
if (strlen(buf) > 0)
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], " and ");
sprintf (&buf[strlen(buf)], "not (");
buf2 = &buf[strlen(buf)];
for (i = 0; i < addr_count; i++) {
if (dev->filter_address[i][0] & 0x01) continue; /* skip multicast addresses */
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->filter_address[i], mac);
if (!strstr(buf2, mac)) /* eliminate duplicates */
sprintf(&buf2[strlen(buf2)], "%s(ether src %s)", (*buf2) ? " or " : "", mac);
}
sprintf (&buf[strlen(buf)], ")");
}
if (strlen(buf) > 0)
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], ")");
/* When changing the Physical Address on a LAN interface, VMS sends out a
loopback packet with the source and destination addresses set to the same
value as the Physical Address which is being setup. This packet is
designed to find and help diagnose MAC address conflicts (which also
include DECnet address conflicts). Normally, this packet would not be
seen by the sender, only by the other machine that has the same Physical
Address (or possibly DECnet address). If the ethernet subsystem is
reflecting packets, the network startup will fail to start if it sees the
reflected packet, since it thinks another system is using this Physical
Address (or DECnet address). We have to let these packets through, so
that if another machine has the same Physical Address (or DECnet address)
that we can detect it. Both eth_write() and _eth_callback() help by
checking the reflection count - eth_write() adds the reflection count to
dev->loopback_self_sent, and _eth_callback() check the value - if the
dev->loopback_self_sent count is zero, then the packet has come from
another machine with the same address, and needs to be passed on to the
simulated machine. */
memset(dev->physical_addr, 0, sizeof(ETH_MAC));
dev->loopback_self_sent = 0;
/* check for physical address in filters */
if ((addr_count) && (dev->reflections > 0)) {
for (i = 0; i < addr_count; i++) {
if (dev->filter_address[i][0]&1)
continue; /* skip all multicast addresses */
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->filter_address[i], mac);
if (strcmp(mac, "00:00:00:00:00:00") != 0) {
memcpy(dev->physical_addr, &dev->filter_address[i], sizeof(ETH_MAC));
/* let packets through where dst and src are the same as our physical address */
sprintf (&buf[strlen(buf)], " or ((ether dst %s) and (ether src %s))", mac, mac);
if (dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) {
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, mac);
sprintf(&buf[strlen(buf)], "or ((ether dst %s) and (ether proto 0x9000))", mac);
}
break;
}
}
}
if ((0 == strlen(buf)) && (!dev->promiscuous)) /* Empty filter means match nothing */
strcpy(buf, "ether host fe:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff"); /* this should be a good match nothing filter */
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "BPF string is: |%s|\n", buf);
/* get netmask, which is a required argument for compiling. The value,
in our case isn't actually interesting since the filters we generate
aren't referencing IP fields, networks or values */
if ((dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) && (pcap_lookupnet(dev->name, &bpf_subnet, &bpf_netmask, errbuf)<0))
bpf_netmask = 0;
#ifdef USE_BPF
if (dev->eth_api == ETH_API_PCAP) {
/* compile filter string */
if ((status = pcap_compile(dev->handle, &bpf, buf, 1, bpf_netmask)) < 0) {
sprintf(errbuf, "%s", pcap_geterr(dev->handle));
msg = "Eth: pcap_compile error: %s\r\n";
printf(msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Eth: pcap_compile error: %s\n", errbuf);
/* show erroneous BPF string */
msg = "Eth: BPF string is: |%s|\r\n";
printf (msg, buf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, buf);
}
else {
/* apply compiled filter string */
if ((status = pcap_setfilter(dev->handle, &bpf)) < 0) {
sprintf(errbuf, "%s", pcap_geterr(dev->handle));
msg = "Eth: pcap_setfilter error: %s\r\n";
printf(msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
sim_debug(dev->dbit, dev->dptr, "Eth: pcap_setfilter error: %s\n", errbuf);
}
else {
#ifdef USE_SETNONBLOCK
/* set file non-blocking */
status = pcap_setnonblock (dev->handle, 1, errbuf);
#endif /* USE_SETNONBLOCK */
}
pcap_freecode(&bpf);
}
#ifdef USE_READER_THREAD
pthread_mutex_lock (&dev->lock);
ethq_clear (&dev->read_queue); /* Empty FIFO Queue when filter list changes */
pthread_mutex_unlock (&dev->lock);
#endif
}
#endif /* USE_BPF */
return SCPE_OK;
}
/*
The libpcap provided API pcap_findalldevs() on most platforms, will
leverage the getifaddrs() API if it is available in preference to
alternate platform specific methods of determining the interface list.
A limitation of getifaddrs() is that it returns only interfaces which
have associated addresses. This may not include all of the interesting
interfaces that we are interested in since a host may have dedicated
interfaces for a simulator, which is otherwise unused by the host.
One could hand craft the the build of libpcap to specifically use
alternate methods to implement pcap_findalldevs(). However, this can
get tricky, and would then result in a sort of deviant libpcap.
This routine exists to allow platform specific code to validate and/or
extend the set of available interfaces to include any that are not
returned by pcap_findalldevs.
*/
int eth_host_devices(int used, int max, ETH_LIST* list)
{
pcap_t* conn;
int i, j, datalink;
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
for (i=0; i<used; ++i) {
/* Cull any non-ethernet interface types */
conn = pcap_open_live(list[i].name, ETH_MAX_PACKET, ETH_PROMISC, PCAP_READ_TIMEOUT, errbuf);
if (NULL != conn) datalink = pcap_datalink(conn), pcap_close(conn);
if ((NULL == conn) || (datalink != DLT_EN10MB)) {
for (j=i; j<used-1; ++j)
list[j] = list[j+1];
--used;
--i;
}
} /* for */
#if defined(_WIN32)
/* replace device description with user-defined adapter name (if defined) */
for (i=0; i<used; i++) {
char regkey[2048];
unsigned char regval[2048];
LONG status;
DWORD reglen, regtype;
HKEY reghnd;
/* These registry keys don't seem to exist for all devices, so we simply ignore errors. */
/* Windows XP x64 registry uses wide characters by default,
so we force use of narrow characters by using the 'A'(ANSI) version of RegOpenKeyEx.
This could cause some problems later, if this code is internationalized. Ideally,
the pcap lookup will return wide characters, and we should use them to build a wide
registry key, rather than hardcoding the string as we do here. */
if (list[i].name[strlen( "\\Device\\NPF_" )] == '{') {
sprintf( regkey, "SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Network\\"
"{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\\%s\\Connection", list[i].name+
strlen( "\\Device\\NPF_" ) );
if ((status = RegOpenKeyExA (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, regkey, 0, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, &reghnd)) != ERROR_SUCCESS)
continue;
reglen = sizeof(regval);
/* look for user-defined adapter name, bail if not found */
/* same comment about Windows XP x64 (above) using RegQueryValueEx */
if ((status = RegQueryValueExA (reghnd, "Name", NULL, &regtype, regval, &reglen)) != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
RegCloseKey (reghnd);
continue;
}
/* make sure value is the right type, bail if not acceptable */
if ((regtype != REG_SZ) || (reglen > sizeof(regval))) {
RegCloseKey (reghnd);
continue;
}
/* registry value seems OK, finish up and replace description */
RegCloseKey (reghnd );
sprintf (list[i].desc, "%s", regval);
}
} /* for */
#endif
#ifdef USE_TAP_NETWORK
if (used < max) {
#if defined(__OpenBSD__)
sprintf(list[used].name, "%s", "tap:tunN");
#else
sprintf(list[used].name, "%s", "tap:tapN");
#endif
sprintf(list[used].desc, "%s", "Integrated Tun/Tap support");
++used;
}
#endif
#ifdef USE_VDE_NETWORK
if (used < max) {
sprintf(list[used].name, "%s", "vde:device");
sprintf(list[used].desc, "%s", "Integrated VDE support");
++used;
}
#endif
return used;
}
int eth_devices(int max, ETH_LIST* list)
{
int i = 0;
#ifndef DONT_USE_PCAP_FINDALLDEVS
pcap_if_t* alldevs;
pcap_if_t* dev;
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
memset(list, 0, max*sizeof(*list));
errbuf[0] = '\0';
/* retrieve the device list */
if (pcap_findalldevs(&alldevs, errbuf) == -1) {
char* msg = "Eth: error in pcap_findalldevs: %s\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
}
else {
/* copy device list into the passed structure */
for (i=0, dev=alldevs; dev && (i < max); dev=dev->next, ++i) {
if ((dev->flags & PCAP_IF_LOOPBACK) || (!strcmp("any", dev->name))) continue;
strncpy(list[i].name, dev->name, sizeof(list[i].name)-1);
if (dev->description)
strncpy(list[i].desc, dev->description, sizeof(list[i].desc)-1);
else
strncpy(list[i].desc, "No description available", sizeof(list[i].desc)-1);
}
/* free device list */
pcap_freealldevs(alldevs);
}
#endif
/* Add any host specific devices and/or validate those already found */
i = eth_host_devices(i, max, list);
/* If no devices were found and an error message was left in the buffer, display it */
if ((i == 0) && (errbuf[0])) {
char* msg = "Eth: pcap_findalldevs warning: %s\r\n";
printf (msg, errbuf);
if (sim_log) fprintf (sim_log, msg, errbuf);
}
/* return device count */
return i;
}
void eth_show_dev (FILE *st, ETH_DEV* dev)
{
fprintf(st, "Ethernet Device:\n");
if (!dev) {
fprintf(st, "-- Not Attached\n");
return;
}
fprintf(st, " Name: %s\n", dev->name);
fprintf(st, " Reflections: %d\n", dev->reflections);
fprintf(st, " Self Loopbacks Sent: %d\n", dev->loopback_self_sent_total);
fprintf(st, " Self Loopbacks Rcvd: %d\n", dev->loopback_self_rcvd_total);
if (dev->have_host_nic_phy_addr) {
char hw_mac[20];
eth_mac_fmt(&dev->host_nic_phy_hw_addr, hw_mac);
fprintf(st, " Host NIC Address: %s\n", hw_mac);
}
if (dev->jumbo_dropped)
fprintf(st, " Jumbo Dropped: %d\n", dev->jumbo_dropped);
if (dev->jumbo_fragmented)
fprintf(st, " Jumbo Fragmented: %d\n", dev->jumbo_fragmented);
if (dev->jumbo_truncated)
fprintf(st, " Jumbo Truncated: %d\n", dev->jumbo_truncated);
#if defined(USE_READER_THREAD)
fprintf(st, " Asynch Interrupts: %s\n", dev->asynch_io?"Enabled":"Disabled");
if (dev->asynch_io)
fprintf(st, " Interrupt Latency: %d uSec\n", dev->asynch_io_latency);
fprintf(st, " Read Queue: Count: %d\n", dev->read_queue.count);
fprintf(st, " Read Queue: High: %d\n", dev->read_queue.high);
fprintf(st, " Read Queue: Loss: %d\n", dev->read_queue.loss);
fprintf(st, " Peak Write Queue Size: %d\n", dev->write_queue_peak);
#endif
}
#endif /* USE_NETWORK */
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